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Record Information
Version4.0
StatusDetected and Quantified
Creation Date2012-09-11 17:34:27 UTC
Update Date2019-07-23 06:05:29 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB0030052
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB30052
Metabolite Identification
Common NameButyl propionate
DescriptionButyl propionate, also known as fema 2211, belongs to the class of organic compounds known as carboxylic acid esters. These are carboxylic acid derivatives in which the carbon atom from the carbonyl group is attached to an alkyl or an aryl moiety through an oxygen atom (forming an ester group). Butyl propionate is an extremely weak basic (essentially neutral) compound (based on its pKa). Butyl propionate is a sweet, banana, and earthy tasting compound. Outside of the human body, Butyl propionate has been detected, but not quantified in, apples and sweet cherries. This could make butyl propionate a potential biomarker for the consumption of these foods. Butyl propionate, with regard to humans, has been found to be associated with several diseases such as ulcerative colitis, diarrhoea predominant irritable bowel syndrome, and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease; butyl propionate has also been linked to the inborn metabolic disorder celiac disease.
Structure
Data?1563861929
Synonyms
ValueSource
Butyl propionic acidGenerator
Butyl ester OF propanoic acidHMDB
Butyl propanoateHMDB
FEMA 2211HMDB
N-Butyl N-propionateHMDB
N-Butyl propanoateHMDB
N-Butyl propionateHMDB
Propanoic acid, butyl esterHMDB
Propionic acid, butyl esterHMDB
N-ButylpropionateHMDB
Butyl propanoic acidGenerator
Chemical FormulaC7H14O2
Average Molecular Weight130.1849
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight130.099379692
IUPAC Namebutyl propanoate
Traditional NameN-butyl propionate
CAS Registry Number590-01-2
SMILES
CCCCOC(=O)CC
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C7H14O2/c1-3-5-6-9-7(8)4-2/h3-6H2,1-2H3
InChI KeyBTMVHUNTONAYDX-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as carboxylic acid esters. These are carboxylic acid derivatives in which the carbon atom from the carbonyl group is attached to an alkyl or an aryl moiety through an oxygen atom (forming an ester group).
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganic acids and derivatives
ClassCarboxylic acids and derivatives
Sub ClassCarboxylic acid derivatives
Direct ParentCarboxylic acid esters
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Carboxylic acid ester
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Organic oxide
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External DescriptorsNot Available
Ontology
Disposition

Source:

Biological location:

Role

Industrial application:

Physical Properties
StateLiquid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting Point-89 °CNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water Solubility1.5 mg/mL at 20 °CNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility3.22 g/LALOGPS
logP2.38ALOGPS
logP1.95ChemAxon
logS-1.6ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Basic)-7ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count0ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area26.3 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count5ChemAxon
Refractivity35.91 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability15.34 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
BioavailabilityYesChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterNoChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleNoChemAxon
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash KeyView
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - EI-B (Non-derivatized)splash10-0a6r-9000000000-fe604893272116d73ad4Spectrum
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - EI-B (Non-derivatized)splash10-0a6r-9000000000-e56127e16d22512455a7Spectrum
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - EI-B (Non-derivatized)splash10-0a4i-9000000000-59f1a9e240d24464e512Spectrum
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - CI-B (Non-derivatized)splash10-001i-4900000000-41db17d7771b889f24b2Spectrum
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - EI-B (Non-derivatized)splash10-0a6r-9000000000-37f42e865be80a64a749Spectrum
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - EI-B (Non-derivatized)splash10-0a6r-9000000000-fe604893272116d73ad4Spectrum
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - EI-B (Non-derivatized)splash10-0a6r-9000000000-e56127e16d22512455a7Spectrum
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - EI-B (Non-derivatized)splash10-0a4i-9000000000-59f1a9e240d24464e512Spectrum
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - CI-B (Non-derivatized)splash10-001i-4900000000-41db17d7771b889f24b2Spectrum
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - EI-B (Non-derivatized)splash10-0a6r-9000000000-37f42e865be80a64a749Spectrum
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-0a6r-9000000000-a540c52c043e3ad93622Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-053r-7900000000-b715412874cd4b868804Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-0a4i-9100000000-62acdb8659e1fbdf6d75Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-0a4i-9000000000-f27f7519f972d0146e50Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-056r-9700000000-4845e92b5720c8b629dcSpectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-05fr-9100000000-c53ceefe8a4e582f2f91Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-0a4i-9000000000-b2b798a2cf4d9939d072Spectrum
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Cytoplasm
  • Extracellular
Biospecimen Locations
  • Feces
Tissue LocationsNot Available
Pathways
Normal Concentrations
BiospecimenStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
FecesDetected but not Quantified Adult (>18 years old)Both
Normal
details
FecesDetected and Quantified104.979 nmol/g wet fecesAdult (>18 years old)Not Specified
Normal
details
FecesDetected and Quantified320.0576 nmol/g wet fecesAdult (>18 years old)Not Specified
Normal
details
FecesDetected and Quantified294.453 nmol/g wet fecesAdult (>18 years old)Not Specified
Normal
details
FecesDetected but not Quantified Adult (>18 years old)Both
Normal
details
FecesDetected and Quantified0-51183.611 nmol/g wet fecesChildren (1-13 years old)Not Specified
Normal
details
Abnormal Concentrations
BiospecimenStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
FecesDetected but not Quantified Adult (>18 years old)Both
Campylobacter jejuni infection
details
FecesDetected but not Quantified Adult (>18 years old)Both
Clostridium difficile infection
details
FecesDetected but not Quantified Adult (>18 years old)Both
Ulcerative Colitis
details
FecesDetected but not Quantified Adult (>18 years old)Both
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD)
details
FecesDetected and Quantified0-232950.724 nmol/g wet fecesChildren (1-13 years old)Not Specified
Treated celiac disease
details
FecesDetected but not Quantified Adult (>18 years old)Both
Diarrhea-predominant IBS
details
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease References
Ulcerative colitis
  1. Garner CE, Smith S, de Lacy Costello B, White P, Spencer R, Probert CS, Ratcliffe NM: Volatile organic compounds from feces and their potential for diagnosis of gastrointestinal disease. FASEB J. 2007 Jun;21(8):1675-88. Epub 2007 Feb 21. [PubMed:17314143 ]
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease
  1. Raman M, Ahmed I, Gillevet PM, Probert CS, Ratcliffe NM, Smith S, Greenwood R, Sikaroodi M, Lam V, Crotty P, Bailey J, Myers RP, Rioux KP: Fecal microbiome and volatile organic compound metabolome in obese humans with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2013 Jul;11(7):868-75.e1-3. doi: 10.1016/j.cgh.2013.02.015. Epub 2013 Feb 27. [PubMed:23454028 ]
Diarrhoea predominant irritable bowel syndrome
  1. Ahmed I, Greenwood R, Costello Bde L, Ratcliffe NM, Probert CS: An investigation of fecal volatile organic metabolites in irritable bowel syndrome. PLoS One. 2013;8(3):e58204. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0058204. Epub 2013 Mar 13. [PubMed:23516449 ]
Celiac disease
  1. Di Cagno R, De Angelis M, De Pasquale I, Ndagijimana M, Vernocchi P, Ricciuti P, Gagliardi F, Laghi L, Crecchio C, Guerzoni ME, Gobbetti M, Francavilla R: Duodenal and faecal microbiota of celiac children: molecular, phenotype and metabolome characterization. BMC Microbiol. 2011 Oct 4;11:219. doi: 10.1186/1471-2180-11-219. [PubMed:21970810 ]
Associated OMIM IDs
DrugBank IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB001358
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID11045
KEGG Compound IDNot Available
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkNot Available
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem Compound11529
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI IDNot Available
Food Biomarker OntologyNot Available
VMH IDNot Available
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General References
  1. Banton MI, Tyler TR, Ulrich CE, Nemec MD, Garman RH: Subchronic and developmental toxicity studies of n-butyl propionate vapor in rats. J Toxicol Environ Health A. 2000 Sep 29;61(2):79-105. [PubMed:11032424 ]
  2. (). Yannai, Shmuel. (2004) Dictionary of food compounds with CD-ROM: Additives, flavors, and ingredients. Boca Raton: Chapman & Hall/CRC.. .