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Record Information
StatusDetected and Quantified
Creation Date2006-05-22 15:12:36 UTC
Update Date2020-02-26 21:24:24 UTC
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB03148
Metabolite Identification
Common NameArgininic acid
DescriptionTissue accumulation of argininic acid (AA) occurs in hyperargininemia. Hyperargininemia, an inborn error of the urea cycle, is caused by a severe deficiency of liver arginase, resulting in elevated tissue levels of arginine (Arg) and other guanidino compounds (GC). Affected patients present a neurological syndrome consisting of a variable degree of mental retardation, epilepsy and progressive spasticity whose pathophysiology is far from understood. Guanidino compounds accumulate in other pathological conditions such as uremia and epilepsy and some evidence supports the hypothesis that these compounds contribute to the neurological dysfunction characteristic of these diseases. The increase of these compounds occurs by blockage of the arginase reaction, activating secondary biochemical pathways. Thus, Arg is converted to α-keto-δ-guanidinovaleric acid by transamination, and this compound forms AA by hydrogenation. (PMID 12615083 ). AA has been identified as a uremic toxin according to the European Uremic Toxin Working Group (PMID: 22626821 ).
Arginic acidHMDB
Argininic acidMeSH
Chemical FormulaC6H13N3O3
Average Molecular Weight175.1857
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight175.095691297
IUPAC Name(2S)-5-carbamimidamido-2-hydroxypentanoic acid
Traditional Nameargininic acid
CAS Registry Number157-07-3
InChI Identifier
Chemical Taxonomy
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as delta amino acids and derivatives. Delta amino acids and derivatives are compounds containing a carboxylic acid group and an amino group at the C5 carbon atom.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganic acids and derivatives
ClassCarboxylic acids and derivatives
Sub ClassAmino acids, peptides, and analogues
Direct ParentDelta amino acids and derivatives
Alternative Parents
  • Delta amino acid or derivatives
  • Alpha-hydroxy acid
  • Hydroxy acid
  • Monosaccharide
  • Fatty acid
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Guanidine
  • Carboximidamide
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Carbonyl group
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Alcohol
  • Imine
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organic oxide
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External DescriptorsNot Available
Physiological effect

Health effect:


Route of exposure:

Biological location:


Physical Properties
Experimental Properties
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
Water Solubility2.35 g/LALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)3.67ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)12.37ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count6ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count5ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area119.43 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count5ChemAxon
Refractivity52.27 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability17.5 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterNoChemAxon
Veber's RuleNoChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleNoChemAxon
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash KeyView
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-0096-9200000000-6f302c47d64e02269bc9Spectrum
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (2 TMS) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-00di-9141000000-1aead8bbea065a0186d5Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-057i-1900000000-2d1d1cee3d0099850520Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-03dl-8900000000-cd768aaed4580f086b7bSpectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-03dl-9000000000-469fb41d2217ab0e3966Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-0089-2900000000-27145a1db9569918a58eSpectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-0540-9600000000-a8f091526c1341099a19Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-052f-9000000000-f2333a264a75ca0fbc45Spectrum
Biological Properties
Cellular LocationsNot Available
Biospecimen Locations
  • Blood
  • Feces
Tissue LocationsNot Available
Normal Concentrations
BloodDetected and Quantified0.2 (0.015-0.44) uMAdult (>18 years old)BothNormal details
BloodDetected and Quantified0.12 +/- 0.02 uMAdult (>18 years old)BothNormal details
BloodDetected and Quantified<0.440 uMAdult (>18 years old)Both
FecesDetected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedAdult (>18 years old)Both
Abnormal Concentrations
BloodDetected and Quantified0.25 (0.015-0.5) uMAdult (>18 years old)BothCirrhosis details
BloodDetected and Quantified0.33 +/- 0.11 uMAdult (>18 years old)Bothuremia details
BloodDetected and Quantified0.460 +/- 0.320 uMAdult (>18 years old)Both
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease References
  1. Marescau B, De Deyn PP, Holvoet J, Possemiers I, Nagels G, Saxena V, Mahler C: Guanidino compounds in serum and urine of cirrhotic patients. Metabolism. 1995 May;44(5):584-8. [PubMed:7752905 ]
  1. Duranton F, Cohen G, De Smet R, Rodriguez M, Jankowski J, Vanholder R, Argiles A: Normal and pathologic concentrations of uremic toxins. J Am Soc Nephrol. 2012 Jul;23(7):1258-70. doi: 10.1681/ASN.2011121175. Epub 2012 May 24. [PubMed:22626821 ]
  2. Vanholder R, De Smet R, Glorieux G, Argiles A, Baurmeister U, Brunet P, Clark W, Cohen G, De Deyn PP, Deppisch R, Descamps-Latscha B, Henle T, Jorres A, Lemke HD, Massy ZA, Passlick-Deetjen J, Rodriguez M, Stegmayr B, Stenvinkel P, Tetta C, Wanner C, Zidek W: Review on uremic toxins: classification, concentration, and interindividual variability. Kidney Int. 2003 May;63(5):1934-43. doi: 10.1046/j.1523-1755.2003.00924.x. [PubMed:12675874 ]
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
FooDB IDFDB023114
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID140984
KEGG Compound IDNot Available
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkNot Available
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem Compound160437
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI IDNot Available
Food Biomarker OntologyNot Available
VMH IDNot Available
MarkerDB ID
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General References
  1. Mizutani N, Hayakawa C, Ohya Y, Watanabe K, Watanabe Y, Mori A: Guanidino compounds in hyperargininemia. Tohoku J Exp Med. 1987 Nov;153(3):197-205. [PubMed:3433275 ]
  2. Balz D, de Souza Wyse AT, Morsch VM, da Silva AC, Vieira VL, Morsch AL, Schetinger MR: In vitro effects of L-arginine and guanidino compounds on NTPDase1 and 5'-nucleotidase activities from rat brain synaptosomes. Int J Dev Neurosci. 2003 Apr;21(2):75-82. [PubMed:12615083 ]
  3. Duranton F, Cohen G, De Smet R, Rodriguez M, Jankowski J, Vanholder R, Argiles A: Normal and pathologic concentrations of uremic toxins. J Am Soc Nephrol. 2012 Jul;23(7):1258-70. doi: 10.1681/ASN.2011121175. Epub 2012 May 24. [PubMed:22626821 ]