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Record Information
Version5.0
StatusDetected and Quantified
Creation Date2012-05-18 15:59:06 UTC
Update Date2022-03-07 02:51:34 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB0013824
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB0031084
  • HMDB13824
  • HMDB31084
Metabolite Identification
Common Name2-Pentylfuran
Description2-pentylfuran is a colourless to light yellow liquid that is not known to be produced by mammalian metabolism. It is present in many foods including alcoholic beverages, coffee, potatoes, tomatoes, roasted filberts, and soybean oil, and it is also a component of the aroma of these foods. 2-pentylfuran is a flavouring ingredient. 2-pentylfuran belongs to the furan family which is characterized by a furan ring (a five-member aromatic ring with one oxygen atom and four carbon atoms). A study showed that 2-pentylfuran is found in the breath of patients with Aspergillus fumigatus infections (PMID:19301177 ).
Structure
Data?1582753146
Synonyms
ValueSource
2-AmylfuranChEBI
2-N-PentylfuranChEBI
2-Pentyl-furanChEBI
2-PentylfuraneChEBI
FEMA 3317ChEBI
Amyl furan (2-pentyl furan)HMDB
Furane, 2-pentylHMDB
PentylfuranHMDB
Chemical FormulaC9H14O
Average Molecular Weight138.2069
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight138.10446507
IUPAC Name2-pentylfuran
Traditional Namefuran, 2-pentyl-
CAS Registry Number3777-69-3
SMILES
CCCCCC1=CC=CO1
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C9H14O/c1-2-3-4-6-9-7-5-8-10-9/h5,7-8H,2-4,6H2,1H3
InChI KeyYVBAUDVGOFCUSG-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
Description Belongs to the class of organic compounds known as heteroaromatic compounds. Heteroaromatic compounds are compounds containing an aromatic ring where a carbon atom is linked to an hetero atom.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganoheterocyclic compounds
ClassHeteroaromatic compounds
Sub ClassNot Available
Direct ParentHeteroaromatic compounds
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Heteroaromatic compound
  • Furan
  • Oxacycle
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Aromatic heteromonocyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic heteromonocyclic compounds
External DescriptorsNot Available
Ontology
Physiological effect
Disposition
ProcessNot Available
RoleNot Available
Physical Properties
StateNot Available
Experimental Molecular Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling Point64.00 to 66.00 °C. @ 23.00 mm HgThe Good Scents Company Information System
Water Solubility0 slightlyThe Good Scents Company Information System
LogP3.829 (est)The Good Scents Company Information System
Experimental Chromatographic PropertiesNot Available
Predicted Molecular Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.075 g/LALOGPS
logP4.06ALOGPS
logP3.17ChemAxon
logS-3.3ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Basic)-2.8ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count0ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area13.14 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count4ChemAxon
Refractivity42.05 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability16.98 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings1ChemAxon
BioavailabilityYesChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterNoChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleNoChemAxon
Predicted Chromatographic Properties

Predicted Collision Cross Sections

PredictorAdduct TypeCCS Value (Å2)Reference
DarkChem[M+H]+130.86931661259
DarkChem[M-H]-127.07531661259
DeepCCS[M+H]+138.52230932474
DeepCCS[M-H]-136.47530932474
DeepCCS[M-2H]-172.36730932474
DeepCCS[M+Na]+147.13830932474
AllCCS[M+H]+130.332859911
AllCCS[M+H-H2O]+125.732859911
AllCCS[M+NH4]+134.632859911
AllCCS[M+Na]+135.932859911
AllCCS[M-H]-135.032859911
AllCCS[M+Na-2H]-136.732859911
AllCCS[M+HCOO]-138.732859911

Predicted Kovats Retention Indices

Underivatized

MetaboliteSMILESKovats RI ValueColumn TypeReference
2-PentylfuranCCCCCC1=CC=CO11225.5Standard polar33892256
2-PentylfuranCCCCCC1=CC=CO1999.7Standard non polar33892256
2-PentylfuranCCCCCC1=CC=CO1987.7Semi standard non polar33892256
Spectra

GC-MS Spectra

Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash KeyDeposition DateSourceView
Experimental GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - 2-Pentylfuran EI-B (Non-derivatized)splash10-001i-9000000000-3737331a5d1be6fd18872017-09-12HMDB team, MONA, MassBankView Spectrum
Experimental GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - 2-Pentylfuran EI-B (Non-derivatized)splash10-001i-9000000000-3737331a5d1be6fd18872018-05-18HMDB team, MONA, MassBankView Spectrum
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - 2-Pentylfuran GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-003u-9200000000-46b5359551e631b7d7af2016-09-22Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - 2-Pentylfuran GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, PositiveNot Available2021-10-12Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - 2-Pentylfuran GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, PositiveNot Available2021-10-12Wishart LabView Spectrum
MSMass Spectrum (Electron Ionization)splash10-001i-9100000000-3160afe9385cf06defdf2015-03-01Not AvailableView Spectrum

MS/MS Spectra

Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash KeyDeposition DateSourceView
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 2-Pentylfuran 10V, Positive-QTOFsplash10-000i-0900000000-ab98fe813f11dc2baced2016-08-01Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 2-Pentylfuran 20V, Positive-QTOFsplash10-052r-9800000000-c3329c7d02ffce7b349e2016-08-01Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 2-Pentylfuran 40V, Positive-QTOFsplash10-0k96-9000000000-49e1167f254aecb746722016-08-01Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 2-Pentylfuran 10V, Negative-QTOFsplash10-000i-0900000000-50ae904d54f759e544a22016-08-03Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 2-Pentylfuran 20V, Negative-QTOFsplash10-000i-2900000000-82fd430898639b8636d62016-08-03Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 2-Pentylfuran 40V, Negative-QTOFsplash10-0pb9-9400000000-f9a612e69e184f526cef2016-08-03Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 2-Pentylfuran 10V, Negative-QTOFsplash10-000i-0900000000-928b413704490084a3032021-09-21Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 2-Pentylfuran 20V, Negative-QTOFsplash10-052r-2900000000-f97a853fca18cb786e192021-09-21Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 2-Pentylfuran 40V, Negative-QTOFsplash10-0159-9000000000-a35440e3106e4776f5c82021-09-21Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 2-Pentylfuran 10V, Positive-QTOFsplash10-000f-9200000000-902542bf9955c22594912021-09-25Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 2-Pentylfuran 20V, Positive-QTOFsplash10-0006-9000000000-549826f41c64096b95872021-09-25Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 2-Pentylfuran 40V, Positive-QTOFsplash10-00kf-9000000000-33c674aca79d9ad995472021-09-25Wishart LabView Spectrum

NMR Spectra

Spectrum TypeDescriptionDeposition DateSourceView
Predicted 1D NMR13C NMR Spectrum (1D, 100 MHz, H2O, predicted)2022-08-23Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted 1D NMR1H NMR Spectrum (1D, 100 MHz, H2O, predicted)2022-08-23Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted 1D NMR13C NMR Spectrum (1D, 1000 MHz, H2O, predicted)2022-08-23Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted 1D NMR1H NMR Spectrum (1D, 1000 MHz, H2O, predicted)2022-08-23Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted 1D NMR13C NMR Spectrum (1D, 200 MHz, H2O, predicted)2022-08-23Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted 1D NMR1H NMR Spectrum (1D, 200 MHz, H2O, predicted)2022-08-23Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted 1D NMR13C NMR Spectrum (1D, 300 MHz, H2O, predicted)2022-08-23Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted 1D NMR1H NMR Spectrum (1D, 300 MHz, H2O, predicted)2022-08-23Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted 1D NMR13C NMR Spectrum (1D, 400 MHz, H2O, predicted)2022-08-23Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted 1D NMR1H NMR Spectrum (1D, 400 MHz, H2O, predicted)2022-08-23Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted 1D NMR13C NMR Spectrum (1D, 500 MHz, H2O, predicted)2022-08-23Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted 1D NMR1H NMR Spectrum (1D, 500 MHz, H2O, predicted)2022-08-23Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted 1D NMR13C NMR Spectrum (1D, 600 MHz, H2O, predicted)2022-08-23Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted 1D NMR1H NMR Spectrum (1D, 600 MHz, H2O, predicted)2022-08-23Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted 1D NMR13C NMR Spectrum (1D, 700 MHz, H2O, predicted)2022-08-23Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted 1D NMR1H NMR Spectrum (1D, 700 MHz, H2O, predicted)2022-08-23Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted 1D NMR13C NMR Spectrum (1D, 800 MHz, H2O, predicted)2022-08-23Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted 1D NMR1H NMR Spectrum (1D, 800 MHz, H2O, predicted)2022-08-23Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted 1D NMR13C NMR Spectrum (1D, 900 MHz, H2O, predicted)2022-08-23Wishart LabView Spectrum
Predicted 1D NMR1H NMR Spectrum (1D, 900 MHz, H2O, predicted)2022-08-23Wishart LabView Spectrum
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Membrane (predicted from logP)
Biospecimen Locations
  • Feces
  • Saliva
  • Urine
Tissue LocationsNot Available
Pathways
Normal Concentrations
BiospecimenStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
FecesDetected and Quantified106.121 nmol/g wet fecesAdult (>18 years old)Not Specified
Normal
details
FecesDetected and Quantified525.782 nmol/g wet fecesAdult (>18 years old)Not Specified
Normal
details
FecesDetected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedAdult (>18 years old)Both
Normal
details
FecesDetected and Quantified294.245 nmol/g wet fecesAdult (>18 years old)Not Specified
Normal
details
FecesDetected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedAdult (>18 years old)Both
Normal
details
FecesDetected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedAdult (>18 years old)BothNormal details
FecesDetected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedAdult (>18 years old)Both
Normal
details
FecesDetected and Quantified0-5716.0677 nmol/g wet fecesChildren (1-13 years old)Not Specified
Normal
details
FecesDetected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedAdult (>18 years old)Both
Normal
details
FecesDetected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedNewborn (0-30 days old)Both
Normal
details
SalivaDetected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedAdult (>18 years old)Not SpecifiedNormal details
SalivaDetected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedChildren (1-13 years old)BothNormal details
UrineDetected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedNot AvailableBothNormal
    • Zhang, S., Liu, L...
details
Abnormal Concentrations
BiospecimenStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
FecesDetected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedAdult (>18 years old)Both
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD)
details
FecesDetected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedAdult (>18 years old)Both
Campylobacter jejuni infection
details
FecesDetected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedAdult (>18 years old)Both
Clostridium difficile infection
details
FecesDetected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedAdult (>18 years old)Both
Ulcerative Colitis
details
FecesDetected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedAdult (>18 years old)BothCrohns disease details
FecesDetected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedAdult (>18 years old)BothUlcerative colitis details
FecesDetected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedAdult (>18 years old)Both
Ulcerative colitis
details
FecesDetected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedAdult (>18 years old)Both
Crohn's disease
details
FecesDetected and Quantified0-41556.0535 nmol/g wet fecesChildren (1-13 years old)Not Specified
Treated celiac disease
details
SalivaDetected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedChildren (1-13 years old)BothCeliac disease details
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease References
Ulcerative colitis
  1. Garner CE, Smith S, de Lacy Costello B, White P, Spencer R, Probert CS, Ratcliffe NM: Volatile organic compounds from feces and their potential for diagnosis of gastrointestinal disease. FASEB J. 2007 Jun;21(8):1675-88. Epub 2007 Feb 21. [PubMed:17314143 ]
  2. De Preter V, Machiels K, Joossens M, Arijs I, Matthys C, Vermeire S, Rutgeerts P, Verbeke K: Faecal metabolite profiling identifies medium-chain fatty acids as discriminating compounds in IBD. Gut. 2015 Mar;64(3):447-58. doi: 10.1136/gutjnl-2013-306423. Epub 2014 May 8. [PubMed:24811995 ]
  3. Ahmed I, Greenwood R, Costello B, Ratcliffe N, Probert CS: Investigation of faecal volatile organic metabolites as novel diagnostic biomarkers in inflammatory bowel disease. Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2016 Mar;43(5):596-611. doi: 10.1111/apt.13522. Epub 2016 Jan 25. [PubMed:26806034 ]
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease
  1. Raman M, Ahmed I, Gillevet PM, Probert CS, Ratcliffe NM, Smith S, Greenwood R, Sikaroodi M, Lam V, Crotty P, Bailey J, Myers RP, Rioux KP: Fecal microbiome and volatile organic compound metabolome in obese humans with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2013 Jul;11(7):868-75.e1-3. doi: 10.1016/j.cgh.2013.02.015. Epub 2013 Feb 27. [PubMed:23454028 ]
Crohn's disease
  1. De Preter V, Machiels K, Joossens M, Arijs I, Matthys C, Vermeire S, Rutgeerts P, Verbeke K: Faecal metabolite profiling identifies medium-chain fatty acids as discriminating compounds in IBD. Gut. 2015 Mar;64(3):447-58. doi: 10.1136/gutjnl-2013-306423. Epub 2014 May 8. [PubMed:24811995 ]
  2. Ahmed I, Greenwood R, Costello B, Ratcliffe N, Probert CS: Investigation of faecal volatile organic metabolites as novel diagnostic biomarkers in inflammatory bowel disease. Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2016 Mar;43(5):596-611. doi: 10.1111/apt.13522. Epub 2016 Jan 25. [PubMed:26806034 ]
Celiac disease
  1. Francavilla R, Ercolini D, Piccolo M, Vannini L, Siragusa S, De Filippis F, De Pasquale I, Di Cagno R, Di Toma M, Gozzi G, Serrazanetti DI, De Angelis M, Gobbetti M: Salivary microbiota and metabolome associated with celiac disease. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2014 Jun;80(11):3416-25. doi: 10.1128/AEM.00362-14. Epub 2014 Mar 21. [PubMed:24657864 ]
  2. Di Cagno R, De Angelis M, De Pasquale I, Ndagijimana M, Vernocchi P, Ricciuti P, Gagliardi F, Laghi L, Crecchio C, Guerzoni ME, Gobbetti M, Francavilla R: Duodenal and faecal microbiota of celiac children: molecular, phenotype and metabolome characterization. BMC Microbiol. 2011 Oct 4;11:219. doi: 10.1186/1471-2180-11-219. [PubMed:21970810 ]
Associated OMIM IDs
DrugBank IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
FooDB IDFDB006023
KNApSAcK IDC00034763
Chemspider ID18465
KEGG Compound IDNot Available
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkNot Available
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem Compound19602
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID89197
Food Biomarker OntologyNot Available
VMH IDNot Available
MarkerDB IDNot Available
Good Scents IDrw1028621
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Download (PDF)
General References
  1. Chambers ST, Syhre M, Murdoch DR, McCartin F, Epton MJ: Detection of 2-pentylfuran in the breath of patients with Aspergillus fumigatus. Med Mycol. 2009;47(5):468-76. doi: 10.1080/13693780802475212. [PubMed:19301177 ]