Hmdb loader
You are using an unsupported browser. Please upgrade your browser to a newer version to get the best experience on Human Metabolome Database.
Record Information
Version5.0
StatusDetected and Quantified
Creation Date2005-11-16 15:48:42 UTC
Update Date2021-10-13 04:30:57 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB0000779
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB00779
Metabolite Identification
Common NamePhenyllactic acid
DescriptionPhenyllactic acid a product of phenylalanine catabolism, appearing prominently in the urine in individuals with phenylketonuria. Levels of several phenylalanine metabolites, including phenylacetate (PAA), phenyllactate (PLA), and phenylpyruvate (PPA)) are elevated in Phenylketonuria (PKU) (OMIM 261600 ). Phenyllactic acid is likely produced from phenylpyruvate via the action of lactate dehydrogenase. The D-form of this organic acid is typically derived from bacterial sources while the L-form is almost certainly endogenous. Levels of phenyllactate are normally very low in blood or urine. High levels of PLA in the urine or blood are often indicative of phenylketonuria (PKU) and hyperphenylalaninemia (HPA). PKU is due to lack of the enzyme phenylalanine hydroxylase (PAH), so that phenylalanine is converted not to tyrosine but to phenylpyruvic acid (a precursor of phenylactate). In particular, excessive phenylalanine is typically metabolized into phenylketones through, a transaminase pathway route involving glutamate. Metabolites of this transamination reaction include phenylacetate, phenylpyruvate and phenethylamine. In persons with PKU, dietary phenylalanine either accumulates in the body or some of it is converted to phenylpyruvic acid and then to phenyllactate through the action of lactate dehydrogenase. Individuals with PKU tend to excrete large quantities of phenylpyruvate, phenylacetate and phenyllactate, along with phenylalanine, in their urine. If untreated, mental retardation effects and microcephaly are evident by the first year along with other symptoms which include: unusual irritability, epileptic seizures and skin lesions. Hyperactivity, EEG abnormalities and seizures, and severe learning disabilities are major clinical problems later in life. A "musty or mousy" odor of skin, hair, sweat and urine (due to phenylacetate accumulation); and a tendency to hypopigmentation and eczema are also observed. The neural-development effects of PKU are primarily due to the disruption of neurotransmitter synthesis. In particular, phenylalanine is a large, neutral amino acid which moves across the blood-brain barrier (BBB) via the large neutral amino acid transporter (LNAAT). Excessive phenylalanine in the blood saturates the transporter. Thus, excessive levels of phenylalanine significantly decrease the levels of other LNAAs in the brain. But since these amino acids are required for protein and neurotransmitter synthesis, phenylalanine accumulation disrupts brain development, leading to mental retardation. (PMID: 10790306 ; OMIM: 261600 ). Phenyllactic acid can be found in Acinetobacter, Bacteroides, Bifidobacterium, Clostridium, Enterococcus, Escherichia, Eubacterium, Klebsiella, Lactobacillus, Pseudomonas and Staphylococcus (PMID: 19961416 ).
Structure
Data?1582752155
Synonyms
ValueSource
2-Hydroxy-3-phenylpropionic acidChEBI
beta-Phenyllactic acidChEBI
DL-3-Phenyllactic acidChEBI
DL-beta-Phenyllactic acidChEBI
2-Hydroxy-3-phenylpropionateGenerator
b-PhenyllactateGenerator
b-Phenyllactic acidGenerator
beta-PhenyllactateGenerator
Β-phenyllactateGenerator
Β-phenyllactic acidGenerator
DL-3-PhenyllactateGenerator
DL-b-PhenyllactateGenerator
DL-b-Phenyllactic acidGenerator
DL-beta-PhenyllactateGenerator
DL-Β-phenyllactateGenerator
DL-Β-phenyllactic acidGenerator
PhenyllactateGenerator
3-Phenyllactic acidMeSH, HMDB
3-Phenyllactic acid, monosodium saltMeSH, HMDB
3-PhenyllactateMeSH, Generator, HMDB
3-Phenyllactic acid, calcium saltMeSH, HMDB
3-Phenyllactic acid, (D)-isomerMeSH, HMDB
3-Phenyllactic acid, (DL)-isomerMeSH, HMDB
3-Phenyllactic acid, (L)-isomerMeSH, HMDB
2-Hydroxy-3-(phenyl)propanoic acidHMDB
3-(Phenyl)-2-hydroxypropanoic acidHMDB
Chemical FormulaC9H10O3
Average Molecular Weight166.1739
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight166.062994186
IUPAC NameNot Available
Traditional NameNot Available
CAS Registry Number828-01-3
SMILESNot Available
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C9H10O3/c10-8(9(11)12)6-7-4-2-1-3-5-7/h1-5,8,10H,6H2,(H,11,12)
InChI KeyVOXXWSYKYCBWHO-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
Description Belongs to the class of organic compounds known as phenylpropanoic acids. Phenylpropanoic acids are compounds with a structure containing a benzene ring conjugated to a propanoic acid.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassPhenylpropanoids and polyketides
ClassPhenylpropanoic acids
Sub ClassNot Available
Direct ParentPhenylpropanoic acids
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • 3-phenylpropanoic-acid
  • Alpha-hydroxy acid
  • Monocyclic benzene moiety
  • Hydroxy acid
  • Benzenoid
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Alcohol
  • Carbonyl group
  • Organic oxide
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Aromatic homomonocyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic homomonocyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
Disposition

Biological location

Source

Route of exposure

Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Molecular Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting Point98 °CNot Available
Boiling Point331.00 °C. @ 332.00 mm Hg (est)The Good Scents Company Information System
Water Solubility64210 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)The Good Scents Company Information System
LogP1.83HANSCH,C ET AL. (1995)
Experimental Chromatographic Properties

Experimental Collision Cross Sections

Adduct TypeData SourceCCS Value (Å2)Reference
[M-H]-MetCCS_train_neg134.3630932474
[M-H]-Not Available134.549http://allccs.zhulab.cn/database/detail?ID=AllCCS00000430
[M+H]+Not Available137.91http://allccs.zhulab.cn/database/detail?ID=AllCCS00000430
Predicted Molecular PropertiesNot Available
Predicted Chromatographic Properties

Predicted Collision Cross Sections

PredictorAdduct TypeCCS Value (Å2)Reference
DarkChem[M+H]+136.25231661259
DarkChem[M-H]-131.1931661259
AllCCS[M+H]+136.53232859911
AllCCS[M-H]-134.31132859911

Predicted Kovats Retention Indices

Underivatized

MetaboliteSMILESKovats RI ValueColumn TypeReference
Phenyllactic acidOC(CC1=CC=CC=C1)C(O)=O2893.9Standard polar33892256
Phenyllactic acidOC(CC1=CC=CC=C1)C(O)=O1458.9Standard non polar33892256
Phenyllactic acidOC(CC1=CC=CC=C1)C(O)=O1565.0Semi standard non polar33892256

Derivatized

Derivative Name / StructureSMILESKovats RI ValueColumn TypeReference
Phenyllactic acid,1TMS,isomer #1C[Si](C)(C)OC(CC1=CC=CC=C1)C(=O)O1545.2Semi standard non polar33892256
Phenyllactic acid,1TMS,isomer #2C[Si](C)(C)OC(=O)C(O)CC1=CC=CC=C11517.4Semi standard non polar33892256
Phenyllactic acid,2TMS,isomer #1C[Si](C)(C)OC(=O)C(CC1=CC=CC=C1)O[Si](C)(C)C1557.6Semi standard non polar33892256
Phenyllactic acid,1TBDMS,isomer #1CC(C)(C)[Si](C)(C)OC(CC1=CC=CC=C1)C(=O)O1768.7Semi standard non polar33892256
Phenyllactic acid,1TBDMS,isomer #2CC(C)(C)[Si](C)(C)OC(=O)C(O)CC1=CC=CC=C11748.2Semi standard non polar33892256
Phenyllactic acid,2TBDMS,isomer #1CC(C)(C)[Si](C)(C)OC(=O)C(CC1=CC=CC=C1)O[Si](C)(C)C(C)(C)C2026.6Semi standard non polar33892256
Spectra

GC-MS Spectra

Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash KeyDeposition DateSourceView
Experimental GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - Phenyllactic acid GC-MS (2 TMS)splash10-0006-2930000000-9c44eea65a6e20c158ee2014-06-16HMDB team, MONA, MassBankView Spectrum
Experimental GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - Phenyllactic acid GC-MS (Non-derivatized)splash10-0006-2930000000-9c44eea65a6e20c158ee2017-09-12HMDB team, MONA, MassBankView Spectrum
Experimental GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - Phenyllactic acid GC-EI-TOF (Non-derivatized)splash10-0007-1910000000-1c581a4eacd9a7f2036f2017-09-12HMDB team, MONA, MassBankView Spectrum
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - Phenyllactic acid GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-0006-9300000000-750e52d0df9e2b90be092017-09-01Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - Phenyllactic acid GC-MS (2 TMS) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-006x-9540000000-c06e2865c7cf1c780f112017-10-06Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - Phenyllactic acid GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, PositiveNot Available2021-10-12Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - Phenyllactic acid GC-MS (TMS_1_1) - 70eV, PositiveNot Available2021-11-05Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - Phenyllactic acid GC-MS (TMS_1_2) - 70eV, PositiveNot Available2021-11-05Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - Phenyllactic acid GC-MS (TBDMS_1_1) - 70eV, PositiveNot Available2021-11-05Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - Phenyllactic acid GC-MS (TBDMS_1_2) - 70eV, PositiveNot Available2021-11-05Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - Phenyllactic acid GC-MS (TBDMS_2_1) - 70eV, PositiveNot Available2021-11-05Wishart LabView Spectrum

MS/MS Spectra

Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash KeyDeposition DateSourceView
Experimental LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Phenyllactic acid Quattro_QQQ 10V, Positive-QTOF (Annotated)splash10-00si-9600000000-6ba02da72bb3acc762df2012-07-24HMDB team, MONAView Spectrum
Experimental LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Phenyllactic acid Quattro_QQQ 25V, Positive-QTOF (Annotated)splash10-0089-9700000000-901ab7fc4dce05d164062012-07-24HMDB team, MONAView Spectrum
Experimental LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Phenyllactic acid Quattro_QQQ 40V, Positive-QTOF (Annotated)splash10-017i-9100000000-248f4ab6119fb2bb911c2012-07-24HMDB team, MONAView Spectrum
Experimental LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Phenyllactic acid LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 10V, Negative-QTOFsplash10-014i-0900000000-cfbc3d9f0107a37ad7f72012-08-31HMDB team, MONAView Spectrum
Experimental LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Phenyllactic acid LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 20V, Negative-QTOFsplash10-00kb-1900000000-e1937415e710a88af8db2012-08-31HMDB team, MONAView Spectrum
Experimental LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Phenyllactic acid LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 30V, Negative-QTOFsplash10-0v4i-4900000000-f7887dfe1f265bcf46ba2012-08-31HMDB team, MONAView Spectrum
Experimental LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Phenyllactic acid LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 40V, Negative-QTOFsplash10-0v4i-6900000000-7df2fcf2f9b049e4c39f2012-08-31HMDB team, MONAView Spectrum
Experimental LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Phenyllactic acid LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 50V, Negative-QTOFsplash10-0v00-6900000000-992cb5008b3e748b7e662012-08-31HMDB team, MONAView Spectrum
Experimental LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Phenyllactic acid LC-ESI-QQ , negative-QTOFsplash10-014i-0900000000-cfbc3d9f0107a37ad7f72017-09-14HMDB team, MONAView Spectrum
Experimental LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Phenyllactic acid LC-ESI-QQ , negative-QTOFsplash10-00kb-1900000000-a9ac61820c9f5278e2ba2017-09-14HMDB team, MONAView Spectrum
Experimental LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Phenyllactic acid LC-ESI-QQ , negative-QTOFsplash10-0v4i-4900000000-5e5e2d29a299435f9b352017-09-14HMDB team, MONAView Spectrum
Experimental LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Phenyllactic acid LC-ESI-QQ , negative-QTOFsplash10-0v4i-6900000000-7df2fcf2f9b049e4c39f2017-09-14HMDB team, MONAView Spectrum
Experimental LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Phenyllactic acid LC-ESI-QQ , negative-QTOFsplash10-0v00-6900000000-992cb5008b3e748b7e662017-09-14HMDB team, MONAView Spectrum
Experimental LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Phenyllactic acid LC-ESI-IT , negative-QTOFsplash10-0002-0900000000-8940947cbb9a8e6253ee2017-09-14HMDB team, MONAView Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - Phenyllactic acid 10V, Positive-QTOFsplash10-00kb-0900000000-a96f38f47d5e070f09892015-04-24Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - Phenyllactic acid 20V, Positive-QTOFsplash10-006t-1900000000-82f893f2df7cfa6f88eb2015-04-24Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - Phenyllactic acid 40V, Positive-QTOFsplash10-0f96-9400000000-50e3d4b82e667ef9e4d12015-04-24Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - Phenyllactic acid 10V, Negative-QTOFsplash10-014i-1900000000-37469cb4526a3ed239e92015-04-25Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - Phenyllactic acid 20V, Negative-QTOFsplash10-01bd-4900000000-f70272565fdcdbdf52092015-04-25Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - Phenyllactic acid 40V, Negative-QTOFsplash10-002f-9400000000-14afa00d4a96d888572b2015-04-25Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - Phenyllactic acid 10V, Negative-QTOFsplash10-014i-3900000000-15a50bcc903d54af3f432021-09-24Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - Phenyllactic acid 20V, Negative-QTOFsplash10-0006-9400000000-0d7b49d15700ae2666452021-09-24Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - Phenyllactic acid 40V, Negative-QTOFsplash10-0006-9300000000-ca99933d289067e5347a2021-09-24Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - Phenyllactic acid 10V, Positive-QTOFsplash10-00dl-5900000000-eb26ccce0382619681682021-09-24Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - Phenyllactic acid 20V, Positive-QTOFsplash10-0006-9300000000-aa44337c740dacf05e9c2021-09-24Wishart LabView Spectrum

NMR Spectra

Spectrum TypeDescriptionDeposition DateSourceView
Predicted 1D NMR13C NMR Spectrum (1D, 100 MHz, D2O, predicted)2021-09-29Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted 1D NMR1H NMR Spectrum (1D, 100 MHz, D2O, predicted)2021-09-29Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted 1D NMR13C NMR Spectrum (1D, 1000 MHz, D2O, predicted)2021-09-29Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted 1D NMR1H NMR Spectrum (1D, 1000 MHz, D2O, predicted)2021-09-29Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted 1D NMR13C NMR Spectrum (1D, 200 MHz, D2O, predicted)2021-09-29Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted 1D NMR1H NMR Spectrum (1D, 200 MHz, D2O, predicted)2021-09-29Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted 1D NMR13C NMR Spectrum (1D, 300 MHz, D2O, predicted)2021-09-29Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted 1D NMR1H NMR Spectrum (1D, 300 MHz, D2O, predicted)2021-09-29Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted 1D NMR13C NMR Spectrum (1D, 400 MHz, D2O, predicted)2021-09-29Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted 1D NMR1H NMR Spectrum (1D, 400 MHz, D2O, predicted)2021-09-29Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted 1D NMR13C NMR Spectrum (1D, 500 MHz, D2O, predicted)2021-09-29Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted 1D NMR1H NMR Spectrum (1D, 500 MHz, D2O, predicted)2021-09-29Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted 1D NMR13C NMR Spectrum (1D, 600 MHz, D2O, predicted)2021-09-29Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted 1D NMR1H NMR Spectrum (1D, 600 MHz, D2O, predicted)2021-09-29Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted 1D NMR13C NMR Spectrum (1D, 700 MHz, D2O, predicted)2021-09-29Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted 1D NMR1H NMR Spectrum (1D, 700 MHz, D2O, predicted)2021-09-29Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted 1D NMR13C NMR Spectrum (1D, 800 MHz, D2O, predicted)2021-09-29Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted 1D NMR1H NMR Spectrum (1D, 800 MHz, D2O, predicted)2021-09-29Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted 1D NMR13C NMR Spectrum (1D, 900 MHz, D2O, predicted)2021-09-29Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted 1D NMR1H NMR Spectrum (1D, 900 MHz, D2O, predicted)2021-09-29Wishart LabView Spectrum
Experimental 2D NMR[1H, 13C]-HSQC NMR Spectrum (2D, 600 MHz, H2O, experimental)2012-12-05Wishart LabView Spectrum
Biological Properties
Cellular LocationsNot Available
Biospecimen Locations
  • Blood
  • Feces
  • Saliva
  • Urine
Tissue Locations
  • Placenta
Pathways
Normal Concentrations
BiospecimenStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
FecesDetected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedAdult (>18 years old)Both
Normal
details
SalivaDetected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedAdult (>18 years old)Male
Normal
details
SalivaDetected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedAdult (>18 years old)Male
Normal
details
SalivaDetected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedAdult (>18 years old)Male
Normal
details
SalivaDetected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedAdult (>18 years old)Male
Normal
details
SalivaDetected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedAdult (>18 years old)Male
Normal
details
SalivaDetected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedAdult (>18 years old)Male
Normal
details
SalivaDetected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedAdult (>18 years old)Male
Normal
details
SalivaDetected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedAdult (>18 years old)Male
Normal
details
SalivaDetected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedAdult (>18 years old)Male
Normal
details
SalivaDetected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedAdult (>18 years old)Male
Normal
details
SalivaDetected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedAdult (>18 years old)Male
Normal
details
SalivaDetected and Quantified3.77 +/- 1.71 uMAdult (>18 years old)BothNormal
    • Zerihun T. Dame, ...
details
UrineDetected and Quantified0.0680 +/- 0.204 umol/mmol creatinineInfant (0-1 year old)BothNormal details
UrineDetected and Quantified0.136 +/- 0.476 umol/mmol creatinineInfant (0-1 year old)Both
Normal
details
UrineDetected and Quantified0.204 +/- 0.612 umol/mmol creatinineInfant (0-1 year old)Both
Normal
details
UrineDetected and Quantified1.0886 +/- 0.680 umol/mmol creatinineInfant (0-1 year old)Both
Normal
details
UrineDetected and Quantified1.225 +/- 0.816 umol/mmol creatinineInfant (0-1 year old)Both
Normal
details
UrineDetected and Quantified1.225 +/- 0.884 umol/mmol creatinineInfant (0-1 year old)BothNormal details
UrineDetected and Quantified0.23-0.49 umol/mmol creatinineAdult (>18 years old)FemaleNormal details
UrineDetected and Quantified0.23-0.39 umol/mmol creatinineAdult (>18 years old)MaleNormal details
Abnormal Concentrations
BiospecimenStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodDetected and Quantified0-82.9 uMChildren (1-13 years old)BothPhenylketonuria details
FecesDetected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedAdult (>18 years old)BothColorectal Cancer details
SalivaDetected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedAdult (>18 years old)MaleAttachment loss  details
SalivaDetected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedAdult (>18 years old)MalePeriodontal Probing Depth details
SalivaDetected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedAdult (>18 years old)MaleSupragingival Plaque details
UrineDetected and Quantified31.297 +/- 11.566 umol/mmol creatinineChildren (1-13 years old)BothPhenylketonuria details
UrineDetected and Quantified361.277 +/- 500.0731 umol/mmol creatinineChildren (1-13 years old)BothPhenylketonuria details
UrineDetected and Quantified48.306 +/- 24.493 umol/mmol creatinineChildren (1-13 years old)Both
Phenylketonuria
details
UrineDetected and Quantified59.873 +/- 34.699 umol/mmol creatinineChildren (1-13 years old)Both
Phenylketonuria
details
UrineDetected and Quantified786.510 +/- 1020.557 umol/mmol creatinineChildren (1-13 years old)Both
Phenylketonuria
details
UrineDetected and Quantified796.0348 +/- 753.852 umol/mmol creatinineChildren (1-13 years old)Both
Phenylketonuria
details
UrineDetected and Quantified149.7 +/- 208.5 umol/mmol creatinineNewborn (0-30 days old)BothPhenylketonuria details
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease References
Colorectal cancer
  1. Brown DG, Rao S, Weir TL, O'Malia J, Bazan M, Brown RJ, Ryan EP: Metabolomics and metabolic pathway networks from human colorectal cancers, adjacent mucosa, and stool. Cancer Metab. 2016 Jun 6;4:11. doi: 10.1186/s40170-016-0151-y. eCollection 2016. [PubMed:27275383 ]
Attachment loss
  1. Liebsch C, Pitchika V, Pink C, Samietz S, Kastenmuller G, Artati A, Suhre K, Adamski J, Nauck M, Volzke H, Friedrich N, Kocher T, Holtfreter B, Pietzner M: The Saliva Metabolome in Association to Oral Health Status. J Dent Res. 2019 Jun;98(6):642-651. doi: 10.1177/0022034519842853. Epub 2019 Apr 26. [PubMed:31026179 ]
Periodontal Probing Depth
  1. Liebsch C, Pitchika V, Pink C, Samietz S, Kastenmuller G, Artati A, Suhre K, Adamski J, Nauck M, Volzke H, Friedrich N, Kocher T, Holtfreter B, Pietzner M: The Saliva Metabolome in Association to Oral Health Status. J Dent Res. 2019 Jun;98(6):642-651. doi: 10.1177/0022034519842853. Epub 2019 Apr 26. [PubMed:31026179 ]
Supragingival Plaque
  1. Liebsch C, Pitchika V, Pink C, Samietz S, Kastenmuller G, Artati A, Suhre K, Adamski J, Nauck M, Volzke H, Friedrich N, Kocher T, Holtfreter B, Pietzner M: The Saliva Metabolome in Association to Oral Health Status. J Dent Res. 2019 Jun;98(6):642-651. doi: 10.1177/0022034519842853. Epub 2019 Apr 26. [PubMed:31026179 ]
Phenylketonuria
  1. Monch E, Kneer J, Jakobs C, Arnold M, Diehl H, Batzler U: Examination of urine metabolites in the newborn period and during protein loading tests at 6 months of age--Part 1. Eur J Pediatr. 1990;149 Suppl 1:S17-24. [PubMed:2091926 ]
  2. Clemens PC, Schunemann MH, Hoffmann GF, Kohlschutter A: Plasma concentrations of phenyllactic acid in phenylketonuria. J Inherit Metab Dis. 1990;13(2):227-8. [PubMed:2116554 ]
  3. Rampini S, Vollmin JA, Bosshard HR, Muller M, Curtius HC: Aromatic acids in urine of healthy infants, persistent hyperphenylalaninemia, and phenylketonuria, before and after phenylalanine load. Pediatr Res. 1974 Jul;8(7):704-9. [PubMed:4837567 ]
Associated OMIM IDs
DrugBank IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
FooDB IDFDB022236
KNApSAcK IDC00000150
Chemspider ID3715
KEGG Compound IDC01479
BioCyc IDCPD-7999
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkNot Available
METLIN ID5745
PubChem Compound3848
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID25998
Food Biomarker OntologyNot Available
VMH IDNot Available
MarkerDB IDMDB00000250
Good Scents IDrw1622301
References
Synthesis ReferenceYu, Jian Ming; Xue, Fen. A method of synthesis of phenyllactic acid and substituted phenyllactic acids. Chinese Chemical Letters (1993), 4(8), 673-4.
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Download (PDF)
General References
  1. Iijima S, Ishii A, Miyakoshi T, Odaira T, Musha M: Studies on the experimental phenylketonuria in rats. Tohoku J Exp Med. 1975 Oct;117(2):167-78. [PubMed:1209606 ]
  2. Sarkissian CN, Scriver CR, Mamer OA: Measurement of phenyllactate, phenylacetate, and phenylpyruvate by negative ion chemical ionization-gas chromatography/mass spectrometry in brain of mouse genetic models of phenylketonuria and non-phenylketonuria hyperphenylalaninemia. Anal Biochem. 2000 May 1;280(2):242-9. [PubMed:10790306 ]
  3. Beloborodova NV, Khodakova AS, Bairamov IT, Olenin AY: Microbial origin of phenylcarboxylic acids in the human body. Biochemistry (Mosc). 2009 Dec;74(12):1350-5. [PubMed:19961416 ]
  4. Elshenawy S, Pinney SE, Stuart T, Doulias PT, Zura G, Parry S, Elovitz MA, Bennett MJ, Bansal A, Strauss JF 3rd, Ischiropoulos H, Simmons RA: The Metabolomic Signature of the Placenta in Spontaneous Preterm Birth. Int J Mol Sci. 2020 Feb 4;21(3). pii: ijms21031043. doi: 10.3390/ijms21031043. [PubMed:32033212 ]

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in sulfotransferase activity
Specific function:
Sulfotransferase that utilizes 3'-phospho-5'-adenylyl sulfate (PAPS) as sulfonate donor to catalyze the sulfate conjugation of many hormones, neurotransmitters, drugs and xenobiotic compounds. Sulfonation increases the water solubility of most compounds, and therefore their renal excretion, but it can also result in bioactivation to form active metabolites. Sulfates hydroxysteroids like DHEA. Isoform 1 preferentially sulfonates cholesterol, and isoform 2 avidly sulfonates pregnenolone but not cholesterol.
Gene Name:
SULT2B1
Uniprot ID:
O00204
Molecular weight:
39598.595
Reactions
Phenyllactic acid → 3-phenyl-2-(sulfooxy)propanoic aciddetails
General function:
Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
Specific function:
UDPGT is of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds. This isoform glucuronidates bilirubin IX-alpha to form both the IX-alpha-C8 and IX-alpha-C12 monoconjugates and diconjugate. Is also able to catalyze the glucuronidation of 17beta-estradiol, 17alpha-ethinylestradiol, 1-hydroxypyrene, 4-methylumbelliferone, 1-naphthol, paranitrophenol, scopoletin, and umbelliferone.
Gene Name:
UGT1A1
Uniprot ID:
P22309
Molecular weight:
59590.91
Reactions
Phenyllactic acid → 6-(1-carboxy-2-phenylethoxy)-3,4,5-trihydroxyoxane-2-carboxylic aciddetails
Phenyllactic acid → 3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-[(2-hydroxy-3-phenylpropanoyl)oxy]oxane-2-carboxylic aciddetails