Survey with prize
You are using an unsupported browser. Please upgrade your browser to a newer version to get the best experience on Human Metabolome Database.
Identification
HMDB Protein ID HMDBP01421
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • 6717
Name Serine/threonine-protein kinase 12
Synonyms
  1. AIM-1
  2. ARK-2
  3. Aurora kinase B
  4. Aurora- and IPL1-like midbody-associated protein 1
  5. Aurora-related kinase 2
  6. Aurora/IPL1-related kinase 2
  7. STK-1
  8. Serine/threonine-protein kinase aurora-B
Gene Name AURKB
Protein Type Unknown
Biological Properties
General Function Involved in protein kinase activity
Specific Function May be directly involved in regulating the cleavage of polar spindle microtubules and is a key regulator for the onset of cytokinesis during mitosis. Component of the chromosomal passenger complex (CPC), a complex that acts as a key regulator of mitosis. The CPC complex has essential functions at the centromere in ensuring correct chromosome alignment and segregation and is required for chromatin-induced microtubule stabilization and spindle assembly. Phosphorylates 'Ser-10' and 'Ser-28' of histone H3 during mitosis. Required for kinetochore localization of BUB1 and SGOL1
Pathways Not Available
Reactions Not Available
GO Classification
Function
binding
catalytic activity
transferase activity
transferase activity, transferring phosphorus-containing groups
kinase activity
nucleoside binding
purine nucleoside binding
adenyl nucleotide binding
adenyl ribonucleotide binding
atp binding
protein kinase activity
protein serine/threonine kinase activity
Process
phosphorus metabolic process
phosphate metabolic process
metabolic process
cellular metabolic process
protein amino acid phosphorylation
phosphorylation
Cellular Location
  1. Nucleus
  2. Cytoplasm
  3. cytoskeleton
  4. Chromosome
  5. Chromosome
  6. centromere
  7. spindle
Gene Properties
Chromosome Location Chromosome:1
Locus 17p13.1
SNPs AURKB
Gene Sequence
>1035 bp
ATGGCCCAGAAGGAGAACTCCTACCCCTGGCCCTACGGCCGACAGACGGCTCCATCTGGC
CTGAGCACCCTGCCCCAGCGAGTCCTCCGGAAAGAGCCTGTCACCCCATCTGCACTTGTC
CTCATGAGCCGCTCCAATGTCCAGCCCACAGCTGCCCCTGGCCAGAAGGTGATGGAGAAT
AGCAGTGGGACACCCGACATCTTAACGCGGCACTTCACAATTGATGACTTTGAGATTGGG
CGTCCTCTGGGCAAAGGCAAGTTTGGAAACGTGTACTTGGCTCGGGAGAAGAAAAGCCAT
TTCATCGTGGCGCTCAAGGTCCTCTTCAAGTCCCAGATAGAGAAGGAGGGCGTGGAGCAT
CAGCTGCGCAGAGAGATCGAAATCCAGGCCCACCTGCACCATCCCAACATCCTGCGTCTC
TACAACTATTTTTATGACCGGAGGAGGATCTACTTGATTCTAGAGTATGCCCCCCGCGGG
GAGCTCTACAAGGAGCTGCAGAAGAGCTGCACATTTGACGAGCAGCGAACAGCCACGATC
ATGGAGGAGTTGGCAGATGCTCTAATGTACTGCCATGGGAAGAAGGTGATTCACAGAGAC
ATAAAGCCAGAAAATCTGCTCTTAGGGCTCAAGGGAGAGCTGAAGATTGCTGACTTCGGC
TGGTCTGTGCATGCGCCCTCCCTGAGGAGGAAGACAATGTGTGGCACCCTGGACTACCTG
CCCCCAGAGATGATTGAGGGGCGCATGCACAATGAGAAGGTGGATCTGTGGTGCATTGGA
GTGCTTTGCTATGAGCTGCTGGTGGGGAACCCACCCTTTGAGAGTGCATCACACAACGAG
ACCTATCGCCGCATCGTCAAGGTGGACCTAAAGTTCCCCGCTTCTGTGCCCACGGGAGCC
CAGGACCTCATCTCCAAACTGCTCAGGCATAACCCCTCGGAACGGCTGCCCCTGGCCCAG
GTCTCAGCCCACCCTTGGGTCCGGGCCAACTCTCGGAGGGTGCTGCCTCCCTCTGCCCTT
CAATCTGTCGCCTGA
Protein Properties
Number of Residues 344
Molecular Weight 39280.1
Theoretical pI 9.7
Pfam Domain Function
Signals
  • None
Transmembrane Regions
  • None
Protein Sequence
>Serine/threonine-protein kinase 12
MAQKENSYPWPYGRQTAPSGLSTLPQRVLRKEPVTPSALVLMSRSNVQPTAAPGQKVMEN
SSGTPDILTRHFTIDDFEIGRPLGKGKFGNVYLAREKKSHFIVALKVLFKSQIEKEGVEH
QLRREIEIQAHLHHPNILRLYNYFYDRRRIYLILEYAPRGELYKELQKSCTFDEQRTATI
MEELADALMYCHGKKVIHRDIKPENLLLGLKGELKIADFGWSVHAPSLRRKTMCGTLDYL
PPEMIEGRMHNEKVDLWCIGVLCYELLVGNPPFESASHNETYRRIVKVDLKFPASVPTGA
QDLISKLLRHNPSERLPLAQVSAHPWVRANSRRVLPPSALQSVA
GenBank ID Protein Not Available
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot ID Q96GD4
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Entry Name AURKB_HUMAN
PDB IDs Not Available
GenBank Gene ID AF008552
GeneCard ID AURKB
GenAtlas ID AURKB
HGNC ID HGNC:11390
References
General References
  1. Gerhard DS, Wagner L, Feingold EA, Shenmen CM, Grouse LH, Schuler G, Klein SL, Old S, Rasooly R, Good P, Guyer M, Peck AM, Derge JG, Lipman D, Collins FS, Jang W, Sherry S, Feolo M, Misquitta L, Lee E, Rotmistrovsky K, Greenhut SF, Schaefer CF, Buetow K, Bonner TI, Haussler D, Kent J, Kiekhaus M, Furey T, Brent M, Prange C, Schreiber K, Shapiro N, Bhat NK, Hopkins RF, Hsie F, Driscoll T, Soares MB, Casavant TL, Scheetz TE, Brown-stein MJ, Usdin TB, Toshiyuki S, Carninci P, Piao Y, Dudekula DB, Ko MS, Kawakami K, Suzuki Y, Sugano S, Gruber CE, Smith MR, Simmons B, Moore T, Waterman R, Johnson SL, Ruan Y, Wei CL, Mathavan S, Gunaratne PH, Wu J, Garcia AM, Hulyk SW, Fuh E, Yuan Y, Sneed A, Kowis C, Hodgson A, Muzny DM, McPherson J, Gibbs RA, Fahey J, Helton E, Ketteman M, Madan A, Rodrigues S, Sanchez A, Whiting M, Madari A, Young AC, Wetherby KD, Granite SJ, Kwong PN, Brinkley CP, Pearson RL, Bouffard GG, Blakesly RW, Green ED, Dickson MC, Rodriguez AC, Grimwood J, Schmutz J, Myers RM, Butterfield YS, Griffith M, Griffith OL, Krzywinski MI, Liao N, Morin R, Palmquist D, Petrescu AS, Skalska U, Smailus DE, Stott JM, Schnerch A, Schein JE, Jones SJ, Holt RA, Baross A, Marra MA, Clifton S, Makowski KA, Bosak S, Malek J: The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC). Genome Res. 2004 Oct;14(10B):2121-7. [PubMed:15489334 ]
  2. Dephoure N, Zhou C, Villen J, Beausoleil SA, Bakalarski CE, Elledge SJ, Gygi SP: A quantitative atlas of mitotic phosphorylation. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2008 Aug 5;105(31):10762-7. doi: 10.1073/pnas.0805139105. Epub 2008 Jul 31. [PubMed:18669648 ]
  3. Daub H, Olsen JV, Bairlein M, Gnad F, Oppermann FS, Korner R, Greff Z, Keri G, Stemmann O, Mann M: Kinase-selective enrichment enables quantitative phosphoproteomics of the kinome across the cell cycle. Mol Cell. 2008 Aug 8;31(3):438-48. doi: 10.1016/j.molcel.2008.07.007. [PubMed:18691976 ]
  4. Oppermann FS, Gnad F, Olsen JV, Hornberger R, Greff Z, Keri G, Mann M, Daub H: Large-scale proteomics analysis of the human kinome. Mol Cell Proteomics. 2009 Jul;8(7):1751-64. doi: 10.1074/mcp.M800588-MCP200. Epub 2009 Apr 15. [PubMed:19369195 ]
  5. Cantin GT, Yi W, Lu B, Park SK, Xu T, Lee JD, Yates JR 3rd: Combining protein-based IMAC, peptide-based IMAC, and MudPIT for efficient phosphoproteomic analysis. J Proteome Res. 2008 Mar;7(3):1346-51. doi: 10.1021/pr0705441. Epub 2008 Jan 26. [PubMed:18220336 ]
  6. Wang B, Malik R, Nigg EA, Korner R: Evaluation of the low-specificity protease elastase for large-scale phosphoproteome analysis. Anal Chem. 2008 Dec 15;80(24):9526-33. doi: 10.1021/ac801708p. [PubMed:19007248 ]
  7. Greenman C, Stephens P, Smith R, Dalgliesh GL, Hunter C, Bignell G, Davies H, Teague J, Butler A, Stevens C, Edkins S, O'Meara S, Vastrik I, Schmidt EE, Avis T, Barthorpe S, Bhamra G, Buck G, Choudhury B, Clements J, Cole J, Dicks E, Forbes S, Gray K, Halliday K, Harrison R, Hills K, Hinton J, Jenkinson A, Jones D, Menzies A, Mironenko T, Perry J, Raine K, Richardson D, Shepherd R, Small A, Tofts C, Varian J, Webb T, West S, Widaa S, Yates A, Cahill DP, Louis DN, Goldstraw P, Nicholson AG, Brasseur F, Looijenga L, Weber BL, Chiew YE, DeFazio A, Greaves MF, Green AR, Campbell P, Birney E, Easton DF, Chenevix-Trench G, Tan MH, Khoo SK, Teh BT, Yuen ST, Leung SY, Wooster R, Futreal PA, Stratton MR: Patterns of somatic mutation in human cancer genomes. Nature. 2007 Mar 8;446(7132):153-8. [PubMed:17344846 ]
  8. Nousiainen M, Sillje HH, Sauer G, Nigg EA, Korner R: Phosphoproteome analysis of the human mitotic spindle. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2006 Apr 4;103(14):5391-6. Epub 2006 Mar 24. [PubMed:16565220 ]
  9. Johnson VL, Scott MI, Holt SV, Hussein D, Taylor SS: Bub1 is required for kinetochore localization of BubR1, Cenp-E, Cenp-F and Mad2, and chromosome congression. J Cell Sci. 2004 Mar 15;117(Pt 8):1577-89. [PubMed:15020684 ]
  10. Shindo M, Nakano H, Kuroyanagi H, Shirasawa T, Mihara M, Gilbert DJ, Jenkins NA, Copeland NG, Yagita H, Okumura K: cDNA cloning, expression, subcellular localization, and chromosomal assignment of mammalian aurora homologues, aurora-related kinase (ARK) 1 and 2. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1998 Mar 6;244(1):285-92. [PubMed:9514916 ]
  11. Tchatchou S, Wirtenberger M, Hemminki K, Sutter C, Meindl A, Wappenschmidt B, Kiechle M, Bugert P, Schmutzler RK, Bartram CR, Burwinkel B: Aurora kinases A and B and familial breast cancer risk. Cancer Lett. 2007 Mar 18;247(2):266-72. Epub 2006 Jun 9. [PubMed:16762494 ]
  12. Tatsuka M, Katayama H, Ota T, Tanaka T, Odashima S, Suzuki F, Terada Y: Multinuclearity and increased ploidy caused by overexpression of the aurora- and Ipl1-like midbody-associated protein mitotic kinase in human cancer cells. Cancer Res. 1998 Nov 1;58(21):4811-6. [PubMed:9809983 ]
  13. Kimura M, Matsuda Y, Yoshioka T, Sumi N, Okano Y: Identification and characterization of STK12/Aik2: a human gene related to aurora of Drosophila and yeast IPL1. Cytogenet Cell Genet. 1998;82(3-4):147-52. [PubMed:9858806 ]
  14. Prigent C, Gill R, Trower M, Sanseau P: In silico cloning of a new protein kinase, Aik2, related to Drosophila Aurora using the new tool: EST Blast. In Silico Biol. 1999;1(2):123-8. [PubMed:11471245 ]
  15. Nigg EA: Mitotic kinases as regulators of cell division and its checkpoints. Nat Rev Mol Cell Biol. 2001 Jan;2(1):21-32. [PubMed:11413462 ]
  16. Goto H, Yasui Y, Nigg EA, Inagaki M: Aurora-B phosphorylates Histone H3 at serine28 with regard to the mitotic chromosome condensation. Genes Cells. 2002 Jan;7(1):11-7. [PubMed:11856369 ]
  17. Crosio C, Fimia GM, Loury R, Kimura M, Okano Y, Zhou H, Sen S, Allis CD, Sassone-Corsi P: Mitotic phosphorylation of histone H3: spatio-temporal regulation by mammalian Aurora kinases. Mol Cell Biol. 2002 Feb;22(3):874-85. [PubMed:11784863 ]
  18. Minoshima Y, Kawashima T, Hirose K, Tonozuka Y, Kawajiri A, Bao YC, Deng X, Tatsuka M, Narumiya S, May WS Jr, Nosaka T, Semba K, Inoue T, Satoh T, Inagaki M, Kitamura T: Phosphorylation by aurora B converts MgcRacGAP to a RhoGAP during cytokinesis. Dev Cell. 2003 Apr;4(4):549-60. [PubMed:12689593 ]
  19. Shu F, Guo S, Dang Y, Qi M, Zhou G, Guo Z, Zhang Y, Wu C, Zhao S, Yu L: Human aurora-B binds to a proteasome alpha-subunit HC8 and undergoes degradation in a proteasome-dependent manner. Mol Cell Biochem. 2003 Dec;254(1-2):157-62. [PubMed:14674694 ]
  20. Gassmann R, Carvalho A, Henzing AJ, Ruchaud S, Hudson DF, Honda R, Nigg EA, Gerloff DL, Earnshaw WC: Borealin: a novel chromosomal passenger required for stability of the bipolar mitotic spindle. J Cell Biol. 2004 Jul 19;166(2):179-91. Epub 2004 Jul 12. [PubMed:15249581 ]
  21. Tien AC, Lin MH, Su LJ, Hong YR, Cheng TS, Lee YC, Lin WJ, Still IH, Huang CY: Identification of the substrates and interaction proteins of aurora kinases from a protein-protein interaction model. Mol Cell Proteomics. 2004 Jan;3(1):93-104. Epub 2003 Nov 5. [PubMed:14602875 ]
  22. Delaval B, Ferrand A, Conte N, Larroque C, Hernandez-Verdun D, Prigent C, Birnbaum D: Aurora B -TACC1 protein complex in cytokinesis. Oncogene. 2004 Jun 3;23(26):4516-22. [PubMed:15064709 ]
  23. Qi M, Yu W, Liu S, Jia H, Tang L, Shen M, Yan X, Saiyin H, Lang Q, Wan B, Zhao S, Yu L: Septin1, a new interaction partner for human serine/threonine kinase aurora-B. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2005 Oct 28;336(3):994-1000. [PubMed:16179162 ]
  24. Faitar SL, Sossey-Alaoui K, Ranalli TA, Cowell JK: EVI5 protein associates with the INCENP-aurora B kinase-survivin chromosomal passenger complex and is involved in the completion of cytokinesis. Exp Cell Res. 2006 Jul 15;312(12):2325-35. Epub 2006 Apr 19. [PubMed:16764853 ]
  25. Pouwels J, Kukkonen AM, Lan W, Daum JR, Gorbsky GJ, Stukenberg T, Kallio MJ: Shugoshin 1 plays a central role in kinetochore assembly and is required for kinetochore targeting of Plk1. Cell Cycle. 2007 Jul 1;6(13):1579-85. Epub 2007 May 16. [PubMed:17617734 ]
  26. Sumara I, Quadroni M, Frei C, Olma MH, Sumara G, Ricci R, Peter M: A Cul3-based E3 ligase removes Aurora B from mitotic chromosomes, regulating mitotic progression and completion of cytokinesis in human cells. Dev Cell. 2007 Jun;12(6):887-900. [PubMed:17543862 ]
  27. Xia F, Canovas PM, Guadagno TM, Altieri DC: A survivin-ran complex regulates spindle formation in tumor cells. Mol Cell Biol. 2008 Sep;28(17):5299-311. doi: 10.1128/MCB.02039-07. Epub 2008 Jun 30. [PubMed:18591255 ]
  28. Maerki S, Olma MH, Staubli T, Steigemann P, Gerlich DW, Quadroni M, Sumara I, Peter M: The Cul3-KLHL21 E3 ubiquitin ligase targets aurora B to midzone microtubules in anaphase and is required for cytokinesis. J Cell Biol. 2009 Dec 14;187(6):791-800. doi: 10.1083/jcb.200906117. [PubMed:19995937 ]