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Identification
HMDB Protein ID HMDBP00007
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • 5235
Name Deoxycytidine kinase
Synonyms
  1. dCK
Gene Name DCK
Protein Type Enzyme
Biological Properties
General Function Involved in ATP binding
Specific Function Required for the phosphorylation of the deoxyribonucleosides deoxycytidine (dC), deoxyguanosine (dG) and deoxyadenosine (dA). Has broad substrate specificity, and does not display selectivity based on the chirality of the substrate. It is also an essential enzyme for the phosphorylation of numerous nucleoside analogs widely employed as antiviral and chemotherapeutic agents.
Pathways
  • Gemcitabine Action Pathway
  • Gemcitabine Metabolism Pathway
  • Lamivudine Metabolism Pathway
  • Purine metabolism
  • Pyrimidine metabolism
Reactions
NTP + Deoxycytidine → NDP + dCMP details
Adenosine triphosphate + Adenosine → ADP + Adenosine monophosphate details
Adenosine triphosphate + Deoxycytidine → ADP + dCMP details
GO Classification
Biological Process
deoxycytidine metabolic process
pyrimidine nucleotide metabolic process
purine nucleobase metabolic process
pyrimidine nucleoside salvage
pyrimidine nucleobase metabolic process
drug metabolic process
purine-containing compound salvage
Cellular Component
cytosol
nucleus
Function
binding
catalytic activity
transferase activity
transferase activity, transferring phosphorus-containing groups
nucleoside binding
purine nucleoside binding
adenyl nucleotide binding
adenyl ribonucleotide binding
atp binding
phosphotransferase activity, alcohol group as acceptor
Molecular Function
deoxycytidine kinase activity
pyrimidine deoxyribonucleoside binding
magnesium ion binding
phosphotransferase activity, alcohol group as acceptor
ATP binding
drug binding
Process
metabolic process
nitrogen compound metabolic process
cellular nitrogen compound metabolic process
nucleobase, nucleoside, nucleotide and nucleic acid metabolic process
Cellular Location
  1. Nucleus
Gene Properties
Chromosome Location 4
Locus 4q13.3-q21.1
SNPs DCK
Gene Sequence
>783 bp
ATGGCCACCCCGCCCAAGAGAAGCTGCCCGTCTTTCTCAGCCAGCTCTGAGGGGACCCGC
ATCAAGAAAATCTCCATCGAAGGGAACATCGCTGCAGGGAAGTCAACATTTGTGAATATC
CTTAAACAATTGTGTGAAGATTGGGAAGTGGTTCCTGAACCTGTTGCCAGATGGTGCAAT
GTTCAAAGTACTCAAGATGAATTTGAGGAACTTACAATGTCTCAGAAAAATGGTGGGAAT
GTTCTTCAGATGATGTATGAGAAACCTGAACGATGGTCTTTTACCTTCCAAACATATGCC
TGTCTCAGTCGAATAAGAGCTCAGCTTGCCTCTCTGAATGGCAAGCTCAAAGATGCAGAG
AAACCTGTATTATTTTTTGAACGATCTGTGTATAGTGACAGGTATATTTTTGCATCTAAT
TTGTATGAATCTGAATGCATGAATGAGACAGAGTGGACAATTTATCAAGACTGGCATGAC
TGGATGAATAACCAATTTGGCCAAAGCCTTGAATTGGATGGAATCATTTATCTTCAAGCC
ACTCCAGAGACATGCTTACATAGAATATATTTACGGGGAAGAAATGAAGAGCAAGGCATT
CCTCTTGAATATTTAGAGAAGCTTCATTATAAACATGAAAGCTGGCTCCTGCATAGGACA
CTGAAAACCAACTTCGATTATCTTCAAGAGGTGCCTATCTTAACACTGGATGTTAATGAA
GACTTTAAAGACAAATATGAAAGTCTGGTTGAAAAGGTCAAAGAGTTTTTGAGTACTTTG
TGA
Protein Properties
Number of Residues 260
Molecular Weight 30518.315
Theoretical pI 5.209
Pfam Domain Function
Signals Not Available
Transmembrane Regions Not Available
Protein Sequence
>Deoxycytidine kinase
MATPPKRSCPSFSASSEGTRIKKISIEGNIAAGKSTFVNILKQLCEDWEVVPEPVARWCN
VQSTQDEFEELTMSQKNGGNVLQMMYEKPERWSFTFQTYACLSRIRAQLASLNGKLKDAE
KPVLFFERSVYSDRYIFASNLYESECMNETEWTIYQDWHDWMNNQFGQSLELDGIIYLQA
TPETCLHRIYLRGRNEEQGIPLEYLEKLHYKHESWLLHRTLKTNFDYLQEVPILTLDVNE
DFKDKYESLVEKVKEFLSTL
GenBank ID Protein Not Available
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot ID P27707
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Entry Name DCK_HUMAN
PDB IDs
GenBank Gene ID M60527
GeneCard ID DCK
GenAtlas ID DCK
HGNC ID HGNC:2704
References
General References
  1. Ota T, Suzuki Y, Nishikawa T, Otsuki T, Sugiyama T, Irie R, Wakamatsu A, Hayashi K, Sato H, Nagai K, Kimura K, Makita H, Sekine M, Obayashi M, Nishi T, Shibahara T, Tanaka T, Ishii S, Yamamoto J, Saito K, Kawai Y, Isono Y, Nakamura Y, Nagahari K, Murakami K, Yasuda T, Iwayanagi T, Wagatsuma M, Shiratori A, Sudo H, Hosoiri T, Kaku Y, Kodaira H, Kondo H, Sugawara M, Takahashi M, Kanda K, Yokoi T, Furuya T, Kikkawa E, Omura Y, Abe K, Kamihara K, Katsuta N, Sato K, Tanikawa M, Yamazaki M, Ninomiya K, Ishibashi T, Yamashita H, Murakawa K, Fujimori K, Tanai H, Kimata M, Watanabe M, Hiraoka S, Chiba Y, Ishida S, Ono Y, Takiguchi S, Watanabe S, Yosida M, Hotuta T, Kusano J, Kanehori K, Takahashi-Fujii A, Hara H, Tanase TO, Nomura Y, Togiya S, Komai F, Hara R, Takeuchi K, Arita M, Imose N, Musashino K, Yuuki H, Oshima A, Sasaki N, Aotsuka S, Yoshikawa Y, Matsunawa H, Ichihara T, Shiohata N, Sano S, Moriya S, Momiyama H, Satoh N, Takami S, Terashima Y, Suzuki O, Nakagawa S, Senoh A, Mizoguchi H, Goto Y, Shimizu F, Wakebe H, Hishigaki H, Watanabe T, Sugiyama A, Takemoto M, Kawakami B, Yamazaki M, Watanabe K, Kumagai A, Itakura S, Fukuzumi Y, Fujimori Y, Komiyama M, Tashiro H, Tanigami A, Fujiwara T, Ono T, Yamada K, Fujii Y, Ozaki K, Hirao M, Ohmori Y, Kawabata A, Hikiji T, Kobatake N, Inagaki H, Ikema Y, Okamoto S, Okitani R, Kawakami T, Noguchi S, Itoh T, Shigeta K, Senba T, Matsumura K, Nakajima Y, Mizuno T, Morinaga M, Sasaki M, Togashi T, Oyama M, Hata H, Watanabe M, Komatsu T, Mizushima-Sugano J, Satoh T, Shirai Y, Takahashi Y, Nakagawa K, Okumura K, Nagase T, Nomura N, Kikuchi H, Masuho Y, Yamashita R, Nakai K, Yada T, Nakamura Y, Ohara O, Isogai T, Sugano S: Complete sequencing and characterization of 21,243 full-length human cDNAs. Nat Genet. 2004 Jan;36(1):40-5. Epub 2003 Dec 21. [PubMed:14702039 ]
  2. Gerhard DS, Wagner L, Feingold EA, Shenmen CM, Grouse LH, Schuler G, Klein SL, Old S, Rasooly R, Good P, Guyer M, Peck AM, Derge JG, Lipman D, Collins FS, Jang W, Sherry S, Feolo M, Misquitta L, Lee E, Rotmistrovsky K, Greenhut SF, Schaefer CF, Buetow K, Bonner TI, Haussler D, Kent J, Kiekhaus M, Furey T, Brent M, Prange C, Schreiber K, Shapiro N, Bhat NK, Hopkins RF, Hsie F, Driscoll T, Soares MB, Casavant TL, Scheetz TE, Brown-stein MJ, Usdin TB, Toshiyuki S, Carninci P, Piao Y, Dudekula DB, Ko MS, Kawakami K, Suzuki Y, Sugano S, Gruber CE, Smith MR, Simmons B, Moore T, Waterman R, Johnson SL, Ruan Y, Wei CL, Mathavan S, Gunaratne PH, Wu J, Garcia AM, Hulyk SW, Fuh E, Yuan Y, Sneed A, Kowis C, Hodgson A, Muzny DM, McPherson J, Gibbs RA, Fahey J, Helton E, Ketteman M, Madan A, Rodrigues S, Sanchez A, Whiting M, Madari A, Young AC, Wetherby KD, Granite SJ, Kwong PN, Brinkley CP, Pearson RL, Bouffard GG, Blakesly RW, Green ED, Dickson MC, Rodriguez AC, Grimwood J, Schmutz J, Myers RM, Butterfield YS, Griffith M, Griffith OL, Krzywinski MI, Liao N, Morin R, Palmquist D, Petrescu AS, Skalska U, Smailus DE, Stott JM, Schnerch A, Schein JE, Jones SJ, Holt RA, Baross A, Marra MA, Clifton S, Makowski KA, Bosak S, Malek J: The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC). Genome Res. 2004 Oct;14(10B):2121-7. [PubMed:15489334 ]
  3. Dephoure N, Zhou C, Villen J, Beausoleil SA, Bakalarski CE, Elledge SJ, Gygi SP: A quantitative atlas of mitotic phosphorylation. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2008 Aug 5;105(31):10762-7. doi: 10.1073/pnas.0805139105. Epub 2008 Jul 31. [PubMed:18669648 ]
  4. Chottiner EG, Shewach DS, Datta NS, Ashcraft E, Gribbin D, Ginsburg D, Fox IH, Mitchell BS: Cloning and expression of human deoxycytidine kinase cDNA. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1991 Feb 15;88(4):1531-5. [PubMed:1996353 ]
  5. Eriksson S, Cederlund E, Bergman T, Jornvall H, Bohman C: Characterization of human deoxycytidine kinase. Correlation with cDNA sequences. FEBS Lett. 1991 Mar 25;280(2):363-6. [PubMed:2013338 ]
  6. Johansson M, Brismar S, Karlsson A: Human deoxycytidine kinase is located in the cell nucleus. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1997 Oct 28;94(22):11941-5. [PubMed:9342341 ]
  7. Daub H, Olsen JV, Bairlein M, Gnad F, Oppermann FS, Korner R, Greff Z, Keri G, Stemmann O, Mann M: Kinase-selective enrichment enables quantitative phosphoproteomics of the kinome across the cell cycle. Mol Cell. 2008 Aug 8;31(3):438-48. doi: 10.1016/j.molcel.2008.07.007. [PubMed:18691976 ]
  8. Oppermann FS, Gnad F, Olsen JV, Hornberger R, Greff Z, Keri G, Mann M, Daub H: Large-scale proteomics analysis of the human kinome. Mol Cell Proteomics. 2009 Jul;8(7):1751-64. doi: 10.1074/mcp.M800588-MCP200. Epub 2009 Apr 15. [PubMed:19369195 ]
  9. Sabini E, Ort S, Monnerjahn C, Konrad M, Lavie A: Structure of human dCK suggests strategies to improve anticancer and antiviral therapy. Nat Struct Biol. 2003 Jul;10(7):513-9. [PubMed:12808445 ]