Hmdb loader
You are using an unsupported browser. Please upgrade your browser to a newer version to get the best experience on Human Metabolome Database.
Record Information
Version5.0
StatusDetected and Quantified
Creation Date2005-11-16 15:48:42 UTC
Update Date2022-03-07 02:49:01 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB0000375
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB00375
Metabolite Identification
Common Name3-(3-Hydroxyphenyl)propanoic acid
Description3-(3-Hydroxyphenyl)propanoic (hMPP) acid is one of the major metabolites of ingested caffeic acid (PMID: 15479001 ) and of the phenolic degradation products of proanthocyanidins (the most abundant polyphenol present in chocolate) by the microflora in the colon (PMID: 12663291 ). mHPP is suspected to have antioxidants properties and is actively absorbed by the monocarboxylic acid transporter (MCT) in intestinal Caco-2 cell monolayers (PMID: 15479001 , 12663291 ). hMPP has been found to be a metabolite of Clostridium, Escherichia, and Eubacterium (PMID: 28393285 , 19520845 ). 3-(3-Hydroxyphenyl)propanoic acid is a flavonoid metabolite. 3-(3-Hydroxyphenyl)propanoic acid is a phenolic acid metabolite formed by the gut microflora detected after the consumption of whole grain.
Structure
Data?1582752127
Synonyms
ValueSource
3-(3-Hydroxy-phenyl)-propanoic acidChEBI
3-(m-Hydroxyphenyl)propionic acidChEBI
beta-(m-Hydroxyphenyl)propionic acidChEBI
Dihydro-3-coumaric acidChEBI
3-HydroxyphenylpropanoateKegg
3-(3-Hydroxyphenyl)propanoateKegg
3-(3-Hydroxy-phenyl)-propanoateGenerator
3-(3-Hydroxyphenyl)propionateGenerator
3-(m-Hydroxyphenyl)propionateGenerator
b-(m-Hydroxyphenyl)propionateGenerator
b-(m-Hydroxyphenyl)propionic acidGenerator
beta-(m-Hydroxyphenyl)propionateGenerator
Β-(m-hydroxyphenyl)propionateGenerator
Β-(m-hydroxyphenyl)propionic acidGenerator
Dihydro-3-coumarateGenerator
3-Hydroxyphenylpropanoic acidGenerator
3-(3-Hydroxy-phenyl)-propionic acidHMDB
3-HydroxybenzenepropanoateHMDB
3-Hydroxybenzenepropanoic acidHMDB
3-HydroxydihydrocinnamateHMDB
3-Hydroxydihydrocinnamic acidHMDB
3-Hydroxyhydrocinnamic acidHMDB
3-HydroxyphenylpropionateHMDB
3-Hydroxyphenylpropionic acidHMDB
b-(3-Hydroxyphenyl)propionateHMDB
b-(3-Hydroxyphenyl)propionic acidHMDB
beta-(3-Hydroxyphenyl)propionateHMDB
beta-(3-Hydroxyphenyl)propionic acidHMDB
dihydro-m-CoumarateHMDB
dihydro-m-Coumaric acidHMDB, MeSH
m-Hydrocoumaric acidHMDB
m-Hydroxy-hydrocinnamateHMDB
m-Hydroxy-hydrocinnamic acidHMDB
m-HydroxyphenylpropionateHMDB
m-Hydroxyphenylpropionic acidHMDB, MeSH
dihydro-3-Coumaric acid, monosodium saltMeSH, HMDB
3-(3'-Hydroxyphenyl)propanoic acidHMDB
3-(3-Hydroxyphenyl)propanoic acidHMDB
Chemical FormulaC9H10O3
Average Molecular Weight166.1739
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight166.062994186
IUPAC Name3-(3-hydroxyphenyl)propanoic acid
Traditional Name3-hydroxyphenylpropionic acid
CAS Registry Number621-54-5
SMILES
OC(=O)CCC1=CC(O)=CC=C1
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C9H10O3/c10-8-3-1-2-7(6-8)4-5-9(11)12/h1-3,6,10H,4-5H2,(H,11,12)
InChI KeyQVWAEZJXDYOKEH-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
Description Belongs to the class of organic compounds known as phenylpropanoic acids. Phenylpropanoic acids are compounds with a structure containing a benzene ring conjugated to a propanoic acid.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassPhenylpropanoids and polyketides
ClassPhenylpropanoic acids
Sub ClassNot Available
Direct ParentPhenylpropanoic acids
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • 3-phenylpropanoic-acid
  • 1-hydroxy-4-unsubstituted benzenoid
  • 1-hydroxy-2-unsubstituted benzenoid
  • Phenol
  • Benzenoid
  • Monocyclic benzene moiety
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Organic oxide
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Aromatic homomonocyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic homomonocyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
Physiological effect

Adverse health effect

Disposition

Biological location

Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Molecular Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water Solubility17370 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)The Good Scents Company Information System
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Experimental Chromatographic Properties

Experimental Collision Cross Sections

Adduct TypeData SourceCCS Value (Å2)Reference
[M-H]-MetCCS_train_neg136.11430932474
[M-H]-Not Available136.114http://allccs.zhulab.cn/database/detail?ID=AllCCS00000426
Predicted Molecular Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility2.8 g/LALOGPS
logP1.14ALOGPS
logP1.75ChemAxon
logS-1.8ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)4.21ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-6ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count3ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count2ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area57.53 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count3ChemAxon
Refractivity43.95 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability16.92 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings1ChemAxon
BioavailabilityYesChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleNoChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleNoChemAxon
Predicted Chromatographic Properties

Predicted Collision Cross Sections

PredictorAdduct TypeCCS Value (Å2)Reference
DarkChem[M+H]+137.28731661259
DarkChem[M-H]-133.02431661259
AllCCS[M+H]+135.58932859911
AllCCS[M-H]-134.13232859911
DeepCCS[M+H]+134.26730932474
DeepCCS[M-H]-131.48430932474
DeepCCS[M-2H]-167.99630932474
DeepCCS[M+Na]+143.42230932474
AllCCS[M+H]+135.632859911
AllCCS[M+H-H2O]+131.232859911
AllCCS[M+NH4]+139.732859911
AllCCS[M+Na]+140.832859911
AllCCS[M-H]-134.132859911
AllCCS[M+Na-2H]-135.132859911
AllCCS[M+HCOO]-136.332859911

Predicted Kovats Retention Indices

Underivatized

MetaboliteSMILESKovats RI ValueColumn TypeReference
3-(3-Hydroxyphenyl)propanoic acidOC(=O)CCC1=CC(O)=CC=C13087.2Standard polar33892256
3-(3-Hydroxyphenyl)propanoic acidOC(=O)CCC1=CC(O)=CC=C11631.9Standard non polar33892256
3-(3-Hydroxyphenyl)propanoic acidOC(=O)CCC1=CC(O)=CC=C11671.9Semi standard non polar33892256

Derivatized

Derivative Name / StructureSMILESKovats RI ValueColumn TypeReference
3-(3-Hydroxyphenyl)propanoic acid,1TMS,isomer #1C[Si](C)(C)OC(=O)CCC1=CC=CC(O)=C11764.1Semi standard non polar33892256
3-(3-Hydroxyphenyl)propanoic acid,1TMS,isomer #2C[Si](C)(C)OC1=CC=CC(CCC(=O)O)=C11736.4Semi standard non polar33892256
3-(3-Hydroxyphenyl)propanoic acid,2TMS,isomer #1C[Si](C)(C)OC(=O)CCC1=CC=CC(O[Si](C)(C)C)=C11730.0Semi standard non polar33892256
3-(3-Hydroxyphenyl)propanoic acid,1TBDMS,isomer #1CC(C)(C)[Si](C)(C)OC(=O)CCC1=CC=CC(O)=C11992.4Semi standard non polar33892256
3-(3-Hydroxyphenyl)propanoic acid,1TBDMS,isomer #2CC(C)(C)[Si](C)(C)OC1=CC=CC(CCC(=O)O)=C11970.2Semi standard non polar33892256
3-(3-Hydroxyphenyl)propanoic acid,2TBDMS,isomer #1CC(C)(C)[Si](C)(C)OC(=O)CCC1=CC=CC(O[Si](C)(C)C(C)(C)C)=C12199.7Semi standard non polar33892256
Spectra

GC-MS Spectra

Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash KeyDeposition DateSourceView
Experimental GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - 3-(3-Hydroxyphenyl)propanoic acid EI-B (Non-derivatized)splash10-01b9-1900000000-77779ae60312f591e17e2017-09-12HMDB team, MONA, MassBankView Spectrum
Experimental GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - 3-(3-Hydroxyphenyl)propanoic acid GC-EI-TOF (Non-derivatized)splash10-0a4l-0930000000-cb674deffe8e93afca7e2017-09-12HMDB team, MONA, MassBankView Spectrum
Experimental GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - 3-(3-Hydroxyphenyl)propanoic acid EI-B (Non-derivatized)splash10-01b9-1900000000-77779ae60312f591e17e2018-05-18HMDB team, MONA, MassBankView Spectrum
Experimental GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - 3-(3-Hydroxyphenyl)propanoic acid GC-EI-TOF (Non-derivatized)splash10-0a4l-0930000000-cb674deffe8e93afca7e2018-05-18HMDB team, MONA, MassBankView Spectrum
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - 3-(3-Hydroxyphenyl)propanoic acid GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-05fr-3900000000-df46f44d343adb6bf4be2017-07-27Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - 3-(3-Hydroxyphenyl)propanoic acid GC-MS (2 TMS) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-00g0-9660000000-4030a1092b3837900ee32017-10-06Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - 3-(3-Hydroxyphenyl)propanoic acid GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, PositiveNot Available2021-10-12Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - 3-(3-Hydroxyphenyl)propanoic acid GC-MS (TMS_1_1) - 70eV, PositiveNot Available2021-11-05Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - 3-(3-Hydroxyphenyl)propanoic acid GC-MS (TMS_1_2) - 70eV, PositiveNot Available2021-11-05Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - 3-(3-Hydroxyphenyl)propanoic acid GC-MS (TBDMS_1_1) - 70eV, PositiveNot Available2021-11-05Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - 3-(3-Hydroxyphenyl)propanoic acid GC-MS (TBDMS_1_2) - 70eV, PositiveNot Available2021-11-05Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - 3-(3-Hydroxyphenyl)propanoic acid GC-MS (TBDMS_2_1) - 70eV, PositiveNot Available2021-11-05Wishart LabView Spectrum

MS/MS Spectra

Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash KeyDeposition DateSourceView
Experimental LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - 3-(3-Hydroxyphenyl)propanoic acid 10V, Negative-QTOFsplash10-00di-0900000000-0ef65243a7fdde063c522021-09-20HMDB team, MONAView Spectrum
Experimental LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - 3-(3-Hydroxyphenyl)propanoic acid 35V, Negative-QTOFsplash10-0avi-0900000000-f9b9f6b52e9e50218f532021-09-20HMDB team, MONAView Spectrum
Experimental LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - 3-(3-Hydroxyphenyl)propanoic acid 20V, Negative-QTOFsplash10-0avi-0900000000-de2d8585bc952e8404602021-09-20HMDB team, MONAView Spectrum
Experimental LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - 3-(3-Hydroxyphenyl)propanoic acid 40V, Negative-QTOFsplash10-0aor-3900000000-a0c560a0e53e97f29b2b2021-09-20HMDB team, MONAView Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 3-(3-Hydroxyphenyl)propanoic acid 10V, Positive-QTOFsplash10-0002-0900000000-4a45085593200cc6c7d32015-09-15Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 3-(3-Hydroxyphenyl)propanoic acid 20V, Positive-QTOFsplash10-006t-1900000000-ac287061b5cdcc1f846b2015-09-15Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 3-(3-Hydroxyphenyl)propanoic acid 40V, Positive-QTOFsplash10-0f96-9400000000-1e275b3ba45b8048aa132015-09-15Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 3-(3-Hydroxyphenyl)propanoic acid 10V, Negative-QTOFsplash10-014i-0900000000-ec17e3f1692cb9469beb2015-09-15Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 3-(3-Hydroxyphenyl)propanoic acid 20V, Negative-QTOFsplash10-01ba-0900000000-4407c82bb7a72d9feb582015-09-15Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 3-(3-Hydroxyphenyl)propanoic acid 40V, Negative-QTOFsplash10-00r5-4900000000-2b7cd80f8f959113fe792015-09-15Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 3-(3-Hydroxyphenyl)propanoic acid 10V, Positive-QTOFsplash10-00di-0900000000-0d7421595c1a4fe8a25e2021-09-24Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 3-(3-Hydroxyphenyl)propanoic acid 20V, Positive-QTOFsplash10-0a4i-2900000000-efb21a9dd58f39dfcf572021-09-24Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 3-(3-Hydroxyphenyl)propanoic acid 40V, Positive-QTOFsplash10-004i-9300000000-258065f574b3915c0ac32021-09-24Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 3-(3-Hydroxyphenyl)propanoic acid 10V, Negative-QTOFsplash10-00xs-0900000000-3e37174dd2fc252c5cd12021-09-24Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 3-(3-Hydroxyphenyl)propanoic acid 20V, Negative-QTOFsplash10-00di-0900000000-d6e289e9f660ec6436592021-09-24Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 3-(3-Hydroxyphenyl)propanoic acid 40V, Negative-QTOFsplash10-014i-3900000000-8e0c82231fc0135fc3cc2021-09-24Wishart LabView Spectrum

NMR Spectra

Spectrum TypeDescriptionDeposition DateSourceView
Predicted 1D NMR13C NMR Spectrum (1D, 100 MHz, D2O, predicted)2021-09-29Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted 1D NMR1H NMR Spectrum (1D, 100 MHz, D2O, predicted)2021-09-29Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted 1D NMR13C NMR Spectrum (1D, 1000 MHz, D2O, predicted)2021-09-29Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted 1D NMR1H NMR Spectrum (1D, 1000 MHz, D2O, predicted)2021-09-29Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted 1D NMR13C NMR Spectrum (1D, 200 MHz, D2O, predicted)2021-09-29Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted 1D NMR1H NMR Spectrum (1D, 200 MHz, D2O, predicted)2021-09-29Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted 1D NMR13C NMR Spectrum (1D, 300 MHz, D2O, predicted)2021-09-29Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted 1D NMR1H NMR Spectrum (1D, 300 MHz, D2O, predicted)2021-09-29Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted 1D NMR13C NMR Spectrum (1D, 400 MHz, D2O, predicted)2021-09-29Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted 1D NMR1H NMR Spectrum (1D, 400 MHz, D2O, predicted)2021-09-29Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted 1D NMR13C NMR Spectrum (1D, 500 MHz, D2O, predicted)2021-09-29Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted 1D NMR1H NMR Spectrum (1D, 500 MHz, D2O, predicted)2021-09-29Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted 1D NMR13C NMR Spectrum (1D, 600 MHz, D2O, predicted)2021-09-29Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted 1D NMR1H NMR Spectrum (1D, 600 MHz, D2O, predicted)2021-09-29Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted 1D NMR13C NMR Spectrum (1D, 700 MHz, D2O, predicted)2021-09-29Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted 1D NMR1H NMR Spectrum (1D, 700 MHz, D2O, predicted)2021-09-29Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted 1D NMR13C NMR Spectrum (1D, 800 MHz, D2O, predicted)2021-09-29Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted 1D NMR1H NMR Spectrum (1D, 800 MHz, D2O, predicted)2021-09-29Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted 1D NMR13C NMR Spectrum (1D, 900 MHz, D2O, predicted)2021-09-29Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted 1D NMR1H NMR Spectrum (1D, 900 MHz, D2O, predicted)2021-09-29Wishart LabView Spectrum
Biological Properties
Cellular LocationsNot Available
Biospecimen Locations
  • Blood
  • Feces
  • Urine
Tissue LocationsNot Available
Pathways
Normal Concentrations
BiospecimenStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodExpected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedNot AvailableNot Available
Normal
      Not Available
details
BloodDetected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedAdult (>18 years old)Both
Normal
details
BloodDetected and Quantified0.056 +/- 0.015 uMAdult (>18 years old)Male
Normal
details
BloodDetected and Quantified0.035 +/- 0.008 uMAdult (>18 years old)Male
Normal
details
BloodDetected and Quantified0.086 +/- 0.021 uMAdult (>18 years old)Male
Normal
details
BloodDetected and Quantified0.084 +/- 0.022 uMAdult (>18 years old)Male
Normal
details
BloodDetected and Quantified0.04 +/- 0.008 uMAdult (>18 years old)Male
Normal
details
BloodDetected and Quantified0.039 +/- 0.012 uMAdult (>18 years old)Male
Normal
details
BloodDetected and Quantified0.034 +/- 0.01 uMAdult (>18 years old)Male
Normal
details
BloodExpected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedNot AvailableNot AvailableConsuming polyphenols described by Phenol-Explorer entry 961 details
BloodDetected and Quantified0.775 +/- 0.747 uMAdult (>18 years old)Male
Normal
details
BloodExpected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedNot AvailableNot AvailableConsuming polyphenols described by Phenol-Explorer entry 961 details
BloodDetected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedAdult (>18 years old)BothNormal details
FecesDetected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedAdult (>18 years old)Both
Normal
details
FecesDetected and Quantified74.0188 +/- 139.0110 nmol/g wet fecesAdult (>18 years old)Both
Normal
details
FecesDetected and Quantified105.913 +/- 182.941 nmol/g wet fecesAdult (>18 years old)Both
Normal
details
FecesDetected and Quantified288.854 +/- 717.321 nmol/g wet fecesAdult (>18 years old)Both
Normal
details
FecesDetected and Quantified290.659 +/- 834.0660 nmol/g wet fecesAdult (>18 years old)Both
Normal
details
FecesDetected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedAdult (>18 years old)Both
Normal
details
FecesDetected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedNot SpecifiedNot Specified
Normal
details
FecesDetected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedAdult (>18 years old)Both
Normal
details
FecesDetected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedAdult (>18 years old)Both
Normal
details
FecesDetected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedAdult (>18 years old)Both
Normal
details
FecesDetected and Quantified9.0508 (0.0722-110.366) nmol/g wet fecesAdult (>18 years old)Both
Normal
details
FecesDetected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedNot SpecifiedNot Specified
Normal
details
FecesDetected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedAdult (>18 years old)BothNormal details
FecesDetected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedAdult (>18 years old)Not SpecifiedNormal details
UrineDetected and Quantified0.32 (0.2 - 0.5) umol/mmol creatinineAdult (>18 years old)Not SpecifiedNormal details
UrineDetected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedAdult (>18 years old)BothNormal details
UrineDetected and Quantified1.5 +/- 0.46 umol/mmol creatinineAdult (>18 years old)BothNormal details
UrineExpected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedNot AvailableNot AvailableConsuming polyphenols described by Phenol-Explorer entry 961 details
UrineExpected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedNot AvailableNot AvailableConsuming polyphenols described by Phenol-Explorer entry 961 details
UrineDetected and Quantified0.043 +/- 0.006 umol/mmol creatinineAdult (>18 years old)Male
Normal
details
Abnormal Concentrations
BiospecimenStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
FecesDetected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedAdult (>18 years old)BothColorectal Cancer details
FecesDetected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedAdult (>18 years old)Both
Irritable bowel syndrome
details
FecesDetected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedAdult (>18 years old)Not Specifiedasymptomatic diverticulosis details
FecesDetected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedAdult (>18 years old)Not Specifiedsymptomatic uncomplicated diverticular disease details
UrineDetected and Quantified2.292 umol/mmol creatinineChildren (1 - 13 years old)Not Specified
Eosinophilic esophagitis
    • Analysis of 30 no...
details
UrineDetected and Quantified1.325 umol/mmol creatinineChildren (1 - 13 years old)Not Specified
Gastroesophageal reflux disease
    • Analysis of 30 no...
details
UrineDetected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedAdult (>18 years old)Both
Hypertension (mild)
details
UrineDetected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedAdult (>18 years old)Both
Hypertension (mild)
details
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease References
Irritable bowel syndrome
  1. Ponnusamy K, Choi JN, Kim J, Lee SY, Lee CH: Microbial community and metabolomic comparison of irritable bowel syndrome faeces. J Med Microbiol. 2011 Jun;60(Pt 6):817-27. doi: 10.1099/jmm.0.028126-0. Epub 2011 Feb 17. [PubMed:21330412 ]
Colorectal cancer
  1. Brown DG, Rao S, Weir TL, O'Malia J, Bazan M, Brown RJ, Ryan EP: Metabolomics and metabolic pathway networks from human colorectal cancers, adjacent mucosa, and stool. Cancer Metab. 2016 Jun 6;4:11. doi: 10.1186/s40170-016-0151-y. eCollection 2016. [PubMed:27275383 ]
Diverticular disease
  1. Tursi A, Mastromarino P, Capobianco D, Elisei W, Miccheli A, Capuani G, Tomassini A, Campagna G, Picchio M, Giorgetti G, Fabiocchi F, Brandimarte G: Assessment of Fecal Microbiota and Fecal Metabolome in Symptomatic Uncomplicated Diverticular Disease of the Colon. J Clin Gastroenterol. 2016 Oct;50 Suppl 1:S9-S12. doi: 10.1097/MCG.0000000000000626. [PubMed:27622378 ]
Eosinophilic esophagitis
  1. Slae, M., Huynh, H., Wishart, D.S. (2014). Analysis of 30 normal pediatric urine samples via NMR spectroscopy (unpublished work). NA.
Associated OMIM IDs
DrugBank IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
FooDB IDFDB021993
KNApSAcK IDC00052683
Chemspider ID89
KEGG Compound IDC11457
BioCyc ID3-HYDROXYPHENYL-PROPIONATE
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkNot Available
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem Compound91
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID1427
Food Biomarker OntologyNot Available
VMH IDNot Available
MarkerDB IDNot Available
Good Scents IDrw1417091
References
Synthesis ReferenceDombrow, M.; Linnell, W. H. Preparation of m-hydroxyphenylpropionic acid. Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology (1952), 4 118-19.
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Download (PDF)
General References
  1. Nakazawa T, Ohsawa K: Metabolites of orally administered Perilla frutescens extract in rats and humans. Biol Pharm Bull. 2000 Jan;23(1):122-7. [PubMed:10706426 ]
  2. Duran M, Wanders RJ, de Jager JP, Dorland L, Bruinvis L, Ketting D, Ijlst L, van Sprang FJ: 3-Hydroxydicarboxylic aciduria due to long-chain 3-hydroxyacyl-coenzyme A dehydrogenase deficiency associated with sudden neonatal death: protective effect of medium-chain triglyceride treatment. Eur J Pediatr. 1991 Jan;150(3):190-5. [PubMed:2044590 ]
  3. Rios LY, Gonthier MP, Remesy C, Mila I, Lapierre C, Lazarus SA, Williamson G, Scalbert A: Chocolate intake increases urinary excretion of polyphenol-derived phenolic acids in healthy human subjects. Am J Clin Nutr. 2003 Apr;77(4):912-8. [PubMed:12663291 ]
  4. Konishi Y, Kobayashi S: Microbial metabolites of ingested caffeic acid are absorbed by the monocarboxylic acid transporter (MCT) in intestinal Caco-2 cell monolayers. J Agric Food Chem. 2004 Oct 20;52(21):6418-24. [PubMed:15479001 ]
  5. Rowland I, Gibson G, Heinken A, Scott K, Swann J, Thiele I, Tuohy K: Gut microbiota functions: metabolism of nutrients and other food components. Eur J Nutr. 2018 Feb;57(1):1-24. doi: 10.1007/s00394-017-1445-8. Epub 2017 Apr 9. [PubMed:28393285 ]
  6. Manso I, Torres B, Andreu JM, Menendez M, Rivas G, Alfonso C, Diaz E, Garcia JL, Galan B: 3-Hydroxyphenylpropionate and phenylpropionate are synergistic activators of the MhpR transcriptional regulator from Escherichia coli. J Biol Chem. 2009 Aug 7;284(32):21218-28. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M109.008243. Epub 2009 Jun 11. [PubMed:19520845 ]
  7. Upadhyaya S, Banerjee G: Type 2 diabetes and gut microbiome: at the intersection of known and unknown. Gut Microbes. 2015;6(2):85-92. doi: 10.1080/19490976.2015.1024918. [PubMed:25901889 ]
  8. Koistinen VM (2019). Effects of Food Processing and Gut Microbial Metabolism on Whole Grain Phytochemicals: A Metabolomics Approach. In Publications of the University of Eastern Finland. Dissertations in Health Sciences., no 510 (pp. 26-58). University of Eastern Finland. [ISBN:978-952-61-3088-0 ]

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
Specific function:
UDPGT is of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds. This isoform glucuronidates bilirubin IX-alpha to form both the IX-alpha-C8 and IX-alpha-C12 monoconjugates and diconjugate. Is also able to catalyze the glucuronidation of 17beta-estradiol, 17alpha-ethinylestradiol, 1-hydroxypyrene, 4-methylumbelliferone, 1-naphthol, paranitrophenol, scopoletin, and umbelliferone.
Gene Name:
UGT1A1
Uniprot ID:
P22309
Molecular weight:
59590.91
Reactions
3-(3-Hydroxyphenyl)propanoic acid → 6-[3-(2-carboxyethyl)phenoxy]-3,4,5-trihydroxyoxane-2-carboxylic aciddetails
3-(3-Hydroxyphenyl)propanoic acid → 3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-{[3-(3-hydroxyphenyl)propanoyl]oxy}oxane-2-carboxylic aciddetails
General function:
sulfotransferase activity
Specific function:
Sulfotransferase that utilizes 3'-phospho-5'-adenylyl sulfate (PAPS) as sulfonate donor to catalyze the sulfate conjugation of phenolic monoamines (neurotransmitters such as dopamine, norepinephrine and serotonin) and phenolic and catechol drugs.
Gene Name:
SULT1A3
Uniprot ID:
P0DMM9
Molecular weight:
34195.96
Reactions
3-(3-Hydroxyphenyl)propanoic acid → 3-[3-(Sulfooxy)phenyl]propanoic aciddetails