HMDB0000902 (NAD) HMDB0001206 (Acetyl-CoA) HMDB0001248 (FAD) HMDB0001377 (Oxygen) HMDB0001423 (Coenzyme A) HMDB0001426 (Formaldehyde) HMDB0001487 (NADH) HMDB0001847 (Caffeine) HMDB0001860 (Paraxanthine) HMDB0001889 (Theophylline)
- HMDB0003178 (Heme)
- Caffeine metabolism
- caffeine is metabolized in the liver by the cytochrome p450 oxidase enzyme system (specifically, the cyp1a2 isozyme) into three metabolic dimethylxanthines: paraxanthine, theobromine and theophylline. paraxanthine increases lipolysis, leading to elevated glycerol and free fatty acid levels in the blood plasma.
- Parent Term
- Biochemical pathway
- Parent Definition
- A linked series of chemical reactions that occur in a defined order within or between organism cells, and lead to a known function or end product.
- Other Metabolites Mapped to 'Caffeine metabolism'