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Record Information
Version5.0
StatusDetected and Quantified
Creation Date2005-11-16 15:48:42 UTC
Update Date2021-09-07 16:45:30 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB0001565
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB0000284
  • HMDB00284
  • HMDB01565
Metabolite Identification
Common NamePhosphorylcholine
DescriptionPhosphorylcholine, also known as choline phosphate or CHOP, belongs to the class of organic compounds known as phosphocholines. Phosphocholines are compounds containing a [2-(trimethylazaniumyl)ethoxy]phosphonic acid or derivative. The phosphate of choline, and the parent compound of the phosphorylcholine family. Phosphorylcholine exists in all living species, ranging from bacteria to humans. Within humans, phosphorylcholine participates in a number of enzymatic reactions. In particular, phosphorylcholine can be converted into choline through its interaction with the enzyme phosphoethanolamine/phosphocholine phosphatase. In addition, phosphorylcholine can be converted into CDP-choline; which is mediated by the enzyme choline-phosphate cytidylyltransferase a. In humans, phosphorylcholine is involved in phospholipid biosynthesis. Outside of the human body, phosphorylcholine has been detected, but not quantified in several different foods, such as barley, pak choy, black radish, saskatoon berries, and acorns.
Structure
Data?1582752210
Synonyms
ValueSource
Choline phosphateChEBI
CHOPChEBI
N-Trimethyl-2-aminoethylphosphonateChEBI
O-PhosphocholineChEBI
Phosphoryl-cholineChEBI
Trimethyl(2-(phosphonooxy)ethyl)ammoniumChEBI
PhosphocholineKegg
Choline phosphoric acidGenerator
N-Trimethyl-2-aminoethylphosphonic acidGenerator
Chloride, phosphorylcholineHMDB
Phosphate, cholineHMDB
Phosphorylcholine chlorideHMDB
Phosphate chloride, cholineHMDB
Chloride, choline phosphateHMDB
Choline chloride dihydrogen phosphateHMDB
Choline phosphate chlorideHMDB
Chemical FormulaC5H15NO4P
Average Molecular Weight184.1507
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight184.073869485
IUPAC Name[2-(trimethylazaniumyl)ethoxy]phosphonic acid
Traditional NameChoP
CAS Registry Number3616-04-4
SMILES
C[N+](C)(C)CCOP(O)(O)=O
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C5H14NO4P/c1-6(2,3)4-5-10-11(7,8)9/h4-5H2,1-3H3,(H-,7,8,9)/p+1
InChI KeyYHHSONZFOIEMCP-UHFFFAOYSA-O
Chemical Taxonomy
Description Belongs to the class of organic compounds known as phosphocholines. Phosphocholines are compounds containing a [2-(trimethylazaniumyl)ethoxy]phosphonic acid or derivative.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganic nitrogen compounds
ClassOrganonitrogen compounds
Sub ClassQuaternary ammonium salts
Direct ParentPhosphocholines
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Phosphocholine
  • Monoalkyl phosphate
  • Alkyl phosphate
  • Phosphoric acid ester
  • Organic phosphoric acid derivative
  • Tetraalkylammonium salt
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Organic oxide
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organic salt
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Amine
  • Organic cation
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
Physiological effect
Disposition
Biological locationRoute of exposureSource
Process
Naturally occurring process