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Record Information
StatusDetected and Quantified
Creation Date2005-11-16 15:48:42 UTC
Update Date2020-02-26 21:23:10 UTC
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB01296
Metabolite Identification
Common NameMaltotetraose
DescriptionMaltotetraose belongs to the class of organic compounds known as oligosaccharides. These are carbohydrates made up of 3 to 10 monosaccharide units linked to each other through glycosidic bonds. Maltotetraose is an extremely weak basic (essentially neutral) compound (based on its pKa). Maltotetraose exists in all living organisms, ranging from bacteria to humans. Outside of the human body, maltotetraose has been detected, but not quantified in, several different foods, such as welsh onions, kales, small-leaf lindens, other bread, and romaine lettuces. This could make maltotetraose a potential biomarker for the consumption of these foods. Maltotetraose is a normal human oligo saccharide present in plasma, but is elevated in cases of Pompe disease (PMID 15886040 ).
Chemical FormulaC24H42O21
Average Molecular Weight666.5777
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight666.221858406
IUPAC Name(3R,4R,5S,6R)-5-{[(2R,3R,4R,5S,6R)-5-{[(2R,3R,4R,5S,6R)-3,4-dihydroxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)-5-{[(2R,3R,4S,5S,6R)-3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)oxan-2-yl]oxy}oxan-2-yl]oxy}-3,4-dihydroxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)oxan-2-yl]oxy}-6-(hydroxymethyl)oxane-2,3,4-triol
Traditional Name(3R,4R,5S,6R)-5-{[(2R,3R,4R,5S,6R)-5-{[(2R,3R,4R,5S,6R)-3,4-dihydroxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)-5-{[(2R,3R,4S,5S,6R)-3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)oxan-2-yl]oxy}oxan-2-yl]oxy}-3,4-dihydroxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)oxan-2-yl]oxy}-6-(hydroxymethyl)oxane-2,3,4-triol
CAS Registry Number34612-38-9
InChI Identifier
Chemical Taxonomy
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as oligosaccharides. These are carbohydrates made up of 3 to 10 monosaccharide units linked to each other through glycosidic bonds.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganic oxygen compounds
ClassOrganooxygen compounds
Sub ClassCarbohydrates and carbohydrate conjugates
Direct ParentOligosaccharides
Alternative ParentsNot Available
SubstituentsNot Available
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic heteromonocyclic compounds
External DescriptorsNot Available
Physiological effect

Health effect:


Route of exposure:


Biological location:


Biological role:

Physical Properties
Experimental Properties
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
Water Solubility350 g/LALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)11.19ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-3.7ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count21ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count14ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area347.83 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count10ChemAxon
Refractivity133.16 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability62.12 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings4ChemAxon
Rule of FiveNoChemAxon
Ghose FilterNoChemAxon
Veber's RuleNoChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash KeyView
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-052s-2321309000-339e4ce9a5b6b7184b25Spectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 10V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-002r-0109714000-92449118dd9f88ced9e5Spectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 25V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-03di-0902000000-bada4f81875480cef630Spectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 40V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-03ds-4900000000-8c70af31defdcfbbdaceSpectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-002n-0509528000-5fd5603d944802261099Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-003l-0609511000-93559566aadd9ddb01d6Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-01sl-0904101000-2dc209564506d51c072bSpectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-00kb-0322229000-836fde463c0313bb06f2Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-00bm-2925316000-9af8644e1895bb3e5446Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-004l-2934001000-a30993c2dc002a86ef84Spectrum
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
2D NMR[1H,13C] 2D NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Cytoplasm
Biospecimen Locations
  • Blood
  • Urine
Tissue Locations
  • Kidney
  • Liver
  • Placenta
  • Prostate
Normal Concentrations
UrineExpected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedNot AvailableNot AvailableNormal
      Not Available
Abnormal Concentrations
BloodDetected and Quantified375.0 +/- 345.0 uMAdult (>18 years old)BothPeritoneal dialysis details
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease References
Peritoneal dialysis
  1. Garcia-Lopez E, Anderstam B, Heimburger O, Amici G, Werynski A, Lindholm B: Determination of high and low molecular weight molecules of icodextrin in plasma and dialysate, using gel filtration chromatography, in peritoneal dialysis patients. Perit Dial Int. 2005 Mar-Apr;25(2):181-91. [PubMed:15796147 ]
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
FooDB IDFDB001195
KNApSAcK IDC00018031
Chemspider ID388711
KEGG Compound IDC02052
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkNot Available
PubChem Compound439639
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID143180
Food Biomarker OntologyNot Available
VMH IDNot Available
MarkerDB ID
Synthesis ReferenceZhu, Ming. Production of maltotetraose. Wuxi Qinggong Daxue Xuebao (1999), 18(2), 7-12.
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Download (PDF)
General References
  1. Dewit O, Dibba B, Prentice A: Breast-milk amylase activity in English and Gambian mothers: effects of prolonged lactation, maternal parity, and individual variations. Pediatr Res. 1990 Nov;28(5):502-6. [PubMed:1701531 ]
  2. Yuge O, Morio M, Fukui T, Fujii K, Kikuchi H, Takahashi S: Maltotriose and maltotetraose excreted in urine following intravenous administration of maltose to human volunteers. Jpn J Surg. 1983 Jul;13(4):296-303. [PubMed:6645121 ]
  3. An Y, Young SP, Kishnani PS, Millington DS, Amalfitano A, Corz D, Chen YT: Glucose tetrasaccharide as a biomarker for monitoring the therapeutic response to enzyme replacement therapy for Pompe disease. Mol Genet Metab. 2005 Aug;85(4):247-54. [PubMed:15886040 ]
  4. Kuriyama M, Hiwatari R, Osame M, Igata A: Leucocyte alpha-1,4- and alpha-1,6-glucosidase activities towards oligosaccharides in late onset glycogenosis type II. Tohoku J Exp Med. 1990 Aug;161(4):343-51. [PubMed:2256108 ]
  5. Whitlow KJ, Gochman N, Forrester RL, Wataji LJ: Maltotetraose as a substrate for enzyme-coupled assay of amylase activity in serum and urine. Clin Chem. 1979 Mar;25(3):481-3. [PubMed:95558 ]
  6. Sreekumar A, Poisson LM, Rajendiran TM, Khan AP, Cao Q, Yu J, Laxman B, Mehra R, Lonigro RJ, Li Y, Nyati MK, Ahsan A, Kalyana-Sundaram S, Han B, Cao X, Byun J, Omenn GS, Ghosh D, Pennathur S, Alexander DC, Berger A, Shuster JR, Wei JT, Varambally S, Beecher C, Chinnaiyan AM: Metabolomic profiles delineate potential role for sarcosine in prostate cancer progression. Nature. 2009 Feb 12;457(7231):910-4. doi: 10.1038/nature07762. [PubMed:19212411 ]
  7. Elshenawy S, Pinney SE, Stuart T, Doulias PT, Zura G, Parry S, Elovitz MA, Bennett MJ, Bansal A, Strauss JF 3rd, Ischiropoulos H, Simmons RA: The Metabolomic Signature of the Placenta in Spontaneous Preterm Birth. Int J Mol Sci. 2020 Feb 4;21(3). pii: ijms21031043. doi: 10.3390/ijms21031043. [PubMed:32033212 ]