You are using an unsupported browser. Please upgrade your browser to a newer version to get the best experience on Human Metabolome Database.
Identification
HMDB Protein ID HMDBP00828
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • 6109
  • HMDBP04838
Name Glutathione peroxidase 1
Synonyms
  1. Cellular glutathione peroxidase
  2. GPx-1
  3. GSHPx-1
Gene Name GPX1
Protein Type Enzyme
Biological Properties
General Function Involved in glutathione peroxidase activity
Specific Function Protects the hemoglobin in erythrocytes from oxidative breakdown.
Pathways
  • 5-oxoprolinase deficiency
  • 5-Oxoprolinuria
  • Acetaminophen Action Pathway
  • Acetylsalicylic Acid Action Pathway
  • Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)
  • Antipyrine Action Pathway
  • Antrafenine Action Pathway
  • Arachidonic acid metabolism
  • Arachidonic Acid Metabolism
  • Bromfenac Action Pathway
  • Carprofen Action Pathway
  • Celecoxib Action Pathway
  • Diclofenac Action Pathway
  • Diflunisal Action Pathway
  • Etodolac Action Pathway
  • Etoricoxib Action Pathway
  • Fenoprofen Action Pathway
  • Flurbiprofen Action Pathway
  • Gamma-glutamyl-transpeptidase deficiency
  • Gamma-Glutamyltransferase Deficiency
  • Glutathione Metabolism
  • Glutathione metabolism
  • Glutathione Synthetase Deficiency
  • Huntington's disease
  • Ibuprofen Action Pathway
  • Indomethacin Action Pathway
  • Ketoprofen Action Pathway
  • Ketorolac Action Pathway
  • Leukotriene C4 Synthesis Deficiency
  • Lornoxicam Action Pathway
  • Lumiracoxib Action Pathway
  • Magnesium salicylate Action Pathway
  • Mefenamic Acid Action Pathway
  • Meloxicam Action Pathway
  • Nabumetone Action Pathway
  • Naproxen Action Pathway
  • Nepafenac Action Pathway
  • Oxaprozin Action Pathway
  • Phenylbutazone Action Pathway
  • Piroxicam Action Pathway
  • Rofecoxib Action Pathway
  • Salicylate-sodium Action Pathway
  • Salicylic Acid Action Pathway
  • Salsalate Action Pathway
  • Sulindac Action Pathway
  • Suprofen Action Pathway
  • Tenoxicam Action Pathway
  • Tiaprofenic Acid Action Pathway
  • Tolmetin Action Pathway
  • Trisalicylate-choline Action Pathway
  • Valdecoxib Action Pathway
Reactions
Glutathione + Hydrogen peroxide → Oxidized glutathione + Water details
Glutathione + 5(S)-Hydroperoxyeicosatetraenoic acid → Oxidized glutathione + 5-HETE + Water details
Glutathione + 15(S)-HPETE → Oxidized glutathione + 15(S)-HETE + Water details
GO Classification
Biological Process
sensory perception of sound
cell redox homeostasis
regulation of neuron apoptotic process
blood vessel endothelial cell migration
endothelial cell development
fat cell differentiation
heart contraction
interaction with symbiont
intrinsic apoptotic signaling pathway in response to oxidative stress
myoblast proliferation
myotube differentiation
negative regulation of inflammatory response to antigenic stimulus
protein oxidation
regulation of gene expression, epigenetic
regulation of mammary gland epithelial cell proliferation
regulation of proteasomal protein catabolic process
response to symbiotic bacterium
response to hydroperoxide
response to xenobiotic stimulus
skeletal muscle fiber development
purine nucleobase metabolic process
purine nucleotide catabolic process
angiogenesis involved in wound healing
skeletal muscle tissue regeneration
negative regulation of apoptotic process
response to gamma radiation
vasodilation
glutathione metabolic process
negative regulation of cysteine-type endopeptidase activity involved in apoptotic process
induction of apoptosis
positive regulation of protein kinase B signaling cascade
response to selenium ion
response to toxin
release of cytochrome c from mitochondria
hydrogen peroxide catabolic process
triglyceride metabolic process
UV protection
temperature homeostasis
Cellular Component
cytosol
mitochondrion
Function
peroxidase activity
antioxidant activity
glutathione peroxidase activity
Molecular Function
endopeptidase inhibitor activity
glutathione peroxidase activity
Process
response to stimulus
response to stress
response to oxidative stress
metabolic process
oxidation reduction
Cellular Location
  1. Cytoplasm
Gene Properties
Chromosome Location 3
Locus 3p21.3
SNPs GPX1
Gene Sequence
>606 bp
ATGTGTGCTGCTCGGCTAGCGGCGGCGGCGGCCCAGTCGGTGTATGCCTTCTCGGCGCGC
CCGTTGGCCGGCGGGGAGCCTGTGAGCCTGGGCTCCCTGCGGGGCAAGGTACTACTTATC
GAGAATGTGGCGTCCCTCTGAGGCACCACGGTCCGGGACTACACCCAGATGAACGAGCTG
CAGCGGCGCCTCGGACCCCGGGGCCTGGTGGTGCTCGGCTTCCCGTGCAACCAGTTTGGG
CATCAGGAGAACGCCAAGAACGAAGAGATTCTGAATTCCCTCAAGTACGTCCGGCCTGGT
GGTGGGTTCGAGCCCAACTTCATGCTCTTCGAGAAGTGCGAGGTGAACGGTGCGGGGGCG
CACCCTCTCTTCGCCTTCCTGCGGGAGGCCCTGCCAGCTCCCAGCGACGACGCCACCGCG
CTTATGACCGACCCCAAGCTCATCACCTGGTCTCCGGTGTGTCGCAACGATGTTGCCTGG
AACTTTGAGAAGTTCCTGGTGGGCCCTGACGGTGTGCCCCTACGCAGGTACAGCCGCCGC
TTCCAGACCATTGACATCGAGCCTGACATCGAAGCCCTGCTGTCTCAAGGGCCCAGCTGT
GCCTAG
Protein Properties
Number of Residues 201
Molecular Weight 22087.94
Theoretical pI 6.548
Pfam Domain Function
Signals Not Available
Transmembrane Regions Not Available
Protein Sequence
>Glutathione peroxidase 1
MCAARLAAAAAQSVYAFSARPLAGGEPVSLGSLRGKVLLIENVASLUGTTVRDYTQMNEL
QRRLGPRGLVVLGFPCNQFGHQENAKNEEILNSLKYVRPGGGFEPNFMLFEKCEVNGAGA
HPLFAFLREALPAPSDDATALMTDPKLITWSPVCRNDVAWNFEKFLVGPDGVPLRRYSRR
FQTIDIEPDIEALLSQGPSCA
GenBank ID Protein 577777
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot ID P07203
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Entry Name GPX1_HUMAN
PDB IDs
GenBank Gene ID Y00433
GeneCard ID GPX1
GenAtlas ID GPX1
HGNC ID HGNC:4553
References
General References
  1. Gerhard DS, Wagner L, Feingold EA, Shenmen CM, Grouse LH, Schuler G, Klein SL, Old S, Rasooly R, Good P, Guyer M, Peck AM, Derge JG, Lipman D, Collins FS, Jang W, Sherry S, Feolo M, Misquitta L, Lee E, Rotmistrovsky K, Greenhut SF, Schaefer CF, Buetow K, Bonner TI, Haussler D, Kent J, Kiekhaus M, Furey T, Brent M, Prange C, Schreiber K, Shapiro N, Bhat NK, Hopkins RF, Hsie F, Driscoll T, Soares MB, Casavant TL, Scheetz TE, Brown-stein MJ, Usdin TB, Toshiyuki S, Carninci P, Piao Y, Dudekula DB, Ko MS, Kawakami K, Suzuki Y, Sugano S, Gruber CE, Smith MR, Simmons B, Moore T, Waterman R, Johnson SL, Ruan Y, Wei CL, Mathavan S, Gunaratne PH, Wu J, Garcia AM, Hulyk SW, Fuh E, Yuan Y, Sneed A, Kowis C, Hodgson A, Muzny DM, McPherson J, Gibbs RA, Fahey J, Helton E, Ketteman M, Madan A, Rodrigues S, Sanchez A, Whiting M, Madari A, Young AC, Wetherby KD, Granite SJ, Kwong PN, Brinkley CP, Pearson RL, Bouffard GG, Blakesly RW, Green ED, Dickson MC, Rodriguez AC, Grimwood J, Schmutz J, Myers RM, Butterfield YS, Griffith M, Griffith OL, Krzywinski MI, Liao N, Morin R, Palmquist D, Petrescu AS, Skalska U, Smailus DE, Stott JM, Schnerch A, Schein JE, Jones SJ, Holt RA, Baross A, Marra MA, Clifton S, Makowski KA, Bosak S, Malek J: The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC). Genome Res. 2004 Oct;14(10B):2121-7. [PubMed:15489334 ]
  2. Muzny DM, Scherer SE, Kaul R, Wang J, Yu J, Sudbrak R, Buhay CJ, Chen R, Cree A, Ding Y, Dugan-Rocha S, Gill R, Gunaratne P, Harris RA, Hawes AC, Hernandez J, Hodgson AV, Hume J, Jackson A, Khan ZM, Kovar-Smith C, Lewis LR, Lozado RJ, Metzker ML, Milosavljevic A, Miner GR, Morgan MB, Nazareth LV, Scott G, Sodergren E, Song XZ, Steffen D, Wei S, Wheeler DA, Wright MW, Worley KC, Yuan Y, Zhang Z, Adams CQ, Ansari-Lari MA, Ayele M, Brown MJ, Chen G, Chen Z, Clendenning J, Clerc-Blankenburg KP, Chen R, Chen Z, Davis C, Delgado O, Dinh HH, Dong W, Draper H, Ernst S, Fu G, Gonzalez-Garay ML, Garcia DK, Gillett W, Gu J, Hao B, Haugen E, Havlak P, He X, Hennig S, Hu S, Huang W, Jackson LR, Jacob LS, Kelly SH, Kube M, Levy R, Li Z, Liu B, Liu J, Liu W, Lu J, Maheshwari M, Nguyen BV, Okwuonu GO, Palmeiri A, Pasternak S, Perez LM, Phelps KA, Plopper FJ, Qiang B, Raymond C, Rodriguez R, Saenphimmachak C, Santibanez J, Shen H, Shen Y, Subramanian S, Tabor PE, Verduzco D, Waldron L, Wang J, Wang J, Wang Q, Williams GA, Wong GK, Yao Z, Zhang J, Zhang X, Zhao G, Zhou J, Zhou Y, Nelson D, Lehrach H, Reinhardt R, Naylor SL, Yang H, Olson M, Weinstock G, Gibbs RA: The DNA sequence, annotation and analysis of human chromosome 3. Nature. 2006 Apr 27;440(7088):1194-8. [PubMed:16641997 ]
  3. Sukenaga Y, Ishida K, Takeda T, Takagi K: cDNA sequence coding for human glutathione peroxidase. Nucleic Acids Res. 1987 Sep 11;15(17):7178. [PubMed:3658677 ]
  4. Ishida K, Morino T, Takagi K, Sukenaga Y: Nucleotide sequence of a human gene for glutathione peroxidase. Nucleic Acids Res. 1987 Dec 10;15(23):10051. [PubMed:3697069 ]
  5. Mullenbach GT, Tabrizi A, Irvine BD, Bell GI, Hallewell RA: Sequence of a cDNA coding for human glutathione peroxidase confirms TGA encodes active site selenocysteine. Nucleic Acids Res. 1987 Jul 10;15(13):5484. [PubMed:2955287 ]
  6. Chada S, Le Beau MM, Casey L, Newburger PE: Isolation and chromosomal localization of the human glutathione peroxidase gene. Genomics. 1990 Feb;6(2):268-71. [PubMed:2307470 ]
  7. Moscow JA, Morrow CS, He R, Mullenbach GT, Cowan KH: Structure and function of the 5'-flanking sequence of the human cytosolic selenium-dependent glutathione peroxidase gene (hgpx1). J Biol Chem. 1992 Mar 25;267(9):5949-58. [PubMed:1556108 ]
  8. Forsberg L, de Faire U, Morgenstern R: Low yield of polymorphisms from EST blast searching: analysis of genes related to oxidative stress and verification of the P197L polymorphism in GPX1. Hum Mutat. 1999;13(4):294-300. [PubMed:10220143 ]
  9. Kote-Jarai Z, Durocher F, Edwards SM, Hamoudi R, Jackson RA, Ardern-Jones A, Murkin A, Dearnaley DP, Kirby R, Houlston R, Easton DF, Eeles R: Association between the GCG polymorphism of the selenium dependent GPX1 gene and the risk of young onset prostate cancer. Prostate Cancer Prostatic Dis. 2002;5(3):189-92. [PubMed:12496980 ]
  10. Hamanishi T, Furuta H, Kato H, Doi A, Tamai M, Shimomura H, Sakagashira S, Nishi M, Sasaki H, Sanke T, Nanjo K: Functional variants in the glutathione peroxidase-1 (GPx-1) gene are associated with increased intima-media thickness of carotid arteries and risk of macrovascular diseases in japanese type 2 diabetic patients. Diabetes. 2004 Sep;53(9):2455-60. [PubMed:15331559 ]
  11. Ichimura Y, Habuchi T, Tsuchiya N, Wang L, Oyama C, Sato K, Nishiyama H, Ogawa O, Kato T: Increased risk of bladder cancer associated with a glutathione peroxidase 1 codon 198 variant. J Urol. 2004 Aug;172(2):728-32. [PubMed:15247771 ]