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Identification
HMDB Protein ID HMDBP02813
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • 8319
Name Sodium- and chloride-dependent GABA transporter 1
Synonyms
  1. GAT-1
  2. Solute carrier family 6 member 1
Gene Name SLC6A1
Protein Type Unknown
Biological Properties
General Function Involved in neurotransmitter:sodium symporter activity
Specific Function Terminates the action of GABA by its high affinity sodium-dependent reuptake into presynaptic terminals.
Pathways
  • GABAergic synapse
Reactions Not Available
GO Classification
Biological Process
response to cocaine
response to calcium ion
response to purine-containing compound
gamma-aminobutyric acid import
negative regulation of synaptic transmission, GABAergic
positive regulation of gamma-aminobutyric acid secretion
protein homooligomerization
response to sucrose stimulus
learning
response to lead ion
neurotransmitter secretion
response to toxin
response to estradiol stimulus
transmembrane transport
Cellular Component
cell surface
plasma membrane
axon
integral to membrane
integral to plasma membrane
Component
integral to plasma membrane
membrane
cell part
membrane part
intrinsic to membrane
integral to membrane
Function
neurotransmitter transporter activity
neurotransmitter:sodium symporter activity
transmembrane transporter activity
substrate-specific transmembrane transporter activity
organic acid:sodium symporter activity
sodium:amino acid symporter activity
gamma-aminobutyric acid:sodium symporter activity
transporter activity
organic acid transmembrane transporter activity
Molecular Function
gamma-aminobutyric acid:sodium symporter activity
neurotransmitter:sodium symporter activity
Process
establishment of localization
transport
neurotransmitter transport
Cellular Location
  1. Cell membrane
  2. Membrane
  3. Multi-pass membrane protein
  4. Multi-pass membrane protein
Gene Properties
Chromosome Location 3
Locus 3p25.3
SNPs SLC6A1
Gene Sequence
>1800 bp
ATGGCGACCAACGGCAGCAAGGTGGCCGACGGGCAGATCTCCACCGAGGTCAGCGAGGCC
CCTGTGGCCAATGACAAGCCCAAAACCTTGGTGGTCAAGGTGCAGAAGAAGGCGGCAGAC
CTCCCCGACCGGGACACGTGGAAGGGCCGCTTCGACTTCCTCATGTCCTGTGTGGGCTAT
GCCATCGGCCTGGGCAACGTCTGGAGGTTCCCCTATCTCTGCGGGAAAAATGGTGGGGGA
GCCTTCCTGATCCCCTATTTCCTGACACTCATCTTTGCGGGGGTCCCACTCTTCCTGCTG
GAGTGCTCCCTGGGCCAGTACACCTCCATCGGGGGGCTAGGGGTATGGAAGCTGGCTCCT
ATGTTCAAGGGCGTGGGCCTTGCGGCTGCTGTGCTATCATTCTGGCTGAACATCTACTAC
ATCGTCATCATCTCCTGGGCCATTTACTACCTGTACAACTCCTTCACCACGACACTGCCG
TGGAAACAGTGCGACAACCCCTGGAACACAGACCGCTGCTTCTCCAACTACAGCATGGTC
AACACTACCAACATGACCAGCGCTGTGGTGGAGTTCTGGGAGCGCAACATGCATCAGATG
ACGGACGGGCTGGATAAGCCAGGTCAGATCCGCTGGCCACTGGCCATCACGCTGGCCATC
GCCTGGATCCTTGTGTATTTCTGTATCTGGAAGGGTGTTGGCTGGACTGGAAAGGTGGTC
TACTTTTCAGCCACATACCCCTACATCATGCTGATCATCCTGTTCTTCCGTGGAGTGACG
CTGCCCGGGGCCAAGGAGGGCATCCTCTTCTACATCACACCCAACTTCCGCAAGCTGTCT
GACTCCGAGGTGTGGCTGGATGCGGCAACCCAGATCTTCTTCTCATACGGGCTGGGCCTG
GGGTCCCTGATCGCTCTCGGGAGCTACAACTCTTTCCACAACAATGTCTACAGGGACTCC
ATCATCGTCTGCTGCATCAATTCGTGCACCAGCATGTTCGCAGGATTCGTCATCTTCTCC
ATCGTGGGCTTCATGGCCCATGTCACCAAGAGGTCCATTGCTGATGTGGCCGCCTCAGGC
CCCGGGCTGGCGTTCCTGGCATACCCAGAGGCGGTGACCCAGCTGCCTATCTCCCCACTC
TGGGCCATCCTCTTCTTCTCCATGCTGTTGATGCTGGGCATTGACAGCCAGTTCTGCACT
GTGGAGGGCTTCATCACAGCCCTGGTGGATGAGTACCCCAGGCTCCTCCGCAACCGCAGA
GAGCTCTTCATTGCTGCTGTCTGCATCATCTCCTACCTGATCGGTCTCTCTAACATCACT
CAGGGGGGTATTTATGTCTTCAAACTCTTTGACTACTACTCTGCCAGTGGCATGAGCCTG
CTGTTCCTCGTGTTCTTTGAATGTGTCTCTATTTCCTGGTTTTACGGTGTCAACCGATTC
TATGACAATATCCAAGAGATGGTTGGATCCAGGCCCTGCATCTGGTGGAAACTCTGCTGG
TCTTTCTTCACACCAATCATTGTGGCGGGCGTGTTCATTTTCAGTGCTGTGCAGATGACG
CCACTCACCATGGGAAACTATGTTTTCCCCAAGTGGGGCCAGGGTGTGGGCTGGCTGATG
GCTCTGTCTTCCATGGTCCTCATCCCCGGGTACATGGCCTACATGTTCCTCGCCCTAAAG
GGCTCCCTGAAGCAGCGCATCCAAGTCATGGTCCAGCCCAGCGAAGACACTGTTCGCCCA
GAGAATGGTCCTGAGCACGCCCAGGCGGGCAGCTCCACCAGCAAGGAGGCCTACATCTAG
Protein Properties
Number of Residues 599
Molecular Weight 67073.0
Theoretical pI 8.086
Pfam Domain Function
Signals Not Available
Transmembrane Regions Not Available
Protein Sequence
>Sodium- and chloride-dependent GABA transporter 1
MATNGSKVADGQISTEVSEAPVANDKPKTLVVKVQKKAADLPDRDTWKGRFDFLMSCVGY
AIGLGNVWRFPYLCGKNGGGAFLIPYFLTLIFAGVPLFLLECSLGQYTSIGGLGVWKLAP
MFKGVGLAAAVLSFWLNIYYIVIISWAIYYLYNSFTTTLPWKQCDNPWNTDRCFSNYSMV
NTTNMTSAVVEFWERNMHQMTDGLDKPGQIRWPLAITLAIAWILVYFCIWKGVGWTGKVV
YFSATYPYIMLIILFFRGVTLPGAKEGILFYITPNFRKLSDSEVWLDAATQIFFSYGLGL
GSLIALGSYNSFHNNVYRDSIIVCCINSCTSMFAGFVIFSIVGFMAHVTKRSIADVAASG
PGLAFLAYPEAVTQLPISPLWAILFFSMLLMLGIDSQFCTVEGFITALVDEYPRLLRNRR
ELFIAAVCIISYLIGLSNITQGGIYVFKLFDYYSASGMSLLFLVFFECVSISWFYGVNRF
YDNIQEMVGSRPCIWWKLCWSFFTPIIVAGVFIFSAVQMTPLTMGNYVFPKWGQGVGWLM
ALSSMVLIPGYMAYMFLTLKGSLKQRIQVMVQPSEDIVRPENGPEQPQAGSSTSKEAYI
GenBank ID Protein 31658
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot ID P30531
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Entry Name SC6A1_HUMAN
PDB IDs Not Available
GenBank Gene ID X54673
GeneCard ID SLC6A1
GenAtlas ID SLC6A1
HGNC ID HGNC:11042
References
General References
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  3. Nelson H, Mandiyan S, Nelson N: Cloning of the human brain GABA transporter. FEBS Lett. 1990 Aug 20;269(1):181-4. [PubMed:2387399 ]