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Identification
HMDB Protein ID HMDBP14635
Secondary Accession Numbers None
Name Alpha-amylase 1A
Synonyms
  1. 1,4-alpha-D-glucan glucanohydrolase 1
  2. Salivary alpha-amylase
Gene Name AMY1A
Protein Type Unknown
Biological Properties
General Function Not Available
Specific Function Calcium-binding enzyme that initiates starch digestion in the oral cavity (PubMed:12527308). Catalyzes the hydrolysis of internal (1->4)-alpha-D-glucosidic bonds, yielding a mixture of maltose, isomaltose, small amounts of glucose as well as small linear and branched oligosaccharides called dextrins (PubMed:12527308).
Pathways
  • Carbohydrate digestion and absorption
  • Pancreatic secretion
  • Salivary secretion
  • Starch and sucrose metabolism
Reactions Not Available
GO Classification
Biological Process
oligosaccharide metabolic process
Cellular Component
extracellular vesicular exosome
extracellular space
Molecular Function
alpha-amylase activity
chloride ion binding
calcium ion binding
alpha-amylase activity (releasing maltohexaose)
Cellular Location Not Available
Gene Properties
Chromosome Location Not Available
Locus Not Available
SNPs Not Available
Gene Sequence Not Available
Protein Properties
Number of Residues 511
Molecular Weight 57767.49
Theoretical pI 6.927
Pfam Domain Function
Signals
  • 1-15;
Transmembrane Regions Not Available
Protein Sequence Not Available
GenBank ID Protein Not Available
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot ID P0DUB6
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Entry Name AMY1A_HUMAN
PDB IDs
GenBank Gene ID Not Available
GeneCard ID Not Available
GenAtlas ID Not Available
HGNC ID Not Available
References
General References
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  3. Gregory SG, Barlow KF, McLay KE, Kaul R, Swarbreck D, Dunham A, Scott CE, Howe KL, Woodfine K, Spencer CC, Jones MC, Gillson C, Searle S, Zhou Y, Kokocinski F, McDonald L, Evans R, Phillips K, Atkinson A, Cooper R, Jones C, Hall RE, Andrews TD, Lloyd C, Ainscough R, Almeida JP, Ambrose KD, Anderson F, Andrew RW, Ashwell RI, Aubin K, Babbage AK, Bagguley CL, Bailey J, Beasley H, Bethel G, Bird CP, Bray-Allen S, Brown JY, Brown AJ, Buckley D, Burton J, Bye J, Carder C, Chapman JC, Clark SY, Clarke G, Clee C, Cobley V, Collier RE, Corby N, Coville GJ, Davies J, Deadman R, Dunn M, Earthrowl M, Ellington AG, Errington H, Frankish A, Frankland J, French L, Garner P, Garnett J, Gay L, Ghori MR, Gibson R, Gilby LM, Gillett W, Glithero RJ, Grafham DV, Griffiths C, Griffiths-Jones S, Grocock R, Hammond S, Harrison ES, Hart E, Haugen E, Heath PD, Holmes S, Holt K, Howden PJ, Hunt AR, Hunt SE, Hunter G, Isherwood J, James R, Johnson C, Johnson D, Joy A, Kay M, Kershaw JK, Kibukawa M, Kimberley AM, King A, Knights AJ, Lad H, Laird G, Lawlor S, Leongamornlert DA, Lloyd DM, Loveland J, Lovell J, Lush MJ, Lyne R, Martin S, Mashreghi-Mohammadi M, Matthews L, Matthews NS, McLaren S, Milne S, Mistry S, Moore MJ, Nickerson T, O'Dell CN, Oliver K, Palmeiri A, Palmer SA, Parker A, Patel D, Pearce AV, Peck AI, Pelan S, Phelps K, Phillimore BJ, Plumb R, Rajan J, Raymond C, Rouse G, Saenphimmachak C, Sehra HK, Sheridan E, Shownkeen R, Sims S, Skuce CD, Smith M, Steward C, Subramanian S, Sycamore N, Tracey A, Tromans A, Van Helmond Z, Wall M, Wallis JM, White S, Whitehead SL, Wilkinson JE, Willey DL, Williams H, Wilming L, Wray PW, Wu Z, Coulson A, Vaudin M, Sulston JE, Durbin R, Hubbard T, Wooster R, Dunham I, Carter NP, McVean G, Ross MT, Harrow J, Olson MV, Beck S, Rogers J, Bentley DR, Banerjee R, Bryant SP, Burford DC, Burrill WD, Clegg SM, Dhami P, Dovey O, Faulkner LM, Gribble SM, Langford CF, Pandian RD, Porter KM, Prigmore E: The DNA sequence and biological annotation of human chromosome 1. Nature. 2006 May 18;441(7091):315-21. [PubMed:16710414 ]
  4. Ramachandran P, Boontheung P, Xie Y, Sondej M, Wong DT, Loo JA: Identification of N-linked glycoproteins in human saliva by glycoprotein capture and mass spectrometry. J Proteome Res. 2006 Jun;5(6):1493-503. [PubMed:16740002 ]
  5. Nishide T, Nakamura Y, Emi M, Yamamoto T, Ogawa M, Mori T, Matsubara K: Primary structure of human salivary alpha-amylase gene. Gene. 1986;41(2-3):299-304. [PubMed:2423416 ]
  6. Nishide T, Emi M, Nakamura Y, Matsubara K: Corrected sequences of cDNAs for human salivary and pancreatic alpha-amylases [corrected]. Gene. 1984 May;28(2):263-70. [PubMed:6610603 ]
  7. Gumucio DL, Wiebauer K, Caldwell RM, Samuelson LC, Meisler MH: Concerted evolution of human amylase genes. Mol Cell Biol. 1988 Mar;8(3):1197-205. [PubMed:2452973 ]
  8. Handy DE, Larsen SH, Karn RC, Hodes ME: Identification of a human salivary amylase gene. Partial sequence of genomic DNA suggests a mode of regulation different from that of mouse, Amy1. Mol Biol Med. 1987 Jun;4(3):145-55. [PubMed:2442579 ]
  9. Bank RA, Hettema EH, Arwert F, Amerongen AV, Pronk JC: Electrophoretic characterization of posttranslational modifications of human parotid salivary alpha-amylase. Electrophoresis. 1991 Jan;12(1):74-9. [PubMed:1710976 ]
  10. Ramasubbu N, Paloth V, Luo Y, Brayer GD, Levine MJ: Structure of human salivary alpha-amylase at 1.6 A resolution: implications for its role in the oral cavity. Acta Crystallogr D Biol Crystallogr. 1996 May 1;52(Pt 3):435-46. [PubMed:15299664 ]
  11. Ramasubbu N, Ragunath C, Mishra PJ: Probing the role of a mobile loop in substrate binding and enzyme activity of human salivary amylase. J Mol Biol. 2003 Jan 31;325(5):1061-76. [PubMed:12527308 ]