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Record Information
StatusDetected but not Quantified
Creation Date2012-09-11 20:01:58 UTC
Update Date2019-07-23 06:17:43 UTC
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB35089
Metabolite Identification
Common Name(R)-Carvone
Description(R)-Carvone is found in caraway. (R)-Carvone is a constituent of spearmint (Mentha crispa) costmary, kuromoji, and other oils. (R)-Carvone is a flavouring ingredient. Carvone is a volatile terpenoid. Carvone is found in many essential oils and is very abundant in the seeds of caraway (Carum carvi). Carvone is occasionally found as a component of biological fluids in normal individuals. Caraway was used for medicinal purposes by the ancient Romans, but carvone was probably not isolated as a pure compound until Varrentrapp obtained it in 1841 (PMID: 5556886 , 2477620 , Wikipedia).
Chemical FormulaC10H14O
Average Molecular Weight150.2176
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight150.10446507
IUPAC Name(5R)-2-methyl-5-(prop-1-en-2-yl)cyclohex-2-en-1-one
Traditional Name(-)-carvone
CAS Registry Number6485-40-1
InChI Identifier
Chemical Taxonomy
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as menthane monoterpenoids. These are monoterpenoids with a structure based on the o-, m-, or p-menthane backbone. P-menthane consists of the cyclohexane ring with a methyl group and a (2-methyl)-propyl group at the 1 and 4 ring position, respectively. The o- and m- menthanes are much rarer, and presumably arise by alkyl migration of p-menthanes.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassPrenol lipids
Sub ClassMonoterpenoids
Direct ParentMenthane monoterpenoids
Alternative Parents
  • P-menthane monoterpenoid
  • Monocyclic monoterpenoid
  • Cyclohexenone
  • Cyclic ketone
  • Ketone
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Organic oxide
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Aliphatic homomonocyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic homomonocyclic compounds
External Descriptors

Route of exposure:


Biological location:


Naturally occurring process:


Industrial application:

Biological role:

Physical Properties
Experimental Properties
Melting Point< 15 °CNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water Solubility1.31 mg/mL at 25 °CNot Available
LogP2.71Not Available
Predicted Properties
Water Solubility1.16 g/LALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Basic)-4.7ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count0ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area17.07 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count1ChemAxon
Refractivity47.17 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability17.65 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterNoChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleNoChemAxon
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash KeyView
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - EI-B (Non-derivatized)splash10-0a59-9300000000-0663a3956cbefc28418aSpectrum
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - EI-B (Non-derivatized)splash10-0a59-9300000000-0663a3956cbefc28418aSpectrum
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - EI-B (Non-derivatized)splash10-0a59-9300000000-0663a3956cbefc28418aSpectrum
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - EI-B (Non-derivatized)splash10-0a59-9300000000-0663a3956cbefc28418aSpectrum
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-0f83-9200000000-e9569993e9ab3a8d9c56Spectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ , positive (Annotated)splash10-052f-9600000000-9902205f6d338c08818dSpectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Orbitrap 1V, positivesplash10-0udi-0900000000-52f6355f33c4b2243d8aSpectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Orbitrap 2V, positivesplash10-0udi-0900000000-cb6bd893e3059c4e749aSpectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Orbitrap 2V, positivesplash10-0udi-0900000000-12445f07d9581bb79ba9Spectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Orbitrap 3V, positivesplash10-0zfr-0900000000-f9115bab64084ca3e9c6Spectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Orbitrap 3V, positivesplash10-0zfr-0900000000-c2cc2f68aa635d48f7d2Spectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Orbitrap 3V, positivesplash10-0pb9-0900000000-34673104b5cbea631ccaSpectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Orbitrap 4V, positivesplash10-0a4i-0900000000-3c5bc016004147d81ac1Spectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Orbitrap 5V, positivesplash10-0a4i-0900000000-805c8d6f02a70e4d8cedSpectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Orbitrap 6V, positivesplash10-0a4i-1900000000-90f1a3149285030d18d3Spectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Orbitrap 8V, positivesplash10-0a4i-4900000000-c900c93dbadd576b2e03Spectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Orbitrap 9V, positivesplash10-0a4l-9700000000-ccd0df21a8aba540288cSpectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Orbitrap 11V, positivesplash10-052f-9400000000-b05876718fef3d10e1e6Spectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Orbitrap 14V, positivesplash10-00kf-9200000000-97e06bb63f72b6a871e6Spectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - n/a 10V, positivesplash10-0a4i-0900000000-62d73cc97ac426baf5d8Spectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - n/a 10V, positivesplash10-004l-9000000000-672e06fb3b7870b5e066Spectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - n/a 10V, positivesplash10-001i-9000000000-a5c95a778293e816e298Spectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - n/a 10V, positivesplash10-000t-9100000000-c3c9a32c71b3929313ebSpectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - n/a 10V, positivesplash10-014i-9000000000-fb41d95361a6747c1394Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-0udi-0900000000-62861ac4cbf0b95e5069Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-0udi-5900000000-b282dcb5d4a98c3f852fSpectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-1000-9100000000-0fd631d26260645c64aeSpectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-0002-0900000000-97d37f99bcaf0ed7d108Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-0002-0900000000-1817a8dceee7a31df4e0Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-001l-6900000000-581a45ee1ec95e201138Spectrum
MSMass Spectrum (Electron Ionization)splash10-0f8c-9200000000-88f46d943b306bc533dbSpectrum
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
Biospecimen Locations
  • Urine
Tissue LocationsNot Available
Normal Concentrations
UrineDetected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedAdult (>18 years old)Both
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
FooDB IDFDB013718
KNApSAcK IDC00000807
Chemspider ID388655
KEGG Compound IDC01767
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkNot Available
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem Compound439570
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID15400
Food Biomarker OntologyNot Available
VMH IDNot Available
MarkerDB ID
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General References
  1. Zlatkis A, Liebich HM: Profile of volatile metabolites in human urine. Clin Chem. 1971 Jul;17(7):592-4. [PubMed:5556886 ]
  2. Inglik N, Rudenko BA, Kakhnovskii IM, Koroleva TV: [Gas chromatographic study of the composition of the volatile components of the urine in normal subjects and patients with diabetes mellitus]. Lab Delo. 1989;(8):24-7. [PubMed:2477620 ]
  3. Simons K, Toomre D: Lipid rafts and signal transduction. Nat Rev Mol Cell Biol. 2000 Oct;1(1):31-9. [PubMed:11413487 ]
  4. Watson AD: Thematic review series: systems biology approaches to metabolic and cardiovascular disorders. Lipidomics: a global approach to lipid analysis in biological systems. J Lipid Res. 2006 Oct;47(10):2101-11. Epub 2006 Aug 10. [PubMed:16902246 ]
  5. Sethi JK, Vidal-Puig AJ: Thematic review series: adipocyte biology. Adipose tissue function and plasticity orchestrate nutritional adaptation. J Lipid Res. 2007 Jun;48(6):1253-62. Epub 2007 Mar 20. [PubMed:17374880 ]
  6. Lingwood D, Simons K: Lipid rafts as a membrane-organizing principle. Science. 2010 Jan 1;327(5961):46-50. doi: 10.1126/science.1174621. [PubMed:20044567 ]
  7. (). Yannai, Shmuel. (2004) Dictionary of food compounds with CD-ROM: Additives, flavors, and ingredients. Boca Raton: Chapman & Hall/CRC.. .
  8. Gunstone, Frank D., John L. Harwood, and Albert J. Dijkstra (2007). The lipid handbook with CD-ROM. CRC Press.