You are using an unsupported browser. Please upgrade your browser to a newer version to get the best experience on Human Metabolome Database.
Identification
HMDB Protein ID HMDBP01936
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • 7346
Name Histone H2A type 1-C
Synonyms
  1. Histone H2A/l
Gene Name HIST1H2AC
Protein Type Unknown
Biological Properties
General Function Involved in DNA binding
Specific Function Core component of nucleosome. Nucleosomes wrap and compact DNA into chromatin, limiting DNA accessibility to the cellular machineries which require DNA as a template. Histones thereby play a central role in transcription regulation, DNA repair, DNA replication and chromosomal stability. DNA accessibility is regulated via a complex set of post-translational modifications of histones, also called histone code, and nucleosome remodeling
Pathways Not Available
Reactions Not Available
GO Classification
Component
macromolecular complex
organelle
membrane-bounded organelle
intracellular membrane-bounded organelle
nucleus
nucleosome
protein-dna complex
Function
binding
nucleic acid binding
dna binding
Process
cellular process
cellular component organization at cellular level
organelle organization
chromosome organization
chromatin organization
nucleosome assembly
nucleosome organization
Cellular Location
  1. Nucleus
  2. Chromosome
Gene Properties
Chromosome Location Chromosome:6
Locus 6p21.3
SNPs HIST1H2AC
Gene Sequence
>393 bp
ATGTCTGGACGTGGTAAGCAAGGAGGCAAAGCTCGCGCCAAAGCGAAATCCCGCTCTTCT
CGCGCTGGTCTCCAGTTCCCGGTGGGCCGAGTGCACCGCCTGCTCCGTAAAGGCAACTAC
GCAGAGCGGGTTGGGGCAGGCGCGCCGGTGTACCTGGCGGCGGTGTTAGAGTACCTGACC
GCCGAGATCCTGGAGCTGGCCGGCAACGCGGCTCGCGACAACAAGAAGACTCGCATCATC
CCGCGCCACTTGCAGCTGGCCATCCGCAACGACGAGGAGCTCAACAAACTGCTAGGCCGG
GTGACCATTGCTCAGGGCGGCGTCCTTCCTAACATCCAGGCCGTGCTTCTGCCTAAGAAG
ACCGAGAGTCACCACAAGGCCAAGGGCAAGTGA
Protein Properties
Number of Residues 130
Molecular Weight 14105.4
Theoretical pI 11.66
Pfam Domain Function
Signals
  • None
Transmembrane Regions
  • None
Protein Sequence
>Histone H2A type 1-C
MSGRGKQGGKARAKAKSRSSRAGLQFPVGRVHRLLRKGNYAERVGAGAPVYLAAVLEYLT
AEILELAGNAARDNKKTRIIPRHLQLAIRNDEELNKLLGRVTIAQGGVLPNIQAVLLPKK
TESHHKAKGK
GenBank ID Protein Not Available
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot ID Q93077
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Entry Name H2A1C_HUMAN
PDB IDs
GenBank Gene ID U90551
GeneCard ID HIST1H2AC
GenAtlas ID HIST1H2AC
HGNC ID HGNC:4733
References
General References
  1. Ota T, Suzuki Y, Nishikawa T, Otsuki T, Sugiyama T, Irie R, Wakamatsu A, Hayashi K, Sato H, Nagai K, Kimura K, Makita H, Sekine M, Obayashi M, Nishi T, Shibahara T, Tanaka T, Ishii S, Yamamoto J, Saito K, Kawai Y, Isono Y, Nakamura Y, Nagahari K, Murakami K, Yasuda T, Iwayanagi T, Wagatsuma M, Shiratori A, Sudo H, Hosoiri T, Kaku Y, Kodaira H, Kondo H, Sugawara M, Takahashi M, Kanda K, Yokoi T, Furuya T, Kikkawa E, Omura Y, Abe K, Kamihara K, Katsuta N, Sato K, Tanikawa M, Yamazaki M, Ninomiya K, Ishibashi T, Yamashita H, Murakawa K, Fujimori K, Tanai H, Kimata M, Watanabe M, Hiraoka S, Chiba Y, Ishida S, Ono Y, Takiguchi S, Watanabe S, Yosida M, Hotuta T, Kusano J, Kanehori K, Takahashi-Fujii A, Hara H, Tanase TO, Nomura Y, Togiya S, Komai F, Hara R, Takeuchi K, Arita M, Imose N, Musashino K, Yuuki H, Oshima A, Sasaki N, Aotsuka S, Yoshikawa Y, Matsunawa H, Ichihara T, Shiohata N, Sano S, Moriya S, Momiyama H, Satoh N, Takami S, Terashima Y, Suzuki O, Nakagawa S, Senoh A, Mizoguchi H, Goto Y, Shimizu F, Wakebe H, Hishigaki H, Watanabe T, Sugiyama A, Takemoto M, Kawakami B, Yamazaki M, Watanabe K, Kumagai A, Itakura S, Fukuzumi Y, Fujimori Y, Komiyama M, Tashiro H, Tanigami A, Fujiwara T, Ono T, Yamada K, Fujii Y, Ozaki K, Hirao M, Ohmori Y, Kawabata A, Hikiji T, Kobatake N, Inagaki H, Ikema Y, Okamoto S, Okitani R, Kawakami T, Noguchi S, Itoh T, Shigeta K, Senba T, Matsumura K, Nakajima Y, Mizuno T, Morinaga M, Sasaki M, Togashi T, Oyama M, Hata H, Watanabe M, Komatsu T, Mizushima-Sugano J, Satoh T, Shirai Y, Takahashi Y, Nakagawa K, Okumura K, Nagase T, Nomura N, Kikuchi H, Masuho Y, Yamashita R, Nakai K, Yada T, Nakamura Y, Ohara O, Isogai T, Sugano S: Complete sequencing and characterization of 21,243 full-length human cDNAs. Nat Genet. 2004 Jan;36(1):40-5. Epub 2003 Dec 21. [PubMed:14702039 ]
  2. Stewart GS, Panier S, Townsend K, Al-Hakim AK, Kolas NK, Miller ES, Nakada S, Ylanko J, Olivarius S, Mendez M, Oldreive C, Wildenhain J, Tagliaferro A, Pelletier L, Taubenheim N, Durandy A, Byrd PJ, Stankovic T, Taylor AM, Durocher D: The RIDDLE syndrome protein mediates a ubiquitin-dependent signaling cascade at sites of DNA damage. Cell. 2009 Feb 6;136(3):420-34. doi: 10.1016/j.cell.2008.12.042. [PubMed:19203578 ]
  3. Zhang Y, Griffin K, Mondal N, Parvin JD: Phosphorylation of histone H2A inhibits transcription on chromatin templates. J Biol Chem. 2004 May 21;279(21):21866-72. Epub 2004 Mar 9. [PubMed:15010469 ]
  4. Ruddy DA, Kronmal GS, Lee VK, Mintier GA, Quintana L, Domingo R Jr, Meyer NC, Irrinki A, McClelland EE, Fullan A, Mapa FA, Moore T, Thomas W, Loeb DB, Harmon C, Tsuchihashi Z, Wolff RK, Schatzman RC, Feder JN: A 1.1-Mb transcript map of the hereditary hemochromatosis locus. Genome Res. 1997 May;7(5):441-56. [PubMed:9149941 ]
  5. Mailand N, Bekker-Jensen S, Faustrup H, Melander F, Bartek J, Lukas C, Lukas J: RNF8 ubiquitylates histones at DNA double-strand breaks and promotes assembly of repair proteins. Cell. 2007 Nov 30;131(5):887-900. Epub 2007 Nov 20. [PubMed:18001824 ]
  6. Huen MS, Grant R, Manke I, Minn K, Yu X, Yaffe MB, Chen J: RNF8 transduces the DNA-damage signal via histone ubiquitylation and checkpoint protein assembly. Cell. 2007 Nov 30;131(5):901-14. Epub 2007 Nov 20. [PubMed:18001825 ]
  7. Doil C, Mailand N, Bekker-Jensen S, Menard P, Larsen DH, Pepperkok R, Ellenberg J, Panier S, Durocher D, Bartek J, Lukas J, Lukas C: RNF168 binds and amplifies ubiquitin conjugates on damaged chromosomes to allow accumulation of repair proteins. Cell. 2009 Feb 6;136(3):435-46. doi: 10.1016/j.cell.2008.12.041. [PubMed:19203579 ]
  8. Marzluff WF, Gongidi P, Woods KR, Jin J, Maltais LJ: The human and mouse replication-dependent histone genes. Genomics. 2002 Nov;80(5):487-98. [PubMed:12408966 ]
  9. Albig W, Kioschis P, Poustka A, Meergans K, Doenecke D: Human histone gene organization: nonregular arrangement within a large cluster. Genomics. 1997 Mar 1;40(2):314-22. [PubMed:9119399 ]
  10. Aihara H, Nakagawa T, Yasui K, Ohta T, Hirose S, Dhomae N, Takio K, Kaneko M, Takeshima Y, Muramatsu M, Ito T: Nucleosomal histone kinase-1 phosphorylates H2A Thr 119 during mitosis in the early Drosophila embryo. Genes Dev. 2004 Apr 15;18(8):877-88. Epub 2004 Apr 12. [PubMed:15078818 ]
  11. Wang H, Wang L, Erdjument-Bromage H, Vidal M, Tempst P, Jones RS, Zhang Y: Role of histone H2A ubiquitination in Polycomb silencing. Nature. 2004 Oct 14;431(7010):873-8. Epub 2004 Sep 22. [PubMed:15386022 ]
  12. Hagiwara T, Hidaka Y, Yamada M: Deimination of histone H2A and H4 at arginine 3 in HL-60 granulocytes. Biochemistry. 2005 Apr 19;44(15):5827-34. [PubMed:15823041 ]
  13. Cao R, Tsukada Y, Zhang Y: Role of Bmi-1 and Ring1A in H2A ubiquitylation and Hox gene silencing. Mol Cell. 2005 Dec 22;20(6):845-54. [PubMed:16359901 ]
  14. Bergink S, Salomons FA, Hoogstraten D, Groothuis TA, de Waard H, Wu J, Yuan L, Citterio E, Houtsmuller AB, Neefjes J, Hoeijmakers JH, Vermeulen W, Dantuma NP: DNA damage triggers nucleotide excision repair-dependent monoubiquitylation of histone H2A. Genes Dev. 2006 May 15;20(10):1343-52. [PubMed:16702407 ]
  15. Boyne MT 2nd, Pesavento JJ, Mizzen CA, Kelleher NL: Precise characterization of human histones in the H2A gene family by top down mass spectrometry. J Proteome Res. 2006 Feb;5(2):248-53. [PubMed:16457589 ]
  16. Bonenfant D, Coulot M, Towbin H, Schindler P, van Oostrum J: Characterization of histone H2A and H2B variants and their post-translational modifications by mass spectrometry. Mol Cell Proteomics. 2006 Mar;5(3):541-52. Epub 2005 Nov 30. [PubMed:16319397 ]