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Identification
HMDB Protein ID HMDBP01626
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • 6949
Name Hemoglobin subunit alpha
Synonyms
  1. Alpha-globin
  2. Hemoglobin alpha chain
Gene Name HBA1
Protein Type Unknown
Biological Properties
General Function Involved in iron ion binding
Specific Function Involved in oxygen transport from the lung to the various peripheral tissues
Pathways Not Available
Reactions Not Available
GO Classification
Component
macromolecular complex
protein complex
hemoglobin complex
Function
ion binding
cation binding
metal ion binding
binding
transition metal ion binding
iron ion binding
heme binding
oxygen binding
Process
establishment of localization
transport
gas transport
oxygen transport
Cellular Location Not Available
Gene Properties
Chromosome Location Chromosome:1
Locus 16p13.3
SNPs HBA1
Gene Sequence
>429 bp
ATGGTGCTGTCTCCTGCCGACAAGACCAACGTCAAGGCCGCCTGGGGCAAGGTTGGCGCG
CACGCTGGCGAGTATGGTGCGGAGGCCCTGGAGAGGATGTTCCTGTCCTTCCCCACCACC
AAGACCTACTTCCCGCACTTCGACCTGAGCCACGGCTCTGCCCAGGTTAAGGGCCACGGC
AAGAAGGTGGCCGACGCGCTGACCAACGCCGTGGCGCACGTGGACGACATGCCCAACGCG
CTGTCCGCCCTGAGCGACCTGCACGCGCACAAGCTTCGGGTGGACCCGGTCAACTTCAAG
CTCCTAAGCCACTGCCTGCTGGTGACCCTGGCCGCCCACCTCCCCGCCGAGTTCACCCCT
GCGGTGCACGCCTCCCTGGACAAGTTCCTGGCTTCTGTGAGCACCGTGCTGACCTCCAAA
TACCGTTAA
Protein Properties
Number of Residues 142
Molecular Weight 15257.4
Theoretical pI 9.09
Pfam Domain Function
Signals
  • None
Transmembrane Regions
  • None
Protein Sequence
>Hemoglobin subunit alpha
MVLSPADKTNVKAAWGKVGAHAGEYGAEALERMFLSFPTTKTYFPHFDLSHGSAQVKGHG
KKVADALTNAVAHVDDMPNALSALSDLHAHKLRVDPVNFKLLSHCLLVTLAAHLPAEFTP
AVHASLDKFLASVSTVLTSKYR
GenBank ID Protein 28558
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot ID P69905
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Entry Name HBA_HUMAN
PDB IDs
GenBank Gene ID V00493
GeneCard ID HBA1
GenAtlas ID HBA1
HGNC ID HGNC:4823
References
General References
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  2. Rikova K, Guo A, Zeng Q, Possemato A, Yu J, Haack H, Nardone J, Lee K, Reeves C, Li Y, Hu Y, Tan Z, Stokes M, Sullivan L, Mitchell J, Wetzel R, Macneill J, Ren JM, Yuan J, Bakalarski CE, Villen J, Kornhauser JM, Smith B, Li D, Zhou X, Gygi SP, Gu TL, Polakiewicz RD, Rush J, Comb MJ: Global survey of phosphotyrosine signaling identifies oncogenic kinases in lung cancer. Cell. 2007 Dec 14;131(6):1190-203. [PubMed:18083107 ]
  3. Gevaert K, Goethals M, Martens L, Van Damme J, Staes A, Thomas GR, Vandekerckhove J: Exploring proteomes and analyzing protein processing by mass spectrometric identification of sorted N-terminal peptides. Nat Biotechnol. 2003 May;21(5):566-9. Epub 2003 Mar 31. [PubMed:12665801 ]
  4. Martin J, Han C, Gordon LA, Terry A, Prabhakar S, She X, Xie G, Hellsten U, Chan YM, Altherr M, Couronne O, Aerts A, Bajorek E, Black S, Blumer H, Branscomb E, Brown NC, Bruno WJ, Buckingham JM, Callen DF, Campbell CS, Campbell ML, Campbell EW, Caoile C, Challacombe JF, Chasteen LA, Chertkov O, Chi HC, Christensen M, Clark LM, Cohn JD, Denys M, Detter JC, Dickson M, Dimitrijevic-Bussod M, Escobar J, Fawcett JJ, Flowers D, Fotopulos D, Glavina T, Gomez M, Gonzales E, Goodstein D, Goodwin LA, Grady DL, Grigoriev I, Groza M, Hammon N, Hawkins T, Haydu L, Hildebrand CE, Huang W, Israni S, Jett J, Jewett PB, Kadner K, Kimball H, Kobayashi A, Krawczyk MC, Leyba T, Longmire JL, Lopez F, Lou Y, Lowry S, Ludeman T, Manohar CF, Mark GA, McMurray KL, Meincke LJ, Morgan J, Moyzis RK, Mundt MO, Munk AC, Nandkeshwar RD, Pitluck S, Pollard M, Predki P, Parson-Quintana B, Ramirez L, Rash S, Retterer J, Ricke DO, Robinson DL, Rodriguez A, Salamov A, Saunders EH, Scott D, Shough T, Stallings RL, Stalvey M, Sutherland RD, Tapia R, Tesmer JG, Thayer N, Thompson LS, Tice H, Torney DC, Tran-Gyamfi M, Tsai M, Ulanovsky LE, Ustaszewska A, Vo N, White PS, Williams AL, Wills PL, Wu JR, Wu K, Yang J, Dejong P, Bruce D, Doggett NA, Deaven L, Schmutz J, Grimwood J, Richardson P, Rokhsar DS, Eichler EE, Gilna P, Lucas SM, Myers RM, Rubin EM, Pennacchio LA: The sequence and analysis of duplication-rich human chromosome 16. Nature. 2004 Dec 23;432(7020):988-94. [PubMed:15616553 ]
  5. Daniels RJ, Peden JF, Lloyd C, Horsley SW, Clark K, Tufarelli C, Kearney L, Buckle VJ, Doggett NA, Flint J, Higgs DR: Sequence, structure and pathology of the fully annotated terminal 2 Mb of the short arm of human chromosome 16. Hum Mol Genet. 2001 Feb 15;10(4):339-52. [PubMed:11157797 ]
  6. De Gobbi M, Viprakasit V, Hughes JR, Fisher C, Buckle VJ, Ayyub H, Gibbons RJ, Vernimmen D, Yoshinaga Y, de Jong P, Cheng JF, Rubin EM, Wood WG, Bowden D, Higgs DR: A regulatory SNP causes a human genetic disease by creating a new transcriptional promoter. Science. 2006 May 26;312(5777):1215-7. [PubMed:16728641 ]
  7. BRAUNITZER G, GEHRING-MUELLER R, HILSCHMANN N, HILSE K, HOBOM G, RUDLOFF V, WITTMANN-LIEBOLD B: [The structure of normal adult human hemoglobins]. Hoppe Seylers Z Physiol Chem. 1961 Sep 20;325:283-6. [PubMed:13872627 ]
  8. Shapiro R, McManus MJ, Zalut C, Bunn HF: Sites of nonenzymatic glycosylation of human hemoglobin A. J Biol Chem. 1980 Apr 10;255(7):3120-7. [PubMed:7358733 ]
  9. Fermi G: Three-dimensional fourier synthesis of human deoxyhaemoglobin at 2-5 A resolution: refinement of the atomic model. J Mol Biol. 1975 Sep 15;97(2):237-56. [PubMed:1177322 ]
  10. Baldwin JM: The structure of human carbonmonoxy haemoglobin at 2.7 A resolution. J Mol Biol. 1980 Jan 15;136(2):103-28. [PubMed:7373648 ]
  11. Brimhall B, Jones RT, Schneider RG, Hosty TS, Tomlin G, Atkins R: Two new hemoglobins. Hemoglobin Alabama (beta39(C5)Gln leads to Lys) and hemoglobin Montgomery (alpha 48(CD 6) Leu leads to Arg). Biochim Biophys Acta. 1975 Jan 30;379(1):28-32. [PubMed:1115799 ]
  12. Wajcman H, Blouquit Y, Vasseur C, Le Querrec A, Laniece M, Melevendi C, Rasore A, Galacteros F: Two new human hemoglobin variants caused by unusual mutational events: Hb Zaire contains a five residue repetition within the alpha-chain and Hb Duino has two residues substituted in the beta-chain. Hum Genet. 1992 Aug;89(6):676-80. [PubMed:1511986 ]
  13. Michelson AM, Orkin SH: The 3' untranslated regions of the duplicated human alpha-globin genes are unexpectedly divergent. Cell. 1980 Nov;22(2 Pt 2):371-7. [PubMed:7448866 ]
  14. Wilson JT, Wilson LB, Reddy VB, Cavallesco C, Ghosh PK, deRiel JK, Forget BG, Weissman SM: Nucleotide sequence of the coding portion of human alpha globin messenger RNA. J Biol Chem. 1980 Apr 10;255(7):2807-15. [PubMed:6244294 ]
  15. Liebhaber SA, Goossens MJ, Kan YW: Cloning and complete nucleotide sequence of human 5'-alpha-globin gene. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1980 Dec;77(12):7054-8. [PubMed:6452630 ]
  16. Orkin SH, Goff SC, Hechtman RL: Mutation in an intervening sequence splice junction in man. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1981 Aug;78(8):5041-5. [PubMed:6946451 ]
  17. Zhao Y, Xu X: Alpha2(CD31 AGG-->AAG, Arg-->Lys) causing non-deletional alpha-thalassemia in a Chinese family with HbH disease. Haematologica. 2001 May;86(5):541-2. [PubMed:11410421 ]
  18. Zhao Y, Zhong M, Liu Z, Xu X: [Rapid detection of the common alpha-thalassemia-2 determinants by PCR assay]. Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue Za Zhi. 2001 Jun;18(3):216-8. [PubMed:11402454 ]
  19. HILL RJ, KONIGSBERG W: The structure of human hemoglobin. IV. The chymotryptic digestion of the alpha chain of human hemoglobin. J Biol Chem. 1962 Oct;237:3151-6. [PubMed:13954546 ]
  20. SCHROEDER WA, SHELTON JR, SHELTON JB, CORMICK J: THE AMINO ACID SEQUENCE OF THE ALPHA CHAIN OF HUMAN FETAL HEMOGLOBIN. Biochemistry. 1963 Nov-Dec;2:1353-7. [PubMed:14093912 ]
  21. Webber BB, Wilson JB, Gu LH, Huisman TH: Hb Ethiopia or alpha 2(140)(HC2)Tyr----His beta 2. Hemoglobin. 1992;16(5):441-3. [PubMed:1428951 ]
  22. Silva MM, Rogers PH, Arnone A: A third quaternary structure of human hemoglobin A at 1.7-A resolution. J Biol Chem. 1992 Aug 25;267(24):17248-56. [PubMed:1512262 ]
  23. Sutherland-Smith AJ, Baker HM, Hofmann OM, Brittain T, Baker EN: Crystal structure of a human embryonic haemoglobin: the carbonmonoxy form of gower II (alpha2 epsilon2) haemoglobin at 2.9 A resolution. J Mol Biol. 1998 Jul 17;280(3):475-84. [PubMed:9665850 ]
  24. Kavanaugh JS, Moo-Penn WF, Arnone A: Accommodation of insertions in helices: the mutation in hemoglobin Catonsville (Pro 37 alpha-Glu-Thr 38 alpha) generates a 3(10)-->alpha bulge. Biochemistry. 1993 Mar 16;32(10):2509-13. [PubMed:8448109 ]
  25. Abbes S, M'Rad A, Fitzgerald PA, Dormer P, Blouquit Y, Kister J, Galacteros F, Wajcman H: HB Al-Ain Abu Dhabi [alpha 18(A16)Gly----Asp]: a new hemoglobin variant discovered in an Emiratee family. Hemoglobin. 1992;16(5):355-62. [PubMed:1428941 ]
  26. Fujiwara N, Maekawa T, Matsuda G: Hemoglobin Atago (alpha2-85Tyr beta-2) a new abnormal human hemoglobin found in Nagasaki. Biochemical studies on hemoglobins and myoglobins. VI. Int J Protein Res. 1971;3(1):35-9. [PubMed:5115619 ]
  27. Brennan SO, Matthews JR: Hb Auckland [alpha 87(F8) His-->Asn]: a new mutation of the proximal histidine identified by electrospray mass spectrometry. Hemoglobin. 1997 Sep;21(5):393-403. [PubMed:9322075 ]
  28. Wajcman H, Kister J, M'Rad A, Soummer AM, Galacteros F: Hb Cemenelum [alpha 92 (FG4) Arg-->Trp]: a hemoglobin variant of the alpha 1/beta 2 interface that displays a moderate increase in oxygen affinity. Ann Hematol. 1994 Feb;68(2):73-6. [PubMed:8148419 ]
  29. Zeng YT, Huang SZ, Qiu XK, Cheng GC, Ren ZR, Jin QC, Chen CY, Jiao CT, Tang ZG, Liu RH, et al.: Hemoglobin Chongqing [alpha 2(NA2)Leu----Arg] and hemoglobin Harbin [alpha 16(A14)Lys----Met] found in China. Hemoglobin. 1984;8(6):569-81. [PubMed:6526652 ]
  30. Ayala S, Colomer D, Gelpi JL, Corrons JL: alpha-Thalassaemia due to a single codon deletion in the alpha1-globin gene. Computational structural analysis of the new alpha-chain variant. Mutations in brief no. 132. Online. Hum Mutat. 1998;11(5):412. [PubMed:10206681 ]
  31. Wilson JB, Webber BB, Plaseska D, de Alarcon PA, McMillan SK, Huisman TH: Hb Davenport or alpha 2(78)(EF7)Asn----His beta 2. Hemoglobin. 1990;14(6):599-605. [PubMed:2101836 ]
  32. Wilson JB, Webber BB, Kutlar A, Reese AL, McKie VC, Lutcher CL, Felice AE, Huisman TH: Hb Evans or alpha 262(E11)Val----Met beta 2; an unstable hemoglobin causing a mild hemolytic anemia. Hemoglobin. 1989;13(6):557-66. [PubMed:2606724 ]
  33. Cash FE, Monplaisir N, Goossens M, Liebhaber SA: Locus assignment of two alpha-globin structural mutants from the Caribbean basin: alpha Fort de France (alpha 45 Arg) and alpha Spanish Town (alpha 27 Val). Blood. 1989 Aug 1;74(2):833-5. [PubMed:2752146 ]
  34. Wajcman H, Kister J, Riou J, Galacteros F, Girot R, Maier-Redelsperger M, Nayudu NV, Giordano PC: Hb Godavari [alpha 95(G2)Pro-->Thr]: a neutral amino acid substitution in the alpha 1 beta 2 interface that modifies the electrophoretic mobility of hemoglobin. Hemoglobin. 1998 Jan;22(1):11-22. [PubMed:9494044 ]
  35. Huisman TH, Wilson JB, Gravely M, Hubbard M: Hemoglobin Grady: the first example of a variant with elongated chains due to an insertion of residues. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1974 Aug;71(8):3270-3. [PubMed:4528583 ]
  36. Orisaka M, Tajima T, Harano T, Harano K, Kushida Y, Imai K: A new alpha chain variant, Hb Hanamaki or alpha 2(139)(HC1)Lys----Glu beta 2, found in a Japanese family. Hemoglobin. 1992;16(1-2):67-71. [PubMed:1634363 ]
  37. Harano T, Harano K, Shibata S, Ueda S, Imai K, Seki M: HB Handa [alpha 90 (FG 2) Lys replaced by Met]: structure and biosynthesis of a new slightly higher oxygen affinity variant. Hemoglobin. 1982;6(4):379-89. [PubMed:6815131 ]
  38. Charache S, Mondzac AM, Gessner U: Hemoglobin Hasharon (alpha-2-47 his(CD5)beta-2): a hemoglobin found in low concentration. J Clin Invest. 1969 May;48(5):834-47. [PubMed:5780195 ]
  39. Fleming PJ, Sumner DR, Wyatt K, Hughes WG, Melrose WD, Jupe DM, Baikie MJ: Hemoglobin Hobart or alpha 20(Bl)His----Arg: a new alpha chain hemoglobin variant. Hemoglobin. 1987;11(3):211-20. [PubMed:3654264 ]
  40. Reed RE, Winter WP, Rucknagel DL: Haemoglobin inkster (alpha2 85aspartic acid leads to valine beta2) coexisting with beta-thalassaemia in a Caucasian family. Br J Haematol. 1974 Mar;26(3):475-84. [PubMed:4212045 ]
  41. Miyashita H, Hashimoto K, Mohri H, Ohokubo T, Harano T, Harano K, Imai K: Hb Kanagawa [alpha 40(C5)Lys----Met]: a new alpha chain variant with an increased oxygen affinity. Hemoglobin. 1992;16(1-2):1-10. [PubMed:1634355 ]
  42. Giordano PC, Harteveld CL, Streng H, Oosterwijk JC, Heister JG, Amons R, Bernini LF: Hb Kurdistan [alpha 47(CE5)Asp-->Tyr], a new alpha chain variant in combination with beta (0)-thalassemia. Hemoglobin. 1994 Jan;18(1):11-8. [PubMed:8195005 ]
  43. Harano T, Harano K, Imai K, Murakami T, Matsubara H: Hb Kurosaki [alpha 7(A5)Lys-->Glu]: a new alpha chain variant found in a Japanese woman. Hemoglobin. 1995 May-Jul;19(3-4):197-201. [PubMed:7558876 ]
  44. Yalcin A, Avcu F, Beyan C, Gurgey A, Ural AU: A case of HB J-Meerut (or Hb J-Birmingham) [alpha 120(H3)Ala-->Glu]. Hemoglobin. 1994 Nov;18(6):433-5. [PubMed:7713747 ]
  45. Wajcman H, Kalmes G, Groff P, Prome D, Riou J, Galacteros F: Hb Melusine [alpha 114(GH2)Pro-->Ser]: a new neutral hemoglobin variant. Hemoglobin. 1993 Oct;17(5):397-405. [PubMed:8294199 ]
  46. Honig GR, Shamsuddin M, Zaizov R, Steinherz M, Solar I, Kirschmann C: Hemoglobin Petah Tikva (alpha 110 ala replaced by asp): a new unstable variant with alpha-thalassemia-like expression. Blood. 1981 Apr;57(4):705-11. [PubMed:7470621 ]
  47. Wajcman H, Prehu MO, Prehu C, Blouquit Y, Prome D, Galacteros F: Hemoglobin Phnom Penh [alpha117Phe(H1)-Ile-alpha118Thr(H2)]; evidence for a hotspot for insertion of residues in the third exon of the alpha1-globin gene. Hum Mutat. 1998;Suppl 1:S20-2. [PubMed:9452028 ]
  48. Zwerdling T, Williams S, Nasr SA, Rucknagel DL: Hb Port Huron [alpha 56 (E5)Lys----ARG]: a new alpha chain variant. Hemoglobin. 1991;15(5):381-91. [PubMed:1802882 ]
  49. Sumida I, Ota Y, Imamura T, Yanase T: Hemoglobin Sawara: alpha 6(A4) aspartic acid leads to alanine. Biochim Biophys Acta. 1973 Sep 21;322(1):23-6. [PubMed:4744335 ]
  50. Zeng YT, Huang SZ, Zhou XD, Qiu XK, Dong QY, Li MY, Bai JH: Hb Shenyang (alpha 26 (B7) Ala replaced by Glu): a new unstable variant found in China. Hemoglobin. 1982;6(6):625-8. [PubMed:7161109 ]
  51. Sanguansermsri T, Matragoon S, Changloah L, Flatz G: Hemoglobin Suan-Dok (alpha 2 109 (G16) Leu replaced by Arg beta 2): an unstable variant associated with alpha-thalassemia. Hemoglobin. 1979;3(2-3):161-74. [PubMed:478977 ]
  52. Ohba Y, Yamamoto K, Hattori Y, Kawata R, Miyaji T: Hyperunstable hemoglobin Toyama [alpha 2 136(H19)Leu----Arg beta 2]: detection and identification by in vitro biosynthesis with radioactive amino acids. Hemoglobin. 1987;11(6):539-56. [PubMed:2833478 ]
  53. Harkness M, Harkness DR, Kutlar F, Kutlar A, Wilson JB, Webber BB, Codrington JF, Huisman TH: Hb Sun Prairie or alpha(2)130(H13)Ala----Pro beta 2, a new unstable variant occurring in low quantities. Hemoglobin. 1990;14(5):479-89. [PubMed:2079430 ]
  54. Harano T, Harano K, Imai K, Terunuma S: HB Swan River [alpha 6(A4)ASP-->Gly] observed in a Japanese man. Hemoglobin. 1996 Feb;20(1):75-8. [PubMed:8745434 ]
  55. Vasseur C, Blouquit Y, Kister J, Prome D, Kavanaugh JS, Rogers PH, Guillemin C, Arnone A, Galacteros F, Poyart C, et al.: Hemoglobin Thionville. An alpha-chain variant with a substitution of a glutamate for valine at NA-1 and having an acetylated methionine NH2 terminus. J Biol Chem. 1992 Jun 25;267(18):12682-91. [PubMed:1618774 ]
  56. Darbellay R, Mach-Pascual S, Rose K, Graf J, Beris P: Haemoglobin Tunis-Bizerte: a new alpha 1 globin 129 Leu-->Pro unstable variant with thalassaemic phenotype. Br J Haematol. 1995 May;90(1):71-6. [PubMed:7786798 ]
  57. Langdown JV, Davidson RJ, Williamson D: A new alpha chain variant, Hb Turriff [alpha 99(G6)Lys----Glu]: the interference of abnormal hemoglobins in Hb A1c determination. Hemoglobin. 1992;16(1-2):11-7. [PubMed:1634357 ]
  58. Wajcman H, Kister J, M'Rad A, Marden MC, Riou J, Galacteros F: Hb Val de Marne [alpha 133(H16)Ser-->Arg]: a new hemoglobin variant with moderate increase in oxygen affinity. Hemoglobin. 1993 Oct;17(5):407-17. [PubMed:8294200 ]
  59. Jiang NH, Liang S, Wen XJ, Liang R, Su C, Tang Z: Hb Westmead: an alpha 2-globin gene mutation detected by polymerase chain reaction and Stu I cleavage. Hemoglobin. 1991;15(4):291-5. [PubMed:1686260 ]
  60. Como PF, Barber S, Sage RE, Trent RJ, Kronenberg H: Hemoglobin Woodville: alpha (2)6(A4) aspartic acid----tyrosine. Hemoglobin. 1986;10(2):135-41. [PubMed:3754246 ]
  61. Fujisawa K, Hattori Y, Ohba Y, Ando S: Hb Yuda or alpha 130(H13)Ala----Asp; a new alpha chain variant with low oxygen affinity. Hemoglobin. 1992;16(5):435-9. [PubMed:1428950 ]
  62. Lacan P, Francina A, Souillet G, Aubry M, Couprie N, Dementhon L, Becchi M: Two new alpha chain variants: Hb Boghe [alpha58(E7)His-->Gln, alpha2], a variant on the distal histidine, and Hb CHarolles [alpha103(G10)His-Tyr, alpha1]. Hemoglobin. 1999 Nov;23(4):345-52. [PubMed:10569723 ]
  63. Jorge SB, Melo MB, Costa FF, Sonati MF: Screening for mutations in human alpha-globin genes by nonradioactive single-strand conformation polymorphism. Braz J Med Biol Res. 2003 Nov;36(11):1471-4. Epub 2003 Oct 22. [PubMed:14576901 ]
  64. Abdulmalik O, Safo MK, Lerner NB, Ochotorena J, Daikhin E, Lakka V, Santacroce R, Abraham DJ, Asakura T: Characterization of hemoglobin bassett (alpha94Asp-->Ala), a variant with very low oxygen affinity. Am J Hematol. 2004 Nov;77(3):268-76. [PubMed:15495251 ]
  65. Martin G, Villegas A, Gonzalez FA, Ropero P, Hojas R, Polo M, Mateo M, Salvador M, Benavente C: A novel mutation of the alpha2-globin causing alpha(+)-thalassemia: Hb Plasencia [alpha125(H8)Leu--Arg (alpha2). Hemoglobin. 2005;29(2):113-7. [PubMed:15921163 ]