You are using an unsupported browser. Please upgrade your browser to a newer version to get the best experience on Human Metabolome Database.
Identification
HMDB Protein ID HMDBP02512
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • 8008
Name Adiponectin
Synonyms
  1. 30 kDa adipocyte complement-related protein
  2. ACRP30
  3. Adipocyte complement-related 30 kDa protein
  4. Adipocyte, C1q and collagen domain-containing protein
  5. Adipose most abundant gene transcript 1 protein
  6. Gelatin-binding protein
  7. apM-1
Gene Name ADIPOQ
Protein Type Unknown
Biological Properties
General Function Involved in cytokine activity
Specific Function Important adipokine involved in the control of fat metabolism and insulin sensitivity, with direct anti-diabetic, anti-atherogenic and anti-inflammatory activities. Stimulates AMPK phosphorylation and activation in the liver and the skeletal muscle, enhancing glucose utilization and fatty-acid combustion. Antagonizes TNF-alpha by negatively regulating its expression in various tissues such as liver and macrophages, and also by counteracting its effects. Inhibits endothelial NF-kappa-B signaling through a cAMP-dependent pathway. May play a role in cell growth, angiogenesis and tissue remodeling by binding and sequestering various growth factors with distinct binding affinities, depending on the type of complex, LMW, MMW or HMW
Pathways Not Available
Reactions Not Available
GO Classification Not Available
Cellular Location
  1. Secreted
Gene Properties
Chromosome Location Chromosome:3
Locus 3q27
SNPs ADIPOQ
Gene Sequence
>735 bp
ATGCTGTTGCTGGGAGCTGTTCTACTGCTATTAGCTCTGCCCGGTCATGACCAGGAAACC
ACGACTCAAGGGCCCGGAGTCCTGCTTCCCCTGCCCAAGGGGGCCTGCACAGGTTGGATG
GCGGGCATCCCAGGGCATCCGGGCCATAATGGGGCCCCAGGCCGTGATGGCAGAGATGGC
ACCCCTGGTGAGAAGGGTGAGAAAGGAGATCCAGGTCTTATTGGTCCTAAGGGAGACATC
GGTGAAACCGGAGTACCCGGGGCTGAAGGTCCCCGAGGCTTTCCGGGAATCCAAGGCAGG
AAAGGAGAACCTGGAGAAGGTGCCTATGTATACCGCTCAGCATTCAGTGTGGGATTGGAG
ACTTACGTTACTATCCCCAACATGCCCATTCGCTTTACCAAGATCTTCTACAATCAGCAA
AACCACTATGATGGCTCCACTGGTAAATTCCACTGCAACATTCCTGGGCTGTACTACTTT
GCCTACCACATCACAGTCTATATGAAGGATGTGAAGGTCAGCCTCTTCAAGAAGGACAAG
GCTATGCTCTTCACCTATGATCAGTACCAGGAAAATAATGTGGACCAGGCCTCCGGCTCT
GTGCTCCTGCATCTGGAGGTGGGCGACCAAGTCTGGCTCCAGGTGTATGGGGAAGGAGAG
CGTAATGGACTCTATGCTGATAATGACAATGACTCCACCTTCACAGGCTTTCTTCTCTAC
CATGACACCAACTGA
Protein Properties
Number of Residues 244
Molecular Weight 26413.6
Theoretical pI 5.53
Pfam Domain Function
Signals
  • 1-18
Transmembrane Regions
  • None
Protein Sequence
>Adiponectin
MLLLGAVLLLLALPGHDQETTTQGPGVLLPLPKGACTGWMAGIPGHPGHNGAPGRDGRDG
TPGEKGEKGDPGLIGPKGDIGETGVPGAEGPRGFPGIQGRKGEPGEGAYVYRSAFSVGLE
TYVTIPNMPIRFTKIFYNQQNHYDGSTGKFHCNIPGLYYFAYHITVYMKDVKVSLFKKDK
AMLFTYDQYQENNVDQASGSVLLHLEVGDQVWLQVYGEGERNGLYADNDNDSTFTGFLLY
HDTN
GenBank ID Protein 6362247
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot ID Q15848
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Entry Name ADIPO_HUMAN
PDB IDs
GenBank Gene ID AB012165
GeneCard ID ADIPOQ
GenAtlas ID ADIPOQ
HGNC ID HGNC:13633
References
General References
  1. Gerhard DS, Wagner L, Feingold EA, Shenmen CM, Grouse LH, Schuler G, Klein SL, Old S, Rasooly R, Good P, Guyer M, Peck AM, Derge JG, Lipman D, Collins FS, Jang W, Sherry S, Feolo M, Misquitta L, Lee E, Rotmistrovsky K, Greenhut SF, Schaefer CF, Buetow K, Bonner TI, Haussler D, Kent J, Kiekhaus M, Furey T, Brent M, Prange C, Schreiber K, Shapiro N, Bhat NK, Hopkins RF, Hsie F, Driscoll T, Soares MB, Casavant TL, Scheetz TE, Brown-stein MJ, Usdin TB, Toshiyuki S, Carninci P, Piao Y, Dudekula DB, Ko MS, Kawakami K, Suzuki Y, Sugano S, Gruber CE, Smith MR, Simmons B, Moore T, Waterman R, Johnson SL, Ruan Y, Wei CL, Mathavan S, Gunaratne PH, Wu J, Garcia AM, Hulyk SW, Fuh E, Yuan Y, Sneed A, Kowis C, Hodgson A, Muzny DM, McPherson J, Gibbs RA, Fahey J, Helton E, Ketteman M, Madan A, Rodrigues S, Sanchez A, Whiting M, Madari A, Young AC, Wetherby KD, Granite SJ, Kwong PN, Brinkley CP, Pearson RL, Bouffard GG, Blakesly RW, Green ED, Dickson MC, Rodriguez AC, Grimwood J, Schmutz J, Myers RM, Butterfield YS, Griffith M, Griffith OL, Krzywinski MI, Liao N, Morin R, Palmquist D, Petrescu AS, Skalska U, Smailus DE, Stott JM, Schnerch A, Schein JE, Jones SJ, Holt RA, Baross A, Marra MA, Clifton S, Makowski KA, Bosak S, Malek J: The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC). Genome Res. 2004 Oct;14(10B):2121-7. [PubMed:15489334 ]
  2. Zhang Z, Henzel WJ: Signal peptide prediction based on analysis of experimentally verified cleavage sites. Protein Sci. 2004 Oct;13(10):2819-24. Epub 2004 Aug 31. [PubMed:15340161 ]
  3. Maeda K, Okubo K, Shimomura I, Funahashi T, Matsuzawa Y, Matsubara K: cDNA cloning and expression of a novel adipose specific collagen-like factor, apM1 (AdiPose Most abundant Gene transcript 1). Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1996 Apr 16;221(2):286-9. [PubMed:8619847 ]
  4. Saito K, Tobe T, Minoshima S, Asakawa S, Sumiya J, Yoda M, Nakano Y, Shimizu N, Tomita M: Organization of the gene for gelatin-binding protein (GBP28). Gene. 1999 Mar 18;229(1-2):67-73. [PubMed:10095105 ]
  5. Schaffler A, Orso E, Palitzsch KD, Buchler C, Drobnik W, Furst A, Scholmerich J, Schmitz G: The human apM-1, an adipocyte-specific gene linked to the family of TNF's and to genes expressed in activated T cells, is mapped to chromosome 1q21.3-q23, a susceptibility locus identified for familial combined hyperlipidaemia (FCH). Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1999 Jul 5;260(2):416-25. [PubMed:10403784 ]
  6. Nakano Y, Tobe T, Choi-Miura NH, Mazda T, Tomita M: Isolation and characterization of GBP28, a novel gelatin-binding protein purified from human plasma. J Biochem. 1996 Oct;120(4):803-12. [PubMed:8947845 ]
  7. Yokota T, Oritani K, Takahashi I, Ishikawa J, Matsuyama A, Ouchi N, Kihara S, Funahashi T, Tenner AJ, Tomiyama Y, Matsuzawa Y: Adiponectin, a new member of the family of soluble defense collagens, negatively regulates the growth of myelomonocytic progenitors and the functions of macrophages. Blood. 2000 Sep 1;96(5):1723-32. [PubMed:10961870 ]
  8. Ouchi N, Kihara S, Arita Y, Okamoto Y, Maeda K, Kuriyama H, Hotta K, Nishida M, Takahashi M, Muraguchi M, Ohmoto Y, Nakamura T, Yamashita S, Funahashi T, Matsuzawa Y: Adiponectin, an adipocyte-derived plasma protein, inhibits endothelial NF-kappaB signaling through a cAMP-dependent pathway. Circulation. 2000 Sep 12;102(11):1296-301. [PubMed:10982546 ]
  9. Yamauchi T, Kamon J, Waki H, Terauchi Y, Kubota N, Hara K, Mori Y, Ide T, Murakami K, Tsuboyama-Kasaoka N, Ezaki O, Akanuma Y, Gavrilova O, Vinson C, Reitman ML, Kagechika H, Shudo K, Yoda M, Nakano Y, Tobe K, Nagai R, Kimura S, Tomita M, Froguel P, Kadowaki T: The fat-derived hormone adiponectin reverses insulin resistance associated with both lipoatrophy and obesity. Nat Med. 2001 Aug;7(8):941-6. [PubMed:11479627 ]
  10. Waki H, Yamauchi T, Kamon J, Ito Y, Uchida S, Kita S, Hara K, Hada Y, Vasseur F, Froguel P, Kimura S, Nagai R, Kadowaki T: Impaired multimerization of human adiponectin mutants associated with diabetes. Molecular structure and multimer formation of adiponectin. J Biol Chem. 2003 Oct 10;278(41):40352-63. Epub 2003 Jul 23. [PubMed:12878598 ]
  11. Richards AA, Stephens T, Charlton HK, Jones A, Macdonald GA, Prins JB, Whitehead JP: Adiponectin multimerization is dependent on conserved lysines in the collagenous domain: evidence for regulation of multimerization by alterations in posttranslational modifications. Mol Endocrinol. 2006 Jul;20(7):1673-87. Epub 2006 Feb 23. [PubMed:16497731 ]
  12. Takahashi M, Arita Y, Yamagata K, Matsukawa Y, Okutomi K, Horie M, Shimomura I, Hotta K, Kuriyama H, Kihara S, Nakamura T, Yamashita S, Funahashi T, Matsuzawa Y: Genomic structure and mutations in adipose-specific gene, adiponectin. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord. 2000 Jul;24(7):861-8. [PubMed:10918532 ]
  13. Hara K, Boutin P, Mori Y, Tobe K, Dina C, Yasuda K, Yamauchi T, Otabe S, Okada T, Eto K, Kadowaki H, Hagura R, Akanuma Y, Yazaki Y, Nagai R, Taniyama M, Matsubara K, Yoda M, Nakano Y, Tomita M, Kimura S, Ito C, Froguel P, Kadowaki T: Genetic variation in the gene encoding adiponectin is associated with an increased risk of type 2 diabetes in the Japanese population. Diabetes. 2002 Feb;51(2):536-40. [PubMed:11812766 ]
  14. Kondo H, Shimomura I, Matsukawa Y, Kumada M, Takahashi M, Matsuda M, Ouchi N, Kihara S, Kawamoto T, Sumitsuji S, Funahashi T, Matsuzawa Y: Association of adiponectin mutation with type 2 diabetes: a candidate gene for the insulin resistance syndrome. Diabetes. 2002 Jul;51(7):2325-8. [PubMed:12086969 ]
  15. Vasseur F, Helbecque N, Dina C, Lobbens S, Delannoy V, Gaget S, Boutin P, Vaxillaire M, Lepretre F, Dupont S, Hara K, Clement K, Bihain B, Kadowaki T, Froguel P: Single-nucleotide polymorphism haplotypes in the both proximal promoter and exon 3 of the APM1 gene modulate adipocyte-secreted adiponectin hormone levels and contribute to the genetic risk for type 2 diabetes in French Caucasians. Hum Mol Genet. 2002 Oct 1;11(21):2607-14. [PubMed:12354786 ]