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Record Information
Version4.0
StatusExpected but not Quantified
Creation Date2005-11-16 15:48:42 UTC
Update Date2020-04-27 15:32:10 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB0001011
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB01011
Metabolite Identification
Common NameMethacrylyl-CoA
DescriptionMethacrylyl-CoA, also known as methacryloyl-CoA, belongs to the class of organic compounds known as organic pyrophosphates. These are organic compounds containing the pyrophosphate oxoanion, with the structure OP([O-])(=O)OP(O)([O-])=O. Thus, methacrylyl-CoA is considered to be a fatty ester lipid molecule. Methacrylyl-CoA is a very hydrophobic molecule, practically insoluble (in water), and relatively neutral. Methacrylyl-CoA has been detected, but not quantified in, several different foods, such as beechnuts, hyacinth beans, devilfish, eggplants, and cupuaçus. This could make methacrylyl-CoA a potential biomarker for the consumption of these foods. Methacrylyl-CoA is a metabolite in the valine, leucine, and isoleucine degradation pathway and highly reacts with free thiol compounds (PMID: 14684172 ). Cirrhosis results in a significant decrease in 3-hydroxyisobutyryl-CoA hydrolase activity, a key enzyme in the valine catabolic pathway that plays an important role in the catabolism of a potentially toxic compound, methacrylyl-CoA, formed as an intermediate in the catabolism of valine and isobutyrate (PMID: 8938168 ).
Structure
Data?1588001530
Synonyms
ValueSource
2-Methylprop-2-enoyl-CoAChEBI
Methylacrylyl-CoAChEBI
S-Methacryloyl-CoAChEBI
S-Methacryloyl-coenzyme AChEBI
Methacrylyl-CoAKegg
coenzyme A, MethacrylylMeSH
Methacrylyl-coenzyme AChEBI
Methacryloyl-CoAHMDB
Methacryloyl-coenzyme AHMDB
Methacrylyl coenzyme AHMDB
Methylacrylyl-coenzyme AHMDB
Chemical FormulaC25H40N7O17P3S
Average Molecular Weight835.608
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight835.141423115
IUPAC Name{[(2R,3S,4R,5R)-5-(6-amino-9H-purin-9-yl)-4-hydroxy-2-({[hydroxy({hydroxy[(3R)-3-hydroxy-2,2-dimethyl-3-{[2-({2-[(2-methylprop-2-enoyl)sulfanyl]ethyl}carbamoyl)ethyl]carbamoyl}propoxy]phosphoryl}oxy)phosphoryl]oxy}methyl)oxolan-3-yl]oxy}phosphonic acid
Traditional Namemethacrylyl-coa
CAS Registry Number6008-91-9
SMILES
CC(=C)C(=O)SCCNC(=O)CCNC(=O)[C@H](O)C(C)(C)COP(O)(=O)OP(O)(=O)OC[C@H]1O[C@H]([C@H](O)[C@@H]1OP(O)(O)=O)N1C=NC2=C1N=CN=C2N
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C25H40N7O17P3S/c1-13(2)24(37)53-8-7-27-15(33)5-6-28-22(36)19(35)25(3,4)10-46-52(43,44)49-51(41,42)45-9-14-18(48-50(38,39)40)17(34)23(47-14)32-12-31-16-20(26)29-11-30-21(16)32/h11-12,14,17-19,23,34-35H,1,5-10H2,2-4H3,(H,27,33)(H,28,36)(H,41,42)(H,43,44)(H2,26,29,30)(H2,38,39,40)/t14-,17-,18-,19+,23-/m1/s1
InChI KeyNPALUEYCDZWBOV-NDZSKPAWSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as organic pyrophosphates. These are organic compounds containing the pyrophosphate oxoanion, with the structure OP([O-])(=O)OP(O)([O-])=O.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganic oxygen compounds
ClassOrganic oxoanionic compounds
Sub ClassOrganic pyrophosphates
Direct ParentOrganic pyrophosphates
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Organic pyrophosphate
  • Monoalkyl phosphate
  • Alkyl phosphate
  • Phosphoric acid ester
  • Organic phosphoric acid derivative
  • Organic oxide
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External DescriptorsNot Available
Ontology
Disposition

Route of exposure:

Source:

Biological location:

Process

Naturally occurring process:

Role

Biological role:

Industrial application:

Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility4.11 g/LALOGPS
logP-0.38ALOGPS
logP-4.5ChemAxon
logS-2.3ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)0.82ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)4.01ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-4ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count17ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count9ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area363.63 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count21ChemAxon
Refractivity181.21 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability75.49 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings3ChemAxon
BioavailabilityNoChemAxon
Rule of FiveNoChemAxon
Ghose FilterNoChemAxon
Veber's RuleNoChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash KeyView
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-00ku-1931000110-3ec874f422a6e3deb972Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-000l-0911000000-741f1218f925e5ac21edSpectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-000l-1910000000-02b32ee7376cf877ba6aSpectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-001i-4930131050-e2a07b8d447657cef398Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-001i-2910100000-9d1df21ddd9d65299e9aSpectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-057i-6900100000-8cd28b7e4a514a851a94Spectrum
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
  • Mitochondria
Biospecimen LocationsNot Available
Tissue LocationsNot Available
Pathways
Normal Concentrations
Not Available
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDDB01675
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
FooDB IDFDB030999
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID144985
KEGG Compound IDC03460
BioCyc IDMETHACRYLYL-COA
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkMethacrylyl-CoA
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem Compound165390
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID27754
Food Biomarker OntologyNot Available
VMH IDNot Available
References
Synthesis ReferenceHawes, John W.; Harper, Edwin T. Synthesis of methacrylyl-CoA and (R)- and (S)-3-hydroxyisobutyryl-CoA. Methods in Enzymology (2
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General References
  1. Shimomura Y, Honda T, Goto H, Nonami T, Kurokawa T, Nagasaki M, Murakami T: Effects of liver failure on the enzymes in the branched-chain amino acid catabolic pathway. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2004 Jan 9;313(2):381-5. [PubMed:14684172 ]
  2. Lehnert W, Sass JO: Glutaconyl-CoA is the main toxic agent in glutaryl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency (glutaric aciduria type I). Med Hypotheses. 2005;65(2):330-3. [PubMed:15922108 ]
  3. Taniguchi K, Nonami T, Nakao A, Harada A, Kurokawa T, Sugiyama S, Fujitsuka N, Shimomura Y, Hutson SM, Harris RA, Takagi H: The valine catabolic pathway in human liver: effect of cirrhosis on enzyme activities. Hepatology. 1996 Dec;24(6):1395-8. [PubMed:8938168 ]

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in acyl-CoA dehydrogenase activity
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
ACADS
Uniprot ID:
P16219
Molecular weight:
44296.705
Reactions
Isobutyryl-CoA + Acceptor → Methacrylyl-CoA + Reduced acceptordetails
General function:
Involved in acyl-CoA dehydrogenase activity
Specific function:
This enzyme is specific for acyl chain lengths of 4 to 16.
Gene Name:
ACADM
Uniprot ID:
P11310
Molecular weight:
46587.98
Reactions
Isobutyryl-CoA + Acceptor → Methacrylyl-CoA + Reduced acceptordetails
General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
EHHADH
Uniprot ID:
Q08426
Molecular weight:
69153.26
Reactions
Methacrylyl-CoA + Water → (S)-3-Hydroxyisobutyryl-CoAdetails
General function:
Involved in catalytic activity
Specific function:
Straight-chain enoyl-CoA thioesters from C4 up to at least C16 are processed, although with decreasing catalytic rate.
Gene Name:
ECHS1
Uniprot ID:
P30084
Molecular weight:
31387.085
Reactions
Methacrylyl-CoA + Water → (S)-3-Hydroxyisobutyryl-CoAdetails
General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity
Specific function:
Bifunctional subunit.
Gene Name:
HADHA
Uniprot ID:
P40939
Molecular weight:
82998.97
Reactions
Methacrylyl-CoA + Water → (S)-3-Hydroxyisobutyryl-CoAdetails
General function:
Involved in acyl-CoA dehydrogenase activity
Specific function:
Has greatest activity toward short branched chain acyl-CoA derivative such as (s)-2-methylbutyryl-CoA, isobutyryl-CoA, and 2-methylhexanoyl-CoA as well as toward short straight chain acyl-CoAs such as butyryl-CoA and hexanoyl-CoA. Can use valproyl-CoA as substrate and may play a role in controlling the metabolic flux of valproic acid in the development of toxicity of this agent.
Gene Name:
ACADSB
Uniprot ID:
P45954
Molecular weight:
47485.035
Reactions
Isobutyryl-CoA + Acceptor → Methacrylyl-CoA + Reduced acceptordetails
General function:
Involved in acyl-CoA dehydrogenase activity
Specific function:
Has very high activity toward isobutyryl-CoA. Is an isobutyryl-CoA dehydrogenase that functions in valine catabolism. Plays a role in transcriptional coactivation within the ARC complex.
Gene Name:
ACAD8
Uniprot ID:
Q9UKU7
Molecular weight:
45069.39
Reactions
Isobutyryl-CoA + Acceptor → Methacrylyl-CoA + Reduced acceptordetails