Hmdb loader
HMDB Protein ID HMDBP14055
Secondary Accession Numbers None
Name Cathepsin G
  1. CG
Gene Name CTSG
Protein Type Unknown
Biological Properties
General Function Not Available
Specific Function Serine protease with trypsin- and chymotrypsin-like specificity. Cleaves complement C3. Has antibacterial activity against the Gram-negative bacterium P.aeruginosa, antibacterial activity is inhibited by LPS from P.aeruginosa, Z-Gly-Leu-Phe-CH2Cl and phenylmethylsulfonyl fluoride.
  • Amoebiasis
  • Lysosome
  • Neuroactive ligand-receptor interaction
  • Neutrophil extracellular trap formation
  • Renin-angiotensin system
  • Systemic lupus erythematosus
Reactions Not Available
GO Classification
Biological Process
neutrophil degranulation
purinergic nucleotide receptor signaling pathway
angiotensin maturation
antimicrobial humoral response
extracellular matrix disassembly
cellular protein metabolic process
positive regulation of immune response
cellular response to lipopolysaccharide
immune response
neutrophil-mediated killing of gram-positive bacterium
protein phosphorylation
cytokine-mediated signaling pathway
defense response to Gram-negative bacterium
negative regulation by symbiont of host apoptotic process
defense response to fungus
antibacterial humoral response
Cellular Component
cell surface
extracellular vesicular exosome
plasma membrane
cytoplasmic stress granule
secretory granule
extracellular region
collagen-containing extracellular matrix
azurophil granule lumen
extracellular space
intracellular membrane-bounded organelle
Molecular Function
peptidase activity
serine-type peptidase activity
heparin binding
serine-type endopeptidase activity
Cellular Location Not Available
Gene Properties
Chromosome Location Not Available
Locus Not Available
SNPs Not Available
Gene Sequence Not Available
Protein Properties
Number of Residues 255
Molecular Weight 28836.99
Theoretical pI 11.19
Pfam Domain Function
  • 1-18;
Transmembrane Regions Not Available
Protein Sequence Not Available
GenBank ID Protein Not Available
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot ID P08311
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Entry Name CATG_HUMAN
GenBank Gene ID Not Available
GeneCard ID Not Available
GenAtlas ID Not Available
HGNC ID Not Available
General References
  1. Gerhard DS, Wagner L, Feingold EA, Shenmen CM, Grouse LH, Schuler G, Klein SL, Old S, Rasooly R, Good P, Guyer M, Peck AM, Derge JG, Lipman D, Collins FS, Jang W, Sherry S, Feolo M, Misquitta L, Lee E, Rotmistrovsky K, Greenhut SF, Schaefer CF, Buetow K, Bonner TI, Haussler D, Kent J, Kiekhaus M, Furey T, Brent M, Prange C, Schreiber K, Shapiro N, Bhat NK, Hopkins RF, Hsie F, Driscoll T, Soares MB, Casavant TL, Scheetz TE, Brown-stein MJ, Usdin TB, Toshiyuki S, Carninci P, Piao Y, Dudekula DB, Ko MS, Kawakami K, Suzuki Y, Sugano S, Gruber CE, Smith MR, Simmons B, Moore T, Waterman R, Johnson SL, Ruan Y, Wei CL, Mathavan S, Gunaratne PH, Wu J, Garcia AM, Hulyk SW, Fuh E, Yuan Y, Sneed A, Kowis C, Hodgson A, Muzny DM, McPherson J, Gibbs RA, Fahey J, Helton E, Ketteman M, Madan A, Rodrigues S, Sanchez A, Whiting M, Madari A, Young AC, Wetherby KD, Granite SJ, Kwong PN, Brinkley CP, Pearson RL, Bouffard GG, Blakesly RW, Green ED, Dickson MC, Rodriguez AC, Grimwood J, Schmutz J, Myers RM, Butterfield YS, Griffith M, Griffith OL, Krzywinski MI, Liao N, Morin R, Palmquist D, Petrescu AS, Skalska U, Smailus DE, Stott JM, Schnerch A, Schein JE, Jones SJ, Holt RA, Baross A, Marra MA, Clifton S, Makowski KA, Bosak S, Malek J: The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC). Genome Res. 2004 Oct;14(10B):2121-7. [PubMed:15489334 ]
  2. Gabay JE, Scott RW, Campanelli D, Griffith J, Wilde C, Marra MN, Seeger M, Nathan CF: Antibiotic proteins of human polymorphonuclear leukocytes. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1989 Jul;86(14):5610-4. [PubMed:2501794 ]
  3. Gaskin G, Kendal H, Coulthart A, Turner N, Pusey CD: Use of proteinase 3 purified by reverse phase HPLC to detect autoantibodies in systemic vasculitis. J Immunol Methods. 1995 Mar 13;180(1):25-33. [PubMed:7897245 ]
  4. Wasiluk KR, Skubitz KM, Gray BH: Comparison of granule proteins from human polymorphonuclear leukocytes which are bactericidal toward Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Infect Immun. 1991 Nov;59(11):4193-200. [PubMed:1937776 ]
  5. Burkard TR, Planyavsky M, Kaupe I, Breitwieser FP, Burckstummer T, Bennett KL, Superti-Furga G, Colinge J: Initial characterization of the human central proteome. BMC Syst Biol. 2011 Jan 26;5:17. doi: 10.1186/1752-0509-5-17. [PubMed:21269460 ]
  6. Vaca Jacome AS, Rabilloud T, Schaeffer-Reiss C, Rompais M, Ayoub D, Lane L, Bairoch A, Van Dorsselaer A, Carapito C: N-terminome analysis of the human mitochondrial proteome. Proteomics. 2015 Jul;15(14):2519-24. doi: 10.1002/pmic.201400617. Epub 2015 Jun 8. [PubMed:25944712 ]
  7. Salvesen G, Farley D, Shuman J, Przybyla A, Reilly C, Travis J: Molecular cloning of human cathepsin G: structural similarity to mast cell and cytotoxic T lymphocyte proteinases. Biochemistry. 1987 Apr 21;26(8):2289-93. doi: 10.1021/bi00382a032. [PubMed:3304423 ]
  8. Hohn PA, Popescu NC, Hanson RD, Salvesen G, Ley TJ: Genomic organization and chromosomal localization of the human cathepsin G gene. J Biol Chem. 1989 Aug 15;264(23):13412-9. [PubMed:2569462 ]
  9. Avril LE, Di Martino-Ferrer M, Pignede G, Seman M, Gauthier F: Identification of the U-937 membrane-associated proteinase interacting with the V3 loop of HIV-1 gp120 as cathepsin G. FEBS Lett. 1994 May 23;345(1):81-6. doi: 10.1016/0014-5793(94)00410-2. [PubMed:8194606 ]
  10. Maison CM, Villiers CL, Colomb MG: Proteolysis of C3 on U937 cell plasma membranes. Purification of cathepsin G. J Immunol. 1991 Aug 1;147(3):921-6. [PubMed:1861080 ]
  11. Danelishvili L, Everman JL, McNamara MJ, Bermudez LE: Inhibition of the Plasma-Membrane-Associated Serine Protease Cathepsin G by Mycobacterium tuberculosis Rv3364c Suppresses Caspase-1 and Pyroptosis in Macrophages. Front Microbiol. 2012 Jan 11;2:281. doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2011.00281. eCollection 2011. [PubMed:22275911 ]
  12. Hof P, Mayr I, Huber R, Korzus E, Potempa J, Travis J, Powers JC, Bode W: The 1.8 A crystal structure of human cathepsin G in complex with Suc-Val-Pro-PheP-(OPh)2: a Janus-faced proteinase with two opposite specificities. EMBO J. 1996 Oct 15;15(20):5481-91. [PubMed:8896442 ]
  13. Ludecke B, Poller W, Olek K, Bartholome K: Sequence variant of the human cathepsin G gene. Hum Genet. 1993 Mar;91(1):83-4. doi: 10.1007/BF00230230. [PubMed:8454293 ]