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Identification
HMDB Protein ID HMDBP00328
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • 5564
  • HMDBP04941
Name Glucose-6-phosphate 1-dehydrogenase
Synonyms
  1. G6PD
Gene Name G6PD
Protein Type Enzyme
Biological Properties
General Function Involved in glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase activity
Specific Function Produces pentose sugars for nucleic acid synthesis and main producer of NADPH reducing power.
Pathways
  • Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency
  • Glutathione metabolism
  • Pentose Phosphate Pathway
  • Pentose phosphate pathway
  • Ribose-5-phosphate isomerase deficiency
  • Transaldolase deficiency
  • Warburg Effect
Reactions
Glucose 6-phosphate + NADP → 6-phospho-D-glucono-1,5-lactone + NADPH details
beta-D-Glucose 6-phosphate + NADP → 6-Phosphonoglucono-D-lactone + NADPH + Hydrogen Ion details
GO Classification
Biological Process
pentose biosynthetic process
pentose-phosphate shunt, oxidative branch
cholesterol biosynthetic process
glucose 6-phosphate metabolic process
negative regulation of protein glutathionylation
ribose phosphate biosynthetic process
cytokine production
glutathione metabolic process
erythrocyte maturation
cellular response to oxidative stress
Cellular Component
cytosol
centrosome
internal side of plasma membrane
intracellular membrane-bounded organelle
Function
binding
nucleotide binding
catalytic activity
oxidoreductase activity, acting on the ch-oh group of donors, nad or nadp as acceptor
glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase activity
nadp or nadph binding
oxidoreductase activity, acting on ch-oh group of donors
oxidoreductase activity
Molecular Function
NADP binding
glucose binding
glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase activity
Process
metabolic process
small molecule metabolic process
alcohol metabolic process
monosaccharide metabolic process
hexose metabolic process
glucose metabolic process
oxidation reduction
Cellular Location Not Available
Gene Properties
Chromosome Location X
Locus Xq28
SNPs G6PD
Gene Sequence
>1548 bp
ATGGCAGAGCAGGTGGCCCTGAGCCGGACCCACGTGTGCGGGATCCTGCGGGAAGAGCTT
TTCCAGGGCGATGCCTTCCATCAGTCGGATACACACATATTCATCATCATGGGTGCATCG
GGTGACCTGGCCAAGAAGAAGATCTACCCCACCATCTGGTGGCTGTTCCGGGATGGCCTT
CTGCCCGAAAACACCTTCATCGTGGGCTATGCCCGTTCCCGCCTCACAGTGGCTGACATC
CGCAAACAGAGTGAGCCCTTCTTCAAGGCCACCCCAGAGGAGAAGCTCAAGCTGGAGGAC
TTCTTTGCCCGCAACTCCTATGTGGCTGGCCAGTACGATGATGCAGCCTCCTACCAGCGC
CTCAACAGCCACATGAATGCCCTCCACCTGGGGTCACAGGCCAACCGCCTCTTCTACCTG
GCCTTGCCCCCGACCGTCTACGAGGCCGTCACCAAGAACATTCACGAGTCCTGCATGAGC
CAGATAGGCTGGAACCGCATCATCGTGGAGAAGCCCTTCGGGAGGGACCTGCAGAGCTCT
GACCGGCTGTCCAACCACATCTCCTCCCTGTTCCGTGAGGACCAGATCTACCGCATCGAC
CACTACCTGGGCAAGGAGATGGTGCAGAACCTCATGGTGCTGAGATTTGCCAACAGGATC
TTCGGCCCCATCTGGAACCGGGACAACATCGCCTGCGTTATCCTCACCTTCAAGGAGCCC
TTTGGCACTGAGGGTCGCGGGGGCTATTTCGATGAATTTGGGATCATCCGGGACGTGATG
CAGAACCACCTACTGCAGATGCTGTGTCTGGTGGCCATGGAGAAGCCCGCCTCCACCAAC
TCAGATGACGTCCGTGATGAGAAGGTCAAGGTGTTGAAATGCATCTCAGAGGTGCAGGCC
AACAATGTGGTCCTGGGCCAGTACGTGGGGAACCCCGATGGAGAGGGCGAGGCCACCAAA
GGGTACCTGGACGACCCCACGGTGCCCCGCGGGTCCACCACCGCCACTTTTGCAGCCGTC
GTCCTCTATGTGGAGAATGAGAGGTGGGATGGGGTGCCCTTCATCCTGCGCTGCGGCAAG
GCCCTGAACGAGCGCAAGGCCGAGGTGAGGCTGCAGTTCCATGATGTGGCCGGCGACATC
TTCCACCAGCAGTGCAAGCGCAACGAGCTGGTGATCCGCGTGCAGCCCAACGAGGCCGTG
TACACCAAGATGATGACCAAGAAGCCGGGCATGTTCTTCAACCCCGAGGAGTCGGAGCTG
GACCTGACCTACGGCAACAGATACAAGAACGTGAAGCTCCCTGACGCCTACGAGCGCCTC
ATCCTGGACGTCTTCTGCGGGAGCCAGATGCACTTCGTGCGCAGCGACGAGCTCCGTGAG
GCCTGGCGTATTTTCACCCCACTGCTGCACCAGATTGAGCTGGAGAAGCCCAAGCCCATC
CCCTATATTTATGGCAGCCGAGGCCCCACGGAGGCAGACGAGCTGATGAAGAGAGTGGGT
TTCCAGTATGAGGGCACCTACAAGTGGGTGAACCCCCACAAGCTCTGA
Protein Properties
Number of Residues 515
Molecular Weight 62467.88
Theoretical pI 8.039
Pfam Domain Function
Signals Not Available
Transmembrane Regions Not Available
Protein Sequence
>Glucose-6-phosphate 1-dehydrogenase
MAEQVALSRTQVCGILREELFQGDAFHQSDTHIFIIMGASGDLAKKKIYPTIWWLFRDGL
LPENTFIVGYARSRLTVADIRKQSEPFFKATPEEKLKLEDFFARNSYVAGQYDDAASYQR
LNSHMNALHLGSQANRLFYLALPPTVYEAVTKNIHESCMSQIGWNRIIVEKPFGRDLQSS
DRLSNHISSLFREDQIYRIDHYLGKEMVQNLMVLRFANRIFGPIWNRDNIACVILTFKEP
FGTEGRGGYFDEFGIIRDVMQNHLLQMLCLVAMEKPASTNSDDVRDEKVKVLKCISEVQA
NNVVLGQYVGNPDGEGEATKGYLDDPTVPRGSTTATFAAVVLYVENERWDGVPFILRCGK
ALNERKAEVRLQFHDVAGDIFHQQCKRNELVIRVQPNEAVYTKMMTKKPGMFFNPEESEL
DLTYGNRYKNVKLPDAYERLILDVFCGSQMHFVRSDELREAWRIFTPLLHQIELEKPKPI
PYIYGSRGPTEADELMKRVGFQYEGTYKWVNPHKL
GenBank ID Protein 31543
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot ID P11413
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Entry Name G6PD_HUMAN
PDB IDs
GenBank Gene ID X03674
GeneCard ID G6PD
GenAtlas ID G6PD
HGNC ID HGNC:4057
References
General References
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  14. Chen EY, Zollo M, Mazzarella R, Ciccodicola A, Chen CN, Zuo L, Heiner C, Burough F, Repetto M, Schlessinger D, D'Urso M: Long-range sequence analysis in Xq28: thirteen known and six candidate genes in 219.4 kb of high GC DNA between the RCP/GCP and G6PD loci. Hum Mol Genet. 1996 May;5(5):659-68. [PubMed:8733135 ]
  15. Kanno H, Huang IY, Kan YW, Yoshida A: Two structural genes on different chromosomes are required for encoding the major subunit of human red cell glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase. Cell. 1989 Aug 11;58(3):595-606. [PubMed:2758468 ]
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  17. Toniolo D, Filippi M, Dono R, Lettieri T, Martini G: The CpG island in the 5' region of the G6PD gene of man and mouse. Gene. 1991 Jun 30;102(2):197-203. [PubMed:1874446 ]
  18. Chao LT, Du CS, Louie E, Zuo L, Chen E, Lubin B, Chiu DT: A to G substitution identified in exon 2 of the G6PD gene among G6PD deficient Chinese. Nucleic Acids Res. 1991 Nov 11;19(21):6056. [PubMed:1945893 ]
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  26. Vulliamy T, Beutler E, Luzzatto L: Variants of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase are due to missense mutations spread throughout the coding region of the gene. Hum Mutat. 1993;2(3):159-67. [PubMed:8364584 ]
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  28. Takizawa T, Yoneyama Y, Miwa S, Yoshida A: A single nucleotide base transition is the basis of the common human glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase variant A (+). Genomics. 1987 Nov;1(3):228-31. [PubMed:3446582 ]
  29. Vulliamy TJ, D'Urso M, Battistuzzi G, Estrada M, Foulkes NS, Martini G, Calabro V, Poggi V, Giordano R, Town M, et al.: Diverse point mutations in the human glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase gene cause enzyme deficiency and mild or severe hemolytic anemia. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1988 Jul;85(14):5171-5. [PubMed:3393536 ]
  30. De Vita G, Alcalay M, Sampietro M, Cappelini MD, Fiorelli G, Toniolo D: Two point mutations are responsible for G6PD polymorphism in Sardinia. Am J Hum Genet. 1989 Feb;44(2):233-40. [PubMed:2912069 ]
  31. Beutler E, Westwood B, Prchal JT, Vaca G, Bartsocas CS, Baronciani L: New glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase mutations from various ethnic groups. Blood. 1992 Jul 1;80(1):255-6. [PubMed:1611091 ]
  32. Filosa S, Calabro V, Vallone D, Poggi V, Mason P, Pagnini D, Alfinito F, Rotoli B, Martini G, Luzzatto L, et al.: Molecular basis of chronic non-spherocytic haemolytic anaemia: a new G6PD variant (393 Arg----His) with abnormal KmG6P and marked in vivo instability. Br J Haematol. 1992 Jan;80(1):111-6. [PubMed:1536798 ]
  33. Perng LI, Chiou SS, Liu TC, Chang JG: A novel C to T substitution at nucleotide 1360 of cDNA which abolishes a natural Hha I site accounts for a new G6PD deficiency gene in Chinese. Hum Mol Genet. 1992 Jun;1(3):205. [PubMed:1303180 ]
  34. Ahluwalia A, Corcoran CM, Vulliamy TJ, Ishwad CS, Naidu JM, Argusti A, Stevens DJ, Mason PJ, Luzzatto L: G6PD Kalyan and G6PD Kerala; two deficient variants in India caused by the same 317 Glu-->Lys mutation. Hum Mol Genet. 1992 Jun;1(3):209-10. [PubMed:1303182 ]
  35. Nafa K, Reghis A, Osmani N, Baghli L, Benabadji M, Kaplan JC, Vulliamy TJ, Luzzatto L: G6PD Aures: a new mutation (48 Ile-->Thr) causing mild G6PD deficiency is associated with favism. Hum Mol Genet. 1993 Jan;2(1):81-2. [PubMed:8490627 ]
  36. Hirono A, Miwa S, Fujii H, Ishida F, Yamada K, Kubota K: Molecular study of eight Japanese cases of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency by nonradioisotopic single-strand conformation polymorphism analysis. Blood. 1994 Jun 1;83(11):3363-8. [PubMed:8193373 ]
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  39. Kaeda JS, Chhotray GP, Ranjit MR, Bautista JM, Reddy PH, Stevens D, Naidu JM, Britt RP, Vulliamy TJ, Luzzatto L, et al.: A new glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase variant, G6PD Orissa (44 Ala-->Gly), is the major polymorphic variant in tribal populations in India. Am J Hum Genet. 1995 Dec;57(6):1335-41. [PubMed:8533762 ]
  40. Mason PJ, Sonati MF, MacDonald D, Lanza C, Busutil D, Town M, Corcoran CM, Kaeda JS, Stevens DJ, al-Ismail S, et al.: New glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase mutations associated with chronic anemia. Blood. 1995 Mar 1;85(5):1377-80. [PubMed:7858267 ]
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  42. Galanello R, Loi D, Sollaino C, Dessi S, Cao A, Melis MA: A new glucose 6 phosphate dehydrogenase variant G6PD Sinnai (34 G-->T). Mutations in brief no. 156. Online. Hum Mutat. 1998;12(1):72-3. [PubMed:10627140 ]
  43. Iancovici-Kidon M, Sthoeger D, Abrahamov A, Wolach B, Beutler E, Gelbart T, Barak Y: A new exon 9 glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase mutation (G6PD "Rehovot") in a Jewish Ethiopian family with variable phenotypes. Blood Cells Mol Dis. 2000 Dec;26(6):567-71. [PubMed:11112389 ]
  44. Louicharoen C, Patin E, Paul R, Nuchprayoon I, Witoonpanich B, Peerapittayamongkol C, Casademont I, Sura T, Laird NM, Singhasivanon P, Quintana-Murci L, Sakuntabhai A: Positively selected G6PD-Mahidol mutation reduces Plasmodium vivax density in Southeast Asians. Science. 2009 Dec 11;326(5959):1546-9. doi: 10.1126/science.1178849. [PubMed:20007901 ]