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Record Information
Version4.0
StatusExpected but not Quantified
Creation Date2005-11-16 15:48:42 UTC
Update Date2020-02-26 21:23:16 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB0001374
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB0002296
  • HMDB01374
  • HMDB02296
Metabolite Identification
Common NameCholoyl-CoA
DescriptionCholoyl-CoA, also known as cholyl-CoA or cholyl-coenzyme A, belongs to the class of organic compounds known as triacylglycerols. These are glycerides consisting of three fatty acid chains covalently bonded to a glycerol molecule through ester linkages. Choloyl-CoA is a strong basic compound (based on its pKa).
Structure
Data?1582752196
Synonyms
ValueSource
7-alpha-12-alpha-Dihydroxy-3-oxo-5-beta-cholyl-CoAHMDB
Choloyl-coenzyme AHMDB
Cholyl-CoAHMDB
Cholyl-coenzyme AHMDB
Chemical FormulaC45H74N7O20P3S
Average Molecular Weight1158.09
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight1157.392218069
IUPAC Name{[(2R,3S,4R,5R)-5-(6-amino-9H-purin-9-yl)-4-hydroxy-2-({[hydroxy({[hydroxy({3-hydroxy-2,2-dimethyl-3-[(2-{[2-({4-[(1S,5R,9R,11S,16S)-5,9,16-trihydroxy-2,15-dimethyltetracyclo[8.7.0.0²,⁷.0¹¹,¹⁵]heptadecan-14-yl]pentanoyl}sulfanyl)ethyl]carbamoyl}ethyl)carbamoyl]propoxy})phosphoryl]oxy})phosphoryl]oxy}methyl)oxolan-3-yl]oxy}phosphonic acid
Traditional Name[(2R,3S,4R,5R)-5-(6-aminopurin-9-yl)-4-hydroxy-2-[({hydroxy[hydroxy(3-hydroxy-2,2-dimethyl-3-[(2-{[2-({4-[(1S,5R,9R,11S,16S)-5,9,16-trihydroxy-2,15-dimethyltetracyclo[8.7.0.0²,⁷.0¹¹,¹⁵]heptadecan-14-yl]pentanoyl}sulfanyl)ethyl]carbamoyl}ethyl)carbamoyl]propoxy)phosphoryl]oxyphosphoryl}oxy)methyl]oxolan-3-yl]oxyphosphonic acid
CAS Registry NumberNot Available
SMILES
[H][C@@]12CCC(C(C)CCC(=O)SCCNC(=O)CCNC(=O)C(O)C(C)(C)COP(O)(=O)OP(O)(=O)OC[C@H]3O[C@H]([C@H](O)[C@@H]3OP(O)(O)=O)N3C=NC4=C3N=CN=C4N)C1(C)[C@@H](O)C[C@@]1([H])C2[C@H](O)CC2C[C@H](O)CCC12C
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C45H74N7O20P3S/c1-23(26-7-8-27-34-28(18-31(55)45(26,27)5)44(4)12-10-25(53)16-24(44)17-29(34)54)6-9-33(57)76-15-14-47-32(56)11-13-48-41(60)38(59)43(2,3)20-69-75(66,67)72-74(64,65)68-19-30-37(71-73(61,62)63)36(58)42(70-30)52-22-51-35-39(46)49-21-50-40(35)52/h21-31,34,36-38,42,53-55,58-59H,6-20H2,1-5H3,(H,47,56)(H,48,60)(H,64,65)(H,66,67)(H2,46,49,50)(H2,61,62,63)/t23?,24?,25-,26?,27+,28+,29-,30-,31+,34?,36-,37-,38?,42-,44?,45?/m1/s1
InChI KeyZKWNOTQHFKYUNU-TVKZAFKCSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as triacylglycerols. These are glycerides consisting of three fatty acid chains covalently bonded to a glycerol molecule through ester linkages.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassGlycerolipids
Sub ClassTriradylcglycerols
Direct ParentTriacylglycerols
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Triacyl-sn-glycerol
  • Octadecanoid
  • Tricarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Fatty acid ester
  • Fatty acyl
  • Carboxylic acid ester
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Organic oxide
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External DescriptorsNot Available
Ontology
Disposition

Route of exposure:

Source:

Biological location:

Process

Naturally occurring process:

Role

Biological role:

Industrial application:

Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility1.49 g/LALOGPS
logP0.56ALOGPS
logP-4.3ChemAxon
logS-2.9ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)0.83ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)4.95ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-4ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count20ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count12ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area424.32 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count24ChemAxon
Refractivity270.35 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability114.43 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings7ChemAxon
BioavailabilityNoChemAxon
Rule of FiveNoChemAxon
Ghose FilterNoChemAxon
Veber's RuleNoChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash KeyView
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-0079-1900011000-f4ca49b8359a4d09e07eSpectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-000i-0900215000-9d559a6e5a3a263491b9Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-000i-1900001000-711b702e0d30d5413acaSpectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-055r-2902140210-d19f678a1a85488ae7f7Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-001i-3901120010-0ae33197ae569f3c329eSpectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-057i-5900100000-d8586a14f0ff3e9b85baSpectrum
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Extracellular
Biospecimen LocationsNot Available
Tissue LocationsNot Available
Pathways
Normal Concentrations
Not Available
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB022586
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID388658
KEGG Compound IDC01794
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG ID38424
Wikipedia LinkNot Available
METLIN ID6597
PubChem Compound439573
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID15519
Food Biomarker OntologyNot Available
VMH IDNot Available
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General ReferencesNot Available

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in transferase activity, transferring acyl groups other than amino-acyl groups
Specific function:
Abolishes BNIP3-mediated apoptosis and mitochondrial damage.
Gene Name:
ACAA2
Uniprot ID:
P42765
Molecular weight:
41923.82
General function:
Involved in transferase activity, transferring acyl groups other than amino-acyl groups
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
ACAA1
Uniprot ID:
P09110
Molecular weight:
34664.46
General function:
Involved in transferase activity, transferring acyl groups other than amino-acyl groups
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
HADHB
Uniprot ID:
P55084
Molecular weight:
51293.955
General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity
Specific function:
Mediates in vitro the transfer of all common phospholipids, cholesterol and gangliosides between membranes. May play a role in regulating steroidogenesis.
Gene Name:
SCP2
Uniprot ID:
P22307
Molecular weight:
34974.505
Reactions
Propionyl-CoA + Choloyl-CoA → Coenzyme A + 3a,7a,12a-Trihydroxy-5b-24-oxocholestanoyl-CoAdetails
General function:
Involved in thiolester hydrolase activity
Specific function:
Involved in bile acid metabolism. In liver hepatocytes catalyzes the second step in the conjugation of C24 bile acids (choloneates) to glycine and taurine before excretion into bile canaliculi. The major components of bile are cholic acid and chenodeoxycholic acid. In a first step the bile acids are converted to an acyl-CoA thioester, either in peroxisomes (primary bile acids deriving from the cholesterol pathway), or cytoplasmic at the endoplasmic reticulum (secondary bile acids). May catalyze the conjugation of primary or secondary bile acids, or both. The conjugation increases the detergent properties of bile acids in the intestine, which facilitates lipid and fat-soluble vitamin absorption. In turn, bile acids are deconjugated by bacteria in the intestine and are recycled back to the liver for reconjugation (secondary bile acids). May also act as an acyl-CoA thioesterase that regulates intracellular levels of free fatty acids. In vitro, catalyzes the hydrolysis of long- and very long-chain saturated acyl-CoAs to the free fatty acid and coenzyme A (CoASH), and conjugates glycine to these acyl-CoAs.
Gene Name:
BAAT
Uniprot ID:
Q14032
Molecular weight:
46298.865
Reactions
Choloyl-CoA + Glycine → Coenzyme A + Glycocholic aciddetails
Choloyl-CoA + Taurine → Coenzyme A + Taurocholic aciddetails
General function:
Involved in acyl-CoA thioesterase activity
Specific function:
Acyl-CoA thioesterases are a group of enzymes that catalyze the hydrolysis of acyl-CoAs to the free fatty acid and coenzyme A (CoASH), providing the potential to regulate intracellular levels of acyl-CoAs, free fatty acids and CoASH. May mediate Nef-induced down-regulation of CD4. Major thioesterase in peroxisomes. Competes with BAAT (Bile acid CoA: amino acid N-acyltransferase) for bile acid-CoA substrate (such as chenodeoxycholoyl-CoA). Shows a preference for medium-length fatty acyl-CoAs (By similarity). May be involved in the metabolic regulation of peroxisome proliferation.
Gene Name:
ACOT8
Uniprot ID:
O14734
Molecular weight:
35914.02
Reactions
Choloyl-CoA + Water → Cholic acid + Coenzyme Adetails
General function:
Involved in catalytic activity
Specific function:
Acyl-CoA synthetase involved in bile acid metabolism. Proposed to catalyze the first step in the conjugation of C24 bile acids (choloneates) to glycine and taurine before excretion into bile canaliculi by activating them to their CoA thioesters. Seems to activate secondary bile acids entering the liver from the enterohepatic circulation. In vitro, also activates 3-alpha,7-alpha,12-alpha-trihydroxy-5-beta-cholestanate (THCA), the C27 precursor of cholic acid deriving from the de novo synthesis from cholesterol.
Gene Name:
SLC27A5
Uniprot ID:
Q9Y2P5
Molecular weight:
75384.375
Reactions
Adenosine triphosphate + Cholic acid + Coenzyme A → Adenosine monophosphate + Pyrophosphate + Choloyl-CoAdetails