Hmdb loader
HMDB Protein ID HMDBP02326
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • 7811
Name Folate receptor alpha
  1. Adult folate-binding protein
  2. FBP
  3. FR-alpha
  4. Folate receptor 1
  5. Folate receptor, adult
  6. KB cells FBP
  7. Ovarian tumor-associated antigen MOv18
Gene Name FOLR1
Protein Type Enzyme
Biological Properties
General Function Involved in folic acid binding
Specific Function Binds to folate and reduced folic acid derivatives and mediates delivery of 5-methyltetrahydrofolate to the interior of cells
Pathways Not Available
Reactions Not Available
GO Classification Not Available
Cellular Location
  1. Cell membrane
  2. Lipid-anchor
  3. GPI-anchor
  4. Secreted (Probable)
Gene Properties
Chromosome Location Chromosome:1
Locus 11q13.3-q14.1
Gene Sequence
>774 bp
Protein Properties
Number of Residues 257
Molecular Weight 29818.9
Theoretical pI 8.02
Pfam Domain Function
  • 1-24
Transmembrane Regions
  • None
Protein Sequence
>Folate receptor alpha
GenBank ID Protein Not Available
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot ID P15328
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Entry Name FOLR1_HUMAN
PDB IDs Not Available
GenBank Gene ID J05013
GeneCard ID FOLR1
GenAtlas ID FOLR1
General References
  1. Gerhard DS, Wagner L, Feingold EA, Shenmen CM, Grouse LH, Schuler G, Klein SL, Old S, Rasooly R, Good P, Guyer M, Peck AM, Derge JG, Lipman D, Collins FS, Jang W, Sherry S, Feolo M, Misquitta L, Lee E, Rotmistrovsky K, Greenhut SF, Schaefer CF, Buetow K, Bonner TI, Haussler D, Kent J, Kiekhaus M, Furey T, Brent M, Prange C, Schreiber K, Shapiro N, Bhat NK, Hopkins RF, Hsie F, Driscoll T, Soares MB, Casavant TL, Scheetz TE, Brown-stein MJ, Usdin TB, Toshiyuki S, Carninci P, Piao Y, Dudekula DB, Ko MS, Kawakami K, Suzuki Y, Sugano S, Gruber CE, Smith MR, Simmons B, Moore T, Waterman R, Johnson SL, Ruan Y, Wei CL, Mathavan S, Gunaratne PH, Wu J, Garcia AM, Hulyk SW, Fuh E, Yuan Y, Sneed A, Kowis C, Hodgson A, Muzny DM, McPherson J, Gibbs RA, Fahey J, Helton E, Ketteman M, Madan A, Rodrigues S, Sanchez A, Whiting M, Madari A, Young AC, Wetherby KD, Granite SJ, Kwong PN, Brinkley CP, Pearson RL, Bouffard GG, Blakesly RW, Green ED, Dickson MC, Rodriguez AC, Grimwood J, Schmutz J, Myers RM, Butterfield YS, Griffith M, Griffith OL, Krzywinski MI, Liao N, Morin R, Palmquist D, Petrescu AS, Skalska U, Smailus DE, Stott JM, Schnerch A, Schein JE, Jones SJ, Holt RA, Baross A, Marra MA, Clifton S, Makowski KA, Bosak S, Malek J: The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC). Genome Res. 2004 Oct;14(10B):2121-7. [PubMed:15489334 ]
  2. Elortza F, Nuhse TS, Foster LJ, Stensballe A, Peck SC, Jensen ON: Proteomic analysis of glycosylphosphatidylinositol-anchored membrane proteins. Mol Cell Proteomics. 2003 Dec;2(12):1261-70. Epub 2003 Sep 29. [PubMed:14517339 ]
  3. Elortza F, Mohammed S, Bunkenborg J, Foster LJ, Nuhse TS, Brodbeck U, Peck SC, Jensen ON: Modification-specific proteomics of plasma membrane proteins: identification and characterization of glycosylphosphatidylinositol-anchored proteins released upon phospholipase D treatment. J Proteome Res. 2006 Apr;5(4):935-43. [PubMed:16602701 ]
  4. Picariello G, Ferranti P, Mamone G, Roepstorff P, Addeo F: Identification of N-linked glycoproteins in human milk by hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography and mass spectrometry. Proteomics. 2008 Sep;8(18):3833-47. doi: 10.1002/pmic.200701057. [PubMed:18780401 ]
  5. Elwood PC: Molecular cloning and characterization of the human folate-binding protein cDNA from placenta and malignant tissue culture (KB) cells. J Biol Chem. 1989 Sep 5;264(25):14893-901. [PubMed:2768245 ]
  6. Lacey SW, Sanders JM, Rothberg KG, Anderson RG, Kamen BA: Complementary DNA for the folate binding protein correctly predicts anchoring to the membrane by glycosyl-phosphatidylinositol. J Clin Invest. 1989 Aug;84(2):715-20. [PubMed:2527252 ]
  7. Campbell IG, Jones TA, Foulkes WD, Trowsdale J: Folate-binding protein is a marker for ovarian cancer. Cancer Res. 1991 Oct 1;51(19):5329-38. [PubMed:1717147 ]
  8. Coney LR, Tomassetti A, Carayannopoulos L, Frasca V, Kamen BA, Colnaghi MI, Zurawski VR Jr: Cloning of a tumor-associated antigen: MOv18 and MOv19 antibodies recognize a folate-binding protein. Cancer Res. 1991 Nov 15;51(22):6125-32. [PubMed:1840502 ]
  9. Sadasivan E, Cedeno M, Rothenberg SP: Genomic organization of the gene and a related pseudogene for a human folate binding protein. Biochim Biophys Acta. 1992 May 7;1131(1):91-4. [PubMed:1581364 ]
  10. Elwood PC, Nachmanoff K, Saikawa Y, Page ST, Pacheco P, Roberts S, Chung KN: The divergent 5' termini of the alpha human folate receptor (hFR) mRNAs originate from two tissue-specific promoters and alternative splicing: characterization of the alpha hFR gene structure. Biochemistry. 1997 Feb 11;36(6):1467-78. [PubMed:9063895 ]
  11. Sadasivan E, Rothenberg SP: The complete amino acid sequence of a human folate binding protein from KB cells determined from the cDNA. J Biol Chem. 1989 Apr 5;264(10):5806-11. [PubMed:2538429 ]
  12. Luhrs CA, Pitiranggon P, da Costa M, Rothenberg SP, Slomiany BL, Brink L, Tous GI, Stein S: Purified membrane and soluble folate binding proteins from cultured KB cells have similar amino acid compositions and molecular weights but differ in fatty acid acylation. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1987 Sep;84(18):6546-9. [PubMed:3476960 ]
  13. Yan W, Ratnam M: Preferred sites of glycosylphosphatidylinositol modification in folate receptors and constraints in the primary structure of the hydrophobic portion of the signal. Biochemistry. 1995 Nov 7;34(44):14594-600. [PubMed:7578066 ]
  14. Omaetxebarria MJ, Elortza F, Rodriguez-Suarez E, Aloria K, Arizmendi JM, Jensen ON, Matthiesen R: Computational approach for identification and characterization of GPI-anchored peptides in proteomics experiments. Proteomics. 2007 Jun;7(12):1951-60. [PubMed:17566972 ]
  15. Steinfeld R, Grapp M, Kraetzner R, Dreha-Kulaczewski S, Helms G, Dechent P, Wevers R, Grosso S, Gartner J: Folate receptor alpha defect causes cerebral folate transport deficiency: a treatable neurodegenerative disorder associated with disturbed myelin metabolism. Am J Hum Genet. 2009 Sep;85(3):354-63. doi: 10.1016/j.ajhg.2009.08.005. [PubMed:19732866 ]