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Identification
HMDB Protein ID HMDBP01594
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • 6891
Name Iduronate 2-sulfatase
Synonyms
  1. Alpha-L-iduronate sulfate sulfatase
  2. Iduronate 2-sulfatase 14 kDa chain
  3. Iduronate 2-sulfatase 42 kDa chain
  4. Idursulfase
Gene Name IDS
Protein Type Unknown
Biological Properties
General Function Involved in catalytic activity
Specific Function Required for the lysosomal degradation of heparan sulfate and dermatan sulfate.
Pathways
  • Glycosaminoglycan degradation
  • Lysosome
Reactions
+ Water → + Oat gum details
+ Water → + Oat gum details
GO Classification
Biological Process
carbohydrate metabolic process
chondroitin sulfate catabolic process
Cellular Component
lysosomal lumen
Function
hydrolase activity, acting on ester bonds
catalytic activity
hydrolase activity
sulfuric ester hydrolase activity
Molecular Function
metal ion binding
iduronate-2-sulfatase activity
Process
metabolic process
Cellular Location
  1. Lysosome
Gene Properties
Chromosome Location Not Available
Locus Not Available
SNPs IDS
Gene Sequence
>1653 bp
ATGCCGCCACCCCGGACCGGCCGAGGCCTTCTCTGGCTGGGTCTGGTTCTGAGCTCCGTC
TGCGTCGCCCTCGGATCCGAAACGCAGGCCAACTCGACCACAGATGCTCTGAACGTTCTT
CTCATCATCGTGGATGACCTGCGCCCCTCCCTGGGCTGTTATGGGGATAAGCTGGTGAGG
TCCCCAAATATTGACCAACTGGCATCCCACAGCCTCCTCTTCCAGAATGCCTTTGCGCAG
CAAGCAGTGTGCGCCCCGAGCCGCGTTTCTTTCCTCACTGGCAGGAGACCTGACACCACC
CGCCTGTACGACTTCAACTCCTACTGGAGGGTGCACGCTGGAAACTTCTCCACCATCCCC
CAGTACTTCAAGGAGAATGGCTATGTGACCATGTCGGTGGGAAAAGTCTTTCACCCTGGG
ATATCTTCTAACCATACCGATGATTCTCCGTATAGCTGGTCTTTTCCACCTTATCATCCT
TCCTCTGAGAAGTATGAAAACACTAAGACATGTCGAGGGCCAGATGGAGAACTCCATGCC
AACCTGCTTTGCCCTGTGGATGTGCTGGATGTTCCCGAGGGCACCTTGCCTGACAAACAG
AGCACTGAGCAAGCCATACAGTTGTTGGAAAAGATGAAAACGTCAGCCAGTCCTTTCTTC
CTGGCCGTTGGGTATCATAAGCCACACATCCCCTTCAGATACCCCAAGGAATTTCAGAAG
TTGTATCCCTTGGAGAACATCACCCTGGCCCCCGATCCCGAGGTCCCTGATGGCCTACCC
CCTGTGGCCTACAACCCCTGGATGGACATCAGGCAACGGGAAGACGTCCAAGCCTTAAAC
ATCAGTGTGCCGTATGGTCCAATTCCTGTGGACTTTCAGCGGAAAATCCGCCAGAGCTAC
TTTGCCTCTGTGTCATATTTGGATACACAGGTCGGCCGCCTCTTGAGTGCTTTGGACGAT
CTTCAGCTGGCCAACAGCACCATCATTGCATTTACCTCGGATCATGGGTGGGCTCTAGGT
GAACATGGAGAATGGGCCAAATACAGCAATTTTGATGTTGCTACCCATGTTCCCCTGATA
TTCTATGTTCCTGGAAGGACGGCTTCACTTCCGGAGGCAGGCGAGAAGCTTTTCCCTTAC
CTCGACCCTTTTGATTCCGCCTCACAGTTGATGGAGCCAGGCAGGCAATCCATGGACCTT
GTGGAACTTGTGTCTCTTTTTCCCACGCTGGCTGGACTTGCAGGACTGCAGGTTCCACCT
CGCTGCCCCGTTCCTTCATTTCACGTTGAGCTGTGCAGAGAAGGCAAGAACCTTCTGAAG
CATTTTCGATTCCGTGACTTGGAAGAGGATCCGTACCTCCCTGGTAATCCCCGTGAACTG
ATTGCCTATAGCCAGTATCCCCGGCCTTCAGACATCCCTCAGTGGAATTCTGACAAGCCG
AGTTTAAAAGATATAAAGATCATGGGCTATTCCATACGCACCATAGACTATAGGTATACT
GTGTGGGTTGGCTTCAATCCTGATGAATTTCTAGCTAACTTTTCTGACATCCATGCAGGG
GAACTGTATTTTGTGGATTCTGACCCATTGCAGGATCACAATATGTATAATGATTCCCAA
GGTGGAGATCTTTTCCAGTTGTTGATGCCTTGA
Protein Properties
Number of Residues 550
Molecular Weight Not Available
Theoretical pI Not Available
Pfam Domain Function
Signals Not Available
Transmembrane Regions Not Available
Protein Sequence
>Iduronate 2-sulfatase
MPPPRTGRGLLWLGLVLSSVCVALGSETQANSTTDALNVLLIIVDDLRPSLGCYGDKLVR
SPNIDQLASHSLLFQNAFAQQAVCAPSRVSFLTGRRPDTTRLYDFNSYWRVHAGNFSTIP
QYFKENGYVTMSVGKVFHPGISSNHTDDSPYSWSFPPYHPSSEKYENTKTCRGPDGELHA
NLLCPVDVLDVPEGTLPDKQSTEQAIQLLEKMKTSASPFFLAVGYHKPHIPFRYPKEFQK
LYPLENITLAPDPEVPDGLPPVAYNPWMDIRQREDVQALNISVPYGPIPVDFQRKIRQSY
FASVSYLDTQVGRLLSALDDLQLANSTIIAFTSDHGWALGEHGEWAKYSNFDVATHVPLI
FYVPGRTASLPEAGEKLFPYLDPFDSASQLMEPGRQSMDLVELVSLFPTLAGLAGLQVPP
RCPVPSFHVELCREGKNLLKHFRFRDLEEDPYLPGNPRELIAYSQYPRPSDIPQWNSDKP
SLKDIKIMGYSIRTIDYRYTVWVGFNPDEFLANFSDIHAGELYFVDSDPLQDHNMYNDSQ
GGDLFQLLMP
GenBank ID Protein 184562
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot ID P22304
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Entry Name IDS_HUMAN
PDB IDs Not Available
GenBank Gene ID M58342
GeneCard ID IDS
GenAtlas ID IDS
HGNC ID HGNC:5389
References
General References
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  4. Wilson PJ, Morris CP, Anson DS, Occhiodoro T, Bielicki J, Clements PR, Hopwood JJ: Hunter syndrome: isolation of an iduronate-2-sulfatase cDNA clone and analysis of patient DNA. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1990 Nov;87(21):8531-5. [PubMed:2122463 ]
  5. Wilson PJ, Meaney CA, Hopwood JJ, Morris CP: Sequence of the human iduronate 2-sulfatase (IDS) gene. Genomics. 1993 Sep;17(3):773-5. [PubMed:8244397 ]
  6. Timms KM, Lu F, Shen Y, Pierson CA, Muzny DM, Gu Y, Nelson DL, Gibbs RA: 130 kb of DNA sequence reveals two new genes and a regional duplication distal to the human iduronate-2-sulfate sulfatase locus. Genome Res. 1995 Aug;5(1):71-8. [PubMed:8717057 ]
  7. Malmgren H, Carlberg BM, Pettersson U, Bondeson ML: Identification of an alternative transcript from the human iduronate-2-sulfatase (IDS) gene. Genomics. 1995 Sep 1;29(1):291-3. [PubMed:8530090 ]
  8. Flomen RH, Green EP, Green PM, Bentley DR, Giannelli F: Determination of the organisation of coding sequences within the iduronate sulphate sulphatase (IDS) gene. Hum Mol Genet. 1993 Jan;2(1):5-10. [PubMed:8490623 ]
  9. Hopwood JJ, Bunge S, Morris CP, Wilson PJ, Steglich C, Beck M, Schwinger E, Gal A: Molecular basis of mucopolysaccharidosis type II: mutations in the iduronate-2-sulphatase gene. Hum Mutat. 1993;2(6):435-42. [PubMed:8111411 ]
  10. Bunge S, Steglich C, Beck M, Rosenkranz W, Schwinger E, Hopwood JJ, Gal A: Mutation analysis of the iduronate-2-sulfatase gene in patients with mucopolysaccharidosis type II (Hunter syndrome). Hum Mol Genet. 1992 Aug;1(5):335-9. [PubMed:1303211 ]
  11. Crotty PL, Braun SE, Anderson RA, Whitley CB: Mutation R468W of the iduronate-2-sulfatase gene in mild Hunter syndrome (mucopolysaccharidosis type II) confirmed by in vitro mutagenesis and expression. Hum Mol Genet. 1992 Dec;1(9):755-7. [PubMed:1284597 ]
  12. Bunge S, Steglich C, Zuther C, Beck M, Morris CP, Schwinger E, Schinzel A, Hopwood JJ, Gal A: Iduronate-2-sulfatase gene mutations in 16 patients with mucopolysaccharidosis type II (Hunter syndrome). Hum Mol Genet. 1993 Nov;2(11):1871-5. [PubMed:8281149 ]
  13. Schroder W, Wulff K, Wehnert M, Seidlitz G, Herrmann FH: Mutations of the iduronate-2-sulfatase (IDS) gene in patients with Hunter syndrome (mucopolysaccharidosis II). Hum Mutat. 1994;4(2):128-31. [PubMed:7981716 ]
  14. Ben Simon-Schiff E, Bach G, Hopwood JJ, Abeliovich D: Mutation analysis of Jewish Hunter patients in Israel. Hum Mutat. 1994;4(4):263-70. [PubMed:7866405 ]
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  16. Popowska E, Rathmann M, Tylki-Szymanska A, Bunge S, Steglich C, Schwinger E, Gal A: Mutations of the iduronate-2-sulfatase gene in 12 Polish patients with mucopolysaccharidosis type II (Hunter syndrome). Hum Mutat. 1995;5(1):97-100. [PubMed:7728156 ]
  17. Sukegawa K, Tomatsu S, Fukao T, Iwata H, Song XQ, Yamada Y, Fukuda S, Isogai K, Orii T: Mucopolysaccharidosis type II (Hunter disease): identification and characterization of eight point mutations in the iduronate-2-sulfatase gene in Japanese patients. Hum Mutat. 1995;6(2):136-43. [PubMed:7581397 ]
  18. Li P, Huffman P, Thompson JN: Mutations of the iduronate-2-sulfatase gene on a T146T background in three patients with Hunter syndrome. Hum Mutat. 1995;5(3):272-4. [PubMed:7599640 ]
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  20. Olsen TC, Eiken HG, Knappskog PM, Kase BF, Mansson JE, Boman H, Apold J: Mutations in the iduronate-2-sulfatase gene in five Norwegians with Hunter syndrome. Hum Genet. 1996 Feb;97(2):198-203. [PubMed:8566953 ]
  21. Goldenfum SL, Young E, Michelakakis H, Tsagarakis S, Winchester B: Mutation analysis in 20 patients with Hunter disease. Hum Mutat. 1996;7(1):76-8. [PubMed:8664909 ]
  22. Li P, Thompson JN: Detection of four novel mutations in the iduronate-2-sulphatase gene by single-strand conformation polymorphism analysis of genomic amplicons. J Inherit Metab Dis. 1996;19(1):93-4. [PubMed:8830188 ]
  23. Villani GR, Balzano N, Grosso M, Salvatore F, Izzo P, Di Natale P: Mucopolysaccharidosis type II: identification of six novel mutations in Italian patients. Hum Mutat. 1997;10(1):71-5. [PubMed:9222763 ]
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  25. Lissens W, Seneca S, Liebaers I: Molecular analysis in 23 Hunter disease families. J Inherit Metab Dis. 1997 Jul;20(3):453-6. [PubMed:9266380 ]
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  27. Froissart R, Maire I, Millat G, Cudry S, Birot AM, Bonnet V, Bouton O, Bozon D: Identification of iduronate sulfatase gene alterations in 70 unrelated Hunter patients. Clin Genet. 1998 May;53(5):362-8. [PubMed:9660053 ]
  28. Karsten S, Voskoboeva E, Tishkanina S, Pettersson U, Krasnopolskaja X, Bondeson ML: Mutational spectrum of the iduronate-2-sulfatase (IDS) gene in 36 unrelated Russian MPS II patients. Hum Genet. 1998 Dec;103(6):732-5. [PubMed:9921913 ]
  29. Balzano N, Villani GR, Grosso M, Izzo P, Di Natale P: Detection of four novel mutations in the iduronate-2-sulfatase gene. Mutations in brief no. 123. Online. Hum Mutat. 1998;11(4):333. [PubMed:10215411 ]
  30. Gort L, Coll MJ, Chabas A: Mutations in the iduronate-2-sulfatase gene in 12 Spanish patients with Hunter disease. Hum Mutat. 1998;Suppl 1:S66-8. [PubMed:9452044 ]
  31. Karsten SL, Voskoboeva E, Carlberg BM, Kleijer WJ, Tsnnesen T, Pettersson U, Bondeson ML: Identification of 9 novel IDS gene mutations in 19 unrelated Hunter syndrome (mucopolysaccharidosis Type II) patients. Mutations in brief no. 202. Online. Hum Mutat. 1998;12(6):433. [PubMed:10671065 ]
  32. Isogai K, Sukegawa K, Tomatsu S, Fukao T, Song XQ, Yamada Y, Fukuda S, Orii T, Kondo N: Mutation analysis in the iduronate-2-sulphatase gene in 43 Japanese patients with mucopolysaccharidosis type II (Hunter disease). J Inherit Metab Dis. 1998 Feb;21(1):60-70. [PubMed:9501270 ]
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  34. Vallance HD, Bernard L, Rashed M, Chiu D, Le G, Toone J, Applegarth DA, Coulter-Mackie M: Identification of 6 new mutations in the iduronate sulfatase gene. Mutation in brief no. 233. Online. Hum Mutat. 1999;13(4):338. [PubMed:10220152 ]
  35. Hartog C, Fryer A, Upadhyaya M: Mutation analysis of iduronate-2-sulphatase gene in 24 patients with Hunter syndrome: characterisation of 6 novel mutations. Mutation in brief no. 249. Online. Hum Mutat. 1999;14(1):87. [PubMed:10447264 ]
  36. Li P, Bellows AB, Thompson JN: Molecular basis of iduronate-2-sulphatase gene mutations in patients with mucopolysaccharidosis type II (Hunter syndrome). J Med Genet. 1999 Jan;36(1):21-7. [PubMed:9950361 ]
  37. Villani GR, Daniele A, Balzano N, Di Natale P: Expression of five iduronate-2-sulfatase site-directed mutations. Biochim Biophys Acta. 2000 Jun 15;1501(2-3):71-80. [PubMed:10838181 ]
  38. Cudry S, Tigaud I, Froissart R, Bonnet V, Maire I, Bozon D: MPS II in females: molecular basis of two different cases. J Med Genet. 2000 Oct;37(10):E29. [PubMed:11015461 ]
  39. Bonuccelli G, Di Natale P, Corsolini F, Villani G, Regis S, Filocamo M: The effect of four mutations on the expression of iduronate-2-sulfatase in mucopolysaccharidosis type II. Biochim Biophys Acta. 2001 Nov 29;1537(3):233-8. [PubMed:11731225 ]
  40. Moreira da Silva I, Froissart R, Marques dos Santos H, Caseiro C, Maire I, Bozon D: Molecular basis of mucopolysaccharidosis type II in Portugal: identification of four novel mutations. Clin Genet. 2001 Oct;60(4):316-8. [PubMed:11683780 ]
  41. Ricci V, Filocamo M, Regis S, Corsolini F, Stroppiano M, Di Duca M, Gatti R: Expression studies of two novel in CIS-mutations identified in an intermediate case of Hunter syndrome. Am J Med Genet A. 2003 Jul 1;120A(1):84-7. [PubMed:12794697 ]
  42. Kim CH, Hwang HZ, Song SM, Paik KH, Kwon EK, Moon KB, Yoon JH, Han CK, Jin DK: Mutational spectrum of the iduronate 2 sulfatase gene in 25 unrelated Korean Hunter syndrome patients: identification of 13 novel mutations. Hum Mutat. 2003 Apr;21(4):449-50. [PubMed:12655569 ]
  43. Lualdi S, Pittis MG, Regis S, Parini R, Allegri AE, Furlan F, Bembi B, Filocamo M: Multiple cryptic splice sites can be activated by IDS point mutations generating misspliced transcripts. J Mol Med (Berl). 2006 Aug;84(8):692-700. Epub 2006 May 13. [PubMed:16699754 ]