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Record Information
Version5.0
StatusDetected and Quantified
Creation Date2005-11-16 15:48:42 UTC
Update Date2022-03-07 02:49:03 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB0000555
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB00555
Metabolite Identification
Common Name3-Methyladipic acid
Description3-Methyladipic acid is a metabolite of the catabolism of phytanic acid. Patients with adult Refsums disease (ARD) are unable to detoxify phytanic acid by alpha-oxidation, and so the w-oxidation pathway is the only metabolic pathway available for phytanic acid degradation. This pathway produces 3-methyladipic acid as the final metabolite, which is excreted in the urine (Wanders et al. 2001). Activity of the w-oxidation pathway is approximately doubled in ARD patients compared with normal individuals (PMID: 11948235 ).
Structure
Data?1582752139
Synonyms
ValueSource
3-MethyladipateGenerator
(+/-)-3-methyladipic acidHMDB
3-Methyl-hexanedioateHMDB
3-Methyl-hexanedioic acidHMDB
3-MethylhexanedioateHMDB
3-Methylhexanedioic acidHMDB
b-Methyl-adipic acidHMDB
b-MethyladipateHMDB
b-Methyladipic acidHMDB
beta-Methyl-adipic acidHMDB
beta-MethyladipateHMDB
beta-Methyladipic acidHMDB
(3S)-3-MethylhexanedioateHMDB
3-Methyladipic acidMeSH
Chemical FormulaC7H12O4
Average Molecular Weight160.1678
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight160.073558872
IUPAC Name(3S)-3-methylhexanedioic acid
Traditional Name(3S)-3-methylhexanedioic acid
CAS Registry Number3058-01-3
SMILES
C[C@@H](CCC(O)=O)CC(O)=O
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C7H12O4/c1-5(4-7(10)11)2-3-6(8)9/h5H,2-4H2,1H3,(H,8,9)(H,10,11)/t5-/m0/s1
InChI KeySYEOWUNSTUDKGM-YFKPBYRVSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
Description Belongs to the class of organic compounds known as medium-chain fatty acids. These are fatty acids with an aliphatic tail that contains between 4 and 12 carbon atoms.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassFatty Acyls
Sub ClassFatty acids and conjugates
Direct ParentMedium-chain fatty acids
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Medium-chain fatty acid
  • Methyl-branched fatty acid
  • Branched fatty acid
  • Dicarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Organic oxide
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External DescriptorsNot Available
Ontology
Physiological effect

Adverse health effect

Disposition

Biological location

Source

Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Molecular Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting Point101 °CNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water Solubility248 mg/mL at 26 °CYALKOWSKY,SH & DANNENFELSER,RM (1992)
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Experimental Chromatographic Properties

Experimental Collision Cross Sections

Adduct TypeData SourceCCS Value (Å2)Reference
[M-H]-MetCCS_train_neg129.00730932474
[M-H]-Not Available129.007http://allccs.zhulab.cn/database/detail?ID=AllCCS00000200
Predicted Molecular Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility16.8 g/LALOGPS
logP0.65ALOGPS
logP0.78ChemAxon
logS-0.98ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)4.04ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-2ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count4ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count2ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area74.6 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count5ChemAxon
Refractivity37.29 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability15.9 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
BioavailabilityYesChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterNoChemAxon
Veber's RuleNoChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleNoChemAxon
Predicted Chromatographic Properties

Predicted Collision Cross Sections

PredictorAdduct TypeCCS Value (Å2)Reference
DarkChem[M+H]+135.45731661259
DarkChem[M-H]-130.84131661259
AllCCS[M+H]+137.13632859911
AllCCS[M-H]-134.6332859911
DeepCCS[M+H]+132.75630932474
DeepCCS[M-H]-128.92830932474
DeepCCS[M-2H]-166.55130932474
DeepCCS[M+Na]+142.08930932474
AllCCS[M+H]+137.132859911
AllCCS[M+H-H2O]+133.232859911
AllCCS[M+NH4]+140.832859911
AllCCS[M+Na]+141.932859911
AllCCS[M-H]-134.632859911
AllCCS[M+Na-2H]-136.532859911
AllCCS[M+HCOO]-138.732859911

Predicted Kovats Retention Indices

Underivatized

MetaboliteSMILESKovats RI ValueColumn TypeReference
3-Methyladipic acidC[C@@H](CCC(O)=O)CC(O)=O2290.1Standard polar33892256
3-Methyladipic acidC[C@@H](CCC(O)=O)CC(O)=O1226.2Standard non polar33892256
3-Methyladipic acidC[C@@H](CCC(O)=O)CC(O)=O1452.1Semi standard non polar33892256

Derivatized

Derivative Name / StructureSMILESKovats RI ValueColumn TypeReference
3-Methyladipic acid,1TMS,isomer #1C[C@@H](CCC(=O)O[Si](C)(C)C)CC(=O)O1425.0Semi standard non polar33892256
3-Methyladipic acid,1TMS,isomer #2C[C@@H](CCC(=O)O)CC(=O)O[Si](C)(C)C1425.3Semi standard non polar33892256
3-Methyladipic acid,2TMS,isomer #1C[C@@H](CCC(=O)O[Si](C)(C)C)CC(=O)O[Si](C)(C)C1524.7Semi standard non polar33892256
3-Methyladipic acid,1TBDMS,isomer #1C[C@@H](CCC(=O)O[Si](C)(C)C(C)(C)C)CC(=O)O1683.6Semi standard non polar33892256
3-Methyladipic acid,1TBDMS,isomer #2C[C@@H](CCC(=O)O)CC(=O)O[Si](C)(C)C(C)(C)C1675.1Semi standard non polar33892256
3-Methyladipic acid,2TBDMS,isomer #1C[C@@H](CCC(=O)O[Si](C)(C)C(C)(C)C)CC(=O)O[Si](C)(C)C(C)(C)C1963.6Semi standard non polar33892256
Spectra

GC-MS Spectra

Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash KeyDeposition DateSourceView
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - 3-Methyladipic acid GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-0f6x-9500000000-17aef45a03390a4c60a42017-09-01Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - 3-Methyladipic acid GC-MS (2 TMS) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-00dr-9330000000-ed6354dfe158a311d13e2017-10-06Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - 3-Methyladipic acid GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, PositiveNot Available2021-10-12Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - 3-Methyladipic acid GC-MS (TMS_1_1) - 70eV, PositiveNot Available2021-11-05Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - 3-Methyladipic acid GC-MS (TMS_1_2) - 70eV, PositiveNot Available2021-11-05Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - 3-Methyladipic acid GC-MS (TBDMS_1_1) - 70eV, PositiveNot Available2021-11-05Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - 3-Methyladipic acid GC-MS (TBDMS_1_2) - 70eV, PositiveNot Available2021-11-05Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - 3-Methyladipic acid GC-MS (TBDMS_2_1) - 70eV, PositiveNot Available2021-11-05Wishart LabView Spectrum

MS/MS Spectra

Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash KeyDeposition DateSourceView
Experimental LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - 3-Methyladipic acid Quattro_QQQ 10V, Negative-QTOF (Annotated)splash10-0aos-3900000000-07aeef59ddcede42ebf42012-07-24HMDB team, MONAView Spectrum
Experimental LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - 3-Methyladipic acid Quattro_QQQ 25V, Negative-QTOF (Annotated)splash10-0002-9100000000-c6e6e8dd79db7844b5302012-07-24HMDB team, MONAView Spectrum
Experimental LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - 3-Methyladipic acid Quattro_QQQ 40V, Negative-QTOF (Annotated)splash10-0frt-9200000000-2c314f5769b11dbbd8372012-07-24HMDB team, MONAView Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 3-Methyladipic acid 10V, Positive-QTOFsplash10-0006-0900000000-85cbd9353dd97a94e42b2017-09-01Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 3-Methyladipic acid 20V, Positive-QTOFsplash10-015d-9700000000-e4fa7549abdd8e00aab92017-09-01Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 3-Methyladipic acid 40V, Positive-QTOFsplash10-0a4i-9000000000-1a5bba4a34b9dcb819b52017-09-01Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 3-Methyladipic acid 10V, Negative-QTOFsplash10-0aou-1900000000-0cbe8f7873c24f81c4d02017-09-01Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 3-Methyladipic acid 20V, Negative-QTOFsplash10-05mp-3900000000-bf4c0442e455fddcbe362017-09-01Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 3-Methyladipic acid 40V, Negative-QTOFsplash10-0a4l-9100000000-2408965b0ff2cccfda932017-09-01Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 3-Methyladipic acid 10V, Negative-QTOFsplash10-014j-4900000000-0e7b31cfac9fd0c0e6f02021-09-22Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 3-Methyladipic acid 20V, Negative-QTOFsplash10-0292-8900000000-a91418e326198da416f62021-09-22Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 3-Methyladipic acid 40V, Negative-QTOFsplash10-0002-9100000000-ebc3dd20f799b65dee612021-09-22Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 3-Methyladipic acid 10V, Positive-QTOFsplash10-014i-4900000000-44fef7e065fba7942acb2021-09-22Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 3-Methyladipic acid 20V, Positive-QTOFsplash10-014i-9100000000-a441769c327d4f9b1de02021-09-22Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 3-Methyladipic acid 40V, Positive-QTOFsplash10-052f-9000000000-3b09d80549eab8ef56a52021-09-22Wishart LabView Spectrum

NMR Spectra

Spectrum TypeDescriptionDeposition DateSourceView
Experimental 1D NMR1H NMR Spectrum (1D, 500 MHz, H2O, experimental)2012-12-04Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted 1D NMR13C NMR Spectrum (1D, 100 MHz, D2O, predicted)2021-09-16Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted 1D NMR1H NMR Spectrum (1D, 100 MHz, D2O, predicted)2021-09-16Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted 1D NMR13C NMR Spectrum (1D, 200 MHz, D2O, predicted)2021-09-16Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted 1D NMR1H NMR Spectrum (1D, 200 MHz, D2O, predicted)2021-09-16Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted 1D NMR13C NMR Spectrum (1D, 300 MHz, D2O, predicted)2021-09-16Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted 1D NMR1H NMR Spectrum (1D, 300 MHz, D2O, predicted)2021-09-16Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted 1D NMR13C NMR Spectrum (1D, 400 MHz, D2O, predicted)2021-09-16Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted 1D NMR1H NMR Spectrum (1D, 400 MHz, D2O, predicted)2021-09-16Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted 1D NMR13C NMR Spectrum (1D, 500 MHz, D2O, predicted)2021-09-16Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted 1D NMR1H NMR Spectrum (1D, 500 MHz, D2O, predicted)2021-09-16Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted 1D NMR13C NMR Spectrum (1D, 600 MHz, D2O, predicted)2021-09-16Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted 1D NMR1H NMR Spectrum (1D, 600 MHz, D2O, predicted)2021-09-16Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted 1D NMR13C NMR Spectrum (1D, 700 MHz, D2O, predicted)2021-09-16Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted 1D NMR1H NMR Spectrum (1D, 700 MHz, D2O, predicted)2021-09-16Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted 1D NMR13C NMR Spectrum (1D, 800 MHz, D2O, predicted)2021-09-16Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted 1D NMR1H NMR Spectrum (1D, 800 MHz, D2O, predicted)2021-09-16Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted 1D NMR13C NMR Spectrum (1D, 900 MHz, D2O, predicted)2021-09-16Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted 1D NMR1H NMR Spectrum (1D, 900 MHz, D2O, predicted)2021-09-16Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted 1D NMR13C NMR Spectrum (1D, 1000 MHz, D2O, predicted)2021-09-16Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted 1D NMR1H NMR Spectrum (1D, 1000 MHz, D2O, predicted)2021-09-16Wishart LabView Spectrum
Experimental 2D NMR[1H, 13C]-HSQC NMR Spectrum (2D, 600 MHz, H2O, experimental)2012-12-05Wishart LabView Spectrum
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Cytoplasm
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
Biospecimen Locations
  • Blood
  • Feces
  • Urine
Tissue LocationsNot Available
Pathways
Normal Concentrations
BiospecimenStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodExpected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedNot AvailableNot Available
Normal
      Not Available
details
BloodDetected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedAdult (>18 years old)BothNormal details
FecesDetected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedAdult (>18 years old)Both
Normal
details
FecesDetected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedAdult (>18 years old)Both
Normal
details
FecesDetected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedAdult (>18 years old)Both
Normal
details
FecesDetected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedAdult (>18 years old)Both
Normal
details
FecesDetected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedNot SpecifiedNot Specified
Normal
details
FecesDetected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedAdult (>18 years old)Both
Normal
details
UrineDetected and Quantified1.301 +/- 0.751 umol/mmol creatinineChildren (1 - 13 years old)Not Specified
Normal
    • Analysis of 30 no...
details
UrineDetected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedAdult (>18 years old)BothNormal details
UrineDetected and Quantified0.72-1.5 umol/mmol creatinineAdult (>18 years old)FemaleNormal details
UrineDetected and Quantified1.405 +/- 0.915 umol/mmol creatinineAdult (>18 years old)BothNot Available details
UrineDetected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedAdult (>18 years old)BothNormal details
UrineDetected and Quantified92.32 +/- 18.25 umol/mmol creatinineChildren (1-13 years old)BothNormal details
UrineDetected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedAdult (>18 years old)Both
Normal
details
UrineDetected and Quantified2.9 (0.7-10.5) umol/mmol creatinineAdult (>18 years old)BothNormal details
UrineDetected and Quantified0.92-1.4 umol/mmol creatinineAdult (>18 years old)MaleNormal details
UrineDetected and Quantified9.2 (6.5-12.5) umol/mmol creatinineAdult (>18 years old)BothNormal
    • Geigy Scientific ...
details
UrineDetected and Quantified2.9 (1.1-7.2) umol/mmol creatinineAdult (>18 years old)Both
Normal
details
UrineDetected and Quantified2.1 (0.9-5.6) umol/mmol creatinineAdult (>18 years old)Both
Normal
details
Abnormal Concentrations
BiospecimenStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
FecesDetected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedAdult (>18 years old)Both
Colorectal cancer
details
FecesDetected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedAdult (>18 years old)Both
Crohn disease
details
FecesDetected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedAdult (>18 years old)Both
Ulcerative colitis
details
FecesDetected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedAdult (>18 years old)Both
Crohn disease
details
FecesDetected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedAdult (>18 years old)Both
Ulcerative colitis
details
UrineDetected and Quantified4.116 +/- 3.618 umol/mmol creatinineChildren (1 - 13 years old)Not Specified
Eosinophilic esophagitis
    • Analysis of 30 no...
details
UrineDetected and Quantified4.166 +/- 5.255 umol/mmol creatinineChildren (1 - 13 years old)Not Specified
Gastroesophageal reflux disease
    • Analysis of 30 no...
details
UrineDetected and Quantified20.00 +/- 5.54 umol/mmol creatinineChildren (1-13 years old)BothMalnutrition (type kwashiorkor and marasmus) details
UrineDetected and Quantified5.854 +/- 3.396 umol/mmol creatinineChildren (1 - 13 years old)Not Specified
Eosinophilic esophagitis
    • Analysis of 30 no...
details
UrineDetected and Quantified5.9 (3.0-8.5) umol/mmol creatinineAdult (>18 years old)BothRefsum's disease details
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease References
Crohn's disease
  1. Azario I, Pievani A, Del Priore F, Antolini L, Santi L, Corsi A, Cardinale L, Sawamoto K, Kubaski F, Gentner B, Bernardo ME, Valsecchi MG, Riminucci M, Tomatsu S, Aiuti A, Biondi A, Serafini M: Neonatal umbilical cord blood transplantation halts skeletal disease progression in the murine model of MPS-I. Sci Rep. 2017 Aug 25;7(1):9473. doi: 10.1038/s41598-017-09958-9. [PubMed:28842642 ]
Ulcerative colitis
  1. Azario I, Pievani A, Del Priore F, Antolini L, Santi L, Corsi A, Cardinale L, Sawamoto K, Kubaski F, Gentner B, Bernardo ME, Valsecchi MG, Riminucci M, Tomatsu S, Aiuti A, Biondi A, Serafini M: Neonatal umbilical cord blood transplantation halts skeletal disease progression in the murine model of MPS-I. Sci Rep. 2017 Aug 25;7(1):9473. doi: 10.1038/s41598-017-09958-9. [PubMed:28842642 ]
Colorectal cancer
  1. Goedert JJ, Sampson JN, Moore SC, Xiao Q, Xiong X, Hayes RB, Ahn J, Shi J, Sinha R: Fecal metabolomics: assay performance and association with colorectal cancer. Carcinogenesis. 2014 Sep;35(9):2089-96. doi: 10.1093/carcin/bgu131. Epub 2014 Jul 18. [PubMed:25037050 ]
Refsum's disease
  1. Greter J, Lindstedt S, Steen G: 2,6-Dimethyloctanedioic acid--a metabolite of phytanic acid in Refsum's disease. Clin Chem. 1983 Mar;29(3):434-7. [PubMed:6186413 ]
Eosinophilic esophagitis
  1. Slae, M., Huynh, H., Wishart, D.S. (2014). Analysis of 30 normal pediatric urine samples via NMR spectroscopy (unpublished work). NA.
Associated OMIM IDs
DrugBank IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
FooDB IDFDB022115
KNApSAcK IDC00052149
Chemspider ID5367267
KEGG Compound IDNot Available
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkNot Available
METLIN ID3797
PubChem Compound6999745
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI IDNot Available
Food Biomarker OntologyNot Available
VMH IDNot Available
MarkerDB IDMDB00000186
Good Scents IDNot Available
References
Synthesis ReferenceVogel, Arthur I. Syntheses of cyclic compounds. VIII. Conversion of b-methyladipic acid into 3-methylcyclopentanone and the preparation of 3-methylcyclopentane-1,1-diacetic acid. Journal of the Chemical Society (1931), 907-14.
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Download (PDF)
General References
  1. Wierzbicki AS, Lloyd MD, Schofield CJ, Feher MD, Gibberd FB: Refsum's disease: a peroxisomal disorder affecting phytanic acid alpha-oxidation. J Neurochem. 2002 Mar;80(5):727-35. [PubMed:11948235 ]