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HMDB Protein ID HMDBP02285
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • 7770
Name Cathepsin D
  1. Cathepsin D heavy chain
  2. Cathepsin D light chain
Gene Name CTSD
Protein Type Enzyme
Biological Properties
General Function Involved in aspartic-type endopeptidase activity
Specific Function Acid protease active in intracellular protein breakdown. Involved in the pathogenesis of several diseases such as breast cancer and possibly Alzheimer disease
Pathways Not Available
Reactions Not Available
GO Classification
endopeptidase activity
catalytic activity
hydrolase activity
aspartic-type endopeptidase activity
peptidase activity
peptidase activity, acting on l-amino acid peptides
metabolic process
macromolecule metabolic process
protein metabolic process
Cellular Location
  1. Melanosome
  2. Lysosome
Gene Properties
Chromosome Location Chromosome:1
Locus 11p15.5
Gene Sequence
>1239 bp
Protein Properties
Number of Residues 412
Molecular Weight 44551.8
Theoretical pI 6.5
Pfam Domain Function
  • 1-18
Transmembrane Regions
  • None
Protein Sequence
>Cathepsin D
GenBank ID Protein 181180
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot ID P07339
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Entry Name CATD_HUMAN
GenBank Gene ID M11233
GeneCard ID CTSD
GenAtlas ID CTSD
General References
  1. Chen R, Jiang X, Sun D, Han G, Wang F, Ye M, Wang L, Zou H: Glycoproteomics analysis of human liver tissue by combination of multiple enzyme digestion and hydrazide chemistry. J Proteome Res. 2009 Feb;8(2):651-61. doi: 10.1021/pr8008012. [PubMed:19159218 ]
  2. Gerhard DS, Wagner L, Feingold EA, Shenmen CM, Grouse LH, Schuler G, Klein SL, Old S, Rasooly R, Good P, Guyer M, Peck AM, Derge JG, Lipman D, Collins FS, Jang W, Sherry S, Feolo M, Misquitta L, Lee E, Rotmistrovsky K, Greenhut SF, Schaefer CF, Buetow K, Bonner TI, Haussler D, Kent J, Kiekhaus M, Furey T, Brent M, Prange C, Schreiber K, Shapiro N, Bhat NK, Hopkins RF, Hsie F, Driscoll T, Soares MB, Casavant TL, Scheetz TE, Brown-stein MJ, Usdin TB, Toshiyuki S, Carninci P, Piao Y, Dudekula DB, Ko MS, Kawakami K, Suzuki Y, Sugano S, Gruber CE, Smith MR, Simmons B, Moore T, Waterman R, Johnson SL, Ruan Y, Wei CL, Mathavan S, Gunaratne PH, Wu J, Garcia AM, Hulyk SW, Fuh E, Yuan Y, Sneed A, Kowis C, Hodgson A, Muzny DM, McPherson J, Gibbs RA, Fahey J, Helton E, Ketteman M, Madan A, Rodrigues S, Sanchez A, Whiting M, Madari A, Young AC, Wetherby KD, Granite SJ, Kwong PN, Brinkley CP, Pearson RL, Bouffard GG, Blakesly RW, Green ED, Dickson MC, Rodriguez AC, Grimwood J, Schmutz J, Myers RM, Butterfield YS, Griffith M, Griffith OL, Krzywinski MI, Liao N, Morin R, Palmquist D, Petrescu AS, Skalska U, Smailus DE, Stott JM, Schnerch A, Schein JE, Jones SJ, Holt RA, Baross A, Marra MA, Clifton S, Makowski KA, Bosak S, Malek J: The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC). Genome Res. 2004 Oct;14(10B):2121-7. [PubMed:15489334 ]
  3. Chi A, Valencia JC, Hu ZZ, Watabe H, Yamaguchi H, Mangini NJ, Huang H, Canfield VA, Cheng KC, Yang F, Abe R, Yamagishi S, Shabanowitz J, Hearing VJ, Wu C, Appella E, Hunt DF: Proteomic and bioinformatic characterization of the biogenesis and function of melanosomes. J Proteome Res. 2006 Nov;5(11):3135-44. [PubMed:17081065 ]
  4. Liu T, Qian WJ, Gritsenko MA, Camp DG 2nd, Monroe ME, Moore RJ, Smith RD: Human plasma N-glycoproteome analysis by immunoaffinity subtraction, hydrazide chemistry, and mass spectrometry. J Proteome Res. 2005 Nov-Dec;4(6):2070-80. [PubMed:16335952 ]
  5. Basrur V, Yang F, Kushimoto T, Higashimoto Y, Yasumoto K, Valencia J, Muller J, Vieira WD, Watabe H, Shabanowitz J, Hearing VJ, Hunt DF, Appella E: Proteomic analysis of early melanosomes: identification of novel melanosomal proteins. J Proteome Res. 2003 Jan-Feb;2(1):69-79. [PubMed:12643545 ]
  6. Zhang H, Li XJ, Martin DB, Aebersold R: Identification and quantification of N-linked glycoproteins using hydrazide chemistry, stable isotope labeling and mass spectrometry. Nat Biotechnol. 2003 Jun;21(6):660-6. Epub 2003 May 18. [PubMed:12754519 ]
  7. Lewandrowski U, Moebius J, Walter U, Sickmann A: Elucidation of N-glycosylation sites on human platelet proteins: a glycoproteomic approach. Mol Cell Proteomics. 2006 Feb;5(2):226-33. Epub 2005 Oct 31. [PubMed:16263699 ]
  8. Faust PL, Kornfeld S, Chirgwin JM: Cloning and sequence analysis of cDNA for human cathepsin D. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1985 Aug;82(15):4910-4. [PubMed:3927292 ]
  9. Westley BR, May FE: Oestrogen regulates cathepsin D mRNA levels in oestrogen responsive human breast cancer cells. Nucleic Acids Res. 1987 May 11;15(9):3773-86. [PubMed:3588310 ]
  10. Redecker B, Heckendorf B, Grosch HW, Mersmann G, Hasilik A: Molecular organization of the human cathepsin D gene. DNA Cell Biol. 1991 Jul-Aug;10(6):423-31. [PubMed:2069717 ]
  11. May FE, Smith DJ, Westley BR: The human cathepsin D-encoding gene is transcribed from an estrogen-regulated and a constitutive start point. Gene. 1993 Dec 8;134(2):277-82. [PubMed:8262386 ]
  12. Augereau P, Miralles F, Cavailles V, Gaudelet C, Parker M, Rochefort H: Characterization of the proximal estrogen-responsive element of human cathepsin D gene. Mol Endocrinol. 1994 Jun;8(6):693-703. [PubMed:7935485 ]
  13. Siintola E, Partanen S, Stromme P, Haapanen A, Haltia M, Maehlen J, Lehesjoki AE, Tyynela J: Cathepsin D deficiency underlies congenital human neuronal ceroid-lipofuscinosis. Brain. 2006 Jun;129(Pt 6):1438-45. Epub 2006 May 2. [PubMed:16670177 ]
  14. Metcalf P, Fusek M: Two crystal structures for cathepsin D: the lysosomal targeting signal and active site. EMBO J. 1993 Apr;12(4):1293-302. [PubMed:8467789 ]
  15. Baldwin ET, Bhat TN, Gulnik S, Hosur MV, Sowder RC 2nd, Cachau RE, Collins J, Silva AM, Erickson JW: Crystal structures of native and inhibited forms of human cathepsin D: implications for lysosomal targeting and drug design. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1993 Jul 15;90(14):6796-800. [PubMed:8393577 ]
  16. Papassotiropoulos A, Bagli M, Kurz A, Kornhuber J, Forstl H, Maier W, Pauls J, Lautenschlager N, Heun R: A genetic variation of cathepsin D is a major risk factor for Alzheimer's disease. Ann Neurol. 2000 Mar;47(3):399-403. [PubMed:10716266 ]
  17. Steinfeld R, Reinhardt K, Schreiber K, Hillebrand M, Kraetzner R, Bruck W, Saftig P, Gartner J: Cathepsin D deficiency is associated with a human neurodegenerative disorder. Am J Hum Genet. 2006 Jun;78(6):988-98. Epub 2006 Mar 29. [PubMed:16685649 ]