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Record Information
Version4.0
StatusExpected but not Quantified
Creation Date2008-08-14 18:05:41 UTC
Update Date2020-02-26 21:26:53 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB0006890
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB06890
Metabolite Identification
Common Name3a,7a,12a,24-Tetrahydroxy-5b-cholestanoyl-CoA
Description3a,7a,12a,24-Tetrahydroxy-5b-cholestanoyl-CoA is an intermediate in bile acid synthesis. Bile acids are steroid acids found predominantly in the bile of mammals. The distinction between different bile acids is minute, depending only on the presence or absence of hydroxyl groups on positions 3, 7, and 12. Bile acids are physiological detergents that facilitate excretion, absorption, and transport of fats and sterols in the intestine and liver. Bile acids are also steroidal amphipathic molecules derived from the catabolism of cholesterol. They modulate bile flow and lipid secretion, are essential for the absorption of dietary fats and vitamins, and have been implicated in the regulation of all the key enzymes involved in cholesterol homeostasis. Bile acids recirculate through the liver, bile ducts, small intestine and portal vein to form an enterohepatic circuit. They exist as anions at physiological pH and, consequently, require a carrier for transport across the membranes of the enterohepatic tissues. The unique detergent properties of bile acids are essential for the digestion and intestinal absorption of hydrophobic nutrients. Bile acids have potent toxic properties (e.g. membrane disruption) and there are a plethora of mechanisms to limit their accumulation in blood and tissues (PMID: 11316487 , 16037564 , 12576301 , 11907135 ).
Structure
Data?1582752413
Synonyms
ValueSource
(24R,25R)-3-alpha,7-alpha,12-alpha,24-Tetrahydroxy-5-beta-cholestanoyl-CoAHMDB
(24R,25R)-3-alpha,7-alpha,12-alpha,24-Tetrahydroxy-5-beta-cholestanoyl-coenzyme AHMDB
3a,7a,12a,24-Tetrahydroxy-5b-cholestanoyl-coenzyme AHMDB
3a,7a,12a,24Z-Tetrahydroxy-5b-cholestanoyl-CoAHMDB
3a,7a,12a,24Z-Tetrahydroxy-5b-cholestanoyl-coenzyme AHMDB
3alpha,7alpha,12alpha,24-Tetrahydroxy-5beta-cholestanoyl-CoAHMDB
3alpha,7alpha,12alpha,24-Tetrahydroxy-5beta-cholestanoyl-coenzyme AHMDB
3alpha,7alpha,12alpha,24Zeta-Tetrahydroxy-5beta-cholestanoyl-CoAHMDB
3alpha,7alpha,12alpha,24Zeta-Tetrahydroxy-5beta-cholestanoyl-coenzyme AHMDB
Chemical FormulaC48H80N7O21P3S
Average Molecular Weight1216.169
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight1215.434082883
IUPAC Name{[(2R,3S,4R,5R)-5-(6-amino-9H-purin-9-yl)-4-hydroxy-2-({[hydroxy({[hydroxy({3-hydroxy-3-[(2-{[2-({3-hydroxy-2-methyl-6-[(5R,7S,9R,16S)-5,9,16-trihydroxy-2,15-dimethyltetracyclo[8.7.0.0²,⁷.0¹¹,¹⁵]heptadecan-14-yl]heptanoyl}sulfanyl)ethyl]carbamoyl}ethyl)carbamoyl]-2,2-dimethylpropoxy})phosphoryl]oxy})phosphoryl]oxy}methyl)oxolan-3-yl]oxy}phosphonic acid
Traditional Name[(2R,3S,4R,5R)-5-(6-aminopurin-9-yl)-4-hydroxy-2-[({hydroxy[hydroxy(3-hydroxy-3-[(2-{[2-({3-hydroxy-2-methyl-6-[(5R,7S,9R,16S)-5,9,16-trihydroxy-2,15-dimethyltetracyclo[8.7.0.0²,⁷.0¹¹,¹⁵]heptadecan-14-yl]heptanoyl}sulfanyl)ethyl]carbamoyl}ethyl)carbamoyl]-2,2-dimethylpropoxy)phosphoryl]oxyphosphoryl}oxy)methyl]oxolan-3-yl]oxyphosphonic acid
CAS Registry NumberNot Available
SMILES
[H][C@@]12C[C@H](O)CCC1(C)C1C[C@H](O)C3(C)C(CCC3C1[C@H](O)C2)C(C)CCC(O)C(C)C(=O)SCCNC(=O)CCNC(=O)C(O)C(C)(C)COP(O)(=O)OP(O)(=O)OC[C@H]1O[C@H]([C@H](O)[C@@H]1OP(O)(O)=O)N1C=NC2=C1N=CN=C2N
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C48H80N7O21P3S/c1-24(28-8-9-29-36-30(19-34(59)48(28,29)6)47(5)13-11-27(56)17-26(47)18-32(36)58)7-10-31(57)25(2)45(64)80-16-15-50-35(60)12-14-51-43(63)40(62)46(3,4)21-73-79(70,71)76-78(68,69)72-20-33-39(75-77(65,66)67)38(61)44(74-33)55-23-54-37-41(49)52-22-53-42(37)55/h22-34,36,38-40,44,56-59,61-62H,7-21H2,1-6H3,(H,50,60)(H,51,63)(H,68,69)(H,70,71)(H2,49,52,53)(H2,65,66,67)/t24?,25?,26-,27+,28?,29?,30?,31?,32+,33+,34-,36?,38+,39+,40?,44+,47?,48?/m0/s1
InChI KeyPXHZOQNODUPJKC-QVXJXFLKSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as galnacb1-4galb1-4glc- (ganglio series). These are neutral glycosphingolipids in which the root sequence is GalNAcb1-4Galb1-4Glc.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassSphingolipids
Sub ClassGlycosphingolipids
Direct ParentGalNAcb1-4Galb1-4Glc- (Ganglio series)
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Galnacb1-4galb1-4glcb-cer_backbone
  • Neuaca2-3galb1-4glcb-cer_backbone
  • Glycosyl-n-acylsphingosine
  • Oligosaccharide
  • N-acylneuraminic acid or derivatives
  • N-acylneuraminic acid
  • Neuraminic acid
  • Fatty acyl glycoside
  • N-acyl-alpha-hexosamine
  • C-glucuronide
  • Alkyl glycoside
  • C-glycosyl compound
  • Glycosyl compound
  • O-glycosyl compound
  • Ketal
  • Fatty amide
  • N-acyl-amine
  • Fatty acyl
  • Oxane
  • Pyran
  • Acetamide
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Carboxamide group
  • Secondary carboxylic acid amide
  • Polyol
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Acetal
  • Oxacycle
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Organic oxide
  • Primary alcohol
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Alcohol
  • Carbonyl group
  • Aliphatic heteromonocyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic heteromonocyclic compounds
External DescriptorsNot Available
Ontology
Disposition

Route of exposure:

Source:

Biological location:

Process

Naturally occurring process:

Role

Industrial application:

Biological role:

Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility1.18 g/LALOGPS
logP0.65ALOGPS
logP-4.1ChemAxon
logS-3ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)0.83ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)4.95ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-4ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count21ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count13ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area444.55 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count26ChemAxon
Refractivity285.65 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability119.66 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings7ChemAxon
BioavailabilityNoChemAxon
Rule of FiveNoChemAxon
Ghose FilterNoChemAxon
Veber's RuleNoChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash KeyView
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-0019-0900021100-db98da7d8ab78149b774Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-000i-0900033200-4e40e95020ecbab364ebSpectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-000i-0900010100-bc331afee717427603b9Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-00o1-2920542410-30866330296bf943ea51Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-003r-3900221010-7ada8638d3c58ca47b75Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-057i-5900100000-d436b0895a28f04af0aaSpectrum
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Extracellular
Biospecimen LocationsNot Available
Tissue LocationsNot Available
Pathways
Normal Concentrations
Not Available
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
FooDB IDFDB024137
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID389556
KEGG Compound IDC05450
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkNot Available
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem Compound440677
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID27458
Food Biomarker OntologyNot Available
VMH IDNot Available
MarkerDB ID
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General References
  1. St-Pierre MV, Kullak-Ublick GA, Hagenbuch B, Meier PJ: Transport of bile acids in hepatic and non-hepatic tissues. J Exp Biol. 2001 May;204(Pt 10):1673-86. [PubMed:11316487 ]
  2. Claudel T, Staels B, Kuipers F: The Farnesoid X receptor: a molecular link between bile acid and lipid and glucose metabolism. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 2005 Oct;25(10):2020-30. Epub 2005 Jul 21. [PubMed:16037564 ]
  3. Chiang JY: Bile acid regulation of hepatic physiology: III. Bile acids and nuclear receptors. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol. 2003 Mar;284(3):G349-56. [PubMed:12576301 ]
  4. Davis RA, Miyake JH, Hui TY, Spann NJ: Regulation of cholesterol-7alpha-hydroxylase: BAREly missing a SHP. J Lipid Res. 2002 Apr;43(4):533-43. [PubMed:11907135 ]

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity
Specific function:
Bifunctional enzyme acting on the peroxisomal beta-oxidation pathway for fatty acids. Catalyzes the formation of 3-ketoacyl-CoA intermediates from both straight-chain and 2-methyl-branched-chain fatty acids.
Gene Name:
HSD17B4
Uniprot ID:
P51659
Molecular weight:
79685.715
Reactions
3a,7a,12a,24-Tetrahydroxy-5b-cholestanoyl-CoA + NAD → 3a,7a,12a-Trihydroxy-5b-24-oxocholestanoyl-CoA + NADH + Hydrogen Iondetails
3a,7a,12a,24-Tetrahydroxy-5b-cholestanoyl-CoA → 3a,7a,12a-Trihydroxy-5b-cholest-24-enoyl-CoA + Waterdetails
General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity
Specific function:
Does not exhibit retinol dehydrogenase (RDH) activity in vitro
Gene Name:
RDH13
Uniprot ID:
Q8NBN7
Molecular weight:
35931.8
General function:
Involved in acyl-CoA dehydrogenase activity
Specific function:
Has very high activity toward isobutyryl-CoA. Is an isobutyryl-CoA dehydrogenase that functions in valine catabolism. Plays a role in transcriptional coactivation within the ARC complex.
Gene Name:
ACAD8
Uniprot ID:
Q9UKU7
Molecular weight:
45069.39