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Record Information
Version4.0
StatusDetected and Quantified
Creation Date2005-11-16 15:48:42 UTC
Update Date2020-02-26 21:22:47 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB0000958
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB00958
Metabolite Identification
Common Nametrans-Aconitic acid
Descriptiontrans-Aconitic acid, also known as trans-aconitate or (e)-aconitic acid, belongs to the class of organic compounds known as tricarboxylic acids and derivatives. These are carboxylic acids containing exactly three carboxyl groups. trans-Aconitic acid is a weakly acidic compound (based on its pKa). trans-Aconitic acid exists in all living species, ranging from bacteria to humans. trans-Aconitic acid is a dry, musty, and nut tasting compound. Outside of the human body, trans-aconitic acid has been detected, but not quantified in, several different foods, such as garden tomato (var.), fruits, root vegetables, soy beans, and rices. This could make trans-aconitic acid a potential biomarker for the consumption of these foods. trans-Aconitic acid is normally present in normal human urine, and it has been suggested that is present in larger amounts with Reye's syndrome and organic aciduria. trans-Aconitic acid in the urine is a biomarker for the consumption of soy products. trans-Aconitic acid is a substrate of enzyme trans-Aconitic acid 2-methyltransferase (EC2.1.1.144).
Structure
Data?1582752167
Synonyms
ValueSource
(1E)-1-Propene-1,2,3-tricarboxylic acidChEBI
(e)-1-Propene-1,2,3-tricarboxylic acidChEBI
(1E)-1-Propene-1,2,3-tricarboxylateGenerator
(e)-1-Propene-1,2,3-tricarboxylateGenerator
trans-AconitateGenerator
(1E)-Prop-1-ene-1,2,3-tricarboxylicHMDB
(1E)1-Propene-1,2,3-tricarboxylateHMDB
(1E)1-Propene-1,2,3-tricarboxylic acidHMDB
(e)-Aconitic acidHMDB
1-Propene-1-trans-2,3-tricarboxylic acidHMDB
1-trans-Propene-1,2,3-tricarboxylic acidHMDB
AcidHMDB
TRAHMDB
trans-1-Propene-1,2,3-tricarboxylic acidHMDB
trans-Propene-1,2,3-tricarboxylic acidHMDB
Acid, aconiticHMDB
Acid, adonicHMDB
Acid, carboxyglutaconicHMDB
Acid, citridicHMDB
Adonic acidHMDB
Achilleic acidHMDB
Acid, aconticHMDB
Acid, pyrocitricHMDB
Carboxyglutaconic acidHMDB
Equisetic acidHMDB
Pyrocitric acidHMDB
Acid, achilleicHMDB
Acid, equiseticHMDB
AconitateHMDB
Citridic acidHMDB
Citridinic acidHMDB
Acid, citridinicHMDB
Aconitic acidHMDB
Acontic acidHMDB
Chemical FormulaC6H6O6
Average Molecular Weight174.1082
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight174.016437924
IUPAC Name(1E)-prop-1-ene-1,2,3-tricarboxylic acid
Traditional Nametrans aconitic acid
CAS Registry Number4023-65-8
SMILES
OC(=O)C\C(=C/C(O)=O)C(O)=O
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C6H6O6/c7-4(8)1-3(6(11)12)2-5(9)10/h1H,2H2,(H,7,8)(H,9,10)(H,11,12)/b3-1+
InChI KeyGTZCVFVGUGFEME-HNQUOIGGSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as tricarboxylic acids and derivatives. These are carboxylic acids containing exactly three carboxyl groups.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganic acids and derivatives
ClassCarboxylic acids and derivatives
Sub ClassTricarboxylic acids and derivatives
Direct ParentTricarboxylic acids and derivatives
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Tricarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Organic oxide
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
Physiological effect

Health effect:

Disposition

Route of exposure:

Source:

Biological location:

Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting Point187 - 191 °CNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water Solubility472.5 mg/mLNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility6.72 g/LALOGPS
logP-0.41ALOGPS
logP-0.52ChemAxon
logS-1.4ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)3.15ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-3ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count6ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count3ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area111.9 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count4ChemAxon
Refractivity35.23 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability13.96 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
BioavailabilityYesChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterNoChemAxon
Veber's RuleNoChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleNoChemAxon
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash KeyView
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (3 TMS)splash10-003s-3971000000-d4adfdbddf5dc3badb47Spectrum
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized)splash10-003s-3971000000-d4adfdbddf5dc3badb47Spectrum
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Non-derivatized)splash10-0002-1930000000-1043e640a069e4ed3c64Spectrum
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-06w9-4900000000-38239492ad0e66d6533bSpectrum
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (3 TMS) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-00di-9167000000-07ccdac5775cc3e75c95Spectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 10V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-000i-9300000000-1f04239a9a7133f89d08Spectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 25V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-000f-9000000000-49f5c2a7959cfbbbe09fSpectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 40V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-000f-9100000000-d4857c30b96cf4786dbeSpectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 10V, Negativesplash10-00b9-1900000000-51343d1269f884535ccaSpectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 20V, Negativesplash10-000i-9100000000-b3ebe9a6fedcb9608872Spectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 30V, Negativesplash10-000i-9000000000-2d6b96d6e5ed92f0fdeeSpectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 40V, Negativesplash10-000l-9000000000-d36114a1c7a0318b1f7aSpectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 50V, Negativesplash10-0006-9000000000-f4ae4a72d5f2beed9106Spectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QTOF (UPLC Q-Tof Premier, Waters) , Negativesplash10-000i-9200000000-49eaf4d6558839930e52Spectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ , negativesplash10-00b9-1900000000-51343d1269f884535ccaSpectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ , negativesplash10-000i-9100000000-b3ebe9a6fedcb9608872Spectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ , negativesplash10-000i-9000000000-4f60fbd245c1d58cd7d5Spectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ , negativesplash10-000l-9000000000-d36114a1c7a0318b1f7aSpectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ , negativesplash10-0006-9000000000-f4ae4a72d5f2beed9106Spectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QTOF , negativesplash10-000i-9200000000-49eaf4d6558839930e52Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-004i-0900000000-8e26562af9ae45eb3303Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-02di-1900000000-7fec32a5e34c3b55d683Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-01w0-9600000000-ee172c3013370ab0da31Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-00fr-1900000000-18635ce5a20ce1b78139Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-00b9-2900000000-58bb75a2a1b28dbffd73Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-06rf-9300000000-19df730d01f07fcf6573Spectrum
MSMass Spectrum (Electron Ionization)splash10-000f-9100000000-814aded0eac117ddb550Spectrum
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
2D NMR[1H,13C] 2D NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Cytoplasm
Biospecimen Locations
  • Blood
  • Urine
Tissue LocationsNot Available
Pathways
Normal Concentrations
BiospecimenStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodExpected but not Quantified Not AvailableNot Available
Normal
    details
    UrineDetected but not Quantified Adult (>18 years old)MaleNormal details
    UrineDetected and Quantified23.287 +/- 25.2 umol/mmol creatinineChildren (1 - 13 years old)Not Specified
    Normal
      • Mordechai, Hien, ...
    details
    UrineDetected but not Quantified Adult (>18 years old)BothNormal details
    UrineDetected but not Quantified Adult (>18 years old)Both
    Normal
    details
    UrineDetected and Quantified9.740-38.962 umol/mmol creatinineInfant (0-1 year old)Both
    Normal
    details
    UrineDetected and Quantified3.38 umol/mmol creatinineAdult (>18 years old)MaleNormal
      • Shaykhutdinov RA,...
    details
    UrineDetected and Quantified<102.12 umol/mmol creatinineChildren (1 - 18 years old)Both
    Normal
      • BC Children's Hos...
    details
    UrineDetected and Quantified11.506 +/- 16.612 umol/mmol creatinineChildren (1 - 13 years old)Not Specified
    Normal
      • Mordechai, Hien, ...
    details
    UrineDetected and Quantified6.6 (1.8-25.1) umol/mmol creatinineAdult (>18 years old)Both
    Normal
    details
    Abnormal Concentrations
    BiospecimenStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
    UrineDetected and Quantified8.81 +/- 8.486 umol/mmol creatinineChildren (1 - 13 years old)Not Specified
    Eosinophilic esophagitis
      • Mordechai, Hien, ...
    details
    UrineDetected and Quantified14.559 +/- 8.807 umol/mmol creatinineChildren (1 - 13 years old)Not Specified
    Gastroesophageal reflux disease
      • Mordechai, Hien, ...
    details
    UrineDetected and Quantified4.5 +/- 4.5 umol/mmol creatinineNot SpecifiedBothLung cancer details
    UrineDetected and Quantified6.494-293.514 umol/mmol creatinineInfant (0-1 year old)Both
    Amish lethal microcephaly
    details
    UrineDetected and Quantified5.507 +/- 4.865 umol/mmol creatinineChildren (1 - 13 years old)Not Specified
    Eosinophilic esophagitis
      • Mordechai, Hien, ...
    details
    Associated Disorders and Diseases
    Disease References
    Lung Cancer
    1. Stretch C, Eastman T, Mandal R, Eisner R, Wishart DS, Mourtzakis M, Prado CM, Damaraju S, Ball RO, Greiner R, Baracos VE: Prediction of skeletal muscle and fat mass in patients with advanced cancer using a metabolomic approach. J Nutr. 2012 Jan;142(1):14-21. doi: 10.3945/jn.111.147751. Epub 2011 Dec 7. [PubMed:22157537 ]
    Eosinophilic esophagitis
    1. (). Mordechai, Hien, and David S. Wishart. .
    Amish lethal microcephaly
    1. Kelley RI, Robinson D, Puffenberger EG, Strauss KA, Morton DH: Amish lethal microcephaly: a new metabolic disorder with severe congenital microcephaly and 2-ketoglutaric aciduria. Am J Med Genet. 2002 Nov 1;112(4):318-26. doi: 10.1002/ajmg.10529. [PubMed:12376931 ]
    Associated OMIM IDs
    DrugBank IDNot Available
    Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
    FooDB IDFDB008305
    KNApSAcK IDNot Available
    Chemspider ID392201
    KEGG Compound IDC02341
    BioCyc IDCPD-225
    BiGG IDNot Available
    Wikipedia LinkNot Available
    METLIN IDNot Available
    PubChem Compound444212
    PDB IDNot Available
    ChEBI ID32806
    Food Biomarker OntologyNot Available
    VMH IDNot Available
    References
    Synthesis ReferenceGutierrez, Eddie N.; Lamberti, Vincent. Preparation of aconitic acid. U.S. (1978), 5 pp. CODEN: USXXAM US 4123459 19781031 CAN 90:103423 AN 1979:103423
    Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Download (PDF)
    General References
    1. Tanaka K, Hine DG: Compilation of gas chromatographic retention indices of 163 metabolically important organic acids, and their use in detection of patients with organic acidurias. J Chromatogr. 1982 Apr 30;239:301-22. [PubMed:7096501 ]
    2. Tsai MY, Oliphant C, Josephson MW: Identification of metabolites diagnostic for organic acidurias by simultaneous dual-column capillary gas chromatography. J Chromatogr. 1985 May 31;341(1):1-10. [PubMed:4019674 ]
    3. Koide K, Toyama J, Inoue N, Koshikawa S, Akizawa T, Takahashi K, Hidaka S, Yamane Y, Shinoda K, Nakao M, et al.: [Uremic peak 2a in high performance liquid chromatography--acidic components and their membrane permeability]. Nihon Jinzo Gakkai Shi. 1986 Nov;28(11):1481-9. [PubMed:2950263 ]