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Record Information
Version4.0
StatusDetected and Quantified
Creation Date2005-11-16 15:48:42 UTC
Update Date2020-02-26 21:22:43 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB0000899
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB0011608
  • HMDB00899
  • HMDB11608
Metabolite Identification
Common NameAndrostanedione
DescriptionAndrostanedione belongs to the class of organic compounds known as androgens and derivatives. These are 3-hydroxylated C19 steroid hormones. They are known to favor the development of masculine characteristics. They also show profound effects on scalp and body hair in humans. Thus, androstanedione is considered to be a steroid lipid molecule. Androstanedione is a very hydrophobic molecule, practically insoluble (in water), and relatively neutral.
Structure
Data?1582752163
Synonyms
ValueSource
5alpha-Androstan-3,17-dioneChEBI
5a-Androstan-3,17-dioneGenerator
5Α-androstan-3,17-dioneGenerator
(5a)-Androstane-3,17-dioneHMDB
5-alpha-Androstane-3,17-dioneHMDB
5a-Androsta-3,17-dioneHMDB
5a-Androstane-3, 17-dioneHMDB
5a-Androstane-3,17-dioneHMDB
5a-AndrostanedioneHMDB
5alpha-Androstane-3,17-dioneHMDB
Androstane-3,17-dioneHMDB
Androstane-3,7-dioneHMDB
Androstane-3,17-dione, (2-3(H)-labeled, (2beta,5beta))-isomerHMDB
Androstane-3,17-dione, (4-(3)H-labeled, (4alpha,5beta))-isomerHMDB
Androstane-3,17-dione, (2-3(H)-labeled, (2alpha,5beta))-isomerHMDB
Androstane-3,17-dione, (4-(3)H-labeled, (4beta,5beta))-isomerHMDB
Androstane-3,17-dione, (5beta)-isomerHMDB
3,17-Dioxy-5 alpha-androstaneHMDB
5 alpha-AndrostanedioneHMDB
5 beta-Androstane-3,17-dioneHMDB
5 alpha-Androstane-3,17-dioneHMDB
Androstane-3,17-dione, (5alpha)-isomerHMDB
Chemical FormulaC19H28O2
Average Molecular Weight288.4244
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight288.20893014
IUPAC Name(1S,2S,7S,10R,11S,15S)-2,15-dimethyltetracyclo[8.7.0.0^{2,7}.0^{11,15}]heptadecane-5,14-dione
Traditional Name(1S,2S,7S,10R,11S,15S)-2,15-dimethyltetracyclo[8.7.0.0^{2,7}.0^{11,15}]heptadecane-5,14-dione
CAS Registry Number846-46-8
SMILES
[H][C@@]12CCC(=O)[C@@]1(C)CC[C@@]1([H])[C@@]2([H])CC[C@@]2([H])CC(=O)CC[C@]12C
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C19H28O2/c1-18-9-7-13(20)11-12(18)3-4-14-15-5-6-17(21)19(15,2)10-8-16(14)18/h12,14-16H,3-11H2,1-2H3/t12-,14-,15-,16-,18-,19-/m0/s1
InChI KeyRAJWOBJTTGJROA-WZNAKSSCSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as androgens and derivatives. These are 3-hydroxylated C19 steroid hormones. They are known to favor the development of masculine characteristics. They also show profound effects on scalp and body hair in humans.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassSteroids and steroid derivatives
Sub ClassAndrostane steroids
Direct ParentAndrogens and derivatives
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Androgen-skeleton
  • 3-oxo-5-alpha-steroid
  • Oxosteroid
  • 17-oxosteroid
  • 3-oxosteroid
  • Cyclic ketone
  • Ketone
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Organic oxide
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Aliphatic homopolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic homopolycyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
Disposition

Route of exposure:

Source:

Biological location:

Process

Naturally occurring process:

Role

Biological role:

Industrial application:

Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting Point133.5 - 134.0 °CNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.0074 g/LALOGPS
logP3.4ALOGPS
logP3.97ChemAxon
logS-4.6ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)19.78ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-7.1ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count2ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count0ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area34.14 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count0ChemAxon
Refractivity82.78 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability33.83 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings4ChemAxon
BioavailabilityYesChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleNoChemAxon
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash KeyView
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized)splash10-003u-9711000000-845e34a01c44999f2dedSpectrum
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - EI-B (Non-derivatized)splash10-000i-2790000000-3265da77fd4cc7bfa1c9Spectrum
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized)splash10-003u-9711000000-845e34a01c44999f2dedSpectrum
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-03ea-0490000000-e4819053bc47c4809a6cSpectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 10V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-000i-0090000000-decf354145d0bc46e624Spectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 25V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-01vk-4910000000-1f05b00fe5f61dd134c3Spectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 40V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-05ng-9800000000-ef0555e1d54150aaffd2Spectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Linear Ion Trap , negativesplash10-0aou-0290000000-ffd1b454b311f471cb73Spectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Linear Ion Trap , positivesplash10-014i-0390000000-f4995b2047bec58846f5Spectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Linear Ion Trap , positivesplash10-00di-0390000000-a4cf943964aae2cffee6Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-000i-0190000000-8b26abdeab6d06d616e3Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-05a9-0490000000-5411cf1f548c371b71f5Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-0mkg-2690000000-fd3043c5fcf860949b79Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-000i-0090000000-be391ca3b57229eb2b28Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-000i-0090000000-0c9ee67f63fb1f48c00aSpectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-052f-3190000000-4d4ec5ab2ebbcfdebbd0Spectrum
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
2D NMR[1H,13C] 2D NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane (predicted from logP)
  • Endoplasmic reticulum
Biospecimen Locations
  • Blood
Tissue Locations
  • Testis
Pathways
Normal Concentrations
BiospecimenStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodDetected and Quantified0.00036 (0.00020-0.00070) uMAdult (>18 years old)MaleNormal details
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDDB01561
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
FooDB IDFDB022307
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID193520
KEGG Compound IDC00674
BioCyc IDCPD-342
BiGG ID42505
Wikipedia LinkAndrostanedione
METLIN ID5855
PubChem Compound222865
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID15994
Food Biomarker OntologyNot Available
VMH IDNot Available
MarkerDB ID
References
Synthesis ReferenceMarker, Russell E.; Kamm, Oliver; Jones, David M.; Oakwood, Thomas S. Sterols. VIII. Preparation of androstanedione from allopregnanediol. Journal of the American Chemical Society (1937), 59 614-16.
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Download (PDF)
General References
  1. Gonzalez-Santos MR, Gaja-Rodriguez OV, Alonso-Uriarte R, Sojo-Aranda I, Cortes-Gallegos V: Sleep deprivation and adaptive hormonal responses of healthy men. Arch Androl. 1989;22(3):203-7. [PubMed:2757458 ]
  2. Karlsson T, Vahlquist A, Kedishvili N, Torma H: 13-cis-retinoic acid competitively inhibits 3 alpha-hydroxysteroid oxidation by retinol dehydrogenase RoDH-4: a mechanism for its anti-androgenic effects in sebaceous glands? Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2003 Mar 28;303(1):273-8. [PubMed:12646198 ]

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity
Specific function:
Catalyzes the transformation of the potent androgen dihydrotestosterone (DHT) into the less active form, 5-alpha-androstan-3-alpha,17-beta-diol (3-alpha-diol). Also has some 20-alpha-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase activity. The biotransformation of the pesticide chlordecone (kepone) to its corresponding alcohol leads to increased biliary excretion of the pesticide and concomitant reduction of its neurotoxicity since bile is the major excretory route.
Gene Name:
AKR1C4
Uniprot ID:
P17516
Molecular weight:
37094.57
Reactions
Androsterone + NAD → Androstanedione + NADH + Hydrogen Iondetails
Androsterone + NADP → Androstanedione + NADPH + Hydrogen Iondetails
General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity
Specific function:
Converts progesterone to its inactive form, 20-alpha-dihydroxyprogesterone (20-alpha-OHP). In the liver and intestine, may have a role in the transport of bile. May have a role in monitoring the intrahepatic bile acid concentration. Has a low bile-binding ability. May play a role in myelin formation.
Gene Name:
AKR1C1
Uniprot ID:
Q04828
Molecular weight:
36788.02
General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity
Specific function:
Works in concert with the 5-alpha/5-beta-steroid reductases to convert steroid hormones into the 3-alpha/5-alpha and 3-alpha/5-beta-tetrahydrosteroids. Catalyzes the inactivation of the most potent androgen 5-alpha-dihydrotestosterone (5-alpha-DHT) to 5-alpha-androstane-3-alpha,17-beta-diol (3-alpha-diol). Has a high bile-binding ability.
Gene Name:
AKR1C2
Uniprot ID:
P52895
Molecular weight:
15747.91
General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity
Specific function:
Efficiently catalyzes the reduction of progesterone, androstenedione, 17-alpha-hydroxyprogesterone and testosterone to 5-beta-reduced metabolites. The bile acid intermediates 7-alpha,12-alpha-dihydroxy-4-cholesten-3-one and 7-alpha-hydroxy-4-cholesten-3-one can also act as substrates.
Gene Name:
AKR1D1
Uniprot ID:
P51857
Molecular weight:
32889.38
General function:
Involved in 3-oxo-5-alpha-steroid 4-dehydrogenase activity
Specific function:
Converts testosterone (T) into 5-alpha-dihydrotestosterone (DHT) and progesterone or corticosterone into their corresponding 5-alpha-3-oxosteroids. It plays a central role in sexual differentiation and androgen physiology.
Gene Name:
SRD5A2
Uniprot ID:
P31213
Molecular weight:
28407.035
Reactions
Androstanedione + Acceptor → Androstenedione + Reduced acceptordetails
General function:
Involved in 3-oxo-5-alpha-steroid 4-dehydrogenase activity
Specific function:
Converts testosterone into 5-alpha-dihydrotestosterone and progesterone or corticosterone into their corresponding 5-alpha-3-oxosteroids. It plays a central role in sexual differentiation and androgen physiology.
Gene Name:
SRD5A1
Uniprot ID:
P18405
Molecular weight:
29458.18
Reactions
Androstanedione + Acceptor → Androstenedione + Reduced acceptordetails
General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity, acting on the CH-CH group of donors
Specific function:
Plays a key role in early steps of protein N-linked glycosylation by being required for the conversion of polyprenol into dolichol. Dolichols are required for the synthesis of dolichol-linked monosaccharides and the oligosaccharide precursor used for N-glycosylation. Acts as a polyprenol reductase that promotes the reduction of the alpha-isoprene unit of polyprenols into dolichols in a NADP-dependent mechanism. Also able to convert testosterone (T) into 5-alpha-dihydrotestosterone (DHT).
Gene Name:
SRD5A3
Uniprot ID:
Q9H8P0
Molecular weight:
36521.005
Reactions
Androstanedione + Acceptor → Androstenedione + Reduced acceptordetails