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Record Information
Version4.0
StatusDetected but not Quantified
Creation Date2006-05-22 14:17:36 UTC
Update Date2020-02-26 21:23:49 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB0002092
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB02092
Metabolite Identification
Common NameItaconic acid
DescriptionItaconic acid, also known as itaconate, belongs to the class of organic compounds known as branched fatty acids. These are fatty acids containing a branched chain. Itaconic acid is a very hydrophobic molecule, practically insoluble (in water), and relatively neutral.
Structure
Data?1582752229
Synonyms
ValueSource
2-Methylenesuccinic acidChEBI
2-Propene-1,2-dicarboxylic acidChEBI
Methylenebutanedioic acidChEBI
Methylenesuccinic acidChEBI
Propylenedicarboxylic acidChEBI
2-MethylenesuccinateGenerator
2-Propene-1,2-dicarboxylateGenerator
MethylenebutanedioateGenerator
MethylenesuccinateGenerator
PropylenedicarboxylateGenerator
ItaconateGenerator
2-Hydroxy-3-naphthoyl-2-naphthylamineHMDB
Itaconic acid, copper saltHMDB
Itaconic acid, disodium saltHMDB
Itaconic acid, calcium saltHMDB
Itaconic acid, sodium saltHMDB
Chemical FormulaC5H6O4
Average Molecular Weight130.0987
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight130.02660868
IUPAC Name2-methylidenebutanedioic acid
Traditional Nameitaconic acid
CAS Registry Number97-65-4
SMILES
OC(=O)CC(=C)C(O)=O
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C5H6O4/c1-3(5(8)9)2-4(6)7/h1-2H2,(H,6,7)(H,8,9)
InChI KeyLVHBHZANLOWSRM-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as branched fatty acids. These are fatty acids containing a branched chain.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassFatty Acyls
Sub ClassFatty acids and conjugates
Direct ParentBranched fatty acids
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Branched fatty acid
  • Unsaturated fatty acid
  • Dicarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Organic oxide
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
Disposition

Route of exposure:

Source:

Biological location:

Process

Naturally occurring process:

Role

Biological role:

Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting Point175 °CNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water Solubility76.8 mg/mL at 20 °CNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility63 g/LALOGPS
logP0ALOGPS
logP0.053ChemAxon
logS-0.31ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)3.65ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-2ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count4ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count2ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area74.6 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count3ChemAxon
Refractivity27.91 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability11.06 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
BioavailabilityYesChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterNoChemAxon
Veber's RuleNoChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleNoChemAxon
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash KeyView
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (2 TMS)splash10-067j-4970000000-62c083c1889c0389bdc7Spectrum
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized)splash10-067j-4970000000-62c083c1889c0389bdc7Spectrum
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Non-derivatized)splash10-0002-1910000000-691ec6088f9d55e9b158Spectrum
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-001c-9100000000-3218ae9ee6b97674a039Spectrum
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (2 TMS) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-059i-9420000000-cf91095ef1210525cf5dSpectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 10V, N/A (Annotated)splash10-03y1-9400000000-8522d5eb5288a63433b1Spectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 25V, N/A (Annotated)splash10-00kr-9000000000-8287612bcdd337cb94ddSpectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 40V, N/A (Annotated)splash10-02a9-9200000000-d17287465b81dab7939cSpectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 10V, Negativesplash10-004i-4900000000-8433e22f39cee33233c1Spectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 20V, Negativesplash10-000i-9000000000-5879e62dedd6aab4b1caSpectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 30V, Negativesplash10-000i-9000000000-464f41418a542f68cdb2Spectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 40V, Negativesplash10-0006-9000000000-96ec7055deb2e0402943Spectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 50V, Negativesplash10-0006-9000000000-f4499898bdcf9c9eb9c4Spectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QTOF (UPLC Q-Tof Premier, Waters) , Negativesplash10-000i-9100000000-dac578cf4d95b2206d4bSpectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ , negativesplash10-004i-4900000000-8433e22f39cee33233c1Spectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ , negativesplash10-000i-9000000000-5879e62dedd6aab4b1caSpectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ , negativesplash10-000i-9000000000-464f41418a542f68cdb2Spectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ , negativesplash10-0006-9000000000-96ec7055deb2e0402943Spectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ , negativesplash10-0006-9000000000-f4499898bdcf9c9eb9c4Spectrum
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QTOF , negativesplash10-000i-9100000000-dac578cf4d95b2206d4bSpectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-03di-4900000000-8dbdce71f36577627d67Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-02g9-9300000000-72767f1807dfa80e809cSpectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-00kf-9000000000-e26167424a1c652a920dSpectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-004r-5900000000-95e66a8f3b6c0bc3cec6Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-002r-9500000000-c8ab0cb1983e8213e622Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-014u-9000000000-f54d12caffc54c552d2dSpectrum
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
2D NMR[1H,1H] 2D NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
2D NMR[1H,13C] 2D NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Mitochondria
Biospecimen Locations
  • Sweat
Tissue LocationsNot Available
Pathways
Normal Concentrations
BiospecimenStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
SweatDetected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedAdult BothNormal details
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
FooDB IDFDB012645
KNApSAcK IDC00033964
Chemspider ID789
KEGG Compound IDC00490
BioCyc IDITACONATE
BiGG ID35130
Wikipedia LinkItaconic_acid
METLIN ID6483
PubChem Compound811
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID30838
Food Biomarker OntologyNot Available
VMH IDNot Available
MarkerDB ID
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Download (PDF)
General References
  1. Karadag E, Saraydin D, Cetinkaya S, Guven O: In vitro swelling studies and preliminary biocompatibility evaluation of acrylamide-based hydrogels. Biomaterials. 1996 Jan;17(1):67-70. [PubMed:8962950 ]
  2. Becker J, Lange A, Fabarius J, Wittmann C: Top value platform chemicals: bio-based production of organic acids. Curr Opin Biotechnol. 2015 Dec;36:168-75. doi: 10.1016/j.copbio.2015.08.022. Epub 2015 Sep 8. [PubMed:26360870 ]

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in catalytic activity
Specific function:
Catalyzes the ATP- or GTP-dependent ligation of succinate and CoA to form succinyl-CoA. The nature of the beta subunit determines the nucleotide specificity (By similarity).
Gene Name:
SUCLG1
Uniprot ID:
P53597
Molecular weight:
36249.505
General function:
Involved in catalytic activity
Specific function:
Catalyzes the GTP-dependent ligation of succinate and CoA to form succinyl-CoA (By similarity).
Gene Name:
SUCLG2
Uniprot ID:
Q96I99
Molecular weight:
47731.605
General function:
Involved in catalytic activity
Specific function:
Catalyzes the ATP-dependent ligation of succinate and CoA to form succinyl-CoA (By similarity).
Gene Name:
SUCLA2
Uniprot ID:
Q9P2R7
Molecular weight:
50316.88