Hmdb loader
You are using an unsupported browser. Please upgrade your browser to a newer version to get the best experience on Human Metabolome Database.
Record Information
Version5.0
StatusDetected but not Quantified
Creation Date2006-08-12 23:25:38 UTC
Update Date2021-10-13 04:41:56 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB0003543
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB03543
Metabolite Identification
Common NameButanal
DescriptionButanal, also known as butyral or butyl aldehyde, belongs to the class of organic compounds known as alpha-hydrogen aldehydes. These are aldehydes with the general formula HC(H)(R)C(=O)H, where R is an organyl group. It is miscible with most organic solvents. Butanal exists in all living organisms, ranging from bacteria to humans. Upon prolonged exposure to air, butyraldehyde oxidizes to form butyric acid. Butanal is an apple, bready, and chocolate tasting compound. Outside of the human body, Butanal is found, on average, in the highest concentration within cow milk and carrots. Butanal has also been detected, but not quantified in several different foods, such as hard wheats, borages, ostrich ferns, skunk currants, and fennels. This could make butanal a potential biomarker for the consumption of these foods. The dominant technology involves the use of rhodium catalysts derived from the water-soluble ligand Tppts. Butyraldehyde is produced almost exclusively by the hydroformylation of propylene:CH3CHCH2 + H2 + CO → CH3CH2CH2CHO. Traditionally, hydroformylation was catalyzed by cobalt carbonyl and later rhodium complexes of triphenylphosphine. At one time, it was produced industrially by the catalytic hydrogenation of crotonaldehyde, which is derived from acetaldehyde. Butyraldehyde can be produced by the catalytic dehydrogenation of n-butanol. This compound is the aldehyde derivative of butane. An aqueous solution of the rhodium catalyst converts the propylene to the aldehyde, which forms a lighter immiscible phase. About 6 billion kilograms are produced annually by hydroformylation. It is a colourless flammable liquid with an unpleasant smell.
Structure
Data?1586372718
Synonyms
ValueSource
1-ButanalChEBI
Aldehyde butyriqueChEBI
Aldeide butirricaChEBI
ButalChEBI
ButaldehydeChEBI
Butan-1-alChEBI
ButanaldehydeChEBI
Butyl aldehydeChEBI
ButylaldehydeChEBI
ButyralChEBI
ButyraldehydChEBI
ButyraldehydeChEBI
Butyric aldehydeChEBI
ButyrylaldehydeChEBI
N-ButanalChEBI
N-Butyl aldehydeChEBI
N-ButyraldehydeChEBI
N-C3H7CHOChEBI
ButalydeHMDB
N-ButylaldehydeHMDB
Chemical FormulaC4H8O
Average Molecular Weight72.1057
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight72.057514878
IUPAC Namebutanal
Traditional Namebutoxide
CAS Registry Number123-72-8
SMILES
CCCC=O
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C4H8O/c1-2-3-4-5/h4H,2-3H2,1H3
InChI KeyZTQSAGDEMFDKMZ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
Description Belongs to the class of organic compounds known as alpha-hydrogen aldehydes. These are aldehydes with the general formula HC(H)(R)C(=O)H, where R is an organyl group.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganic oxygen compounds
ClassOrganooxygen compounds
Sub ClassCarbonyl compounds
Direct ParentAlpha-hydrogen aldehydes
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Alpha-hydrogen aldehyde
  • Organic oxide
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Short-chain aldehyde
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
Disposition

Biological location

Source

Route of exposure

Physical Properties
StateLiquid
Experimental Molecular Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting Point-99 °CNot Available
Boiling Point74.00 to 75.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm HgThe Good Scents Company Information System
Water Solubility71 mg/mL at 25 °CNot Available
LogP0.88HANSCH,C ET AL. (1995)
Experimental Chromatographic PropertiesNot Available
Predicted Molecular Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility50.9 g/LALOGPS
logP10(1.1) g/LALOGPS
logP10(0.76) g/LChemAxon
logS10(-0.15) g/LALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)17.97ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-6.9ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count0ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area17.07 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count2ChemAxon
Refractivity20.95 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability8.32 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
BioavailabilityYesChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterNoChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleNoChemAxon
Predicted Chromatographic Properties

Predicted Collision Cross Sections

PredictorAdduct TypeCCS Value (Å2)Reference
DarkChem[M+H]+113.07331661259
DarkChem[M-H]-106.63931661259

Predicted Kovats Retention Indices

Underivatized

MetaboliteSMILESKovats RI ValueColumn TypeReference
ButanalCCCC=O861.1Standard polar33892256
ButanalCCCC=O560.1Standard non polar33892256
ButanalCCCC=O588.5Semi standard non polar33892256

Derivatized

Derivative Name / StructureSMILESKovats RI ValueColumn TypeReference
Butanal,1TMS,isomer #1CCC=CO[Si](C)(C)C830.3Semi standard non polar33892256
Butanal,1TMS,isomer #1CCC=CO[Si](C)(C)C786.7Standard non polar33892256
Butanal,1TMS,isomer #1CCC=CO[Si](C)(C)C915.1Standard polar33892256
Butanal,1TBDMS,isomer #1CCC=CO[Si](C)(C)C(C)(C)C1053.2Semi standard non polar33892256
Butanal,1TBDMS,isomer #1CCC=CO[Si](C)(C)C(C)(C)C1028.3Standard non polar33892256
Butanal,1TBDMS,isomer #1CCC=CO[Si](C)(C)C(C)(C)C1120.5Standard polar33892256
Spectra

GC-MS Spectra

Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash KeyDeposition DateSourceView
Experimental GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - Butanal EI-B (Non-derivatized)splash10-002f-9000000000-98b59bf5bd3eda9e49fa2017-09-12HMDB team, MONA, MassBankView Spectrum
Experimental GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - Butanal EI-B (Non-derivatized)splash10-0006-9000000000-68ac34ab9def2e36ccc62017-09-12HMDB team, MONA, MassBankView Spectrum
Experimental GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - Butanal GC-EI-TOF (Non-derivatized)splash10-0002-2900000000-6dd687b5afd8561712732017-09-12HMDB team, MONA, MassBankView Spectrum
Experimental GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - Butanal GC-EI-TOF (Non-derivatized)splash10-0002-1900000000-d64b8c5293749714544a2017-09-12HMDB team, MONA, MassBankView Spectrum
Experimental GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - Butanal GC-EI-TOF (Non-derivatized)splash10-0002-2900000000-33689f43c983a22378e72017-09-12HMDB team, MONA, MassBankView Spectrum
Experimental GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - Butanal EI-B (Non-derivatized)splash10-002f-9000000000-98b59bf5bd3eda9e49fa2018-05-18HMDB team, MONA, MassBankView Spectrum
Experimental GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - Butanal EI-B (Non-derivatized)splash10-0006-9000000000-68ac34ab9def2e36ccc62018-05-18HMDB team, MONA, MassBankView Spectrum
Experimental GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - Butanal GC-EI-TOF (Non-derivatized)splash10-0002-2900000000-6dd687b5afd8561712732018-05-18HMDB team, MONA, MassBankView Spectrum
Experimental GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - Butanal GC-EI-TOF (Non-derivatized)splash10-0002-1900000000-d64b8c5293749714544a2018-05-18HMDB team, MONA, MassBankView Spectrum
Experimental GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - Butanal GC-EI-TOF (Non-derivatized)splash10-0002-2900000000-33689f43c983a22378e72018-05-18HMDB team, MONA, MassBankView Spectrum
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - Butanal GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-002f-9000000000-4fb49b6897fd6c8e92b42017-09-01Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - Butanal GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, PositiveNot Available2021-10-12Wishart LabView Spectrum
MSMass Spectrum (Electron Ionization)splash10-002f-9000000000-6e0649a0dc70c28fcae92015-03-01Not AvailableView Spectrum

MS/MS Spectra

Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash KeyDeposition DateSourceView
Experimental LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Butanal Quattro_QQQ 10V, Positive-QTOF (Annotated)splash10-0ab9-9000000000-e43f72b51db74df7e6492012-07-25HMDB team, MONAView Spectrum
Experimental LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Butanal Quattro_QQQ 25V, Positive-QTOF (Annotated)splash10-052f-9000000000-038773fb1932929717e02012-07-25HMDB team, MONAView Spectrum
Experimental LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Butanal Quattro_QQQ 40V, Positive-QTOF (Annotated)splash10-000x-9000000000-f3c990a0bfba019420a92012-07-25HMDB team, MONAView Spectrum
Experimental LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Butanal EI-B (HITACHI RMU-6M) , Positive-QTOFsplash10-002f-9000000000-c275231e3f5b37fbd5892012-08-31HMDB team, MONAView Spectrum
Experimental LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Butanal EI-B (HITACHI RMU-6M) , Positive-QTOFsplash10-0006-9000000000-68ac34ab9def2e36ccc62012-08-31HMDB team, MONAView Spectrum
Experimental LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Butanal 40V, Positive-QTOFsplash10-0006-9000000000-f9de404f1affa6abfa9a2021-09-20HMDB team, MONAView Spectrum
Experimental LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Butanal 35V, Positive-QTOFsplash10-05fr-9000000000-cfe5c3be3e144243331c2021-09-20HMDB team, MONAView Spectrum
Experimental LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Butanal 20V, Positive-QTOFsplash10-0005-9000000000-1edcf9e61e3340fbf40d2021-09-20HMDB team, MONAView Spectrum
Experimental LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Butanal 10V, Positive-QTOFsplash10-052e-9000000000-bccfaaf4b9811638acfe2021-09-20HMDB team, MONAView Spectrum
Experimental LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Butanal 35V, Positive-QTOFsplash10-05fr-9000000000-c4d921bc1daac38823102021-09-20HMDB team, MONAView Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - Butanal 10V, Positive-QTOFsplash10-00di-9000000000-2c1d033322fd9522a7282015-05-26Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - Butanal 20V, Positive-QTOFsplash10-05fr-9000000000-ca73d37ef37b38522b6e2015-05-26Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - Butanal 40V, Positive-QTOFsplash10-052f-9000000000-90b6f84d1349c54881ce2015-05-26Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - Butanal 10V, Negative-QTOFsplash10-00di-9000000000-819efd4b2a60ead6a85c2015-05-27Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - Butanal 20V, Negative-QTOFsplash10-00di-9000000000-59b84d540828a6511e532015-05-27Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - Butanal 40V, Negative-QTOFsplash10-0006-9000000000-f665ffadd808f7e9b0ca2015-05-27Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - Butanal 10V, Positive-QTOFsplash10-0a4i-9000000000-a41fb6d601c30ec7f8912021-09-22Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - Butanal 20V, Positive-QTOFsplash10-0a4i-9000000000-cb39b818de83422d81fb2021-09-22Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - Butanal 40V, Positive-QTOFsplash10-0a4u-9000000000-6df66caca042bdf0c4092021-09-22Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - Butanal 10V, Negative-QTOFsplash10-00di-9000000000-77e5dcf17bd83eca2c672021-09-23Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - Butanal 20V, Negative-QTOFsplash10-00di-9000000000-0a10c7980c8eb7716de62021-09-23Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - Butanal 40V, Negative-QTOFsplash10-0006-9000000000-50a44f96027b04e2ca632021-09-23Wishart LabView Spectrum

NMR Spectra

Spectrum TypeDescriptionDeposition DateSourceView
Predicted 1D NMR13C NMR Spectrum (1D, 100 MHz, D2O, predicted)2021-09-24Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted 1D NMR1H NMR Spectrum (1D, 100 MHz, D2O, predicted)2021-09-24Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted 1D NMR13C NMR Spectrum (1D, 1000 MHz, D2O, predicted)2021-09-24Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted 1D NMR1H NMR Spectrum (1D, 1000 MHz, D2O, predicted)2021-09-24Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted 1D NMR13C NMR Spectrum (1D, 200 MHz, D2O, predicted)2021-09-24Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted 1D NMR1H NMR Spectrum (1D, 200 MHz, D2O, predicted)2021-09-24Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted 1D NMR13C NMR Spectrum (1D, 300 MHz, D2O, predicted)2021-09-24Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted 1D NMR1H NMR Spectrum (1D, 300 MHz, D2O, predicted)2021-09-24Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted 1D NMR13C NMR Spectrum (1D, 400 MHz, D2O, predicted)2021-09-24Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted 1D NMR1H NMR Spectrum (1D, 400 MHz, D2O, predicted)2021-09-24Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted 1D NMR13C NMR Spectrum (1D, 500 MHz, D2O, predicted)2021-09-24Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted 1D NMR1H NMR Spectrum (1D, 500 MHz, D2O, predicted)2021-09-24Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted 1D NMR13C NMR Spectrum (1D, 600 MHz, D2O, predicted)2021-09-24Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted 1D NMR1H NMR Spectrum (1D, 600 MHz, D2O, predicted)2021-09-24Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted 1D NMR13C NMR Spectrum (1D, 700 MHz, D2O, predicted)2021-09-24Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted 1D NMR1H NMR Spectrum (1D, 700 MHz, D2O, predicted)2021-09-24Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted 1D NMR13C NMR Spectrum (1D, 800 MHz, D2O, predicted)2021-09-24Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted 1D NMR1H NMR Spectrum (1D, 800 MHz, D2O, predicted)2021-09-24Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted 1D NMR13C NMR Spectrum (1D, 900 MHz, D2O, predicted)2021-09-24Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted 1D NMR1H NMR Spectrum (1D, 900 MHz, D2O, predicted)2021-09-24Wishart LabView Spectrum
Experimental 2D NMR[1H, 13C]-HSQC NMR Spectrum (2D, 600 MHz, H2O, experimental)2012-12-05Wishart LabView Spectrum
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Mitochondria
Biospecimen Locations
  • Feces
Tissue Locations
  • Blood
  • Skeletal Muscle
Pathways
Normal Concentrations
BiospecimenStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
FecesDetected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedAdult (>18 years old)Both
Normal
details
FecesDetected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedAdult (>18 years old)Both
Normal
details
FecesDetected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedNewborn (0-30 days old)Both
Normal
details
FecesDetected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedAdult (>18 years old)Both
Normal
details
FecesDetected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedAdult (>18 years old)Both
Normal
details
Abnormal Concentrations
BiospecimenStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
FecesDetected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedAdult (>18 years old)Both
Campylobacter jejuni infection
details
FecesDetected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedAdult (>18 years old)Both
Clostridium difficile infection
details
FecesDetected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedAdult (>18 years old)Both
Ulcerative Colitis
details
FecesDetected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedAdult (>18 years old)Both
Ulcerative colitis
details
FecesDetected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedAdult (>18 years old)Both
Crohn's disease
details
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease References
Ulcerative colitis
  1. Garner CE, Smith S, de Lacy Costello B, White P, Spencer R, Probert CS, Ratcliffe NM: Volatile organic compounds from feces and their potential for diagnosis of gastrointestinal disease. FASEB J. 2007 Jun;21(8):1675-88. Epub 2007 Feb 21. [PubMed:17314143 ]
  2. De Preter V, Machiels K, Joossens M, Arijs I, Matthys C, Vermeire S, Rutgeerts P, Verbeke K: Faecal metabolite profiling identifies medium-chain fatty acids as discriminating compounds in IBD. Gut. 2015 Mar;64(3):447-58. doi: 10.1136/gutjnl-2013-306423. Epub 2014 May 8. [PubMed:24811995 ]
Crohn's disease
  1. De Preter V, Machiels K, Joossens M, Arijs I, Matthys C, Vermeire S, Rutgeerts P, Verbeke K: Faecal metabolite profiling identifies medium-chain fatty acids as discriminating compounds in IBD. Gut. 2015 Mar;64(3):447-58. doi: 10.1136/gutjnl-2013-306423. Epub 2014 May 8. [PubMed:24811995 ]
Associated OMIM IDs
DrugBank IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
FooDB IDFDB003378
KNApSAcK IDC00050431
Chemspider ID256
KEGG Compound IDC01412
BioCyc IDBUTANAL
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkButanal
METLIN ID6947
PubChem Compound261
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID15743
Food Biomarker OntologyNot Available
VMH IDBTAL
MarkerDB IDNot Available
Good Scents IDrw1007681
References
Synthesis ReferenceWeizmann, Charles; Garrard, Stanley Frederick. Some condensations of butyl alcohol and butyraldehyde. Journal of the Chemical Society, Transactions (1920), 117 324-38.
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Download (PDF)
General References
  1. Orhan H, van Holland B, Krab B, Moeken J, Vermeulen NP, Hollander P, Meerman JH: Evaluation of a multi-parameter biomarker set for oxidative damage in man: increased urinary excretion of lipid, protein and DNA oxidation products after one hour of exercise. Free Radic Res. 2004 Dec;38(12):1269-79. [PubMed:15763951 ]
  2. Holley AE, Walker MK, Cheeseman KH, Slater TF: Measurement of n-alkanals and hydroxyalkenals in biological samples. Free Radic Biol Med. 1993 Sep;15(3):281-9. [PubMed:8406128 ]

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity
Specific function:
Does not exhibit retinol dehydrogenase (RDH) activity in vitro
Gene Name:
RDH13
Uniprot ID:
Q8NBN7
Molecular weight:
35931.8