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Identification
HMDB Protein ID HMDBP00250
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • 5482
  • HMDBP04408
  • HMDBP09177
  • HMDBP09178
Name Uroporphyrinogen decarboxylase
Synonyms
  1. UPD
  2. URO-D
Gene Name UROD
Protein Type Unknown
Biological Properties
General Function Involved in uroporphyrinogen decarboxylase activity
Specific Function Catalyzes the decarboxylation of four acetate groups of uroporphyrinogen-III to yield coproporphyrinogen-III.
Pathways
  • Acute Intermittent Porphyria
  • Congenital Erythropoietic Porphyria (CEP) or Gunther Disease
  • Hereditary Coproporphyria (HCP)
  • Porphyria Variegata (PV)
  • Porphyrin and chlorophyll metabolism
  • Porphyrin Metabolism
  • protoporphyrin-IX biosynthesis
Reactions
Uroporphyrinogen III → Coproporphyrinogen III + CO(2) details
Uroporphyrinogen III → Coproporphyrinogen III + Carbon dioxide details
Uroporphyrinogen I → Coproporphyrinogen I + Carbon dioxide details
GO Classification
Biological Process
small molecule metabolic process
cellular response to arsenic-containing substance
heme biosynthetic process
protoporphyrinogen IX biosynthetic process
response to iron ion
uroporphyrinogen III metabolic process
response to fungicide
liver development
response to ethanol
response to estradiol stimulus
response to amine stimulus
response to methylmercury
response to mercury ion
Cellular Component
cytosol
microtubule cytoskeleton
nucleus
Function
catalytic activity
lyase activity
carbon-carbon lyase activity
carboxy-lyase activity
uroporphyrinogen decarboxylase activity
Molecular Function
ferrous iron binding
uroporphyrinogen decarboxylase activity
Process
metabolic process
nitrogen compound metabolic process
cellular metabolism
tetrapyrrole metabolic process
porphyrin metabolic process
physiological process
metabolism
porphyrin biosynthetic process
heterocycle metabolism
porphyrin metabolism
porphyrin biosynthesis
Cellular Location
  1. Cytoplasm
Gene Properties
Chromosome Location 1
Locus 1p34
SNPs UROD
Gene Sequence
>1104 bp
ATGGAAGCGAATGGGTTGGGACCTCAGGGTTTTCCGGAGCTGAAGAATGACACATTCCTG
CGAGCAGCTTGGGGAGAGGAAACAGACTACACTCCCGTTTGGTGCATGCGCCAGGCAGGC
CGTTACTTACCAGAGTTTAGGGAAACCCGGGCTGCCCAGGACTTTTTCAGCACGTGTCGC
TCTCCTGAGGCCTGCTGTGAACTGACTCTGCAGCCACTGCGTCGCTTCCCTCTGGATGCT
GCCATCATTTTCTCCGACATCCTTGTTGTACCCCAGGCACTGGGCATGGAGGTGACCATG
GTACCTAGCAAAGGACCCAGCTTCCCAGAGCCATTAAGAGAAGAGCAGGACCTAGAAGCG
CTACGGGATCCAGAAGTGGTAGCCTCTGAGCTAGGCTATGTGTTCCAAGCCATCACCCTT
ACCCGACAACGACTGGCTGGACGTGTGCCGCTGATTGGCTTTGCTGGTGCCCCATGGACC
CTGATGACATACATGGTTGAGGGTGGTGGCTCAAGCACCATGGCTCAGGCCAAGCGCTGG
CTCTATCAGAGACCTCAGGCTAGTCACCAGCTGCTTCGCATCCTCACTGATGCTCTGGTC
CCATATCTGGTAGGACAAGTGGTGGCTGGTGCCCAGGCATTGCAGCTGTTTGAGTCCCAT
GCAGGGCATCTTGGCCCACAGCTCTTCAACAAGTTTGCACTGCCTTACATCCGTGATGTG
GCCAAGCAAGTGAAGGCCAGGTTGCGGGAGGCAGGCCTGGCACCAGTGCCCATGATCATC
TTTGCTAAGGATGGGCATTTTGCCCTGGAGGAGCTGGCCCAAGCTGGCTATGAGGTGGTT
GGGCTTGACTGGACAGTGGCCCCAAAGAAAGCCCGGGAGTGTGTGGGGAAGACGGTGACA
TTGCAGGGCAACTTGGACCCCTGTGCCTTGTATGCATCTGAGGAGGAGATCGGGCAGTTG
GTGAAGCAGATGCTGGATGACTTTGGACCACATCGCTACATTGCCAACTTGGGCCATGGG
CTTTATCCTGACATGGACCCAGAACATGTGGGCGCCTTTGTGGATGCTGTGCATAAACAC
TCACGTCTGCTTCGACAGAACTGA
Protein Properties
Number of Residues 367
Molecular Weight 40786.58
Theoretical pI 6.139
Pfam Domain Function
Signals Not Available
Transmembrane Regions Not Available
Protein Sequence
>Uroporphyrinogen decarboxylase
MEANGLGPQGFPELKNDTFLRAAWGEETDYTPVWCMRQAGRYLPEFRETRAAQDFFSTCR
SPEACCELTLQPLRRFPLDAAIIFSDILVVPQALGMEVTMVPGKGPSFPEPLREEQDLER
LRDPEVVASELGYVFQAITLTRQRLAGRVPLIGFAGAPWTLMTYMVEGGGSSTMAQAKRW
LYQRPQASHQLLRILTDALVPYLVGQVVAGAQALQLFESHAGHLGPQLFNKFALPYIRDV
AKQVKARLREAGLAPVPMIIFAKDGHFALEELAQAGYEVVGLDWTVAPKKARECVGKTVT
LQGNLDPCALYASEEEIGQLVKQMLDDFGPHRYIANLGHGLYPDMDPEHVGAFVDAVHKH
SRLLRQN
GenBank ID Protein 340181
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot ID P06132
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Entry Name DCUP_HUMAN
PDB IDs
GenBank Gene ID M14016
GeneCard ID UROD
GenAtlas ID UROD
HGNC ID HGNC:12591
References
General References
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  3. Gregory SG, Barlow KF, McLay KE, Kaul R, Swarbreck D, Dunham A, Scott CE, Howe KL, Woodfine K, Spencer CC, Jones MC, Gillson C, Searle S, Zhou Y, Kokocinski F, McDonald L, Evans R, Phillips K, Atkinson A, Cooper R, Jones C, Hall RE, Andrews TD, Lloyd C, Ainscough R, Almeida JP, Ambrose KD, Anderson F, Andrew RW, Ashwell RI, Aubin K, Babbage AK, Bagguley CL, Bailey J, Beasley H, Bethel G, Bird CP, Bray-Allen S, Brown JY, Brown AJ, Buckley D, Burton J, Bye J, Carder C, Chapman JC, Clark SY, Clarke G, Clee C, Cobley V, Collier RE, Corby N, Coville GJ, Davies J, Deadman R, Dunn M, Earthrowl M, Ellington AG, Errington H, Frankish A, Frankland J, French L, Garner P, Garnett J, Gay L, Ghori MR, Gibson R, Gilby LM, Gillett W, Glithero RJ, Grafham DV, Griffiths C, Griffiths-Jones S, Grocock R, Hammond S, Harrison ES, Hart E, Haugen E, Heath PD, Holmes S, Holt K, Howden PJ, Hunt AR, Hunt SE, Hunter G, Isherwood J, James R, Johnson C, Johnson D, Joy A, Kay M, Kershaw JK, Kibukawa M, Kimberley AM, King A, Knights AJ, Lad H, Laird G, Lawlor S, Leongamornlert DA, Lloyd DM, Loveland J, Lovell J, Lush MJ, Lyne R, Martin S, Mashreghi-Mohammadi M, Matthews L, Matthews NS, McLaren S, Milne S, Mistry S, Moore MJ, Nickerson T, O'Dell CN, Oliver K, Palmeiri A, Palmer SA, Parker A, Patel D, Pearce AV, Peck AI, Pelan S, Phelps K, Phillimore BJ, Plumb R, Rajan J, Raymond C, Rouse G, Saenphimmachak C, Sehra HK, Sheridan E, Shownkeen R, Sims S, Skuce CD, Smith M, Steward C, Subramanian S, Sycamore N, Tracey A, Tromans A, Van Helmond Z, Wall M, Wallis JM, White S, Whitehead SL, Wilkinson JE, Willey DL, Williams H, Wilming L, Wray PW, Wu Z, Coulson A, Vaudin M, Sulston JE, Durbin R, Hubbard T, Wooster R, Dunham I, Carter NP, McVean G, Ross MT, Harrow J, Olson MV, Beck S, Rogers J, Bentley DR, Banerjee R, Bryant SP, Burford DC, Burrill WD, Clegg SM, Dhami P, Dovey O, Faulkner LM, Gribble SM, Langford CF, Pandian RD, Porter KM, Prigmore E: The DNA sequence and biological annotation of human chromosome 1. Nature. 2006 May 18;441(7091):315-21. [PubMed:16710414 ]
  4. Gauci S, Helbig AO, Slijper M, Krijgsveld J, Heck AJ, Mohammed S: Lys-N and trypsin cover complementary parts of the phosphoproteome in a refined SCX-based approach. Anal Chem. 2009 Jun 1;81(11):4493-501. doi: 10.1021/ac9004309. [PubMed:19413330 ]
  5. Romeo PH, Raich N, Dubart A, Beaupain D, Pryor M, Kushner J, Cohen-Solal M, Goossens M: Molecular cloning and nucleotide sequence of a complete human uroporphyrinogen decarboxylase cDNA. J Biol Chem. 1986 Jul 25;261(21):9825-31. [PubMed:3015909 ]
  6. Moran-Jimenez MJ, Ged C, Romana M, Enriquez De Salamanca R, Taieb A, Topi G, D'Alessandro L, de Verneuil H: Uroporphyrinogen decarboxylase: complete human gene sequence and molecular study of three families with hepatoerythropoietic porphyria. Am J Hum Genet. 1996 Apr;58(4):712-21. [PubMed:8644733 ]
  7. Romana M, Dubart A, Beaupain D, Chabret C, Goossens M, Romeo PH: Structure of the gene for human uroporphyrinogen decarboxylase. Nucleic Acids Res. 1987 Sep 25;15(18):7343-56. [PubMed:3658695 ]
  8. Garey JR, Harrison LM, Franklin KF, Metcalf KM, Radisky ES, Kushner JP: Uroporphyrinogen decarboxylase: a splice site mutation causes the deletion of exon 6 in multiple families with porphyria cutanea tarda. J Clin Invest. 1990 Nov;86(5):1416-22. [PubMed:2243121 ]
  9. Phillips JD, Whitby FG, Kushner JP, Hill CP: Characterization and crystallization of human uroporphyrinogen decarboxylase. Protein Sci. 1997 Jun;6(6):1343-6. [PubMed:9194196 ]
  10. Whitby FG, Phillips JD, Kushner JP, Hill CP: Crystal structure of human uroporphyrinogen decarboxylase. EMBO J. 1998 May 1;17(9):2463-71. [PubMed:9564029 ]
  11. Phillips JD, Parker TL, Schubert HL, Whitby FG, Hill CP, Kushner JP: Functional consequences of naturally occurring mutations in human uroporphyrinogen decarboxylase. Blood. 2001 Dec 1;98(12):3179-85. [PubMed:11719352 ]
  12. Phillips JD, Whitby FG, Kushner JP, Hill CP: Structural basis for tetrapyrrole coordination by uroporphyrinogen decarboxylase. EMBO J. 2003 Dec 1;22(23):6225-33. [PubMed:14633982 ]
  13. de Verneuil H, Grandchamp B, Beaumont C, Picat C, Nordmann Y: Uroporphyrinogen decarboxylase structural mutant (Gly281----Glu) in a case of porphyria. Science. 1986 Nov 7;234(4777):732-4. [PubMed:3775362 ]
  14. Garey JR, Hansen JL, Harrison LM, Kennedy JB, Kushner JP: A point mutation in the coding region of uroporphyrinogen decarboxylase associated with familial porphyria cutanea tarda. Blood. 1989 Mar;73(4):892-5. [PubMed:2920211 ]
  15. Romana M, Grandchamp B, Dubart A, Amselem S, Chabret C, Nordmann Y, Goossens M, Romeo PH: Identification of a new mutation responsible for hepatoerythropoietic porphyria. Eur J Clin Invest. 1991 Apr;21(2):225-9. [PubMed:1905636 ]
  16. de Verneuil H, Bourgeois F, de Rooij F, Siersema PD, Wilson JH, Grandchamp B, Nordmann Y: Characterization of a new mutation (R292G) and a deletion at the human uroporphyrinogen decarboxylase locus in two patients with hepatoerythropoietic porphyria. Hum Genet. 1992 Jul;89(5):548-52. [PubMed:1634232 ]
  17. Meguro K, Fujita H, Ishida N, Akagi R, Kurihara T, Galbraith RA, Kappas A, Zabriskie JB, Toback AC, Harber LC, et al.: Molecular defects of uroporphyrinogen decarboxylase in a patient with mild hepatoerythropoietic porphyria. J Invest Dermatol. 1994 May;102(5):681-5. [PubMed:8176248 ]
  18. Roberts AG, Elder GH, De Salamanca RE, Herrero C, Lecha M, Mascaro JM: A mutation (G281E) of the human uroporphyrinogen decarboxylase gene causes both hepatoerythropoietic porphyria and overt familial porphyria cutanea tarda: biochemical and genetic studies on Spanish patients. J Invest Dermatol. 1995 Apr;104(4):500-2. [PubMed:7706766 ]
  19. McManus JF, Begley CG, Sassa S, Ratnaike S: Five new mutations in the uroporphyrinogen decarboxylase gene identified in families with cutaneous porphyria. Blood. 1996 Nov 1;88(9):3589-600. [PubMed:8896428 ]
  20. Mendez M, Sorkin L, Rossetti MV, Astrin KH, del C Batlle AM, Parera VE, Aizencang G, Desnick RJ: Familial porphyria cutanea tarda: characterization of seven novel uroporphyrinogen decarboxylase mutations and frequency of common hemochromatosis alleles. Am J Hum Genet. 1998 Nov;63(5):1363-75. [PubMed:9792863 ]
  21. McManus JF, Begley CG, Sassa S, Ratnaike S: Three new mutations in the uroporphyrinogen decarboxylase gene in familial porphyria cutanea tarda. Mutation in brief no. 237. Online. Hum Mutat. 1999;13(5):412. [PubMed:10338097 ]
  22. Christiansen L, Ged C, Hombrados I, Brons-Poulsen J, Fontanellas A, de Verneuil H, Horder M, Petersen NE: Screening for mutations in the uroporphyrinogen decarboxylase gene using denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis. Identification and characterization of six novel mutations associated with familial PCT. Hum Mutat. 1999;14(3):222-32. [PubMed:10477430 ]
  23. Brady JJ, Jackson HA, Roberts AG, Morgan RR, Whatley SD, Rowlands GL, Darby C, Shudell E, Watson R, Paiker J, Worwood MW, Elder GH: Co-inheritance of mutations in the uroporphyrinogen decarboxylase and hemochromatosis genes accelerates the onset of porphyria cutanea tarda. J Invest Dermatol. 2000 Nov;115(5):868-74. [PubMed:11069625 ]
  24. Cappellini MD, Martinez di Montemuros F, Tavazzi D, Fargion S, Pizzuti A, Comino A, Cainelli T, Fiorelli G: Seven novel point mutations in the uroporphyrinogen decarboxylase (UROD) gene in patients with familial porphyria cutanea tarda (f-PCT). Hum Mutat. 2001 Apr;17(4):350. [PubMed:11295834 ]
  25. Ged C, Ozalla D, Herrero C, Lecha M, Mendez M, de Verneuil H, Mascaro JM: Description of a new mutation in hepatoerythropoietic porphyria and prenatal exclusion of a homozygous fetus. Arch Dermatol. 2002 Jul;138(7):957-60. [PubMed:12071824 ]
  26. Armstrong DK, Sharpe PC, Chambers CR, Whatley SD, Roberts AG, Elder GH: Hepatoerythropoietic porphyria: a missense mutation in the UROD gene is associated with mild disease and an unusual porphyrin excretion pattern. Br J Dermatol. 2004 Oct;151(4):920-3. [PubMed:15491440 ]