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Record Information
Version4.0
StatusDetected and Quantified
Creation Date2005-11-16 15:48:42 UTC
Update Date2020-11-09 23:15:43 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB0001476
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB01476
Metabolite Identification
Common Name3-Hydroxyanthranilic acid
Description3-Hydroxyanthranilic acid, also known as 2-amino-3-hydroxy-benzoate or 3-ohaa, belongs to the class of organic compounds known as hydroxybenzoic acid derivatives. Hydroxybenzoic acid derivatives are compounds containing a hydroxybenzoic acid (or a derivative), which is a benzene ring bearing a carboxyl and a hydroxyl groups. 3-Hydroxyanthranilic acid is a drug. 3-Hydroxyanthranilic acid is a strong basic compound (based on its pKa). 3-Hydroxyanthranilic acid exists in all living species, ranging from bacteria to humans. Within humans, 3-hydroxyanthranilic acid participates in a number of enzymatic reactions. In particular, 3-hydroxyanthranilic acid and L-alanine can be biosynthesized from L-3-hydroxykynurenine through the action of the enzyme kynureninase. In addition, 3-hydroxyanthranilic acid can be converted into cinnavalininate through the action of the enzyme catalase. 3-Hydroxyanthranilic acid is an intermediate in the metabolism of tryptophan. In humans, 3-hydroxyanthranilic acid is involved in tryptophan metabolism. Outside of the human body, 3-hydroxyanthranilic acid has been detected, but not quantified in, brassicas. This could make 3-hydroxyanthranilic acid a potential biomarker for the consumption of these foods. It is new antioxidant isolated from methanol extract of tempeh. It is effective in preventing autoxidation of soybean oil and powder, while antioxidant 6,7,4'-trihydroxyisoflavone is not.
Structure
Data?1582752204
Synonyms
ValueSource
2-Amino-3-hydroxy-benzoic acidChEBI
2-Amino-3-hydroxybenzoic acidChEBI
3-OhaaChEBI
3-Oxyanthranilic acidChEBI
2-Amino-3-hydroxy-benzoateGenerator
2-Amino-3-hydroxybenzoateGenerator
3-OxyanthranilateGenerator
3-HydroxyanthranilateGenerator
3-HydroxanthranilateHMDB
3-Hydroxy-2-aminobenzoateHMDB
3-Hydroxy-2-aminobenzoic acidHMDB
3-Hydroxy-anthranilateHMDB
3-Hydroxy-anthranilic acidHMDB
3-Hydroxy-anthranilsaeureHMDB
3-Hydroxyantranilic acidHMDB
3-OH-Anthranilic acidHMDB
3 Hydroxyanthranilic acidHMDB
Acid, 3-hydroxyanthranilicHMDB
Chemical FormulaC7H7NO3
Average Molecular Weight153.1354
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight153.042593095
IUPAC Name2-amino-3-hydroxybenzoic acid
Traditional Name3-hydroxyanthranilic acid
CAS Registry Number548-93-6
SMILES
NC1=C(O)C=CC=C1C(O)=O
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C7H7NO3/c8-6-4(7(10)11)2-1-3-5(6)9/h1-3,9H,8H2,(H,10,11)
InChI KeyWJXSWCUQABXPFS-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as hydroxybenzoic acid derivatives. Hydroxybenzoic acid derivatives are compounds containing a hydroxybenzoic acid (or a derivative), which is a benzene ring bearing a carboxyl and a hydroxyl groups.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassBenzenoids
ClassBenzene and substituted derivatives
Sub ClassBenzoic acids and derivatives
Direct ParentHydroxybenzoic acid derivatives
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Aminobenzoic acid
  • Aminobenzoic acid or derivatives
  • Hydroxybenzoic acid
  • Benzoic acid
  • O-aminophenol
  • Aminophenol
  • Benzoyl
  • Aniline or substituted anilines
  • 1-hydroxy-4-unsubstituted benzenoid
  • 1-hydroxy-2-unsubstituted benzenoid
  • Phenol
  • Vinylogous amide
  • Amino acid or derivatives
  • Amino acid
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Amine
  • Organic oxide
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Primary amine
  • Aromatic homomonocyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic homomonocyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
Physiological effect

Health effect:

Disposition

Route of exposure:

Source:

Biological location:

Process

Naturally occurring process:

Role

Industrial application:

Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility10.5 g/LALOGPS
logP0.81ALOGPS
logP1.15ChemAxon
logS-1.2ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)1.94ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)4.82ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count4ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count3ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area83.55 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count1ChemAxon
Refractivity40 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability14.18 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings1ChemAxon
BioavailabilityYesChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterNoChemAxon
Veber's RuleNoChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleNoChemAxon
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash KeyView
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Pegasus III TOF-MS system, Leco; GC 6890, Agilent Technologies) (Non-derivatized)splash10-0zfv-0945000000-e3389ab25b7133eb184dSpectrum
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (3 TMS)splash10-0zfu-1955000000-fd51cc45bf09750e2b48Spectrum
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Non-derivatized)splash10-0zfv-0945000000-e3389ab25b7133eb184dSpectrum
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized)splash10-0zfu-1955000000-fd51cc45bf09750e2b48Spectrum
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Non-derivatized)splash10-0zfv-0934000000-11e2b38a36cb364bcaf3Spectrum
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Non-derivatized)splash10-0006-0920000000-a57d310e9ca51aefd0c1Spectrum
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-0zg0-2900000000-f4f0b5c84821e81f2eeaSpectrum
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (2 TMS) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-00e9-6390000000-71ab4928435b01bf5b59Spectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 10V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-000i-0900000000-2313e347dd8659099393Spectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 25V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-001i-9400000000-4e342fdebc8145b606a1Spectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 40V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-001i-9000000000-ee5255b437ae762be1f9Spectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-qTof , Positivesplash10-000t-2900000000-a68dc7ca20e1f9595f15Spectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QTOF , negativesplash10-0zfr-0900000000-ced0a738a11057bc94e4Spectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QTOF , negativesplash10-0a4i-0900000000-cded3154e50c6169c670Spectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QTOF , negativesplash10-0a4i-0900000000-9c388fc3035f19e3f156Spectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QTOF , negativesplash10-0a4i-1900000000-9dbb06a7728aab173e0fSpectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - , negativesplash10-0a4i-0900000000-19cfe2cda31cf7284669Spectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QTOF , positivesplash10-000i-0900000000-02ae2bd70b54df77aca5Spectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QTOF , positivesplash10-000i-0900000000-56e21a4ececd5541a7d8Spectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QTOF , positivesplash10-052r-0900000000-e3015612b3d263fabaa9Spectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QTOF , positivesplash10-0a5i-3900000000-670c7d91a38e852d8e4cSpectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - , positivesplash10-000i-5900000000-36b3a876d06807eb22a3Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-0udi-0900000000-84ae4ad8e91e8e4b6a6bSpectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-0k9i-1900000000-6695f66ad1f45898b8b6Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-0pxr-9300000000-43045627b8c856bf07d2Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-0pb9-0900000000-810a4a12ecb151ecb516Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-0a4i-1900000000-9f194909a88a4ac248b1Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-0a4i-8900000000-608d595690e7902b6195Spectrum
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
2D NMR[1H,13C] 2D NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Cytoplasm
  • Membrane
Biospecimen Locations
  • Blood
  • Urine
Tissue Locations
  • Bladder
  • Epidermis
  • Leukocyte
Pathways
Normal Concentrations
BiospecimenStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodDetected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedAdult (>18 years old)BothNormal details
BloodDetected and Quantified0.079 (0.015-0.209) uMAdult (>18 years old)BothNormal details
UrineDetected and Quantified3.28 (0.46-5.19) umol/mmol creatinineAdult (>18 years old)BothNormal
    • Geigy Scientific ...
    • West Cadwell, N.J...
    • Basel, Switzerlan...
details
UrineDetected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedAdult (>18 years old)BothNormal details
Abnormal Concentrations
BiospecimenStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodDetected and Quantified0.01 (0.007-0.011) uMAdult (>18 years old)BothStroke details
BloodDetected and Quantified37.82 uMInfant (0-1 year old)FemaleNicotinamide Adenine Dinucleotide Deficiency details
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease References
Stroke
  1. Darlington LG, Mackay GM, Forrest CM, Stoy N, George C, Stone TW: Altered kynurenine metabolism correlates with infarct volume in stroke. Eur J Neurosci. 2007 Oct;26(8):2211-21. Epub 2007 Sep 24. [PubMed:17892481 ]
Nicotinamide Adenine Dinucleotide Deficiency
  1. Shi H, Enriquez A, Rapadas M, Martin EMMA, Wang R, Moreau J, Lim CK, Szot JO, Ip E, Hughes JN, Sugimoto K, Humphreys DT, McInerney-Leo AM, Leo PJ, Maghzal GJ, Halliday J, Smith J, Colley A, Mark PR, Collins F, Sillence DO, Winlaw DS, Ho JWK, Guillemin GJ, Brown MA, Kikuchi K, Thomas PQ, Stocker R, Giannoulatou E, Chapman G, Duncan EL, Sparrow DB, Dunwoodie SL: NAD Deficiency, Congenital Malformations, and Niacin Supplementation. N Engl J Med. 2017 Aug 10;377(6):544-552. doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa1616361. [PubMed:28792876 ]
Associated OMIM IDs
DrugBank IDDB03644
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
FooDB IDFDB010582
KNApSAcK IDC00007568
Chemspider ID84
KEGG Compound IDC00632
BioCyc ID3-HYDROXY-ANTHRANILATE
BiGG ID1485273
Wikipedia Link3-hydroxyanthranilic_acid
METLIN ID3275
PubChem Compound86
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID15793
Food Biomarker OntologyNot Available
VMH IDNot Available
MarkerDB ID
References
Synthesis ReferenceWarnell, J. L. 3-Hydroxyanthranilic acid. Biochemical Preparations (1958), 6 20-4.
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Download (PDF)
General References
  1. Calandra P: Research on tryptophan metabolites "via kynurenine" in epidermis of man and mouse. Acta Vitaminol Enzymol. 1975;29(1-6):158-60. [PubMed:1244085 ]
  2. Werner ER, Lutz H, Fuchs D, Hausen A, Huber C, Niederwieser D, Pfleiderer W, Reibnegger G, Troppmair J, Wachter H: Identification of 3-hydroxyanthranilic acid in mixed lymphocyte cultures. Biol Chem Hoppe Seyler. 1985 Jan;366(1):99-102. [PubMed:3159398 ]
  3. Teulings FA, Mulder-Kooy GE, Peters HA, Fokkens W, Van Der Werf-Messing B: The excretion of 3-hydroxyanthranilic acid in patients with bladder and kidney carcinoma. Acta Vitaminol Enzymol. 1975;29(1-6):108-12. [PubMed:1244078 ]
  4. De Antoni A, Rubaltelli FF, Costa C, Allegri G: Effect of phototherapy on the urinary excretion of tryptophan metabolites in neonatal hyperbilirubinemia. Acta Vitaminol Enzymol. 1975;29(1-6):145-50. [PubMed:1244083 ]
  5. Lopez AS, Alegre E, LeMaoult J, Carosella E, Gonzalez A: Regulatory role of tryptophan degradation pathway in HLA-G expression by human monocyte-derived dendritic cells. Mol Immunol. 2006 Jul;43(14):2151-60. Epub 2006 Feb 21. [PubMed:16490253 ]
  6. Yeh JK, Brown RR: Effects of vitamin B-6 deficiency and tryptophan loading on urinary excretion of tryptophan metabolites in mammals. J Nutr. 1977 Feb;107(2):261-71. [PubMed:833687 ]
  7. Herve C, Beyne P, Jamault H, Delacoux E: Determination of tryptophan and its kynurenine pathway metabolites in human serum by high-performance liquid chromatography with simultaneous ultraviolet and fluorimetric detection. J Chromatogr B Biomed Appl. 1996 Jan 12;675(1):157-61. [PubMed:8634758 ]
  8. Hegedus ZL, Frank HA, Altschule MD, Nayak U: Human plasma lipofuscin melanins formed from tryptophan metabolites. Arch Int Physiol Biochim. 1986 Dec;94(5):339-48. [PubMed:2440410 ]
  9. Teulings FA, Lems PH, Portengen H, Henkelman MS, Blonk DI: The action of 3-hydroxyanthranilic acid and other tryptophan metabolites on stimulated human lymphocytes. Acta Vitaminol Enzymol. 1975;29(1-6):113-6. [PubMed:1244079 ]

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in metabolic process
Specific function:
Catalyzes the cleavage of L-kynurenine (L-Kyn) and L-3-hydroxykynurenine (L-3OHKyn) into anthranilic acid (AA) and 3-hydroxyanthranilic acid (3-OHAA), respectively. Has a preference for the L-3-hydroxy form. Also has cysteine-conjugate-beta-lyase activity.
Gene Name:
KYNU
Uniprot ID:
Q16719
Molecular weight:
34634.47
Reactions
L-3-Hydroxykynurenine + Water → 3-Hydroxyanthranilic acid + L-Alaninedetails
General function:
Involved in 3-hydroxyanthranilate 3,4-dioxygenase activity
Specific function:
Catalyzes the oxidative ring opening of 3-hydroxyanthranilate to 2-amino-3-carboxymuconate semialdehyde, which spontaneously cyclizes to quinolinate.
Gene Name:
HAAO
Uniprot ID:
P46952
Molecular weight:
32555.935
Reactions
3-Hydroxyanthranilic acid + Oxygen → 2-Amino-3-carboxymuconic acid semialdehydedetails
General function:
Involved in catalase activity
Specific function:
Occurs in almost all aerobically respiring organisms and serves to protect cells from the toxic effects of hydrogen peroxide. Promotes growth of cells including T-cells, B-cells, myeloid leukemia cells, melanoma cells, mastocytoma cells and normal and transformed fibroblast cells.
Gene Name:
CAT
Uniprot ID:
P04040
Molecular weight:
59755.82
Reactions
3-Hydroxyanthranilic acid + Oxygen → Cinnavalininate + Superoxide + Hydrogen peroxide + Hydrogen Iondetails
General function:
Not Available
Specific function:
N5-glutamine methyltransferase responsible for the methylation of the GGQ triplet of the mitochondrial translation release factor MTRF1L.
Gene Name:
HEMK1
Uniprot ID:
Q9Y5R4
Molecular weight:
Not Available
Reactions
3-Hydroxyanthranilic acid + S-Adenosylmethionine → 3-Methoxyanthranilate + S-Adenosylhomocysteinedetails
General function:
Not Available
Specific function:
Probable methyltransferase (By similarity).
Gene Name:
METTL2B
Uniprot ID:
Q6P1Q9
Molecular weight:
Not Available
Reactions
3-Hydroxyanthranilic acid + S-Adenosylmethionine → 3-Methoxyanthranilate + S-Adenosylhomocysteinedetails
General function:
Not Available
Specific function:
Probable methyltransferase (By similarity).
Gene Name:
METTL6
Uniprot ID:
Q8TCB7
Molecular weight:
Not Available
Reactions
3-Hydroxyanthranilic acid + S-Adenosylmethionine → 3-Methoxyanthranilate + S-Adenosylhomocysteinedetails
General function:
Not Available
Specific function:
Methyltransferase that may act on DNA.
Gene Name:
WBSCR22
Uniprot ID:
O43709
Molecular weight:
Not Available
Reactions
3-Hydroxyanthranilic acid + S-Adenosylmethionine → 3-Methoxyanthranilate + S-Adenosylhomocysteinedetails