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Record Information
StatusExpected but not Quantified
Creation Date2006-08-13 14:38:14 UTC
Update Date2020-02-26 21:25:02 UTC
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB0006520
  • HMDB04220
  • HMDB06520
Metabolite Identification
Common NameBiotinyl-5'-AMP
Description5'-biotinyl-AMP (B-AMP) is the active form of biotin in mammals. In human cells, biotin is essential to maintain metabolic homeostasis and as regulator of gene expression. The vitamin biotin plays an essential role in gluconeogenesis, fatty acid synthesis, and carbohydrate metabolism because of its role as cofactor of five carboxylases; pyruvate carboxylase (PC), propionyl-CoA carboxylase (PCC), methylcrotonyl-CoA carboxylase, and two forms of acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACC-1 and ACC-2). Carboxylase biotinylation is catalyzed by the enzyme holocarboxylase synthetase (HCS) through a reaction that involves the transformation of biotin into B-AMP and its subsequent attachment to a specific lysine residue in the carboxylases. B-AMP is also required to activate a signal transduction cascade that includes a soluble guanylate cyclase (sGC) and cGMP-dependent protein kinase (PKG). The regulatory role of biotin in the biotin cycle seems to be limited to the expression of proteins involved in the transport and utilization of exogenous vitamin while having no effect on biotinidase mRNA levels, enzyme responsible for biotin recycling during carboxylase turnover. Multiple carboxylase deficiency (MCD) is a life-threatening disease characterized by the lack of carboxylase activities because of deficiency of HCS activity. (PMID: 15905112 , 11959985 ).
(+)-Biotinyl 5'-adenylateHMDB
5'-Adenylic acid anhydride with biotinHMDB
5'-Adenylic acid monoanhydride with biotinHMDB
Biotin anhydride with 5'-adenylic acidHMDB
Biotinoyl 5'-adenylateHMDB
Biotinyl 5'-AMPHMDB
[3AS-(3aa,4b,6aa)]-5'-adenylic acid monoanhydride with hexahydro-2-oxo-1H-thieno[3,4-D]imidazole-4-pentanoateHMDB
[3AS-(3aa,4b,6aa)]-5'-adenylic acid monoanhydride with hexahydro-2-oxo-1H-thieno[3,4-D]imidazole-4-pentanoic acidHMDB
Chemical FormulaC20H28N7O9PS
Average Molecular Weight573.517
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight573.140682731
IUPAC Name{[(2R,3S,4R,5R)-5-(6-amino-9H-purin-9-yl)-3,4-dihydroxyoxolan-2-yl]methoxy}({5-[(4S)-2-oxo-hexahydro-1H-thieno[3,4-d]imidazolidin-4-yl]pentanoyl}oxy)phosphinic acid
Traditional Name[(2R,3S,4R,5R)-5-(6-aminopurin-9-yl)-3,4-dihydroxyoxolan-2-yl]methoxy({5-[(4S)-2-oxo-hexahydrothieno[3,4-d]imidazolidin-4-yl]pentanoyl}oxy)phosphinic acid
CAS Registry Number4130-20-5
InChI Identifier
Chemical Taxonomy
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as dipeptides. These are organic compounds containing a sequence of exactly two alpha-amino acids joined by a peptide bond.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganic acids and derivatives
ClassCarboxylic acids and derivatives
Sub ClassAmino acids, peptides, and analogues
Direct ParentDipeptides
Alternative Parents
  • Alpha-dipeptide
  • Glutamic acid or derivatives
  • N-acyl-l-alpha-amino acid
  • N-acyl-alpha-amino acid
  • N-acyl-alpha amino acid or derivatives
  • Alpha-amino acid amide
  • Alpha-amino acid or derivatives
  • Medium-chain fatty acid
  • Amino fatty acid
  • Dicarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Fatty amide
  • N-acyl-amine
  • Fatty acyl
  • Fatty acid
  • Amino acid or derivatives
  • Carboxamide group
  • Carboxylic acid salt
  • Amino acid
  • Secondary carboxylic acid amide
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Organic salt
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Primary aliphatic amine
  • Amine
  • Organic oxide
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Organic zwitterion
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Primary amine
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External Descriptors



Naturally occurring process:

Physical Properties
Experimental Properties
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
Water Solubility2.24 g/LALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)0.83ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)4.99ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count11ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count6ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area233.27 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count11ChemAxon
Refractivity130.63 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability53.92 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings5ChemAxon
Rule of FiveNoChemAxon
Ghose FilterNoChemAxon
Veber's RuleNoChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash KeyView
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-0002-6729030000-2cb82379b8e96b597b13Spectrum
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (1 TMS) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-00kb-9733703000-98bae5a17ded03704629Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-000i-0942030000-e61e914c7ef0f87ef7ceSpectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-000i-0910000000-90a339c73ce7d6e18307Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-000i-2900000000-4473efe13a9fdcd356f6Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-00c0-2309030000-db991b74538e5511fc08Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-003r-7902000000-c38c4f3a31b23503bb6dSpectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-003r-9400000000-f14ea50608a771c5ffc0Spectrum
Biological Properties
Cellular LocationsNot Available
Biospecimen LocationsNot Available
Tissue LocationsNot Available
Normal Concentrations
Not Available
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
FooDB IDFDB023336
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID389681
KEGG Compound IDC05921
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG ID46920
Wikipedia LinkNot Available
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem Compound440839
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI IDNot Available
Food Biomarker OntologyNot Available
Synthesis ReferenceChristner, James E.; Coon, Minor J. Synthesis of (+)-biotinyl 5'-adenylate. Methods Enzymol. (1970), 18(Pt. A), 386-90.
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General References
  1. Pacheco-Alvarez D, Solorzano-Vargas RS, Gonzalez-Noriega A, Michalak C, Zempleni J, Leon-Del-Rio A: Biotin availability regulates expression of the sodium-dependent multivitamin transporter and the rate of biotin uptake in HepG2 cells. Mol Genet Metab. 2005 Aug;85(4):301-7. [PubMed:15905112 ]
  2. Solorzano-Vargas RS, Pacheco-Alvarez D, Leon-Del-Rio A: Holocarboxylase synthetase is an obligate participant in biotin-mediated regulation of its own expression and of biotin-dependent carboxylases mRNA levels in human cells. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2002 Apr 16;99(8):5325-30. [PubMed:11959985 ]


General function:
Involved in biotin-[acetyl-CoA-carboxylase] ligase activity
Specific function:
Post-translational modification of specific protein by attachment of biotin. Acts on various carboxylases such as acetyl-CoA-carboxylase, pyruvate carboxylase, propionyl CoA carboxylase, and 3-methylcrotonyl CoA carboxylase.
Gene Name:
Uniprot ID:
Molecular weight:
Adenosine triphosphate + Biotin → Pyrophosphate + Biotinyl-5'-AMPdetails
Biotinyl-5'-AMP + Apo-[carboxylase] → Adenosine monophosphate + Holo-[carboxylase]details