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Record Information
StatusExpected but not Quantified
Creation Date2005-11-16 15:48:42 UTC
Update Date2020-06-15 17:04:52 UTC
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB01090
Metabolite Identification
Common Name(R)-5-Diphosphomevalonic acid
Description(R)-5-Diphosphomevalonic acid, also known as mevalonate 5-diphosphate or mevalonic acid 5-pyrophosphate, belongs to the class of organic compounds known as organic pyrophosphates. These are organic compounds containing the pyrophosphate oxoanion, with the structure OP([O-])(=O)OP(O)([O-])=O (R)-5-Diphosphomevalonic acid is a very hydrophobic molecule, practically insoluble (in water), and relatively neutral (R)-5-Diphosphomevalonic acid exists in all living species, ranging from bacteria to humans. In humans, (R)-5-diphosphomevalonic acid is involved in the metabolic disorder called the cholesteryl ester storage disease pathway. Outside of the human body, (R)-5-Diphosphomevalonic acid has been detected, but not quantified in, several different foods, such as pepper (c. pubescens), common pea, small-leaf lindens, chia, and sunflowers. This could make (R)-5-diphosphomevalonic acid a potential biomarker for the consumption of these foods. 5-Diphosphomevalonic acid (CAS: 1492-08-6) is a metabolic intermediate in the mevalonate pathway, catalyzed by the enzyme phosphomevalonate kinase from 5-phosphomevalonate (Wikipedia).
5-Diphosphomevalonic acidHMDB
Mevalonate 5-diphosphateHMDB
Mevalonate pyrophosphateHMDB
(3R)-3-Hydroxy-5-[[hydroxy(phosphonooxy)phosphinyl]oxy]-3-methylpentanoic acidHMDB
(R)-Diphosphomevalonic acidHMDB
5-Pyrophosphomevalonic acidHMDB
Mevalonic 5-pyrophosphateHMDB
Mevalonic acid 5-diphosphateHMDB
Mevalonic acid 5-pyrophosphateHMDB
Mevalonic acid pyrophosphateHMDB
Pyrophosphomevalonic acidHMDB
Mevalonate 5-pyrophosphateHMDB
Mevalonic 5-pyrophosphic acidHMDB
Mevalonic acid 5-diphosphic acidHMDB
Mevalonic acid 5-pyrophosphic acidHMDB
Mevalonic acid pyrophosphic acidHMDB
(R)-5-Diphosphomevalonic acidGenerator
Chemical FormulaC6H14O10P2
Average Molecular Weight308.1169
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight308.006219692
IUPAC Name(3R)-3-hydroxy-5-{[hydroxy(phosphonooxy)phosphoryl]oxy}-3-methylpentanoic acid
Traditional Namemevalonate-diphosphate
CAS Registry Number4872-34-8
InChI Identifier
Chemical Taxonomy
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as organic pyrophosphates. These are organic compounds containing the pyrophosphate oxoanion, with the structure OP([O-])(=O)OP(O)([O-])=O.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganic oxygen compounds
ClassOrganic oxoanionic compounds
Sub ClassOrganic pyrophosphates
Direct ParentOrganic pyrophosphates
Alternative Parents
  • Organic pyrophosphate
  • Monoalkyl phosphate
  • Short-chain hydroxy acid
  • Organic phosphoric acid derivative
  • Fatty acid
  • Alkyl phosphate
  • Phosphoric acid ester
  • Tertiary alcohol
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Carbonyl group
  • Alcohol
  • Organic oxide
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External Descriptors


Biological location:


Naturally occurring process:

Physical Properties
Experimental Properties
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
Water Solubility8.26 g/LALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)1.78ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-2.9ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-3ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count8ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count5ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area170.82 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count8ChemAxon
Refractivity56.26 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability23.46 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterNoChemAxon
Veber's RuleNoChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleNoChemAxon
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash KeyView
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-004m-9820000000-7d8dd5ca92f4eb0538fdSpectrum
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (2 TMS) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-00dv-9243200000-6d8177d69adb810da37fSpectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-01wf-1391000000-a8414ad19cb44452295fSpectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-03e9-4940000000-c856f917d05bbc77ac8aSpectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-01sr-9840000000-db467c852b0f7d795eceSpectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-0bt9-1494000000-7e72bc5c055d7b3e4f37Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-056r-7920000000-5c36505c154e9a3abebdSpectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-004i-9000000000-cbcfedc91b4fe71d5849Spectrum
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Peroxisome
Biospecimen LocationsNot Available
Tissue LocationsNot Available
Normal Concentrations
Not Available
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
FooDB IDFDB031002
KNApSAcK IDC00007615
Chemspider ID388531
KEGG Compound IDC01143
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkNot Available
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem Compound439418
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID15899
Food Biomarker OntologyNot Available
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General References
  1. Ma D, Nutt CL, Shanehsaz P, Peng X, Louis DN, Kaetzel DM: Autocrine platelet-derived growth factor-dependent gene expression in glioblastoma cells is mediated largely by activation of the transcription factor sterol regulatory element binding protein and is associated with altered genotype and patient survival in human brain tumors. Cancer Res. 2005 Jul 1;65(13):5523-34. [PubMed:15994924 ]
  2. Mitchell ED Jr, Avigan J: Control of phosphorylation and decarboxylation of mevalonic acid and its metabolites in cultured human fibroblasts and in rat liver in vivo. J Biol Chem. 1981 Jun 25;256(12):6170-3. [PubMed:6263908 ]
  3. Singh I, Pahan K, Khan M: Lovastatin and sodium phenylacetate normalize the levels of very long chain fatty acids in skin fibroblasts of X- adrenoleukodystrophy. FEBS Lett. 1998 Apr 24;426(3):342-6. [PubMed:9600263 ]
  4. Wadhwa R, Yaguchi T, Hasan MK, Taira K, Kaul SC: Mortalin-MPD (mevalonate pyrophosphate decarboxylase) interactions and their role in control of cellular proliferation. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2003 Mar 21;302(4):735-42. [PubMed:12646231 ]
  5. Toth MJ, Huwyler L: Molecular cloning and expression of the cDNAs encoding human and yeast mevalonate pyrophosphate decarboxylase. J Biol Chem. 1996 Apr 5;271(14):7895-8. [PubMed:8626466 ]
  6. Cuthbert JA, Lipsky PE: Inhibition by 6-fluoromevalonate demonstrates that mevalonate or one of the mevalonate phosphates is necessary for lymphocyte proliferation. J Biol Chem. 1990 Oct 25;265(30):18568-75. [PubMed:2211719 ]
  7. Hogenboom S, Tuyp JJ, Espeel M, Koster J, Wanders RJ, Waterham HR: Human mevalonate pyrophosphate decarboxylase is localized in the cytosol. Mol Genet Metab. 2004 Mar;81(3):216-24. [PubMed:14972328 ]
  8. Andreassi JL 2nd, Dabovic K, Leyh TS: Streptococcus pneumoniae isoprenoid biosynthesis is downregulated by diphosphomevalonate: an antimicrobial target. Biochemistry. 2004 Dec 28;43(51):16461-6. [PubMed:15610040 ]
  9. Zhou T, Daugherty M, Grishin NV, Osterman AL, Zhang H: Structure and mechanism of homoserine kinase: prototype for the GHMP kinase superfamily. Structure. 2000 Dec 15;8(12):1247-57. [PubMed:11188689 ]
  10. Hogenboom S, Wanders RJ, Waterham HR: Cholesterol biosynthesis is not defective in peroxisome biogenesis defective fibroblasts. Mol Genet Metab. 2003 Nov;80(3):290-5. [PubMed:14680974 ]
  11. Cuthbert JA, Lipsky PE: Negative regulation of cell proliferation by mevalonate or one of the mevalonate phosphates. J Biol Chem. 1991 Sep 25;266(27):17966-71. [PubMed:1917936 ]


General function:
Involved in ATP binding
Specific function:
Performs the first committed step in the biosynthesis of isoprenes.
Gene Name:
Uniprot ID:
Molecular weight:
Adenosine triphosphate + (R)-5-Diphosphomevalonic acid → ADP + Phosphate + Isopentenyl pyrophosphate + CO(2)details
Adenosine triphosphate + (R)-5-Diphosphomevalonic acid → ADP + Phosphate + Isopentenyl pyrophosphate + Carbon dioxidedetails
General function:
Involved in phosphomevalonate kinase activity
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
Uniprot ID:
Molecular weight:
Adenosine triphosphate + Mevalonic acid-5P → ADP + (R)-5-Diphosphomevalonic aciddetails