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Record Information
Version4.0
StatusDetected and Quantified
Creation Date2005-11-16 15:48:42 UTC
Update Date2020-09-17 19:01:18 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB0001370
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB01370
Metabolite Identification
Common NameDiaminopimelic acid
DescriptionDiaminopimelic acid or DAPA is a lysine-like amino acid derivative that is a key component of the bacterial cell wall. DAPA is incorporated or integrated into peptidoglycan of gram negative bacteria and is the attachment point for Braun's lipoprotein (BLP or Murein Lipoprotein). BLP is found in gram-negative cell walls and is one of the most abundant membrane proteins. BLP is bound at its C-terminal end (a lysine) by a covalent bond to the peptidoglycan layer (specifically to diaminopimelic acid molecules) and is embedded in the outer membrane by its hydrophobic head (a cysteine with lipids attached). BLP tightly links the two layers and provides structural integrity to the bacterial outer membrane. Diaminopimelic acid can be found in human urine or feces due to the lysis or enzymatic breakdown of gram negative gut microbes.
Structure
Data?1600369278
Synonyms
ValueSource
(S,S)-2,6-Diaminopimelic acidChEBI
(S-(R*,r*))-2,6-diaminoheptanedioic acidChEBI
L,L-2,6-Diaminopimelic acidChEBI
LL-2,6-DiaminoheptanedioateChEBI
LL-2,6-DiaminopimelateChEBI
LL-2,6-Diaminopimelic acidKegg
(S,S)-2,6-DiaminopimelateGenerator
(S-(R*,r*))-2,6-diaminoheptanedioateGenerator
L,L-2,6-DiaminopimelateGenerator
LL-2,6-Diaminoheptanedioic acidGenerator
DiaminopimelateGenerator
( (R*,s*)-2,6-diamino-heptanedioateHMDB
( (R*,s*)-2,6-diamino-heptanedioic acidHMDB
(2R,6S)-2,6-Diamino-heptanedioateHMDB
(2R,6S)-2,6-Diamino-heptanedioic acidHMDB
(R*,s*)-2,6-diamino-heptanedioateHMDB
(R*,s*)-2,6-diamino-heptanedioic acidHMDB
2,6-Diamino-heptanedioateHMDB
2,6-Diamino-heptanedioic acidHMDB
2,6-DiaminoheptanedioateHMDB
2,6-Diaminoheptanedioic acidHMDB
2,6-DiaminopimelateHMDB
2,6-Diaminopimelic acidHMDB
a,A'-diaminopimelateHMDB
a,A'-diaminopimelic acidHMDB
a,e-DiaminopimelateHMDB
a,e-Diaminopimelic acidHMDB
D,L-DiaminopimelateHMDB
D,L-Meso-diaminoheptanedioateHMDB
D,L-Meso-diaminoheptanedioic acidHMDB
DAPAHMDB
DL-2,6-DiaminoheptanedioateHMDB
DL-2,6-Diaminoheptanedioic acidHMDB
DL-2,6-DiaminopimelateHMDB
DL-2,6-Diaminopimelic acidHMDB
L,L-2,6-DiaminoheptanedioateHMDB
L,L-2,6-Diaminoheptanedioic acidHMDB
L,L-DiaminopimelateHMDB
Meso-1-alpha,epsilon-diaminopimelateHMDB
Meso-2,6-diamino-heptanedioateHMDB
Meso-2,6-diamino-heptanedioic acidHMDB
Meso-2,6-diaminoheptanedioateHMDB
Meso-2,6-diaminoheptanedioic acidHMDB
Meso-alpha,alpha'-diaminopimelateHMDB
Meso-alpha,alpha'-diaminopimelic acidHMDB
Meso-alpha,epsilon-diaminopimelateHMDB
Meso-alpha,epsilon-diaminopimelic acidHMDB
Meso-diaminoheptanedioateHMDB
Meso-diaminoheptanedioic acidHMDB
Meso-diaminopimelateHMDB
Acid, diaminopimelicHMDB
2,6 Diaminopimelic acidHMDB
Acid, 2,6-diaminopimelicHMDB
Diamino-pimelateHMDB
Diaminopimelic acidMeSH
Chemical FormulaC7H14N2O4
Average Molecular Weight190.1971
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight190.095356946
IUPAC Name(2S,6S)-2,6-diaminoheptanedioic acid
Traditional Namediamino-pimelic acid
CAS Registry Number583-93-7
SMILES
N[C@@H](CCC[C@H](N)C(O)=O)C(O)=O
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C7H14N2O4/c8-4(6(10)11)2-1-3-5(9)7(12)13/h4-5H,1-3,8-9H2,(H,10,11)(H,12,13)/t4-,5-/m0/s1
InChI KeyGMKMEZVLHJARHF-WHFBIAKZSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as l-alpha-amino acids. These are alpha amino acids which have the L-configuration of the alpha-carbon atom.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganic acids and derivatives
ClassCarboxylic acids and derivatives
Sub ClassAmino acids, peptides, and analogues
Direct ParentL-alpha-amino acids
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • L-alpha-amino acid
  • Medium-chain fatty acid
  • Amino fatty acid
  • Dicarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Fatty acid
  • Fatty acyl
  • Amino acid
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Amine
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Primary amine
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Primary aliphatic amine
  • Carbonyl group
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organic oxide
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
Disposition

Route of exposure:

Source:

Biological location:

Role

Industrial application:

Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting Point300 °CNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility14.1 g/LALOGPS
logP-4.1ALOGPS
logP-5.5ChemAxon
logS-1.1ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)1.85ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)9.83ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count6ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count4ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area126.64 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count6ChemAxon
Refractivity43.64 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability18.93 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
BioavailabilityYesChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterNoChemAxon
Veber's RuleNoChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleNoChemAxon
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash KeyView
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Pegasus III TOF-MS system, Leco; GC 6890, Agilent Technologies) (4 TMS)splash10-0umi-1950000000-749403a0eb6d05c7903eSpectrum
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Pegasus III TOF-MS system, Leco; GC 6890, Agilent Technologies) (4 TMS)splash10-0uk9-1980000000-1b092f9141e7549bee24Spectrum
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Non-derivatized)splash10-0umi-1950000000-749403a0eb6d05c7903eSpectrum
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Non-derivatized)splash10-0uk9-1980000000-1b092f9141e7549bee24Spectrum
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-00dm-9500000000-5d0aafd0747a1090e055Spectrum
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (2 TMS) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-014i-4590000000-b941e92697a8b7800912Spectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 10V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-004l-0900000000-d85213bd7ac426f10cd7Spectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 25V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-001i-9100000000-add590f1b216bdb40334Spectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 40V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-001i-9000000000-de98ed3bb8c48b6f9852Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-0005-1900000000-be94a16bee7fad24d5d9Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-0002-5900000000-896859ce722942f9dd68Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-006t-9200000000-50c1b5a4f7b19e8ff0dbSpectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-000i-0900000000-5ecd829b51ba774883f6Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-000i-1900000000-53b7aee01233b5b73d3eSpectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-00di-9400000000-2cc35eb21a44b2d472b5Spectrum
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
2D NMR[1H,13C] 2D NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Cytoplasm (predicted from logP)
Biospecimen Locations
  • Blood
  • Feces
  • Urine
Tissue LocationsNot Available
Pathways
Normal Concentrations
BiospecimenStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodExpected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedNot AvailableNot Available
Normal
      Not Available
details
FecesDetected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedAdult (>18 years old)Both
Normal
details
FecesDetected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedAdult (>18 years old)Both
Normal
details
FecesDetected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedAdult (>18 years old)Both
Normal
details
UrineDetected and Quantified0.08 +/-0.03 umol/mmol creatinineAdult (>18 years old)Not SpecifiedNormal details
Abnormal Concentrations
BiospecimenStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
FecesDetected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedAdult (>18 years old)Both
Colorectal cancer
details
FecesDetected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedAdult (>18 years old)BothColorectal Cancer details
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease References
Colorectal cancer
  1. Brown DG, Rao S, Weir TL, O'Malia J, Bazan M, Brown RJ, Ryan EP: Metabolomics and metabolic pathway networks from human colorectal cancers, adjacent mucosa, and stool. Cancer Metab. 2016 Jun 6;4:11. doi: 10.1186/s40170-016-0151-y. eCollection 2016. [PubMed:27275383 ]
  2. Goedert JJ, Sampson JN, Moore SC, Xiao Q, Xiong X, Hayes RB, Ahn J, Shi J, Sinha R: Fecal metabolomics: assay performance and association with colorectal cancer. Carcinogenesis. 2014 Sep;35(9):2089-96. doi: 10.1093/carcin/bgu131. Epub 2014 Jul 18. [PubMed:25037050 ]
Associated OMIM IDs
DrugBank IDDB03590
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
FooDB IDFDB030951
KNApSAcK IDC00007596
Chemspider ID388416
KEGG Compound IDC00666
BioCyc IDLL-DIAMINOPIMELATE
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkDiaminopimelic acid
METLIN ID352
PubChem Compound439283
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID16026
Food Biomarker OntologyNot Available
VMH ID26DAP_LL
References
Synthesis ReferenceGao, Yong. Synthesis of diaminopimelic acid (DAP) and analogues: mechanistic studies on DAP aminotransferase, epimerase and dehydrogenase. (1998), 166 pp.
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Download (PDF)
General References
  1. Iida S, Taniguchi H, Kageyama A, Yazawa K, Chibana H, Murata S, Nomura F, Kroppenstedt RM, Mikami Y: Gordonia otitidis sp. nov., isolated from a patient with external otitis. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2005 Sep;55(Pt 5):1871-6. [PubMed:16166681 ]
  2. Ladesic B, Tomasic J, Kveder S, Hrsak I: The metabolic fate of 14C-labeled immunoadjuvant peptidoglycan monomer. II. In vitro studies. Biochim Biophys Acta. 1981 Nov 18;678(1):12-7. [PubMed:6118181 ]
  3. Borruat G, Roten CA, Fay LB, Karamata D: A high-performance liquid chromatography method for the detection of diaminopimelic acid in urine. Anal Biochem. 2001 Apr 1;291(1):11-6. [PubMed:11262151 ]
  4. Hamaker BR, Rivera K, Morales E, Graham GG: Effect of dietary fiber and starch on fecal composition in preschool children consuming maize, amaranth, or cassava flours. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 1991 Jul;13(1):59-66. [PubMed:1656007 ]