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Record Information
Version4.0
StatusExpected but not Quantified
Creation Date2012-09-06 15:16:49 UTC
Update Date2020-02-26 21:39:53 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB0014564
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB14564
Metabolite Identification
Common NamePromazine
DescriptionPromazine is only found in individuals that have used or taken this drug. It is a phenothiazine with actions similar to chlorpromazine but with less antipsychotic activity. It is primarily used in short-term treatment of disturbed behavior and as an antiemetic. [PubChem]Promazine is an antagonist at types 1, 2, and 4 dopamine receptors, 5-HT receptor types 2A and 2C, muscarinic receptors 1 through 5, alpha(1)-receptors, and histamine H1-receptors. Promazine's antipsychotic effect is due to antagonism at dopamine and serotonin type 2 receptors, with greater activity at serotonin 5-HT2 receptors than at dopamine type-2 receptors. This may explain the lack of extrapyramidal effects. Promazine does not appear to block dopamine within the tubero-infundibular tract, explaining the lower incidence of hyperprolactinemia than with typical antipsychotic agents or risperidone. Antagonism at muscarinic receptors, H1-receptors, and alpha(1)-receptors also occurs with promazine.
Structure
Data?1582753193
Synonyms
ValueSource
10-(3-(Dimethylamino)propyl)phenothiazineChEBI
N-(3-Dimethylaminopropyl)phenothiazineChEBI
N-Dimethylamino-1-methylethyl thiodiphenylamineChEBI
PromazinaChEBI
PromazinumChEBI
CombelenKegg
PromazinHMDB
ProtactylHMDB
Promazine hydrochlorideHMDB
Hydrochloride, promazineHMDB
SinopheninHMDB
SparineHMDB
Chemical FormulaC17H20N2S
Average Molecular Weight284.419
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight284.13471934
IUPAC Namedimethyl[3-(10H-phenothiazin-10-yl)propyl]amine
Traditional Namepromazine
CAS Registry Number58-40-2
SMILES
CN(C)CCCN1C2=CC=CC=C2SC2=CC=CC=C12
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C17H20N2S/c1-18(2)12-7-13-19-14-8-3-5-10-16(14)20-17-11-6-4-9-15(17)19/h3-6,8-11H,7,12-13H2,1-2H3
InChI KeyZGUGWUXLJSTTMA-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as phenothiazines. These are polycyclic aromatic compounds containing a phenothiazine moiety, which is a linear tricyclic system that consists of a two benzene rings joined by a para-thiazine ring.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganoheterocyclic compounds
ClassBenzothiazines
Sub ClassPhenothiazines
Direct ParentPhenothiazines
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Phenothiazine
  • Alkyldiarylamine
  • Diarylthioether
  • Aryl thioether
  • Tertiary aliphatic/aromatic amine
  • Para-thiazine
  • Benzenoid
  • Tertiary amine
  • Tertiary aliphatic amine
  • Thioether
  • Azacycle
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Amine
  • Aromatic heteropolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic heteropolycyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
Physiological effect

Health effect:

Disposition

Route of exposure:

Biological location:

Role

Industrial application:

Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting Point< 25 °CNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water Solubility0.021 g/LNot Available
LogP4.3Not Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.021 g/LALOGPS
logP4.63ALOGPS
logP3.93ChemAxon
logS-4.1ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Basic)9.2ChemAxon
Physiological Charge1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count2ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count0ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area6.48 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count4ChemAxon
Refractivity88.95 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability32.74 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings3ChemAxon
BioavailabilityYesChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleNoChemAxon
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash KeyView
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - EI-B (Non-derivatized)splash10-0a4r-9230000000-62cbfd979fa705bc6b5eSpectrum
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - EI-B (Non-derivatized)splash10-053i-9470000000-c8ea76fcc1b124b82db0Spectrum
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - CI-B (Non-derivatized)splash10-000i-2090000000-c38077fbc5880feb7eabSpectrum
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - EI-B (Non-derivatized)splash10-0a4r-9230000000-62cbfd979fa705bc6b5eSpectrum
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - EI-B (Non-derivatized)splash10-053i-9470000000-c8ea76fcc1b124b82db0Spectrum
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - CI-B (Non-derivatized)splash10-000i-2090000000-c38077fbc5880feb7eabSpectrum
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-0bt9-9380000000-4268602a9238fb15661cSpectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-000i-1090000000-ae84d127d484047e5016Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-000l-5090000000-5d46ceef0ced8c3b4fd3Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-0006-9220000000-fb2bc50e3fc843771469Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-001i-0090000000-149bf8914d943f700602Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-00aj-0940000000-c0e629447aac15d08168Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-0002-2900000000-5d376e3b361f6d4469ceSpectrum
MSMass Spectrum (Electron Ionization)splash10-0a4i-9430000000-708a7cbef8d61ce76846Spectrum
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Membrane
Biospecimen Locations
  • Blood
  • Urine
Tissue LocationsNot Available
Pathways
Normal Concentrations
BiospecimenStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodExpected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedNot AvailableNot AvailableTaking drug identified by DrugBank entry DB00420 details
UrineExpected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedNot AvailableNot AvailableTaking drug identified by DrugBank entry DB00420 details
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Predicted Concentrations
BiospecimenValueOriginal ageOriginal sexOriginal conditionComments
Blood0.000 uMAdult (>18 years old)BothNormalPredicted based on drug qualities
Blood0.000 umol/mmol creatinineAdult (>18 years old)BothNormalPredicted based on drug qualities
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDDB00420
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
FooDB IDNot Available
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID4757
KEGG Compound IDC07379
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkPromazine
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem Compound4926
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID8459
Food Biomarker OntologyNot Available
VMH IDNot Available
MarkerDB ID
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General ReferencesNot Available