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Identification
HMDB Protein ID HMDBP08741
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • 14464
Name G protein-activated inward rectifier potassium channel 1
Synonyms
  1. GIRK-1
  2. Inward rectifier K(+) channel Kir3.1
  3. Potassium channel, inwardly rectifying subfamily J member 3
Gene Name KCNJ3
Protein Type Unknown
Biological Properties
General Function Involved in inward rectifier potassium channel activity
Specific Function This potassium channel is controlled by G proteins. Inward rectifier potassium channels are characterized by a greater tendency to allow potassium to flow into the cell rather than out of it. Their voltage dependence is regulated by the concentration of extracellular potassium; as external potassium is raised, the voltage range of the channel opening shifts to more positive voltages. The inward rectification is mainly due to the blockage of outward current by internal magnesium. This receptor plays a crucial role in regulating the heartbeat
Pathways
  • Acebutolol Action Pathway
  • Alprenolol Action Pathway
  • Amiodarone Action Pathway
  • Amlodipine Action Pathway
  • Arbutamine Action Pathway
  • Atenolol Action Pathway
  • Betaxolol Action Pathway
  • Bevantolol Action Pathway
  • Bisoprolol Action Pathway
  • Bopindolol Action Pathway
  • Bupranolol Action Pathway
  • Carteolol Action Pathway
  • Carvedilol Action Pathway
  • Diltiazem Action Pathway
  • Disopyramide Action Pathway
  • Dobutamine Action Pathway
  • Epinephrine Action Pathway
  • Esmolol Action Pathway
  • Felodipine Action Pathway
  • Flecainide Action Pathway
  • Fosphenytoin (Antiarrhythmic) Action Pathway
  • Ibutilide Action Pathway
  • Isoprenaline Action Pathway
  • Isradipine Action Pathway
  • Labetalol Action Pathway
  • Levobunolol Action Pathway
  • Lidocaine (Antiarrhythmic) Action Pathway
  • Metipranolol Action Pathway
  • Metoprolol Action Pathway
  • Mexiletine Action Pathway
  • Muscle/Heart Contraction
  • Nadolol Action Pathway
  • Nebivolol Action Pathway
  • Nifedipine Action Pathway
  • Nimodipine Action Pathway
  • Nisoldipine Action Pathway
  • Nitrendipine Action Pathway
  • Oxprenolol Action Pathway
  • Penbutolol Action Pathway
  • Phenytoin (Antiarrhythmic) Action Pathway
  • Pindolol Action Pathway
  • Practolol Action Pathway
  • Procainamide (Antiarrhythmic) Action Pathway
  • Propranolol Action Pathway
  • Quinidine Action Pathway
  • Sotalol Action Pathway
  • Timolol Action Pathway
  • Tocainide Action Pathway
  • Verapamil Action Pathway
Reactions Not Available
GO Classification
Component
membrane
cell part
Function
transmembrane transporter activity
substrate-specific transmembrane transporter activity
ion transmembrane transporter activity
transporter activity
g-protein activated inward rectifier potassium channel activity
ion channel activity
inward rectifier potassium channel activity
cation channel activity
potassium channel activity
voltage-gated potassium channel activity
Process
establishment of localization
transport
monovalent inorganic cation transport
potassium ion transport
ion transport
cation transport
Cellular Location
  1. Membrane
  2. Multi-pass membrane protein
Gene Properties
Chromosome Location Chromosome:2
Locus 2q24.1
SNPs KCNJ3
Gene Sequence
>1506 bp
ATGTCTGCACTCCGAAGGAAATTTGGGGACGATTATCAGGTAGTGACCACATCGTCCAGC
GGCTCGGGCTTGCAGCCCCAGGGGCCAGGCCAGGACCCTCAGCAGCAGCTTGTGCCCAAG
AAGAAGCGGCAGCGGTTCGTGGACAAGAACGGCCGGTGCAATGTACAGCACGGCAACCTG
GGCAGCGAGACAAGCCGCTACCTCTCGGACCTCTTCACCACGCTGGTGGACCTCAAGTGG
CGCTGGAACCTCTTCATCTTCATTCTCACCTACACCGTGGCCTGGCTTTTCATGGCGTCC
ATGTGGTGGGTGATCGCCTACACTCGGGGCGACCTGAACAAAGCCCACGTCGGTAACTAC
ACGCCTTGCGTGGCCAATGTCTATAACTTCCCTTCTGCCTTCCTCTTCTTCATCGAGACG
GAGGCCACCATCGGCTATGGCTACCGATACATCACAGACAAGTGCCCCGAGGGCATCATC
CTCTTCCTCTTCCAGTCCATCCTGGGCTCCATCGTGGACGCCTTCCTCATCGGCTGCATG
TTCATCAAGATGTCCCAGCCCAAGAAGCGCGCCGAGACCCTCATGTTCAGCGAGCACGCG
GTGATCTCCATGAGGGACGGAAAACTCACGCTTATGTTCCGGGTGGGCAACCTGCGCAAC
AGCCACATGGTCTCCGCGCAGATTCGCTGCAAGCTGCTCAAATCTCGGCAGACACCTGAG
GGTGAGTTCCTTCCCCTTGACCAACTTGAACTGGATGTAGGTTTTAGTACAGGGGCAGAT
CAACTTTTTCTTGTGTCCCCCCTCACAATTTGCCACGTGATCGATGCCAAAAGCCCCTTT
TATGACCTATCCCAGCGAAGCATGCAAACTGAACAGTTCGAGATTGTCGTCATCCTAGAA
GGCATTGTGGAAACAACTGGGATGACTTGTCAAGCTCGAACATCATATACTGAAGATGAA
GTTCTTTGGGGTCATCGTTTTTTTCCTGTAATTTCCTTAGAAGAGGGATTCTTTAAAGTT
GATTATTCCCAGTTCCATGCAACATTTGAAGTCCCCACCCCACCTTACAGTGTGAAAGAG
CAGGAGGAAATGCTTCTCATGTCGTCCCCCTTAATAGCACCAGCCATAACTAACAGCAAA
GAAAGACATAATTCTGTGGAATGCTTAGATGGACTAGATGATATTACTACAAAACTACCA
TCTAAGCTGCAGAAAATTACTGGAAGAGAAGACTTTCCCAAAAAACTCTTGAGGATGAGT
TCTACAACTTCAGAAAAAGCCTACAGCTTGGGAGACTTGCCCATGAAACTTCAACGAATA
AGTTCAGTTCCGGGCAACTCAGAAGAAAAACTGGTATCTAAAACCACCAAGATGTTATCT
GATCCCATGAGCCAGTCTGTGGCTGATTTGCCACCAAAGCTTCAAAAGATGGCTGGAGGA
GCAGCTAGGATGGAAGGGAACCTTCCAGCCAAATTAAGAAAAATGAACTCTGATCGCTTC
ACATAA
Protein Properties
Number of Residues 501
Molecular Weight 56602.8
Theoretical pI 8.36
Pfam Domain Function
Signals
  • None
Transmembrane Regions
  • 81-105
  • 158-179
Protein Sequence
>G protein-activated inward rectifier potassium channel 1
MSALRRKFGDDYQVVTTSSSGSGLQPQGPGQDPQQQLVPKKKRQRFVDKNGRCNVQHGNL
GSETSRYLSDLFTTLVDLKWRWNLFIFILTYTVAWLFMASMWWVIAYTRGDLNKAHVGNY
TPCVANVYNFPSAFLFFIETEATIGYGYRYITDKCPEGIILFLFQSILGSIVDAFLIGCM
FIKMSQPKKRAETLMFSEHAVISMRDGKLTLMFRVGNLRNSHMVSAQIRCKLLKSRQTPE
GEFLPLDQLELDVGFSTGADQLFLVSPLTICHVIDAKSPFYDLSQRSMQTEQFEIVVILE
GIVETTGMTCQARTSYTEDEVLWGHRFFPVISLEEGFFKVDYSQFHATFEVPTPPYSVKE
QEEMLLMSSPLIAPAITNSKERHNSVECLDGLDDITTKLPSKLQKITGREDFPKKLLRMS
STTSEKAYSLGDLPMKLQRISSVPGNSEEKLVSKTTKMLSDPMSQSVADLPPKLQKMAGG
AARMEGNLPAKLRKMNSDRFT
GenBank ID Protein Not Available
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot ID P48549
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Entry Name IRK3_HUMAN
PDB IDs
GenBank Gene ID U39196
GeneCard ID KCNJ3
GenAtlas ID KCNJ3
HGNC ID HGNC:6264
References
General References
  1. Gerhard DS, Wagner L, Feingold EA, Shenmen CM, Grouse LH, Schuler G, Klein SL, Old S, Rasooly R, Good P, Guyer M, Peck AM, Derge JG, Lipman D, Collins FS, Jang W, Sherry S, Feolo M, Misquitta L, Lee E, Rotmistrovsky K, Greenhut SF, Schaefer CF, Buetow K, Bonner TI, Haussler D, Kent J, Kiekhaus M, Furey T, Brent M, Prange C, Schreiber K, Shapiro N, Bhat NK, Hopkins RF, Hsie F, Driscoll T, Soares MB, Casavant TL, Scheetz TE, Brown-stein MJ, Usdin TB, Toshiyuki S, Carninci P, Piao Y, Dudekula DB, Ko MS, Kawakami K, Suzuki Y, Sugano S, Gruber CE, Smith MR, Simmons B, Moore T, Waterman R, Johnson SL, Ruan Y, Wei CL, Mathavan S, Gunaratne PH, Wu J, Garcia AM, Hulyk SW, Fuh E, Yuan Y, Sneed A, Kowis C, Hodgson A, Muzny DM, McPherson J, Gibbs RA, Fahey J, Helton E, Ketteman M, Madan A, Rodrigues S, Sanchez A, Whiting M, Madari A, Young AC, Wetherby KD, Granite SJ, Kwong PN, Brinkley CP, Pearson RL, Bouffard GG, Blakesly RW, Green ED, Dickson MC, Rodriguez AC, Grimwood J, Schmutz J, Myers RM, Butterfield YS, Griffith M, Griffith OL, Krzywinski MI, Liao N, Morin R, Palmquist D, Petrescu AS, Skalska U, Smailus DE, Stott JM, Schnerch A, Schein JE, Jones SJ, Holt RA, Baross A, Marra MA, Clifton S, Makowski KA, Bosak S, Malek J: The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC). Genome Res. 2004 Oct;14(10B):2121-7. [PubMed:15489334 ]
  2. Yu LR, Zhu Z, Chan KC, Issaq HJ, Dimitrov DS, Veenstra TD: Improved titanium dioxide enrichment of phosphopeptides from HeLa cells and high confident phosphopeptide identification by cross-validation of MS/MS and MS/MS/MS spectra. J Proteome Res. 2007 Nov;6(11):4150-62. Epub 2007 Oct 9. [PubMed:17924679 ]
  3. Chan KW, Langan MN, Sui JL, Kozak JA, Pabon A, Ladias JA, Logothetis DE: A recombinant inwardly rectifying potassium channel coupled to GTP-binding proteins. J Gen Physiol. 1996 Mar;107(3):381-97. [PubMed:8868049 ]
  4. Schoots O, Yue KT, MacDonald JF, Hampson DR, Nobrega JN, Dixon LM, Van Tol HH: Cloning of a G protein-activated inwardly rectifying potassium channel from human cerebellum. Brain Res Mol Brain Res. 1996 Jul;39(1-2):23-30. [PubMed:8804710 ]