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Record Information
Version4.0
StatusDetected but not Quantified
Creation Date2012-09-11 20:14:46 UTC
Update Date2019-07-23 06:18:15 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB0035289
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB35289
Metabolite Identification
Common Name2,5-Dimethylpyrazine
Description2,5-Dimethylpyrazine, also known as fema 3272 or pyrazine,2,5-dimethyl, belongs to the class of organic compounds known as pyrazines. Pyrazines are compounds containing a pyrazine ring, which is a six-member aromatic heterocycle, that consists of two nitrogen atoms (at positions 1 and 4) and four carbon atoms. 2,5-Dimethylpyrazine is a moderately basic compound (based on its pKa). 2,5-Dimethylpyrazine is a cocoa, grass, and medicinal tasting compound. Outside of the human body, 2,5-Dimethylpyrazine is found, on average, in the highest concentration within kohlrabis. 2,5-Dimethylpyrazine has also been detected, but not quantified in, several different foods, such as green vegetables, soy beans, asparagus, tortilla chips, and fenugreeks. This could make 2,5-dimethylpyrazine a potential biomarker for the consumption of these foods. It occurs naturally in baked potato, black or green tea, crispbread, French fries, malt, peated malt, raw asparagus, roasted barley, roasted filberts or pecans, squid, wheat bread, wild rice (Zizania aquatica), and wort. Alkylpyrazines are chemical compounds based on pyrazine with different substitution patterns. Some alkylpyrazines are naturally occurring highly aromatic substances which often have a very low odor threshold and contribute to the taste and aroma of various foods including coffee and wines. Alkylpyrazines are also formed during the cooking of some foods via Maillard reactions.
Structure
Data?1563862695
Synonyms
ValueSource
25-Dimethyl-pyrazineHMDB
2, 5-DimethylpyrazineHMDB
2,5-Dimethyl pyrazineHMDB
2,5-Dimethyl-1,4-diazineHMDB
2,5-Dimethyl-pyrazineHMDB
2,5-DimethylparadiazineHMDB
2,5-DimethylpiazineHMDB
FEMA 3272HMDB
PYRAZINE,2,5-dimethylHMDB
2,6-DimethylpyrazineMeSH
2,5-DMPMeSH
Chemical FormulaC6H8N2
Average Molecular Weight108.1411
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight108.068748266
IUPAC Name2,5-dimethylpyrazine
Traditional Name2,5-dimethylpyrazine
CAS Registry Number123-32-0
SMILES
CC1=CN=C(C)C=N1
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C6H8N2/c1-5-3-8-6(2)4-7-5/h3-4H,1-2H3
InChI KeyLCZUOKDVTBMCMX-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as pyrazines. Pyrazines are compounds containing a pyrazine ring, which is a six-member aromatic heterocycle, that consists of two nitrogen atoms (at positions 1 and 4) and four carbon atoms.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganoheterocyclic compounds
ClassDiazines
Sub ClassPyrazines
Direct ParentPyrazines
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Pyrazine
  • Heteroaromatic compound
  • Azacycle
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Aromatic heteromonocyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic heteromonocyclic compounds
External DescriptorsNot Available
Ontology
Disposition

Route of exposure:

Source:

Biological location:

Role

Biological role:

Physical Properties
StateLiquid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting Point15 °CNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogP0.63Not Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility184 g/LALOGPS
logP0.62ALOGPS
logP-0.2ChemAxon
logS0.23ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Basic)1.59ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count2ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count0ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area25.78 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count0ChemAxon
Refractivity30.93 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability11.91 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings1ChemAxon
BioavailabilityYesChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterNoChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleNoChemAxon
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash KeyView
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - EI-B (Non-derivatized)splash10-052f-9300000000-081f35e3a3380ed2698bSpectrum
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - EI-B (Non-derivatized)splash10-052f-9300000000-081f35e3a3380ed2698bSpectrum
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-0a4i-8900000000-2ada7e902f3d0e2b31e9Spectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - , positivesplash10-0a4i-4900000000-7e680d62ffa714f80403Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-0a4i-0900000000-9b8f23be4c9d8c94f24dSpectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-0a4i-1900000000-b0964dc373b182b8f4c4Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-0k9x-9000000000-dc3ffe8529561fb7b1cbSpectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-0a4i-0900000000-032c8099a4abe667a4b9Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-0a4i-0900000000-58fa248974f5ade4ee46Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-0a4i-7900000000-890f0c8c1e9a4f4bf6ffSpectrum
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Cytoplasm
  • Extracellular
Biospecimen Locations
  • Feces
Tissue LocationsNot Available
Pathways
Normal Concentrations
Not Available
Abnormal Concentrations
BiospecimenStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
FecesDetected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedAdult (>18 years old)Both
Campylobacter jejuni infection
details
FecesDetected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedAdult (>18 years old)Both
Clostridium difficile infection
details
FecesDetected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedAdult (>18 years old)Both
Ulcerative Colitis
details
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease References
Ulcerative colitis
  1. Garner CE, Smith S, de Lacy Costello B, White P, Spencer R, Probert CS, Ratcliffe NM: Volatile organic compounds from feces and their potential for diagnosis of gastrointestinal disease. FASEB J. 2007 Jun;21(8):1675-88. Epub 2007 Feb 21. [PubMed:17314143 ]
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
FooDB IDFDB013954
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID28992
KEGG Compound IDNot Available
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkAlkylpyrazine
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem Compound31252
PDB ID25R
ChEBI IDNot Available
Food Biomarker OntologyNot Available
VMH IDNot Available
MarkerDB ID
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General References
  1. (). Yannai, Shmuel. (2004) Dictionary of food compounds with CD-ROM: Additives, flavors, and ingredients. Boca Raton: Chapman & Hall/CRC.. .