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Record Information
Version4.0
StatusDetected and Quantified
Creation Date2007-01-22 21:33:44 UTC
Update Date2020-11-09 23:17:45 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB0005792
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB05792
Metabolite Identification
Common NameSulforaphane
DescriptionSulforaphane (SFN) is the most characterized isothiocyanate. SFN has received a great deal of attention because of its ability to simultaneously modulate multiple cellular targets involved in cancer development, including: (i) DNA protection by modulating carcinogen-metabolizing enzymes and blocking the action of mutagens; (ii) inhibition of cell proliferation and induction of apoptosis, thereby retarding or eliminating clonal expansion of initiated, transformed, and/or neoplastic cells; (iii) inhibition of neoangiogenesis, progression of benign tumors to malignant tumors, and metastasis formation. SFN is therefore able to prevent, delay, or reverse preneoplastic lesions, as well as to act on cancer cells as a therapeutic agent. Taking into account this evidence and its favorable toxicological profile, SFN can be viewed as a conceptually promising agent in cancer prevention and/or therapy. SFN is the hydrolysis product of glucoraphanin, particularly high in the young sprouts of broccoli and cauliflower. SFN can also be obtained by eating cruciferous vegetables such as brussel sprouts, broccoli, cauliflower, bok choy, kale, collards, arugula, broccoli sprouts, chinese broccoli, broccoli raab, kohlrabi, mustard, turnip, radish, watercress and cabbage. (PMID: 17134937 ).
Structure
Data?1582752365
Synonyms
ValueSource
SulforafanChEBI
SulphorafanGenerator
SulphoraphaneGenerator
(R)-SulphoraphaneHMDB
1-Isothiocyanato-4-methylsulphinylbutaneHMDB
MethylsulfoxybutylisothiocyanateHMDB
4-Methylsulphinylbutyl glucosinolateHMDB
Chemical FormulaC6H11NOS2
Average Molecular Weight177.288
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight177.028205359
IUPAC Name1-isothiocyanato-4-methanesulfinylbutane
Traditional Namesulforaphane
CAS Registry Number4478-93-7
SMILES
CS(=O)CCCCN=C=S
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C6H11NOS2/c1-10(8)5-3-2-4-7-6-9/h2-5H2,1H3
InChI KeySUVMJBTUFCVSAD-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as sulfoxides. Sulfoxides are compounds containing a sulfoxide functional group, with the structure RS(=O)R' (R,R' not H).
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganosulfur compounds
ClassSulfoxides
Sub ClassNot Available
Direct ParentSulfoxides
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Sulfoxide
  • Isothiocyanate
  • Organic 1,3-dipolar compound
  • Propargyl-type 1,3-dipolar organic compound
  • Sulfinyl compound
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Organic oxide
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
Disposition

Route of exposure:

Biological location:

Source:

Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility2.55 g/LALOGPS
logP1.24ALOGPS
logP0.22ChemAxon
logS-1.8ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Basic)-3.6ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count2ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count0ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area29.43 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count5ChemAxon
Refractivity49.57 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability19.11 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
BioavailabilityYesChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleNoChemAxon
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash KeyView
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-03di-9200000000-13bb34bfb5f98523f06eSpectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QTOF (UPLC Q-Tof Premier, Waters) , Positivesplash10-03k9-4900000000-742108ad95fbe3ca0e61Spectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QTOF , positivesplash10-03k9-4900000000-742108ad95fbe3ca0e61Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-004i-1900000000-0c6d5f2ee2aaf8646546Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-016r-3900000000-068b539328d9244f017dSpectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-0a4i-9100000000-96f75c1a46ae1959b305Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-03fr-9500000000-2be1c78cc874ea6f663aSpectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-03di-9000000000-43a3325cb22657f00fbdSpectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-08fr-9000000000-377cf68733d05500349aSpectrum
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
2D NMR[1H,13C] 2D NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
Biological Properties
Cellular LocationsNot Available
Biospecimen Locations
  • Blood
  • Urine
Tissue LocationsNot Available
Pathways
Normal Concentrations
BiospecimenStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodDetected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedAdult (>18 years old)BothNormal details
BloodDetected and Quantified0.54 +/- 0.11 uMAdult (>18 years old)BothNormal details
UrineDetected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedAdult (>18 years old)BothNormal details
UrineDetected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedAdult (>18 years old)Both
Normal
details
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
FooDB IDFDB012609
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider IDNot Available
KEGG Compound IDNot Available
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkSulforaphane
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem Compound5350
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID47807
Food Biomarker OntologyNot Available
VMH IDNot Available
MarkerDB ID
References
Synthesis ReferenceIori R; Bernardi R; Gueyrard D; Rollin P; Palmieri S Formation of glucoraphanin by chemoselective oxidation of natural glucoerucin: a chemoenzymatic route to sulforaphane. Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry letters (1999), 9(7), 1047-8.
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Download (PDF)
General References
  1. Fimognari C, Hrelia P: Sulforaphane as a promising molecule for fighting cancer. Mutat Res. 2007 May-Jun;635(2-3):90-104. Epub 2006 Nov 28. [PubMed:17134937 ]