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Record Information
StatusDetected and Quantified
Creation Date2005-11-16 15:48:42 UTC
Update Date2021-09-14 15:40:10 UTC
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB0000173
  • HMDB00173
  • HMDB04866
Metabolite Identification
Common NameLacCer(d18:1/12:0)
DescriptionLacCer(d18:1/12:0) is a lactosylceramide or LacCer. Lactosylceramides are the most important and abundant of the diosylceramides. Lactosylceramides (LacCer) were originally called 'cytolipin H'. It is found in small amounts only in most animal tissues, but it has a number of significant biological functions and it is of great importance as the biosynthetic precursor of most of the neutral oligoglycosylceramides, sulfatides and gangliosides. In animal tissues, biosynthesis of lactosylceramide involves addition of the second monosaccharides unit (galactose) as its nucleotide derivative to monoglucosylceramide, catalysed by a specific beta-1,4-galactosyltransferase on the lumenal side of the Golgi apparatus. The glucosylceramide precursor must first cross from the cytosolic side of the membrane, possibly via the action of a flippase. The lactosylceramide produced can be further glycosylated or transferred to the plasma membrane. Lactosylceramide may assist in stabilizing the plasma membrane and activating receptor molecules in the special micro-domains or rafts, as with the cerebrosides. It may also have its own specialized function in the immunological system in that it is known to bind to specific bacteria. In addition, it is believed that a number of pro-inflammatory factors activate lactosylceramide synthase to generate lactosylceramide, which in turn activates "oxygen-sensitive" signalling pathways that affect such cellular processes as proliferation, adhesion, migration and angiogenesis. Dysfunctions in these pathways can affect several diseases of the cardiovascular system, cancer and inflammatory states, so lactosylceramide metabolism is a potential target for new therapeutic treatments. beta-D-galactosyl-1,4-beta-D-glucosylceramide is the second to last step in the synthesis of N-Acylsphingosine and is converted. from Glucosylceramide via the enzyme beta-1,4-galactosyltransferase 6 (EC:2.4.1.-). It can be converted to Glucosylceramide via the enzyme beta-galactosidase (EC: Moreover, lactosylceramide (D18:1/12:0) is found to be associated with abetalipoproteinemia and hypobetalipoproteinemia, which are inborn errors of metabolism.
LacCer d18:1/12:0HMDB
Lactosylceramide (d18:1,C12:0)HMDB
Lactosylceramide (d18:1/12:0)HMDB
Chemical FormulaC42H79NO13
Average Molecular Weight806.088
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight805.555141608
IUPAC NameN-[(2S,3R,4E)-1-{[(2R,3R,4R,5S,6R)-3,4-dihydroxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)-5-{[(2S,3R,4S,5R,6R)-3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)oxan-2-yl]oxy}oxan-2-yl]oxy}-3-hydroxyoctadec-4-en-2-yl]dodecanamide
Traditional NameN-[(2S,3R,4E)-1-{[(2R,3R,4R,5S,6R)-3,4-dihydroxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)-5-{[(2S,3R,4S,5R,6R)-3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)oxan-2-yl]oxy}oxan-2-yl]oxy}-3-hydroxyoctadec-4-en-2-yl]dodecanamide
CAS Registry Number474943-80-1
InChI Identifier
Chemical Taxonomy
ClassificationNot classified
Physiological effect

Organoleptic effect:

Health effect:


Route of exposure:


Biological location:


Naturally occurring process:


Industrial application:

Biological role:

Physical Properties
Experimental Molecular Properties
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water Solubility0Not Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Experimental Spectral PropertiesNot Available
Predicted Molecular Properties
Water Solubility0.021 g/LALOGPS
logP10(4.61) g/LALOGPS
logP10(5.55) g/LChemAxon
logS10(-4.6) g/LALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)11.92ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-3ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count13ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count9ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area227.86 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count32ChemAxon
Refractivity212.2 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability93.94 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings2ChemAxon
Rule of FiveNoChemAxon
Ghose FilterNoChemAxon
Veber's RuleNoChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleNoChemAxon
Predicted Spectral Properties

Predicted Kovats Retention Indices

Not Available

MS/MS Spectra

Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash KeyDeposition DateSourceView
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - LacCer(d18:1/12:0) 10V, Positive-QTOFsplash10-06rx-0500907130-01a055426aca3b3140f22021-09-24Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - LacCer(d18:1/12:0) 20V, Positive-QTOFsplash10-03fs-2900403000-fd8bdd152f71674ab8142021-09-24Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - LacCer(d18:1/12:0) 40V, Positive-QTOFsplash10-01pk-2910311000-5f459efcb6c67e0eb9862021-09-24Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - LacCer(d18:1/12:0) 10V, Negative-QTOFsplash10-0udi-0202002290-911c1c3ae8ef9df910a22021-09-24Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - LacCer(d18:1/12:0) 20V, Negative-QTOFsplash10-090c-5490211410-ac4e03c879b73dc727ea2021-09-24Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - LacCer(d18:1/12:0) 40V, Negative-QTOFsplash10-05bf-3490300000-d8b031e38cda243f5a602021-09-24Wishart LabView Spectrum
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
Biospecimen Locations
  • Blood
Tissue Locations
  • Adrenal Gland
  • Brain
  • Fibroblasts
  • Neuron
Normal Concentrations
BloodDetected and Quantified4.5 +/- 1.0 uMAdult (>18 years old)BothNormal details
BloodDetected and Quantified5.5 +/- 0.9 uMNot SpecifiedNot SpecifiedNormal
    • Geigy Scientific ...
Abnormal Concentrations
BloodDetected and Quantified3.0 (2.9-3.3) uMAdult (>18 years old)BothAbetalipoproteinemia details
BloodDetected and Quantified2.5 (2.7-2.8) uMAdult (>18 years old)BothHypobetalipoproteinemia details
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease References
  1. Dawson G, Kruski AW, Scanu AM: Distribution of glycosphingolipids in the serum lipoproteins of normal human subjects and patients with hypo- and hyperlipidemias. J Lipid Res. 1976 Mar;17(2):125-31. [PubMed:178813 ]
  1. Dawson G, Kruski AW, Scanu AM: Distribution of glycosphingolipids in the serum lipoproteins of normal human subjects and patients with hypo- and hyperlipidemias. J Lipid Res. 1976 Mar;17(2):125-31. [PubMed:178813 ]
Associated OMIM IDs
DrugBank IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
FooDB IDFDB023465
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID58145727
KEGG Compound IDNot Available
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkNot Available
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem Compound131675307
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI IDNot Available
Food Biomarker OntologyNot Available
VMH IDC01290
MarkerDB IDMDB00000457
Good Scents IDNot Available
Synthesis ReferenceNicolaou, K. C.; Caulfield, T.; Kataoka, H.; Kumazawa, T. A practical and enantioselective synthesis of glycosphingolipids and related compounds. Total synthesis of globotriaosylceramide (Gb3). Journal of the American Chemical Society (1988), 110(23), 791
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General References
  1. Takizawa M, Nomura T, Wakisaka E, Yoshizuka N, Aoki J, Arai H, Inoue K, Hattori M, Matsuo N: cDNA cloning and expression of human lactosylceramide synthase. Biochim Biophys Acta. 1999 May 18;1438(2):301-4. [PubMed:10320813 ]
  2. Ohdoi C, Nyhan WL, Kuhara T: Chemical diagnosis of Lesch-Nyhan syndrome using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry detection. J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci. 2003 Jul 15;792(1):123-30. [PubMed:12829005 ]
  3. Ledvinova J, Poupetova H, Hanackova A, Pisacka M, Elleder M: Blood group B glycosphingolipids in alpha-galactosidase deficiency (Fabry disease): influence of secretor status. Biochim Biophys Acta. 1997 Apr 1;1345(2):180-7. [PubMed:9106497 ]
  4. Choudhury A, Dominguez M, Puri V, Sharma DK, Narita K, Wheatley CL, Marks DL, Pagano RE: Rab proteins mediate Golgi transport of caveola-internalized glycosphingolipids and correct lipid trafficking in Niemann-Pick C cells. J Clin Invest. 2002 Jun;109(12):1541-50. [PubMed:12070301 ]
  5. Sala G, Dupre T, Seta N, Codogno P, Ghidoni R: Increased biosynthesis of glycosphingolipids in congenital disorder of glycosylation Ia (CDG-Ia) fibroblasts. Pediatr Res. 2002 Nov;52(5):645-51. [PubMed:12409508 ]
  6. Furukawa K, Takamiya K, Furukawa K: Beta1,4-N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase--GM2/GD2 synthase: a key enzyme to control the synthesis of brain-enriched complex gangliosides. Biochim Biophys Acta. 2002 Dec 19;1573(3):356-62. [PubMed:12417418 ]
  7. Komagome R, Sawa H, Suzuki T, Suzuki Y, Tanaka S, Atwood WJ, Nagashima K: Oligosaccharides as receptors for JC virus. J Virol. 2002 Dec;76(24):12992-3000. [PubMed:12438625 ]
  8. Prinetti A, Basso L, Appierto V, Villani MG, Valsecchi M, Loberto N, Prioni S, Chigorno V, Cavadini E, Formelli F, Sonnino S: Altered sphingolipid metabolism in N-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-retinamide-resistant A2780 human ovarian carcinoma cells. J Biol Chem. 2003 Feb 21;278(8):5574-83. Epub 2002 Dec 16. [PubMed:12486134 ]
  9. Moore RM, Silver RJ, Moore JJ: Physiological apoptotic agents have different effects upon human amnion epithelial and mesenchymal cells. Placenta. 2003 Feb-Mar;24(2-3):173-80. [PubMed:12566244 ]
  10. Hulkova H, Ledvinova J, Asfaw B, Koubek K, Kopriva K, Elleder M: Lactosylceramide in lysosomal storage disorders: a comparative immunohistochemical and biochemical study. Virchows Arch. 2005 Jul;447(1):31-44. Epub 2005 May 26. [PubMed:15918012 ]
  11. Sharma DK, Brown JC, Cheng Z, Holicky EL, Marks DL, Pagano RE: The glycosphingolipid, lactosylceramide, regulates beta1-integrin clustering and endocytosis. Cancer Res. 2005 Sep 15;65(18):8233-41. [PubMed:16166299 ]
  12. Stevens CR, Oberholzer VG, Walker-Smith JA, Phillips AD: Lactosylceramide in inflammatory bowel disease: a biochemical study. Gut. 1988 May;29(5):580-7. [PubMed:3396945 ]
  13. Tanaka H, Suzuki K: Lactosylceramidase assays for diagnosis of globoid cell leukodystrophy and GM1-gangliosidosis. Clin Chim Acta. 1977 Mar 1;75(2):267-74. [PubMed:403037 ]

Only showing the first 10 proteins. There are 72 proteins in total.


General function:
Involved in galactosylceramidase activity
Specific function:
Hydrolyzes the galactose ester bonds of galactosylceramide, galactosylsphingosine, lactosylceramide, and monogalactosyldiglyceride. Enzyme with very low activity responsible for the lysosomal catabolism of galactosylceramide, a major lipid in myelin, kidney and epithelial cells of small intestine and colon.
Gene Name:
Uniprot ID:
Molecular weight:
General function:
Involved in exo-alpha-sialidase activity
Specific function:
Hydrolyzes sialylated compounds.
Gene Name:
Uniprot ID:
Molecular weight:
Not Available
General function:
Involved in exo-alpha-sialidase activity
Specific function:
May function in lysosomal catabolism of sialylated glycoconjugates. Has sialidase activity towards synthetic substrates, such as 2'-(4-methylumbelliferyl)-alpha-D-N-acetylneuraminic acid (4-MU-NANA or 4MU-NeuAc). Has a broad substrate specificity being active on glycoproteins, oligosaccharides and sialylated glycolipids.
Gene Name:
Uniprot ID:
Molecular weight:
Not Available
General function:
Involved in exo-alpha-sialidase activity
Specific function:
Catalyzes the removal of sialic acid (N-acetylneuramic acid) moities from glycoproteins and glycolipids. To be active, it is strictly dependent on its presence in the multienzyme complex. Appears to have a preference for alpha 2-3 and alpha 2-6 sialyl linkage.
Gene Name:
Uniprot ID:
Molecular weight:
Not Available
General function:
Involved in hydrolase activity, hydrolyzing O-glycosyl compounds
Specific function:
LPH splits lactose in the small intestine.
Gene Name:
Uniprot ID:
Molecular weight:
General function:
Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
Specific function:
Catalyzes the formation of some glycolipid via the addition of N-acetylgalactosamine (GalNAc) in alpha-1,3-linkage to some substrate. Glycolipids probably serve for adherence of some pathogens
Gene Name:
Uniprot ID:
Molecular weight:
General function:
Involved in N-acetylglucosaminylphosphatidylinositol de
Specific function:
Involved in the second step of GPI biosynthesis. De-N-acetylation of N-acetylglucosaminyl-phosphatidylinositol.
Gene Name:
Uniprot ID:
Molecular weight:
General function:
Involved in catalytic activity
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
Uniprot ID:
Molecular weight:
Not Available
General function:
Involved in sialyltransferase activity
Specific function:
Catalyzes the formation of ganglioside GM3 (alpha-N-acetylneuraminyl-2,3-beta-D-galactosyl-1, 4-beta-D-glucosylceramide).
Gene Name:
Uniprot ID:
Molecular weight:
General function:
Involved in hydrolase activity
Specific function:
Converts sphingomyelin to ceramide. Also has phospholipase C activities toward 1,2-diacylglycerolphosphocholine and 1,2-diacylglycerolphosphoglycerol. Isoform 2 and isoform 3 have lost catalytic activity.
Gene Name:
Uniprot ID:
Molecular weight:

Only showing the first 10 proteins. There are 72 proteins in total.