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Record Information
Version4.0
StatusDetected but not Quantified
Creation Date2019-12-05 19:12:27 UTC
Update Date2019-12-05 19:24:07 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB0240607
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Metabolite Identification
Common NameGlycohyocholic acid
DescriptionGlycohyocholic acid (GHCA) is a bile acid. Bile acids are steroid acids found predominantly in the bile of mammals. The distinction between different bile acids is minute, depending only on the presence or absence of hydroxyl groups on positions 3, 7, and 12. Bile acids are physiological detergents that facilitate excretion, absorption, and transport of fats and sterols in the intestine and liver. Bile acids are also steroidal amphipathic molecules derived from the catabolism of cholesterol. They modulate bile flow and lipid secretion, are essential for the absorption of dietary fats and vitamins, and have been implicated in the regulation of all the key enzymes involved in cholesterol homeostasis. Bile acids recirculate through the liver, bile ducts, small intestine and portal vein to form an enterohepatic circuit. They exist as anions at physiological pH and, consequently, require a carrier for transport across the membranes of the enterohepatic tissues. The unique detergent properties of bile acids are essential for the digestion and intestinal absorption of hydrophobic nutrients. Bile acids have potent toxic properties (e.g. membrane disruption) and there are a plethora of mechanisms to limit their accumulation in blood and tissues (PMID: 11316487 , 16037564 , 12576301 , 11907135 ).
Structure
Data?1575573847
Synonyms
ValueSource
Hyocholic acid-glycine conjugateChEBI
N-[(3alpha,5beta,6alpha,7alpha)-3,6,7-Trihydroxy-24-oxocholan-24-yl]glycineChEBI
N-HyocholoylglycineChEBI
Hyocholate-glycine conjugateGenerator
Hyocholic acid-glycine conjugic acidGenerator
N-[(3a,5b,6a,7a)-3,6,7-Trihydroxy-24-oxocholan-24-yl]glycineGenerator
N-[(3Α,5β,6α,7α)-3,6,7-trihydroxy-24-oxocholan-24-yl]glycineGenerator
GlycohyocholateGenerator
G-HCAHMDB
GHCAHMDB
Glycine hyocholateHMDB
Glyco-hyocholic acidHMDB
Glycohyocholic acidHMDB
Chemical FormulaC26H43NO6
Average Molecular Weight465.631
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight465.309038109
IUPAC Name2-[(4R)-4-[(1S,2R,5R,7R,8R,9S,10S,11S,14R,15R)-5,8,9-trihydroxy-2,15-dimethyltetracyclo[8.7.0.0^{2,7}.0^{11,15}]heptadecan-14-yl]pentanamido]acetic acid
Traditional Name[(4R)-4-[(1S,2R,5R,7R,8R,9S,10S,11S,14R,15R)-5,8,9-trihydroxy-2,15-dimethyltetracyclo[8.7.0.0^{2,7}.0^{11,15}]heptadecan-14-yl]pentanamido]acetic acid
CAS Registry Number32747-08-3
SMILES
[H][C@@]1(CC[C@@]2([H])[C@]3([H])[C@H](O)[C@H](O)[C@]4([H])C[C@H](O)CC[C@]4(C)[C@@]3([H])CC[C@]12C)[C@H](C)CCC(=O)NCC(O)=O
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C26H43NO6/c1-14(4-7-20(29)27-13-21(30)31)16-5-6-17-22-18(9-11-25(16,17)2)26(3)10-8-15(28)12-19(26)23(32)24(22)33/h14-19,22-24,28,32-33H,4-13H2,1-3H3,(H,27,29)(H,30,31)/t14-,15-,16-,17+,18+,19+,22+,23-,24+,25-,26-/m1/s1
InChI KeyZQYUKJFJPJDMMR-ZDWCHQGWSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as glycinated bile acids and derivatives. Glycinated bile acids and derivatives are compounds with a structure characterized by the presence of a glycine linked to a bile acid skeleton.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassSteroids and steroid derivatives
Sub ClassBile acids, alcohols and derivatives
Direct ParentGlycinated bile acids and derivatives
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Glycinated bile acid
  • Trihydroxy bile acid, alcohol, or derivatives
  • Hydroxy bile acid, alcohol, or derivatives
  • 3-hydroxysteroid
  • 6-hydroxysteroid
  • Hydroxysteroid
  • 7-hydroxysteroid
  • 3-alpha-hydroxysteroid
  • N-acyl-alpha-amino acid
  • N-acyl-alpha amino acid or derivatives
  • Alpha-amino acid or derivatives
  • Fatty acyl
  • N-acyl-amine
  • Fatty amide
  • Cyclic alcohol
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Secondary carboxylic acid amide
  • Carboxamide group
  • Polyol
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Organic oxide
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Alcohol
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Aliphatic homopolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic homopolycyclic compounds
External DescriptorsNot Available
Ontology
Not Available
Physical Properties
StateNot Available
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
logP1.46ALOGPS
logP1.61ChemAxon
logS-4.4ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)3.77ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-1.5ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count6ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count5ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area127.09 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count6ChemAxon
Refractivity123.36 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability52.95 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings4ChemAxon
BioavailabilityYesChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterNoChemAxon
Veber's RuleNoChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash KeyView
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-00dj-7000900000-cd338f8c7b69f2f7031cSpectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-00di-9001200000-59295cf76298e02c3014Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-00di-9001000000-c58410967ecfefef6236Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-03dj-0000900000-7e7abc66364fac2a3100Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-0h2b-2001900000-502a9a10a0490922f349Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-00dl-9002000000-ee97dd0d194e7c391208Spectrum
Biological Properties
Cellular LocationsNot Available
Biospecimen Locations
  • Blood
Tissue LocationsNot Available
Pathways
Normal Concentrations
BiospecimenStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodDetected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedAdult (>18 years old)BothNormal details
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
FooDB IDNot Available
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID57537204
KEGG Compound IDNot Available
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkNot Available
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem Compound71361462
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID133176
Food Biomarker OntologyNot Available
VMH IDNot Available
MarkerDB ID
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General References
  1. St-Pierre MV, Kullak-Ublick GA, Hagenbuch B, Meier PJ: Transport of bile acids in hepatic and non-hepatic tissues. J Exp Biol. 2001 May;204(Pt 10):1673-86. [PubMed:11316487 ]
  2. Claudel T, Staels B, Kuipers F: The Farnesoid X receptor: a molecular link between bile acid and lipid and glucose metabolism. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 2005 Oct;25(10):2020-30. Epub 2005 Jul 21. [PubMed:16037564 ]
  3. Chiang JY: Bile acid regulation of hepatic physiology: III. Bile acids and nuclear receptors. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol. 2003 Mar;284(3):G349-56. [PubMed:12576301 ]
  4. Davis RA, Miyake JH, Hui TY, Spann NJ: Regulation of cholesterol-7alpha-hydroxylase: BAREly missing a SHP. J Lipid Res. 2002 Apr;43(4):533-43. [PubMed:11907135 ]