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Record Information
StatusExpected but not Quantified
Creation Date2017-05-19 04:41:30 UTC
Update Date2021-09-14 15:13:43 UTC
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB92883
Metabolite Identification
Common NameCL(i-14:0/i-17:0/i-17:0/i-19:0)
DescriptionCL(i-14:0/i-17:0/i-17:0/i-19:0) is a cardiolipin (CL). Cardiolipins are sometimes called 'double' phospholipids because they have four fatty acid tails, instead of the usual two. They are glycerophospholipids in which the O1 and O3 oxygen atoms of the central glycerol moiety are each linked to one 1,3-diacylglyerol chain. Their general formula is OC(COP(O)(=O)OC[C@@H](CO[R1])O[R2])COP(O)(=O)OC[C@@H](CO[R3])O[R4], where R1-R4 are four fatty acyl chains. CL(i-14:0/i-17:0/i-17:0/i-19:0) contains one chain of 12-methyltridecanoic acid at the C1 position, two chains of 15-methylhexadecanoic acid at the C2 and C3 positions, one chain of 17-methyloctadecanoic acid at the C4 position fatty acids. Cardiolipins are known to be present in all mammalian cells, especially cells with a high number of mitochondria. De novo synthesis of Cardiolipins begins with condensing phosphatidic acid (PA) with cytidine-5’-triphosphate (CTP) to form cytidine-diphosphate-1,2-diacyl-sn-glycerol (CDP-DG). Glycerol-3-phosphate is subsequently added to this newly formed CDP-DG molecule to form phosphatidylglycerol phosphate (PGP), which is immediately dephosphorylated to form PG. The final step is the process of condensing the PG molecule with another CDP-DG molecule to form a new cardiolipin, which is catalyzed by cardiolipin synthase. All new cardiolipins immediately undergo a series remodeling resulting in the common cardiolipin compositions. (PMID: 16442164 ). Cardiolipin synthase shows no selectivity for fatty acyl chains used in the de novo synthesis of cardiolipin (PMID: 16442164 ). Cardiolipins (bisphosphatidyl glycerol) are an important component of the inner mitochondrial membrane, where they constitute about 20% of the total lipid. While most lipids are made in the endoplasmic reticulum, cardiolipin is synthesized on the matrix side of the inner mitochondrial membrane and are important for mitochondrial respiratory capacity. They are highly abundant in metabolically active cells (heart, muscle) and play an important role in the blood clotting process. Tafazzin is an important enzyme in the remodeling of cardiolipins, and in contrast to cardiolipin synthase, it shows strong acyl specificity. This suggests that the specificity in cardiolipin composition is achieved through the remodeling steps. Mutation in the tafazzin gene disrupts the remodeling of cardiolipins and is the cause of Barth syndrome (BTHS), an X-linked human disease (PMID: 16973164 ). BTHS patients seem to lack acyl specificity. As a result, there are many potential cardiolipin species that can exist (PMID: 16226238 ).
Cardiolipin(i-14:0/i-17:0/i-17:0/i-19:0)SMPDB, HMDB
Cardiolipin(67:0)SMPDB, HMDB
1'-[1-isotetradecanoyl-2-isoheptadecanoyl-sn-glycero-3-phospho],3'-[1,2-diisoheptadecanoyl-rac-glycero-3-phospho]-glycerolLipid Annotator, HMDB
CL(65:0)Lipid Annotator, HMDB
CL(1'-[i-14:0/i-17:0],3'-[i-17:0/i-17:0])Lipid Annotator, HMDB
CL(i-14:0/i-17:0/i-17:0/i-17:0)Lipid Annotator, HMDB
Cardiolipin(65:0)Lipid Annotator, HMDB
Cardiolipin(i-14:0/i-17:0/i-17:0/i-17:0)Lipid Annotator, HMDB
Chemical FormulaC76H148O17P2
Average Molecular Weight1395.951
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight1395.019177302
IUPAC Name[2-hydroxy-3-({hydroxy[(2R)-3-[(15-methylhexadecanoyl)oxy]-2-[(17-methyloctadecanoyl)oxy]propoxy]phosphoryl}oxy)propoxy][(2R)-2-[(15-methylhexadecanoyl)oxy]-3-[(12-methyltridecanoyl)oxy]propoxy]phosphinic acid
Traditional Name2-hydroxy-3-{[hydroxy((2R)-3-[(15-methylhexadecanoyl)oxy]-2-[(17-methyloctadecanoyl)oxy]propoxy)phosphoryl]oxy}propoxy((2R)-2-[(15-methylhexadecanoyl)oxy]-3-[(12-methyltridecanoyl)oxy]propoxy)phosphinic acid
CAS Registry NumberNot Available
InChI Identifier
Chemical Taxonomy
Description Belongs to the class of organic compounds known as cardiolipins. These are glycerophospholipids in which the O1 and O3 oxygen atoms of the central glycerol moiety are each linked to one 1,2-diacylglycerol chain. Their general formula is OC(COP(O)(=O)OC[C@@H](CO[R1])O[R2])COP(O)(=O)OC[C@@H](CO[R3])O[R4], where R1-R4 are four fatty acyl chains.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
Sub ClassGlycerophosphoglycerophosphoglycerols
Direct ParentCardiolipins
Alternative Parents
  • Cardiolipin
  • Tetracarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Fatty acid ester
  • Dialkyl phosphate
  • Organic phosphoric acid derivative
  • Phosphoric acid ester
  • Alkyl phosphate
  • Fatty acyl
  • Carboxylic acid ester
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Alcohol
  • Organic oxide
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Carbonyl group
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External DescriptorsNot Available
Not AvailableNot Available
Physical Properties
Experimental Molecular Properties
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Experimental Chromatographic PropertiesNot Available
Predicted Molecular Properties
pKa (Strongest Acidic)1.59ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-3.4ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-2ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count9ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count3ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area236.95 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count77ChemAxon
Refractivity383.7 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability168.92 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
Rule of FiveNoChemAxon
Ghose FilterNoChemAxon
Veber's RuleNoChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleNoChemAxon
Predicted Chromatographic Properties

Predicted Collision Cross Sections

PredictorAdduct TypeCCS Value (Å2)Reference

Predicted Kovats Retention Indices

Not Available
Biological Properties
Cellular LocationsNot Available
Biospecimen Locations
  • Blood
Tissue LocationsNot Available
Normal Concentrations
Not Available
Abnormal Concentrations
BloodExpected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedChildren (1-13 years old)BothBarth Syndrome details
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease References
3-methylglutaconic aciduria type II, X-linked
  1. Schlame M, Ren M: Barth syndrome, a human disorder of cardiolipin metabolism. FEBS Lett. 2006 Oct 9;580(23):5450-5. Epub 2006 Jul 17. [PubMed:16973164 ]
Associated OMIM IDs
  • 302060 (3-methylglutaconic aciduria type II, X-linked)
DrugBank IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
FooDB IDFDB064845
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider IDNot Available
KEGG Compound IDNot Available
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkNot Available
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem CompoundNot Available
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI IDNot Available
Food Biomarker OntologyNot Available
VMH IDNot Available
MarkerDB IDNot Available
Good Scents IDNot Available
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General References
  1. Quehenberger O, Armando AM, Brown AH, Milne SB, Myers DS, Merrill AH, Bandyopadhyay S, Jones KN, Kelly S, Shaner RL, Sullards CM, Wang E, Murphy RC, Barkley RM, Leiker TJ, Raetz CR, Guan Z, Laird GM, Six DA, Russell DW, McDonald JG, Subramaniam S, Fahy E, Dennis EA: Lipidomics reveals a remarkable diversity of lipids in human plasma. J Lipid Res. 2010 Nov;51(11):3299-305. doi: 10.1194/jlr.M009449. Epub 2010 Jul 29. [PubMed:20671299 ]
  2. Houtkooper RH, Vaz FM: Cardiolipin, the heart of mitochondrial metabolism. Cell Mol Life Sci. 2008 Aug;65(16):2493-506. doi: 10.1007/s00018-008-8030-5. [PubMed:18425414 ]
  3. Lopez-Lopez A, Lopez-Sabater MC, Campoy-Folgoso C, Rivero-Urgell M, Castellote-Bargallo AI: Fatty acid and sn-2 fatty acid composition in human milk from Granada (Spain) and in infant formulas. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2002 Dec;56(12):1242-54. [PubMed:12494309 ]
  4. Jenkins B, West JA, Koulman A: A review of odd-chain fatty acid metabolism and the role of pentadecanoic Acid (c15:0) and heptadecanoic Acid (c17:0) in health and disease. Molecules. 2015 Jan 30;20(2):2425-44. doi: 10.3390/molecules20022425. [PubMed:25647578 ]
  5. Kingsbury KJ, Morgan DM: The analysis of the fatty acids of normal human depot fat by gas-liquid chromatography. Biochem J. 1964 Jan;90(1):140-7. [PubMed:5832283 ]
  6. Schlame M, Ren M, Xu Y, Greenberg ML, Haller I: Molecular symmetry in mitochondrial cardiolipins. Chem Phys Lipids. 2005 Dec;138(1-2):38-49. Epub 2005 Sep 7. [PubMed:16226238 ]
  7. Schlame M, Ren M: Barth syndrome, a human disorder of cardiolipin metabolism. FEBS Lett. 2006 Oct 9;580(23):5450-5. Epub 2006 Jul 17. [PubMed:16973164 ]
  8. Simons K, Toomre D: Lipid rafts and signal transduction. Nat Rev Mol Cell Biol. 2000 Oct;1(1):31-9. [PubMed:11413487 ]
  9. Watson AD: Thematic review series: systems biology approaches to metabolic and cardiovascular disorders. Lipidomics: a global approach to lipid analysis in biological systems. J Lipid Res. 2006 Oct;47(10):2101-11. Epub 2006 Aug 10. [PubMed:16902246 ]
  10. Sethi JK, Vidal-Puig AJ: Thematic review series: adipocyte biology. Adipose tissue function and plasticity orchestrate nutritional adaptation. J Lipid Res. 2007 Jun;48(6):1253-62. Epub 2007 Mar 20. [PubMed:17374880 ]
  11. Lingwood D, Simons K: Lipid rafts as a membrane-organizing principle. Science. 2010 Jan 1;327(5961):46-50. doi: 10.1126/science.1174621. [PubMed:20044567 ]
  12. Divecha N, Irvine RF: Phospholipid signaling. Cell. 1995 Jan 27;80(2):269-78. [PubMed:7834746 ]
  13. Schlame M, Ren M: The role of cardiolipin in the structural organization of mitochondrial membranes. Biochim Biophys Acta. 2009 Oct;1788(10):2080-3. doi: 10.1016/j.bbamem.2009.04.019. Epub 2009 May 4. [PubMed:19413994 ]
  14. Hauff KD, Hatch GM: Cardiolipin metabolism and Barth Syndrome. Prog Lipid Res. 2006 Mar;45(2):91-101. Epub 2006 Jan 18. [PubMed:16442164 ]
  15. Schlame M, Rua D, Greenberg ML: The biosynthesis and functional role of cardiolipin. Prog Lipid Res. 2000 May;39(3):257-88. [PubMed:10799718 ]
  16. McMillin JB, Dowhan W: Cardiolipin and apoptosis. Biochim Biophys Acta. 2002 Dec 30;1585(2-3):97-107. [PubMed:12531542 ]
  17. Cevc, Gregor (1993). Phospholipids Handbook. Marcel Dekker.
  18. Gunstone, Frank D., John L. Harwood, and Albert J. Dijkstra (2007). The lipid handbook with CD-ROM. CRC Press.