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Record Information
Version4.0
StatusExpected but not Quantified
Creation Date2007-05-25 11:58:44 UTC
Update Date2020-02-26 21:26:37 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB0006618
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB06618
Metabolite Identification
Common NameDifucosyllactohexaose
DescriptionDifucosyllactohexaose is a fucosyloligosaccharide present in human milk and colostrum. Human colostrum is known to be important for the protection of infants against infection by pathogenic microorganisms. This protection is thought to be due, partially, to various neutral and acidic oligosaccharides that are present in colostrum and milk. Moderate-to-severe diarrhea of all causes occurs less often in infants whose milk contains high levels of total 2-linked fucosyloligosaccharides as a percent of milk oligosaccharide. Calicivirus diarrhea occurs less often in infants whose mother's milk contains high levels of fucosyloligosaccharides. (PMID: 16289347 , 11273599 , 3401331 , 15343178 , 17375110 , 12568665 ).
Structure
Data?1582752397
Synonyms
ValueSource
DFHHMDB
O-6-Deoxy-alpha-L-galactopyranosyl-(1->3)-O-[beta-D-galactopyranosyl-(1->4)]-O-2-(acetylamino)-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranosyl-(1->3)-O-[O-6-deoxy-alpha-L-galactopyranosyl-(1->3)-O-[beta-D-galactopyranosyl-(1->4)]-2-(acetylamino)-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranosyl-(1->6)]-O-beta-D-galactopyranosyl-(1->4)- D-glucoseHMDB
O-6-Deoxy-alpha-L-galactopyranosyl-(1->3)-O-[beta-delta-galactopyranosyl-(1->4)]-O-2-(acetylamino)-2-deoxy-beta-delta-glucopyranosyl-(1->3)-O-[O-6-deoxy-alpha-L-galactopyranosyl-(1->3)-O-[beta-delta-galactopyranosyl-(1->4)]-2-(acetylamino)-2-deoxy-beta-delta-glucopyranosyl-(1->6)]-O-beta-delta-galactopyranosyl-(1->4)- D-glucoseHMDB
N-[(3R,4R,5S,6R)-2-{[(2R,3S,5R,6S)-3,5-dihydroxy-4-{[(2S,3R,6R)-3-[(1-hydroxyethylidene)amino]-6-(hydroxymethyl)-5-{[(2S,3R,4S,5R,6R)-3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)oxan-2-yl]oxy}-4-{[(2S,3S,4R,5S,6S)-3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-methyloxan-2-yl]oxy}oxan-2-yl]oxy}-6-{[(2R,3R,4R,5R)-1,2,4,5-tetrahydroxy-6-oxohexan-3-yl]oxy}oxan-2-yl]methoxy}-6-(hydroxymethyl)-5-{[(2S,3R,4S,5R,6R)-3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)oxan-2-yl]oxy}-4-{[(2S,3S,4R,5S,6S)-3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-methyloxan-2-yl]oxy}oxan-3-yl]ethanimidateGenerator
Chemical FormulaC52H88N2O39
Average Molecular Weight1365.2451
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight1364.496421084
IUPAC NameN-[(3R,4R,5S,6R)-2-{[(2R,3S,5R,6S)-4-{[(2S,3R,6R)-3-acetamido-6-(hydroxymethyl)-5-{[(2S,3R,4S,5R,6R)-3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)oxan-2-yl]oxy}-4-{[(2S,3S,4R,5S,6S)-3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-methyloxan-2-yl]oxy}oxan-2-yl]oxy}-3,5-dihydroxy-6-{[(2R,3R,4R,5R)-1,2,4,5-tetrahydroxy-6-oxohexan-3-yl]oxy}oxan-2-yl]methoxy}-6-(hydroxymethyl)-5-{[(2S,3R,4S,5R,6R)-3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)oxan-2-yl]oxy}-4-{[(2S,3S,4R,5S,6S)-3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-methyloxan-2-yl]oxy}oxan-3-yl]acetamide
Traditional NameN-[(3R,4R,5S,6R)-2-{[(2R,3S,5R,6S)-4-{[(2S,3R,6R)-3-acetamido-6-(hydroxymethyl)-5-{[(2S,3R,4S,5R,6R)-3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)oxan-2-yl]oxy}-4-{[(2S,3S,4R,5S,6S)-3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-methyloxan-2-yl]oxy}oxan-2-yl]oxy}-3,5-dihydroxy-6-{[(2R,3R,4R,5R)-1,2,4,5-tetrahydroxy-6-oxohexan-3-yl]oxy}oxan-2-yl]methoxy}-6-(hydroxymethyl)-5-{[(2S,3R,4S,5R,6R)-3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)oxan-2-yl]oxy}-4-{[(2S,3S,4R,5S,6S)-3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-methyloxan-2-yl]oxy}oxan-3-yl]acetamide
CAS Registry Number115236-57-2
SMILES
C[C@@H]1O[C@@H](O[C@@H]2[C@@H](NC(C)=O)C(OC[C@H]3O[C@@H](O[C@H]([C@H](O)CO)[C@H](O)[C@@H](O)C=O)[C@H](O)C(O[C@@H]4O[C@H](CO)C(O[C@@H]5O[C@H](CO)[C@H](O)[C@H](O)[C@H]5O)C(O[C@@H]5O[C@@H](C)[C@@H](O)[C@@H](O)[C@@H]5O)[C@H]4NC(C)=O)[C@H]3O)O[C@H](CO)[C@H]2O[C@@H]2O[C@H](CO)[C@H](O)[C@H](O)[C@H]2O)[C@@H](O)[C@H](O)[C@@H]1O
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C52H88N2O39/c1-12-25(65)31(71)35(75)48(81-12)91-43-23(53-14(3)61)46(85-20(9-59)41(43)89-50-37(77)33(73)28(68)18(7-57)83-50)80-11-22-30(70)45(39(79)52(87-22)88-40(17(64)6-56)27(67)16(63)5-55)93-47-24(54-15(4)62)44(92-49-36(76)32(72)26(66)13(2)82-49)42(21(10-60)86-47)90-51-38(78)34(74)29(69)19(8-58)84-51/h5,12-13,16-52,56-60,63-79H,6-11H2,1-4H3,(H,53,61)(H,54,62)/t12-,13-,16-,17+,18+,19+,20+,21+,22+,23+,24+,25+,26+,27+,28-,29-,30-,31+,32+,33-,34-,35-,36-,37+,38+,39+,40+,41+,42?,43+,44?,45?,46?,47-,48-,49-,50-,51-,52-/m0/s1
InChI KeyXOHQYIKZIFWWAG-MPHKLDOWSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as oligosaccharides. These are carbohydrates made up of 3 to 10 monosaccharide units linked to each other through glycosidic bonds.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganic oxygen compounds
ClassOrganooxygen compounds
Sub ClassCarbohydrates and carbohydrate conjugates
Direct ParentOligosaccharides
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Oligosaccharide
  • Fatty acyl glycoside
  • N-acyl-alpha-hexosamine
  • Alkyl glycoside
  • Glycosyl compound
  • O-glycosyl compound
  • Beta-hydroxy aldehyde
  • Fatty acyl
  • Oxane
  • Acetamide
  • Alpha-hydroxyaldehyde
  • Carboxamide group
  • Secondary carboxylic acid amide
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Acetal
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Oxacycle
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Polyol
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Alcohol
  • Organic oxide
  • Carbonyl group
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Aldehyde
  • Primary alcohol
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Aliphatic heteromonocyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic heteromonocyclic compounds
External DescriptorsNot Available
Ontology
Disposition

Source:

Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility145 g/LALOGPS
logP-1.8ALOGPS
logP-14ChemAxon
logS-0.97ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)11.29ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-3.9ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count39ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count24ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area649.55 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count26ChemAxon
Refractivity283.35 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability128.72 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings7ChemAxon
BioavailabilityNoChemAxon
Rule of FiveNoChemAxon
Ghose FilterNoChemAxon
Veber's RuleNoChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash KeyView
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-0f72-4967000000-c446e5908b933c129f72Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-0a4r-9732000000-777226a70a74c264629fSpectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-052s-9422000000-7dd7615985b22c4e7a63Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-0fft-5349000050-f6df35307bd7f7c41cafSpectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-0002-4739001323-c3d383cb4fb33155b812Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-070i-2410090712-918e487890cbfbe7c317Spectrum
Biological Properties
Cellular LocationsNot Available
Biospecimen LocationsNot Available
Tissue LocationsNot Available
Pathways
Normal Concentrations
Not Available
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
FooDB IDFDB024007
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider IDNot Available
KEGG Compound IDNot Available
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkNot Available
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem Compound53477875
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI IDNot Available
Food Biomarker OntologyNot Available
VMH IDNot Available
MarkerDB ID
References
Synthesis ReferenceDua, Virendra K.; Goso, Kazue; Dube, Volker E.; Bush, C. Allen. Characterization of lacto-N-hexaose and two fucosylated derivatives from human milk by high-performance liquid chromatography and proton NMR spectroscopy. Journal of Chromatography (1985), 328 259-69.
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General References
  1. Bruntz R, Dabrowski U, Dabrowski J, Ebersold A, Peter-Katalinic J, Egge H: Fucose-containing oligosaccharides from human milk from a donor of blood group 0 Le(a) nonsecretor. Biol Chem Hoppe Seyler. 1988 Apr;369(4):257-73. [PubMed:3401331 ]
  2. Haeuw-Fievre S, Wieruszeski JM, Plancke Y, Michalski JC, Montreuil J, Strecker G: Primary structure of human milk octa-, dodeca- and tridecasaccharides determined by a combination of 1H-NMR spectroscopy and fast-atom-bombardment mass spectrometry. Evidence for a new core structure, the para-lacto-N-octaose. Eur J Biochem. 1993 Jul 15;215(2):361-71. [PubMed:8344303 ]
  3. Nakajima K, Kinoshita M, Matsushita N, Urashima T, Suzuki M, Suzuki A, Kakehi K: Capillary affinity electrophoresis using lectins for the analysis of milk oligosaccharide structure and its application to bovine colostrum oligosaccharides. Anal Biochem. 2006 Jan 1;348(1):105-14. Epub 2005 Oct 26. [PubMed:16289347 ]
  4. Kim HM, Kim IJ, Danishefsky SJ: Total syntheses of tumor-related antigens N3: probing the feasibility limits of the glycal assembly method. J Am Chem Soc. 2001 Jan 10;123(1):35-48. [PubMed:11273599 ]
  5. Morrow AL, Ruiz-Palacios GM, Altaye M, Jiang X, Guerrero ML, Meinzen-Derr JK, Farkas T, Chaturvedi P, Pickering LK, Newburg DS: Human milk oligosaccharides are associated with protection against diarrhea in breast-fed infants. J Pediatr. 2004 Sep;145(3):297-303. [PubMed:15343178 ]
  6. Asakuma S, Urashima T, Akahori M, Obayashi H, Nakamura T, Kimura K, Watanabe Y, Arai I, Sanai Y: Variation of major neutral oligosaccharides levels in human colostrum. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2008 Apr;62(4):488-94. Epub 2007 Mar 21. [PubMed:17375110 ]
  7. Sumiyoshi W, Urashima T, Nakamura T, Arai I, Saito T, Tsumura N, Wang B, Brand-Miller J, Watanabe Y, Kimura K: Determination of each neutral oligosaccharide in the milk of Japanese women during the course of lactation. Br J Nutr. 2003 Jan;89(1):61-9. [PubMed:12568665 ]

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in methyltransferase activity
Specific function:
Methyltransferase required for the conversion of 2-polyprenyl-6-methoxy-1,4-benzoquinol (DDMQH2) to 2-polyprenyl-3-methyl-6-methoxy-1,4-benzoquinol (DMQH2) (By similarity).
Gene Name:
COQ5
Uniprot ID:
Q5HYK3
Molecular weight:
37140.17
General function:
Involved in monooxygenase activity
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
COQ6
Uniprot ID:
Q9Y2Z9
Molecular weight:
Not Available