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Record Information
Version4.0
StatusDetected and Quantified
Creation Date2006-05-22 14:17:55 UTC
Update Date2020-02-26 21:24:11 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB0002504
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB02504
Metabolite Identification
Common Name3-Sulfodeoxycholic acid
DescriptionCer(d18:0/14:0), also known as N-tetradecanoyl-sphinganine, is a ceramide (Cer). Ceramides are members of the class of compounds known as sphingolipids (SPs), or glycosylceramides. SPs are lipids containing a backbone of sphingoid bases (e.g. sphingosine or sphinganine) that are often covalently bound to a fatty acid derivative through N-acylation. SPs are found in cell membranes, particularly in peripheral nerve cells and the cells found in the central nervous system (including the brain and spinal cord). Sphingolipids are extremely versatile molecules that have functions controlling fundamental cellular processes such as cell division, differentiation, and cell death. Impairments associated with sphingolipid metabolism are associated with many common human diseases such as diabetes, various cancers, microbial infections, diseases of the cardiovascular and respiratory systems, Alzheimer’s disease and other neurological syndromes. The biosynthesis and catabolism of sphingolipids involves a large number of intermediate metabolites where many different enzymes are involved. Simple sphingolipids, which include the sphingoid bases and ceramides, make up the early products of the sphingolipid synthetic pathways, while complex sphingolipids may be formed by the addition of head groups to the ceramide template (Wikipedia). In humans, ceramides are phosphorylated to ceramide phosphates (CerPs) through the action of a specific ceramide kinase (CerK). Ceramide phosphates are important metabolites of ceramides as they act as a mediators of the inflammatory response. Ceramides are also one of the hydrolysis byproducts of sphingomyelins (SMs) through the action of the enzyme sphingomyelin phosphodiesterase, which has been identified in the subcellular fractions of human epidermis (PMID: 25935 ) and many other tissues. Ceramides can also be synthesized from serine and palmitate in a de novo pathway and are regarded as important cellular signals for inducing apoptosis (PMID: 14998372 ). Ceramides are key in the biosynthesis of glycosphingolipids and gangliosides. In terms of its appearance and structure, Cer(d18:0/14:0) is a colorless solid that consists of a saturated 18-carbon sphingoid base with an attached saturated tetradecanoyl fatty acid side chain. In most mammalian SPs, the 18-carbon sphingoid bases are predominant (PMID: 9759481 ).
Structure
Data?1582752251
Synonyms
ValueSource
C14DH CerChEBI
DHC-a 18:0/14:0ChEBI
N-(Myristoyl)-dihydroceramideChEBI
N-(Tetradecanoyl)-dihydroceramideChEBI
N-(Tetradecanoyl)-sphinganineChEBI
N-MyristoyldihydroceramideChEBI
N-MyristoyldihydrosphingosineChEBI
N-TetradecanoyldihydroceramideChEBI
N-TetradecanoyldihydrosphingosineChEBI
CeramideMetBuilder
Ceramide(D18:0/14:0)MetBuilder
N-(Tetradecanoyl)-dihydrosphingosineMetBuilder
N-(Tetradecanoyl)-D-erythro-sphinganineMetBuilder
Deoxycholic acid 3-sulfateHMDB
Deoxycholic acid 3-sulphateHMDB
(4R)-4-[(1S,2S,5R,7R,10S,11S,14R,16S)-16-Hydroxy-2-methyl-5-(sulfooxy)tetracyclo[8.7.0.0²,⁷.0¹¹,¹⁵]heptadecan-14-yl]pentanoateGenerator, HMDB
(4R)-4-[(1S,2S,5R,7R,10S,11S,14R,16S)-16-Hydroxy-2-methyl-5-(sulphooxy)tetracyclo[8.7.0.0²,⁷.0¹¹,¹⁵]heptadecan-14-yl]pentanoateGenerator, HMDB
(4R)-4-[(1S,2S,5R,7R,10S,11S,14R,16S)-16-Hydroxy-2-methyl-5-(sulphooxy)tetracyclo[8.7.0.0²,⁷.0¹¹,¹⁵]heptadecan-14-yl]pentanoic acidGenerator, HMDB
3-SulfodeoxycholateGenerator
3-SulphodeoxycholateGenerator
3-Sulphodeoxycholic acidGenerator
Chemical FormulaC23H38O7S
Average Molecular Weight458.609
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight458.23382426
IUPAC Name(4R)-4-[(1S,2S,5R,7R,10S,11S,14R,16S)-16-hydroxy-2-methyl-5-(sulfooxy)tetracyclo[8.7.0.0²,⁷.0¹¹,¹⁵]heptadecan-14-yl]pentanoic acid
Traditional Name(4R)-4-[(1S,2S,5R,7R,10S,11S,14R,16S)-16-hydroxy-2-methyl-5-(sulfooxy)tetracyclo[8.7.0.0²,⁷.0¹¹,¹⁵]heptadecan-14-yl]pentanoic acid
CAS Registry Number67030-48-2
SMILES
[H][C@@]12CC[C@H]([C@H](C)CCC(O)=O)C1[C@@H](O)C[C@@]1([H])[C@@]2([H])CC[C@]2([H])C[C@@H](CC[C@]12C)OS(O)(=O)=O
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C23H38O7S/c1-13(3-8-21(25)26)16-6-7-18-17-5-4-14-11-15(30-31(27,28)29)9-10-23(14,2)19(17)12-20(24)22(16)18/h13-20,22,24H,3-12H2,1-2H3,(H,25,26)(H,27,28,29)/t13-,14-,15-,16-,17+,18+,19+,20+,22?,23+/m1/s1
InChI KeyWSBVSABEAXNERB-JNLBVXOESA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as long-chain ceramides. These are ceramides bearing a long chain fatty acid.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassSphingolipids
Sub ClassCeramides
Direct ParentLong-chain ceramides
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Long-chain ceramide
  • Fatty amide
  • N-acyl-amine
  • Fatty acyl
  • Carboxamide group
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Secondary carboxylic acid amide
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Primary alcohol
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Organic oxide
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Alcohol
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
Disposition

Route of exposure:

Source:

Biological location:

Process

Naturally occurring process:

Role

Industrial application:

Biological role:

Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.0068 g/LALOGPS
logP0.25ALOGPS
logP1.98ChemAxon
logS-4.8ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)-1.5ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-0.59ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-2ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count6ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count3ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area121.13 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count6ChemAxon
Refractivity114.79 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability50.14 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings4ChemAxon
BioavailabilityYesChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleNoChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash KeyView
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-002v-0658900000-0a33233e6e2577e6f789Spectrum
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (2 TMS) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-000i-1122390000-ae7bf852c15966093e7aSpectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-052f-0003900000-cbad9c4fb9b8f1cbb6feSpectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-01ox-0009200000-772c27f4890fa72bcedfSpectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-014i-6279100000-40edc0c407a59d2c3484Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-0a4i-0002900000-2e4bf8aa360c146ba867Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-0a4i-2009300000-628af0b8dba3dd0b3553Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-0a59-9006000000-71659c7f06a5bd42f29aSpectrum
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane (predicted from logP)
Biospecimen Locations
  • Feces
Tissue LocationsNot Available
Pathways
Normal Concentrations
BiospecimenStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
FecesDetected but not Quantified Adult (>18 years old)Both
Normal
details
FecesDetected but not Quantified Adult (>18 years old)Both
Normal
details
FecesDetected and Quantified9.36 +/- 15.51 nmol/g dry fecesNot SpecifiedNot Specified
Normal
details
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB028429
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID8431308
KEGG Compound IDNot Available
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkNot Available
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem Compound10255824
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID67045
Food Biomarker OntologyNot Available
VMH IDNot Available
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General ReferencesNot Available

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in binding
Specific function:
Ileal protein which stimulates gastric acid and pepsinogen secretion. Seems to be able to bind to bile salts and bilirubins. Isoform 2 is essential for the survival of colon cancer cells to bile acid-induced apoptosis
Gene Name:
FABP6
Uniprot ID:
P51161
Molecular weight:
14371.2
References
  1. Kurz M, Brachvogel V, Matter H, Stengelin S, Thuring H, Kramer W: Insights into the bile acid transportation system: the human ileal lipid-binding protein-cholyltaurine complex and its comparison with homologous structures. Proteins. 2003 Feb 1;50(2):312-28. [PubMed:12486725 ]

Transporters

General function:
Involved in transporter activity
Specific function:
Mediates the Na(+)-independent transport of organic anions such as 17-beta-glucuronosyl estradiol, taurocholate, triiodothyronine (T3), leukotriene C4, dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEAS), methotrexate and sulfobromophthalein (BSP)
Gene Name:
SLCO1B3
Uniprot ID:
Q9NPD5
Molecular weight:
77402.2
General function:
Involved in transporter activity
Specific function:
Mediates the Na(+)-independent transport of organic anions such as pravastatin, taurocholate, methotrexate, dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate, 17-beta-glucuronosyl estradiol, estrone sulfate, prostaglandin E2, thromboxane B2, leukotriene C3, leukotriene E4, thyroxine and triiodothyronine. May play an important role in the clearance of bile acids and organic anions from the liver
Gene Name:
SLCO1B1
Uniprot ID:
Q9Y6L6
Molecular weight:
76448.0
References
  1. Michalski C, Cui Y, Nies AT, Nuessler AK, Neuhaus P, Zanger UM, Klein K, Eichelbaum M, Keppler D, Konig J: A naturally occurring mutation in the SLC21A6 gene causing impaired membrane localization of the hepatocyte uptake transporter. J Biol Chem. 2002 Nov 8;277(45):43058-63. Epub 2002 Aug 23. [PubMed:12196548 ]
General function:
Involved in ATP binding
Specific function:
May act as an inducible transporter in the biliary and intestinal excretion of organic anions. Acts as an alternative route for the export of bile acids and glucuronides from cholestatic hepatocytes
Gene Name:
ABCC3
Uniprot ID:
O15438
Molecular weight:
169341.1
General function:
Involved in ATP binding
Specific function:
Involved in the ATP-dependent secretion of bile salts into the canaliculus of hepatocytes
Gene Name:
ABCB11
Uniprot ID:
O95342
Molecular weight:
146405.8
General function:
Involved in bile acid:sodium symporter activity
Specific function:
Plays a critical role in the sodium-dependent reabsorption of bile acids from the lumen of the small intestine. Plays a key role in cholesterol metabolism
Gene Name:
SLC10A2
Uniprot ID:
Q12908
Molecular weight:
37697.4
References
  1. Kramer W, Girbig F, Glombik H, Corsiero D, Stengelin S, Weyland C: Identification of a ligand-binding site in the Na+/bile acid cotransporting protein from rabbit ileum. J Biol Chem. 2001 Sep 21;276(38):36020-7. Epub 2001 Jul 10. [PubMed:11447228 ]
General function:
Involved in bile acid:sodium symporter activity
Specific function:
The hepatic sodium/bile acid uptake system exhibits broad substrate specificity and transports various non-bile acid organic compounds as well. It is strictly dependent on the extracellular presence of sodium.
Gene Name:
SLC10A1
Uniprot ID:
Q14973
Molecular weight:
38118.64
General function:
Involved in transporter activity
Specific function:
Mediates the Na(+)-independent transport of organic anions such as sulfobromophthalein (BSP) and conjugated (taurocholate) and unconjugated (cholate) bile acids
Gene Name:
SLCO1A2
Uniprot ID:
P46721
Molecular weight:
74144.1
General function:
Involved in transporter activity
Specific function:
Mediates the Na(+)-independent transport of organic anions such as the thyroid hormones T3 (triiodo-L-thyronine), T4 (thyroxine) and rT3, and of estrone-3-sulfate and taurocholate
Gene Name:
SLCO4A1
Uniprot ID:
Q96BD0
Molecular weight:
77192.5