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Record Information
Version4.0
StatusExpected but not Quantified
Creation Date2007-05-23 13:01:12 UTC
Update Date2020-02-26 21:26:28 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB0006510
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB06510
Metabolite Identification
Common NameCervonyl carnitine
DescriptionCervonyl carnitine is an acylcarnitine. Numerous disorders have been described that lead to disturbances in energy production and in intermediary metabolism in the organism which are characterized by the production and excretion of unusual acylcarnitines. A mutation in the gene coding for carnitine-acylcarnitine translocase or the OCTN2 transporter aetiologically causes a carnitine deficiency that results in poor intestinal absorption of dietary L-carnitine, its impaired reabsorption by the kidney and, consequently, in increased urinary loss of L-carnitine. Determination of the qualitative pattern of acylcarnitines can be of diagnostic and therapeutic importance. The betaine structure of carnitine requires special analytical procedures for recording. The ionic nature of L-carnitine causes a high water solubility which decreases with increasing chain length of the ester group in the acylcarnitines. Therefore, the distribution of L-carnitine and acylcarnitines in various organs is defined by their function and their physico-chemical properties as well. High performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) permits screening for free and total carnitine, as well as complete quantitative acylcarnitine determination, including the long-chain acylcarnitine profile. (PMID: 17508264 , Monatshefte fuer Chemie (2005), 136(8), 1279-1291., Int J Mass Spectrom. 1999;188:39-52.).
Structure
Data?1582752388
SynonymsNot Available
Chemical FormulaC29H45NO4
Average Molecular Weight471.6719
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight471.334858933
IUPAC Name3-[(4E,7E,10E,13E,16E,19E)-docosa-4,7,10,13,16,19-hexaenoyloxy]-4-(trimethylazaniumyl)butanoate
Traditional Namecervonyl carnitine
CAS Registry NumberNot Available
SMILES
CC\C=C\C\C=C\C\C=C\C\C=C\C\C=C\C\C=C\CCC(=O)OC(CC([O-])=O)C[N+](C)(C)C
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C29H45NO4/c1-5-6-7-8-9-10-11-12-13-14-15-16-17-18-19-20-21-22-23-24-29(33)34-27(25-28(31)32)26-30(2,3)4/h6-7,9-10,12-13,15-16,18-19,21-22,27H,5,8,11,14,17,20,23-26H2,1-4H3/b7-6+,10-9+,13-12+,16-15+,19-18+,22-21+
InChI KeyWLLMYDQRCSWAST-BUHCESQUSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as acyl carnitines. These are organic compounds containing a fatty acid with the carboxylic acid attached to carnitine through an ester bond.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassFatty Acyls
Sub ClassFatty acid esters
Direct ParentAcyl carnitines
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Acyl-carnitine
  • Dicarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Tetraalkylammonium salt
  • Quaternary ammonium salt
  • Carboxylic acid ester
  • Carboxylic acid salt
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Organic salt
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organic oxide
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Amine
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External DescriptorsNot Available
Ontology
Disposition

Route of exposure:

Source:

Biological location:

Process

Naturally occurring process:

Role

Industrial application:

Biological role:

Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility2.2e-05 g/LALOGPS
logP2.29ALOGPS
logP2.53ChemAxon
logS-7.4ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)4.17ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-7.1ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count3ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count0ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area66.43 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count20ChemAxon
Refractivity171.38 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability56.8 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
BioavailabilityYesChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterNoChemAxon
Veber's RuleNoChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleNoChemAxon
Spectra
Not Available
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Cytoplasm
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
  • Mitochondria
Biospecimen LocationsNot Available
Tissue LocationsNot Available
Pathways
Normal Concentrations
Not Available
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
FooDB IDFDB023949
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID24765758
KEGG Compound IDNot Available
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG ID1586101
Wikipedia LinkNot Available
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem Compound53477842
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI IDNot Available
Food Biomarker OntologyNot Available
VMH IDNot Available
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General References
  1. Pierre G, Macdonald A, Gray G, Hendriksz C, Preece MA, Chakrapani A: Prospective treatment in carnitine-acylcarnitine translocase deficiency. J Inherit Metab Dis. 2007 Oct;30(5):815. Epub 2007 May 12. [PubMed:17508264 ]