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Record Information
Version4.0
StatusDetected and Quantified
Creation Date2005-11-16 15:48:42 UTC
Update Date2020-09-15 18:43:18 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB0001546
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB01546
Metabolite Identification
Common NameCDP
DescriptionCDP, also known as 5'-CDP, belongs to the class of organic compounds known as pyrimidine ribonucleoside diphosphates. These are pyrimidine ribonucleotides with diphosphate group linked to the ribose moiety. A cytosine nucleotide containing two phosphate groups esterified to the sugar moiety. CDP is an extremely weak basic (essentially neutral) compound (based on its pKa). CDP exists in all living species, ranging from bacteria to humans. In humans, CDP is involved in cardiolipin biosynthesis. Outside of the human body, CDP has been detected, but not quantified in, several different foods, such as carobs, mexican oregano, evergreen huckleberries, green vegetables, and pepper (c. baccatum). This could make CDP a potential biomarker for the consumption of these foods.
Structure
Data?1600195398
Synonyms
ValueSource
5'-CDPChEBI
Cytidine 5'-diphosphateChEBI
Cytidine 5'-diphosphoric acidChEBI
Cytidine 5'-pyrophosphateChEBI
Cytidine diphosphateChEBI
Cytidine, 5'-(trihydrogen pyrophosphate)ChEBI
CYTIDINE-5'-diphosphATEChEBI
Cytidine 5'-pyrophosphoric acidGenerator
Cytidine diphosphoric acidGenerator
Cytidine, 5'-(trihydrogen pyrophosphoric acid)Generator
CYTIDINE-5'-diphosphoric acidGenerator
Cytidine-diphosphateHMDB
Diphosphate, cytidineHMDB
Chemical FormulaC9H15N3O11P2
Average Molecular Weight403.1764
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight403.018181361
IUPAC Name[({[(2R,3S,4R,5R)-5-(4-amino-2-oxo-1,2-dihydropyrimidin-1-yl)-3,4-dihydroxyoxolan-2-yl]methoxy}(hydroxy)phosphoryl)oxy]phosphonic acid
Traditional NameCDP
CAS Registry Number63-38-7
SMILES
NC1=NC(=O)N(C=C1)[C@@H]1O[C@H](COP(O)(=O)OP(O)(O)=O)[C@@H](O)[C@H]1O
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C9H15N3O11P2/c10-5-1-2-12(9(15)11-5)8-7(14)6(13)4(22-8)3-21-25(19,20)23-24(16,17)18/h1-2,4,6-8,13-14H,3H2,(H,19,20)(H2,10,11,15)(H2,16,17,18)/t4-,6-,7-,8-/m1/s1
InChI KeyZWIADYZPOWUWEW-XVFCMESISA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as pyrimidine ribonucleoside diphosphates. These are pyrimidine ribonucleotides with diphosphate group linked to the ribose moiety.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassNucleosides, nucleotides, and analogues
ClassPyrimidine nucleotides
Sub ClassPyrimidine ribonucleotides
Direct ParentPyrimidine ribonucleoside diphosphates
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Pyrimidine ribonucleoside diphosphate
  • Pentose-5-phosphate
  • Pentose phosphate
  • N-glycosyl compound
  • Glycosyl compound
  • Pentose monosaccharide
  • Organic pyrophosphate
  • Monosaccharide phosphate
  • Monoalkyl phosphate
  • Pyrimidone
  • Aminopyrimidine
  • Imidolactam
  • Alkyl phosphate
  • Pyrimidine
  • Phosphoric acid ester
  • Organic phosphoric acid derivative
  • Monosaccharide
  • Hydropyrimidine
  • Heteroaromatic compound
  • Tetrahydrofuran
  • Secondary alcohol
  • 1,2-diol
  • Oxacycle
  • Azacycle
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Organic oxide
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Primary amine
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Amine
  • Alcohol
  • Aromatic heteromonocyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic heteromonocyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
Disposition

Route of exposure:

Source:

Biological location:

Process

Naturally occurring process:

Role

Industrial application:

Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogP2.44HANSCH,C ET AL. (1995)
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility10.1 g/LALOGPS
logP-1.4ALOGPS
logP-3.3ChemAxon
logS-1.6ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)1.78ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-0.033ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-2ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count11ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count6ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area221.67 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count6ChemAxon
Refractivity76.29 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability31.39 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings2ChemAxon
BioavailabilityNoChemAxon
Rule of FiveNoChemAxon
Ghose FilterNoChemAxon
Veber's RuleNoChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleNoChemAxon
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash KeyView
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-004i-5923000000-f7e7b227d8dab9e29e4bSpectrum
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (2 TMS) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-00di-3209010000-ff27ee45250db3e35193Spectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT , negativesplash10-004i-9000000000-f5d958a3ccf576052a6bSpectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT , negativesplash10-00di-0390000000-0274cdf4190792442001Spectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT , negativesplash10-0udi-0009000000-2c8a9272dc29076a6167Spectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QTOF , negativesplash10-0kdi-9602700000-4b46ddc9506634a02dc5Spectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT , positivesplash10-0a4i-0059000000-d598d99a604dda402181Spectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QTOF , positivesplash10-0udi-0003900000-69398917fb0c37a4304fSpectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QTOF , positivesplash10-0zg0-0726900000-8d967e8ca6677a467fb8Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-03di-0901000000-6aed044cc4135aa261dfSpectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-03di-3900000000-92fac6a8baf47bac3014Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-03di-5900000000-5ad7bca4dc732a0e3840Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-0a4i-0903300000-44d24cfda26f8f0a8d96Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-004i-9701000000-d96a23308bcfcf9cf55fSpectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-004i-9100000000-d7e0d2a5e8d20180b483Spectrum
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Mitochondria
  • Nucleus
Biospecimen Locations
  • Blood
Tissue LocationsNot Available
Pathways
Normal Concentrations
BiospecimenStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodDetected and Quantified36.0 +/- 12.0 uMAdult (>18 years old)BothNormal
    • Geigy Scientific ...
details
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDDB04555
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
FooDB IDFDB022683
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID5902
KEGG Compound IDC00112
BioCyc IDCDP
BiGG ID33901
Wikipedia LinkCytidine_diphosphate
METLIN ID6313
PubChem Compound6132
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID17239
Food Biomarker OntologyNot Available
VMH IDCDP
MarkerDB ID
References
Synthesis ReferenceChambers, Robert Warner; Shapiro, Philip; Kurkov, Viktor. Synthesis of cytidine 5'-diphosphate and guanosine 5'-diphosphate. Journal of the American Chemical Society (1960), 82 970-5.
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General References
  1. George TP, Cook HW, Byers DM, Palmer FB, Spence MW: Inhibition of phosphatidylcholine and phosphatidylethanolamine biosynthesis by cytochalasin B in cultured glioma cells: potential regulation of biosynthesis by Ca(2+)-dependent mechanisms. Biochim Biophys Acta. 1991 Jul 9;1084(2):185-93. [PubMed:1854804 ]
  2. Riekhof WR, Voelker DR: Uptake and utilization of lyso-phosphatidylethanolamine by Saccharomyces cerevisiae. J Biol Chem. 2006 Dec 1;281(48):36588-96. Epub 2006 Oct 2. [PubMed:17015438 ]
  3. Tsitolovskii LE, Kraevskii AA: [Possible relation between learning and non-template RNA synthesis in neurons]. Zh Vyssh Nerv Deiat Im I P Pavlova. 1982 Mar-Apr;32(2):284-91. [PubMed:6178232 ]
  4. Houtkooper RH, Akbari H, van Lenthe H, Kulik W, Wanders RJ, Frentzen M, Vaz FM: Identification and characterization of human cardiolipin synthase. FEBS Lett. 2006 May 29;580(13):3059-64. Epub 2006 Apr 27. [PubMed:16678169 ]
  5. Carstensen S, Pliska-Matyshak G, Bhuvarahamurthy N, Robbins KM, Murthy PP: Biosynthesis and localization of phosphatidyl-scyllo-inositol in barley aleurone cells. Lipids. 1999 Jan;34(1):67-73. [PubMed:10188599 ]
  6. Nowicki M, Muller F, Frentzen M: Cardiolipin synthase of Arabidopsis thaliana. FEBS Lett. 2005 Apr 11;579(10):2161-5. [PubMed:15811335 ]
  7. George TP, Morash SC, Cook HW, Byers DM, Palmer FB, Spence MW: Phosphatidylcholine biosynthesis in cultured glioma cells: evidence for channeling of intermediates. Biochim Biophys Acta. 1989 Aug 22;1004(3):283-91. [PubMed:2758024 ]
  8. Houtkooper RH, Vaz FM: Cardiolipin, the heart of mitochondrial metabolism. Cell Mol Life Sci. 2008 Aug;65(16):2493-506. doi: 10.1007/s00018-008-8030-5. [PubMed:18425414 ]
  9. Lindblad L, Schersten T: Incorporation rate in vitro of choline and methyl-methionine into human hepatic lecithins. Scand J Gastroenterol. 1976;11(6):587-91. [PubMed:981963 ]

Only showing the first 10 proteins. There are 32 proteins in total.

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in ATP binding
Specific function:
Catalyzes specific phosphoryl transfer from ATP to UMP and CMP.
Gene Name:
CMPK1
Uniprot ID:
P30085
Molecular weight:
20180.12
Reactions
Adenosine triphosphate + Cytidine monophosphate → ADP + CDPdetails
General function:
Involved in hydrolase activity
Specific function:
In the nervous system, could hydrolyze ATP and other nucleotides to regulate purinergic neurotransmission. Could also be implicated in the prevention of platelet aggregation by hydrolyzing platelet-activating ADP to AMP. Hydrolyzes ATP and ADP equally well.
Gene Name:
ENTPD1
Uniprot ID:
P49961
Molecular weight:
58706.0
Reactions
CDP + Water → Cytidine monophosphate + Phosphatedetails
Cytidine triphosphate + Water → CDP + Phosphatedetails
General function:
Involved in calcium ion binding
Specific function:
Calcium-dependent nucleotidase with a preference for UDP. The order of activity with different substrates is UDP > GDP > UTP > GTP. Has very low activity towards ADP and even lower activity towards ATP. Does not hydrolyze AMP and GMP. Involved in proteoglycan synthesis.
Gene Name:
CANT1
Uniprot ID:
Q8WVQ1
Molecular weight:
44839.24
General function:
Involved in hydrolase activity
Specific function:
Has a threefold preference for the hydrolysis of ATP over ADP.
Gene Name:
ENTPD3
Uniprot ID:
O75355
Molecular weight:
59104.76
Reactions
CDP + Water → Cytidine monophosphate + Phosphatedetails
Cytidine triphosphate + Water → CDP + Phosphatedetails
General function:
Involved in nucleoside diphosphate kinase activity
Specific function:
Major role in the synthesis of nucleoside triphosphates other than ATP (By similarity).
Gene Name:
NME4
Uniprot ID:
O00746
Molecular weight:
20658.45
Reactions
Adenosine triphosphate + CDP → ADP + Cytidine triphosphatedetails
General function:
Involved in oxidation reduction
Specific function:
Provides the precursors necessary for DNA synthesis. Catalyzes the biosynthesis of deoxyribonucleotides from the corresponding ribonucleotides.
Gene Name:
RRM1
Uniprot ID:
P23921
Molecular weight:
90069.375
Reactions
dCDP + Thioredoxin disulfide + Water → Thioredoxin + CDPdetails
General function:
Involved in nucleoside diphosphate kinase activity
Specific function:
Major role in the synthesis of nucleoside triphosphates other than ATP. Possesses nucleoside-diphosphate kinase, serine/threonine-specific protein kinase, geranyl and farnesyl pyrophosphate kinase, histidine protein kinase and 3'-5' exonuclease activities. Involved in cell proliferation, differentiation and development, signal transduction, G protein-coupled receptor endocytosis, and gene expression. Required for neural development including neural patterning and cell fate determination.
Gene Name:
NME1
Uniprot ID:
P15531
Molecular weight:
17148.635
Reactions
Adenosine triphosphate + CDP → ADP + Cytidine triphosphatedetails
General function:
Involved in nucleoside diphosphate kinase activity
Specific function:
Major role in the synthesis of nucleoside triphosphates other than ATP. The ATP gamma phosphate is transferred to the NDP beta phosphate via a ping-pong mechanism, using a phosphorylated active-site intermediate.
Gene Name:
NME7
Uniprot ID:
Q9Y5B8
Molecular weight:
42491.365
Reactions
Adenosine triphosphate + CDP → ADP + Cytidine triphosphatedetails
General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity
Specific function:
Provides the precursors necessary for DNA synthesis. Catalyzes the biosynthesis of deoxyribonucleotides from the corresponding ribonucleotides. Inhibits Wnt signaling.
Gene Name:
RRM2
Uniprot ID:
P31350
Molecular weight:
44877.25
Reactions
dCDP + Thioredoxin disulfide + Water → Thioredoxin + CDPdetails
General function:
Involved in nucleoside diphosphate kinase activity
Specific function:
Major role in the synthesis of nucleoside triphosphates other than ATP. Negatively regulates Rho activity by interacting with AKAP13/LBC. Acts as a transcriptional activator of the MYC gene; binds DNA non-specifically (PubMed:8392752). Exhibits histidine protein kinase activity.
Gene Name:
NME2
Uniprot ID:
P22392
Molecular weight:
30136.92
Reactions
Adenosine triphosphate + CDP → ADP + Cytidine triphosphatedetails

Only showing the first 10 proteins. There are 32 proteins in total.