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Record Information
Version4.0
StatusDetected but not Quantified
Creation Date2012-09-12 00:27:18 UTC
Update Date2019-07-23 06:28:32 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB0039095
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB39095
Metabolite Identification
Common NamePentyl acetate
DescriptionPentyl acetate, also known as amyl acetic ester or amyl acetic acid, belongs to the class of organic compounds known as carboxylic acid esters. These are carboxylic acid derivatives in which the carbon atom from the carbonyl group is attached to an alkyl or an aryl moiety through an oxygen atom (forming an ester group). Pentyl acetate is a very hydrophobic molecule, practically insoluble (in water), and relatively neutral. Pentyl acetate is a banana, ethereal, and fruity tasting compound. Outside of the human body, Pentyl acetate has been detected, but not quantified in, several different foods, such as evergreen blackberries, papaya, peachs, cocoa beans, and asian pears. This could make pentyl acetate a potential biomarker for the consumption of these foods. An acetate ester of pentanol.
Structure
Data?1563863312
Synonyms
ValueSource
Amyl acetateChEBI
Amyl acetic esterChEBI
Amyl acetic acidGenerator
Pentyl acetic acidGenerator
1-AcetoxypentaneHMDB
1-Pentanol acetateHMDB
1-Pentanol, acetateHMDB
1-Pentyl acetateHMDB
Acetic acid N-amyl esterHMDB
Acetic acid, amyl esterHMDB
Acetic acid, N-pentyl esterHMDB
Acetic acid, pentyl esterHMDB
Amyl acetic etherHMDB
N-Amyl acetateHMDB
N-Pentyl acetateHMDB
N-Pentyl ethanoateHMDB
Chemical FormulaC7H14O2
Average Molecular Weight130.1849
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight130.099379692
IUPAC Namepentyl acetate
Traditional Nameamyl acetate
CAS Registry Number628-63-7
SMILES
CCCCCOC(C)=O
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C7H14O2/c1-3-4-5-6-9-7(2)8/h3-6H2,1-2H3
InChI KeyPGMYKACGEOXYJE-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as carboxylic acid esters. These are carboxylic acid derivatives in which the carbon atom from the carbonyl group is attached to an alkyl or an aryl moiety through an oxygen atom (forming an ester group).
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganic acids and derivatives
ClassCarboxylic acids and derivatives
Sub ClassCarboxylic acid derivatives
Direct ParentCarboxylic acid esters
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Carboxylic acid ester
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Organic oxide
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
Disposition

Route of exposure:

Source:

Biological location:

Role

Industrial application:

Biological role:

Physical Properties
StateLiquid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting Point-70.8 °CNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water Solubility1.7 mg/mL at 20 °CNot Available
LogP2.30Not Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility1.73 g/LALOGPS
logP2.46ALOGPS
logP1.69ChemAxon
logS-1.9ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Basic)-7ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count0ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area26.3 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count5ChemAxon
Refractivity35.89 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability15.5 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
BioavailabilityYesChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterNoChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleNoChemAxon
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash KeyView
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - EI-B (Non-derivatized)splash10-0006-9000000000-1513f6542ad1bd83dd26Spectrum
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - EI-B (Non-derivatized)splash10-0006-9000000000-b1bec14ac5b42f1bc36dSpectrum
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - EI-B (Non-derivatized)splash10-0006-9000000000-9c8240a3cfc31061e3ffSpectrum
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - EI-B (Non-derivatized)splash10-006x-9000000000-42397482ec3633be2aa4Spectrum
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - CI-B (Non-derivatized)splash10-001i-0900000000-7332378ce6e8295f39f4Spectrum
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - CI-B (Non-derivatized)splash10-0089-5900000000-194750abe998f03be2a6Spectrum
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - EI-B (Non-derivatized)splash10-0006-9000000000-cdadbdf8f1d5ef30794fSpectrum
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - EI-B (Non-derivatized)splash10-0006-9000000000-1513f6542ad1bd83dd26Spectrum
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - EI-B (Non-derivatized)splash10-0006-9000000000-b1bec14ac5b42f1bc36dSpectrum
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - EI-B (Non-derivatized)splash10-0006-9000000000-9c8240a3cfc31061e3ffSpectrum
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - EI-B (Non-derivatized)splash10-006x-9000000000-42397482ec3633be2aa4Spectrum
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - CI-B (Non-derivatized)splash10-001i-0900000000-7332378ce6e8295f39f4Spectrum
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - CI-B (Non-derivatized)splash10-0089-5900000000-194750abe998f03be2a6Spectrum
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - EI-B (Non-derivatized)splash10-0006-9000000000-cdadbdf8f1d5ef30794fSpectrum
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-0006-9000000000-0f302ff9668f9709eb7cSpectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-001i-5900000000-8f702ed23d342b2293eeSpectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-00di-9100000000-f7a2e9c2eee341a4dd98Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-006x-9000000000-c5473b3cff8665c1db9aSpectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-004i-7900000000-8c2ab0aa5b033efd28a9Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-0a4i-9200000000-79b2113079632b7536edSpectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-0a4l-9000000000-0e5ce181b052e82ddb46Spectrum
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Cytoplasm
  • Extracellular
Biospecimen Locations
  • Feces
Tissue LocationsNot Available
Pathways
Normal Concentrations
BiospecimenStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
FecesDetected but not Quantified Adult (>18 years old)Female
Normal
details
FecesDetected but not Quantified Adult (>18 years old)Both
Normal
details
FecesDetected but not Quantified Adult (>18 years old)BothNormal details
Abnormal Concentrations
BiospecimenStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
FecesDetected but not Quantified Adult (>18 years old)Female
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease
details
FecesDetected but not Quantified Adult (>18 years old)Both
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD)
details
FecesDetected but not Quantified Adult (>18 years old)BothCrohns disease details
FecesDetected but not Quantified Adult (>18 years old)BothUlcerative colitis details
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease References
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease
  1. Raman M, Ahmed I, Gillevet PM, Probert CS, Ratcliffe NM, Smith S, Greenwood R, Sikaroodi M, Lam V, Crotty P, Bailey J, Myers RP, Rioux KP: Fecal microbiome and volatile organic compound metabolome in obese humans with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2013 Jul;11(7):868-75.e1-3. doi: 10.1016/j.cgh.2013.02.015. Epub 2013 Feb 27. [PubMed:23454028 ]
Crohn's disease
  1. Ahmed I, Greenwood R, Costello B, Ratcliffe N, Probert CS: Investigation of faecal volatile organic metabolites as novel diagnostic biomarkers in inflammatory bowel disease. Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2016 Mar;43(5):596-611. doi: 10.1111/apt.13522. Epub 2016 Jan 25. [PubMed:26806034 ]
Ulcerative colitis
  1. Ahmed I, Greenwood R, Costello B, Ratcliffe N, Probert CS: Investigation of faecal volatile organic metabolites as novel diagnostic biomarkers in inflammatory bowel disease. Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2016 Mar;43(5):596-611. doi: 10.1111/apt.13522. Epub 2016 Jan 25. [PubMed:26806034 ]
Associated OMIM IDs
DrugBank IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
FooDB IDFDB018599
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID11843
KEGG Compound IDNot Available
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkAmyl acetate
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem Compound12348
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID87362
Food Biomarker OntologyNot Available
VMH IDNot Available
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General References
  1. (). Yannai, Shmuel. (2004) Dictionary of food compounds with CD-ROM: Additives, flavors, and ingredients. Boca Raton: Chapman & Hall/CRC.. .