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Identification
HMDB Protein ID HMDBP02825
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • 8331
Name G-protein coupled receptor 109A
Synonyms
  1. G-protein coupled receptor HM74A
  2. Niacin receptor 1
  3. Nicotinic acid receptor
Gene Name GPR109A
Protein Type Enzyme
Biological Properties
General Function Involved in G-protein coupled receptor protein signaling pathway
Specific Function Acts as a high affinity receptor for both nicotinic acid (also known as niacin) and (D)-beta-hydroxybutyrate and mediates increased adiponectin secretion and decreased lipolysis through G(i)-protein-mediated inhibition of adenylyl cyclase. This pharmacological effect requires nicotinic acid doses that are much higher than those provided by a normal diet. Mediates nicotinic acid-induced apoptosis in mature neutrophils. Receptor activation by nicotinic acid results in reduced cAMP levels which may affect activity of cAMP-dependent protein kinase A and phosphorylation of target proteins, leading to neutrophil apoptosis. The rank order of potency for the displacement of nicotinic acid binding is 5- methyl pyrazole-3-carboxylic acid = pyridine-3-acetic acid > acifran > 5-methyl nicotinic acid = acipimox >> nicotinuric acid = nicotinamide
Pathways Not Available
Reactions Not Available
GO Classification
Component
cell part
membrane part
intrinsic to membrane
integral to membrane
Function
nucleotide receptor activity, g-protein coupled
purinergic nucleotide receptor activity, g-protein coupled
receptor activity
transmembrane receptor activity
molecular transducer activity
signal transducer activity
g-protein coupled receptor activity
Process
signaling
signaling pathway
cell surface receptor linked signaling pathway
g-protein coupled receptor protein signaling pathway
Cellular Location
  1. Cell membrane
  2. Multi-pass membrane protein
Gene Properties
Chromosome Location Chromosome:1
Locus 12q24.31
SNPs GPR109A
Gene Sequence
>1092 bp
ATGAATCGGCACCATCTGCAGGATCACTTTCTGGAAATAGACAAGAAGAACTGCTGTGTG
TTCCGAGATGACTTCATTGTCAAGGTGTTGCCGCCGGTGTTGGGGCTGGAGTTTATCTTC
GGGCTTCTGGGCAATGGCCTTGCCCTGTGGATTTTCTGTTTCCACCTCAAGTCCTGGAAA
TCCAGCCGGATTTTCCTGTTCAACCTGGCAGTGGCTGACTTTCTACTGATCATCTGCCTG
CCCTTCCTGATGGACAACTATGTGAGGCGTTGGGACTGGAAGTTTGGGGACATCCCTTGC
CGGCTGATGCTCTTCATGTTGGCTATGAACCGCCAGGGCAGCATCATCTTCCTCACGGTG
GTGGCGGTAGACAGGTATTTCCGGGTGGTCCATCCCCACCACGCCCTGAACAAGATCTCC
AATCGGACAGCAGCCATCATCTCTTGCCTTCTGTGGGGCATCACTATTGGCCTGACAGTC
CACCTCCTGAAGAAGAAGATGCCGATCCAGAATGGCGGTGCAAATTTGTGCAGCAGCTTC
AGCATCTGCCATACCTTCCAGTGGCACGAAGCCATGTTCCTCCTGGAGTTCTTCCTGCCC
CTGGGCATCATCCTGTTCTGCTCAGCCAGAATTATCTGGAGCCTGCGGCAGAGACAAATG
GACCGGCATGCCAAGATCAAGAGAGCCATCACCTTCATCATGGTGGTGGCCATCGTCTTT
GTCATCTGCTTCCTTCCCAGCGTGGTTGTGCGGATCCGCATCTTCTGGCTCCTGCACACT
TCGGGCACGCAGAATTGTGAAGTGTACCGCTCGGTGGACCTGGCGTTCTTTATCACTCTC
AGCTTCACCTACATGAACAGCATGCTGGACCCCGTGGTGTACTATTTTTCCAGCCCATCC
TTTCCCAACTTCTTCTCCACTTTGATCAACCGCTGCCTCCAGAGGAAGATGACAGGTGAG
CCAGATAATAACCGCAGCACGAGCGTCGAGCTCACAGGGGACCCCAACAAAACCAGAGGC
GCTCCAGAGGCGTTAATGGCCAACTCCGGTGAGCCATGGAGCCCCTCTTATCTGGGCCCA
ACCTCTCCTTAA
Protein Properties
Number of Residues 363
Molecular Weight 41849.1
Theoretical pI 9.37
Pfam Domain Function
Signals
  • None
Transmembrane Regions
  • 34-54
  • 64-84
  • 103-123
  • 143-163
  • 193-213
  • 230-250
  • 274-294
Protein Sequence
>G-protein coupled receptor 109A
MNRHHLQDHFLEIDKKNCCVFRDDFIVKVLPPVLGLEFIFGLLGNGLALWIFCFHLKSWK
SSRIFLFNLAVADFLLIICLPFLMDNYVRRWDWKFGDIPCRLMLFMLAMNRQGSIIFLTV
VAVDRYFRVVHPHHALNKISNRTAAIISCLLWGITIGLTVHLLKKKMPIQNGGANLCSSF
SICHTFQWHEAMFLLEFFLPLGIILFCSARIIWSLRQRQMDRHAKIKRAITFIMVVAIVF
VICFLPSVVVRIRIFWLLHTSGTQNCEVYRSVDLAFFITLSFTYMNSMLDPVVYYFSSPS
FPNFFSTLINRCLQRKMTGEPDNNRSTSVELTGDPNKTRGAPEALMANSGEPWSPSYLGP
TSP
GenBank ID Protein Not Available
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot ID Q8TDS4
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Entry Name G109A_HUMAN
PDB IDs Not Available
GenBank Gene ID AY148884
GeneCard ID GPR109A
GenAtlas ID GPR109A
HGNC ID HGNC:24827
References
General References
  1. Gerhard DS, Wagner L, Feingold EA, Shenmen CM, Grouse LH, Schuler G, Klein SL, Old S, Rasooly R, Good P, Guyer M, Peck AM, Derge JG, Lipman D, Collins FS, Jang W, Sherry S, Feolo M, Misquitta L, Lee E, Rotmistrovsky K, Greenhut SF, Schaefer CF, Buetow K, Bonner TI, Haussler D, Kent J, Kiekhaus M, Furey T, Brent M, Prange C, Schreiber K, Shapiro N, Bhat NK, Hopkins RF, Hsie F, Driscoll T, Soares MB, Casavant TL, Scheetz TE, Brown-stein MJ, Usdin TB, Toshiyuki S, Carninci P, Piao Y, Dudekula DB, Ko MS, Kawakami K, Suzuki Y, Sugano S, Gruber CE, Smith MR, Simmons B, Moore T, Waterman R, Johnson SL, Ruan Y, Wei CL, Mathavan S, Gunaratne PH, Wu J, Garcia AM, Hulyk SW, Fuh E, Yuan Y, Sneed A, Kowis C, Hodgson A, Muzny DM, McPherson J, Gibbs RA, Fahey J, Helton E, Ketteman M, Madan A, Rodrigues S, Sanchez A, Whiting M, Madari A, Young AC, Wetherby KD, Granite SJ, Kwong PN, Brinkley CP, Pearson RL, Bouffard GG, Blakesly RW, Green ED, Dickson MC, Rodriguez AC, Grimwood J, Schmutz J, Myers RM, Butterfield YS, Griffith M, Griffith OL, Krzywinski MI, Liao N, Morin R, Palmquist D, Petrescu AS, Skalska U, Smailus DE, Stott JM, Schnerch A, Schein JE, Jones SJ, Holt RA, Baross A, Marra MA, Clifton S, Makowski KA, Bosak S, Malek J: The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC). Genome Res. 2004 Oct;14(10B):2121-7. [PubMed:15489334 ]
  2. Takeda S, Kadowaki S, Haga T, Takaesu H, Mitaku S: Identification of G protein-coupled receptor genes from the human genome sequence. FEBS Lett. 2002 Jun 5;520(1-3):97-101. [PubMed:12044878 ]
  3. Wise A, Foord SM, Fraser NJ, Barnes AA, Elshourbagy N, Eilert M, Ignar DM, Murdock PR, Steplewski K, Green A, Brown AJ, Dowell SJ, Szekeres PG, Hassall DG, Marshall FH, Wilson S, Pike NB: Molecular identification of high and low affinity receptors for nicotinic acid. J Biol Chem. 2003 Mar 14;278(11):9869-74. Epub 2003 Jan 9. [PubMed:12522134 ]
  4. Kostylina G, Simon D, Fey MF, Yousefi S, Simon HU: Neutrophil apoptosis mediated by nicotinic acid receptors (GPR109A). Cell Death Differ. 2008 Jan;15(1):134-42. Epub 2007 Oct 12. [PubMed:17932499 ]