You are using an unsupported browser. Please upgrade your browser to a newer version to get the best experience on Human Metabolome Database.
Identification
HMDB Protein ID HMDBP08217
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • 13928
Name Glycine receptor subunit alpha-2
Synonyms Not Available
Gene Name GLRA2
Protein Type Unknown
Biological Properties
General Function Involved in ion transport
Specific Function The glycine receptor is a neurotransmitter-gated ion channel. Binding of glycine to its receptor increases the chloride conductance and thus produces hyperpolarization (inhibition of neuronal firing)
Pathways Not Available
Reactions Not Available
GO Classification
Component
integral to plasma membrane
membrane
cell part
membrane part
intrinsic to membrane
integral to membrane
postsynaptic membrane
Function
binding
inhibitory extracellular ligand-gated ion channel activity
extracellular-glycine-gated chloride channel activity
transmitter-gated ion channel activity
glycine binding
transmembrane transporter activity
substrate-specific transmembrane transporter activity
ion transmembrane transporter activity
carboxylic acid binding
amino acid binding
transporter activity
ion channel activity
ligand-gated ion channel activity
extracellular ligand-gated ion channel activity
Process
establishment of localization
transport
chloride transport
anion transport
inorganic anion transport
ion transport
Cellular Location
  1. Cell membrane
  2. Multi-pass membrane protein
  3. Multi-pass membrane protein
  4. Cell junction
  5. synapse
  6. postsynaptic cell membrane
Gene Properties
Chromosome Location Not Available
Locus Not Available
SNPs GLRA2
Gene Sequence
>1359 bp
ATGAACCGGCAGCTAGTGAACATTTTGACAGCCTTGTTTGCATTTTTCTTAGAGACAAAC
CACTTCAGGACGGCTTTCTGCAAAGACCATGACTCCAGGTCTGGAAAACAACCTTCACAG
ACCCTATCTCCTTCAGATTTCTTGGACAAGTTAATGGGAAGGACATCAGGATATGATGCA
AGAATCAGGCCAAATTTTAAAGGTCCTCCAGTAAACGTTACTTGCAATATTTTTATCAAC
AGTTTTGGATCAGTCACAGAAACGACCATGGACTACCGAGTGAATATTTTTCTGAGACAA
CAGTGGAATGATTCACGGCTGGCGTACAGTGAGTACCCAGATGACTCCCTGGACTTGGAC
CCATCCATGCTAGACTCCATTTGGAAACCAGATTTGTTCTTTGCCAATGAGAAGGGTGCC
AACTTCCACGATGTCACCACTGACAACAAATTGCTACGGATTTCGAAAAATGGCAAAGTG
CTCTACAGTATCAGACTCACCTTGACCTTATCCTGTCCCATGGACTTGAAGAACTTTCCG
ATGGATGTCCAGACCTGTACAATGCAGCTGGAGAGTTTTGGGTACACGATGAATGACCTG
ATATTTGAGTGGTTAAGTGATGGTCCAGTGCAAGTTGCTGAAGGATTGACCCTGCCCCAG
TTTATTTTGAAAGAAGAGAAGGAACTTGGCTACTGTACAAAGCACTACAACACTGGAAAG
TTTACCTGCATTGAGGTCAAGTTTCACCTGGAACGCCAAATGGGATATTATTTGATCCAG
ATGTACATCCCAAGCCTGCTTATAGTAATTTTGTCCTGGGTTTCCTTTTGGATAAATATG
GATGCAGCCCCTGCCAGGGTCGCACTGGGCATCACCACAGTCTTAACGATGACCACCCAG
AGTTCAGGCTCCAGGGCATCTCTGCCAAAGGTCTCCTATGTAAAAGCGATTGACATCTGG
ATGGCGGTGTGCCTTCTGTTTGTGTTTGCTGCCTTACTGGAATACGCAGCGGTGAACTTC
GTCTCCAGGCAACACAAGGAGTTCCTGCGCCTCCGAAGAAGACAGAAGAGGCAGAATAAG
GAAGAAGACGTTACTCGTGAAAGTCGTTTTAATTTTAGCGGTTATGGGATGGGTCACTGC
CTCCAAGTGAAAGATGGAACAGCTGTCAAGGCCACACCTGCCAACCCACTCCCACAACCG
CCAAAAGATGGAGATGCTATCAAGAAGAAGTTTGTGGACCGGGCAAAAAGGATTGACACG
ATATCTCGAGCTGCCTTCCCATTGGCCTTCCTCATTTTCAACATCTTTTACTGGATCACA
TACAAGATCATTCGGCATGAAGATGTCCACAAGAAATAG
Protein Properties
Number of Residues 452
Molecular Weight 52001.6
Theoretical pI 9.2
Pfam Domain Function
Signals
  • 1-27
Transmembrane Regions
  • 254-280
  • 287-304
  • 319-342
  • 424-441
Protein Sequence
>Glycine receptor subunit alpha-2
MNRQLVNILTALFAFFLETNHFRTAFCKDHDSRSGKQPSQTLSPSDFLDKLMGRTSGYDA
RIRPNFKGPPVNVTCNIFINSFGSVTETTMDYRVNIFLRQQWNDSRLAYSEYPDDSLDLD
PSMLDSIWKPDLFFANEKGANFHDVTTDNKLLRISKNGKVLYSIRLTLTLSCPMDLKNFP
MDVQTCTMQLESFGYTMNDLIFEWLSDGPVQVAEGLTLPQFILKEEKELGYCTKHYNTGK
FTCIEVKFHLERQMGYYLIQMYIPSLLIVILSWVSFWINMDAAPARVALGITTVLTMTTQ
SSGSRASLPKVSYVKAIDIWMAVCLLFVFAALLEYAAVNFVSRQHKEFLRLRRRQKRQNK
EEDVTRESRFNFSGYGMGHCLQVKDGTAVKATPANPLPQPPKDGDAIKKKFVDRAKRIDT
ISRAAFPLAFLIFNIFYWITYKIIRHEDVHKK
GenBank ID Protein 31849
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot ID P23416
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Entry Name GLRA2_HUMAN
PDB IDs Not Available
GenBank Gene ID X52008
GeneCard ID GLRA2
GenAtlas ID GLRA2
HGNC ID HGNC:4327
References
General References
  1. Ota T, Suzuki Y, Nishikawa T, Otsuki T, Sugiyama T, Irie R, Wakamatsu A, Hayashi K, Sato H, Nagai K, Kimura K, Makita H, Sekine M, Obayashi M, Nishi T, Shibahara T, Tanaka T, Ishii S, Yamamoto J, Saito K, Kawai Y, Isono Y, Nakamura Y, Nagahari K, Murakami K, Yasuda T, Iwayanagi T, Wagatsuma M, Shiratori A, Sudo H, Hosoiri T, Kaku Y, Kodaira H, Kondo H, Sugawara M, Takahashi M, Kanda K, Yokoi T, Furuya T, Kikkawa E, Omura Y, Abe K, Kamihara K, Katsuta N, Sato K, Tanikawa M, Yamazaki M, Ninomiya K, Ishibashi T, Yamashita H, Murakawa K, Fujimori K, Tanai H, Kimata M, Watanabe M, Hiraoka S, Chiba Y, Ishida S, Ono Y, Takiguchi S, Watanabe S, Yosida M, Hotuta T, Kusano J, Kanehori K, Takahashi-Fujii A, Hara H, Tanase TO, Nomura Y, Togiya S, Komai F, Hara R, Takeuchi K, Arita M, Imose N, Musashino K, Yuuki H, Oshima A, Sasaki N, Aotsuka S, Yoshikawa Y, Matsunawa H, Ichihara T, Shiohata N, Sano S, Moriya S, Momiyama H, Satoh N, Takami S, Terashima Y, Suzuki O, Nakagawa S, Senoh A, Mizoguchi H, Goto Y, Shimizu F, Wakebe H, Hishigaki H, Watanabe T, Sugiyama A, Takemoto M, Kawakami B, Yamazaki M, Watanabe K, Kumagai A, Itakura S, Fukuzumi Y, Fujimori Y, Komiyama M, Tashiro H, Tanigami A, Fujiwara T, Ono T, Yamada K, Fujii Y, Ozaki K, Hirao M, Ohmori Y, Kawabata A, Hikiji T, Kobatake N, Inagaki H, Ikema Y, Okamoto S, Okitani R, Kawakami T, Noguchi S, Itoh T, Shigeta K, Senba T, Matsumura K, Nakajima Y, Mizuno T, Morinaga M, Sasaki M, Togashi T, Oyama M, Hata H, Watanabe M, Komatsu T, Mizushima-Sugano J, Satoh T, Shirai Y, Takahashi Y, Nakagawa K, Okumura K, Nagase T, Nomura N, Kikuchi H, Masuho Y, Yamashita R, Nakai K, Yada T, Nakamura Y, Ohara O, Isogai T, Sugano S: Complete sequencing and characterization of 21,243 full-length human cDNAs. Nat Genet. 2004 Jan;36(1):40-5. Epub 2003 Dec 21. [PubMed:14702039 ]
  2. Gerhard DS, Wagner L, Feingold EA, Shenmen CM, Grouse LH, Schuler G, Klein SL, Old S, Rasooly R, Good P, Guyer M, Peck AM, Derge JG, Lipman D, Collins FS, Jang W, Sherry S, Feolo M, Misquitta L, Lee E, Rotmistrovsky K, Greenhut SF, Schaefer CF, Buetow K, Bonner TI, Haussler D, Kent J, Kiekhaus M, Furey T, Brent M, Prange C, Schreiber K, Shapiro N, Bhat NK, Hopkins RF, Hsie F, Driscoll T, Soares MB, Casavant TL, Scheetz TE, Brown-stein MJ, Usdin TB, Toshiyuki S, Carninci P, Piao Y, Dudekula DB, Ko MS, Kawakami K, Suzuki Y, Sugano S, Gruber CE, Smith MR, Simmons B, Moore T, Waterman R, Johnson SL, Ruan Y, Wei CL, Mathavan S, Gunaratne PH, Wu J, Garcia AM, Hulyk SW, Fuh E, Yuan Y, Sneed A, Kowis C, Hodgson A, Muzny DM, McPherson J, Gibbs RA, Fahey J, Helton E, Ketteman M, Madan A, Rodrigues S, Sanchez A, Whiting M, Madari A, Young AC, Wetherby KD, Granite SJ, Kwong PN, Brinkley CP, Pearson RL, Bouffard GG, Blakesly RW, Green ED, Dickson MC, Rodriguez AC, Grimwood J, Schmutz J, Myers RM, Butterfield YS, Griffith M, Griffith OL, Krzywinski MI, Liao N, Morin R, Palmquist D, Petrescu AS, Skalska U, Smailus DE, Stott JM, Schnerch A, Schein JE, Jones SJ, Holt RA, Baross A, Marra MA, Clifton S, Makowski KA, Bosak S, Malek J: The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC). Genome Res. 2004 Oct;14(10B):2121-7. [PubMed:15489334 ]
  3. Grenningloh G, Schmieden V, Schofield PR, Seeburg PH, Siddique T, Mohandas TK, Becker CM, Betz H: Alpha subunit variants of the human glycine receptor: primary structures, functional expression and chromosomal localization of the corresponding genes. EMBO J. 1990 Mar;9(3):771-6. [PubMed:2155780 ]
  4. Cummings CJ, Dahle EJ, Zoghbi HY: Analysis of the genomic structure of the human glycine receptor alpha2 subunit gene and exclusion of this gene as a candidate for Rett syndrome. Am J Med Genet. 1998 Jun 30;78(2):176-8. [PubMed:9674912 ]
  5. Miller PS, Harvey RJ, Smart TG: Differential agonist sensitivity of glycine receptor alpha2 subunit splice variants. Br J Pharmacol. 2004 Sep;143(1):19-26. Epub 2004 Aug 9. [PubMed:15302677 ]
  6. Monani U, Burghes AH: Structure of the human alpha 2 subunit gene of the glycine receptor--use of vectorette and Alu-exon PCR. Genome Res. 1996 Dec;6(12):1200-6. [PubMed:8973915 ]