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Record Information
Version4.0
StatusDetected but not Quantified
Creation Date2012-09-11 17:31:23 UTC
Update Date2020-02-26 21:44:00 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB0029600
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB29600
Metabolite Identification
Common NameHexane
DescriptionHexane, also known as hexan or CH3-[CH2]4-CH3, belongs to the class of organic compounds known as alkanes. These are acyclic branched or unbranched hydrocarbons having the general formula CnH2n+2 , and therefore consisting entirely of hydrogen atoms and saturated carbon atoms. Thus, hexane is considered to be a hydrocarbon lipid molecule. Hexane is a very hydrophobic molecule, practically insoluble (in water), and relatively neutral. Hexane is an alkane tasting compound. Outside of the human body, Hexane is found, on average, in the highest concentration within kohlrabis. Hexane has also been detected, but not quantified in, several different foods, such as pomes, nuts, fruits, mushrooms, and corns. This could make hexane a potential biomarker for the consumption of these foods. Exposure to hexane may also damage the lungs and reproductive system. Hexane is a potentially toxic compound. It causes degeneration of the peripheral nervous system (and eventually the central nervous system), starting with damage to the nerve axons. The initial reaction is oxidation by cytochrome P-450 isozymes to hexanols, predominantly 2-hexanol. Inhalation of high concentrations produces first a state of mild euphoria, followed by somnolence with headaches and nausea. 2,5-Hexanedione also reacts with lysine side-chain amino groups in axonal cytoskeletal proteins to form pyrroles. Continued exposure may lead to paralysis of the arms and legs.
Structure
Data?1582753440
Synonyms
ValueSource
CH3-[CH2]4-CH3ChEBI
HexanChEBI
N-HexaneChEBI
N-Hexane, 2-(13)C-labeled CPDHMDB
N-Hexane, 3-(13)C-labeled CPDHMDB
N-Hexane, 1-(13)C-labeled CPDHMDB
Chemical FormulaC6H14
Average Molecular Weight86.1754
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight86.109550448
IUPAC Namehexane
Traditional Namehexane
CAS Registry Number110-54-3
SMILES
CCCCCC
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C6H14/c1-3-5-6-4-2/h3-6H2,1-2H3
InChI KeyVLKZOEOYAKHREP-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as alkanes. These are acyclic branched or unbranched hydrocarbons having the general formula CnH2n+2 , and therefore consisting entirely of hydrogen atoms and saturated carbon atoms.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassHydrocarbons
ClassSaturated hydrocarbons
Sub ClassAlkanes
Direct ParentAlkanes
Alternative ParentsNot Available
Substituents
  • Acyclic alkane
  • Alkane
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
Physiological effect

Health effect:

Disposition

Route of exposure:

Source:

Biological location:

Role

Indirect biological role:

Environmental role:

Industrial application:

Physical Properties
StateLiquid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting Point-93.5 °CNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water Solubility0.0095 mg/mL at 25 °CNot Available
LogP3.90Not Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.033 g/LALOGPS
logP4.02ALOGPS
logP3.13ChemAxon
logS-3.4ALOGPS
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count0ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area0 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count3ChemAxon
Refractivity29.41 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability12.3 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
BioavailabilityYesChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterNoChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleNoChemAxon
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash KeyView
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - EI-B (Non-derivatized)splash10-0a4l-9000000000-8ab77db137ff0d1e75f0Spectrum
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - EI-B (Non-derivatized)splash10-052f-9000000000-d534432d96279fe04f73Spectrum
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - EI-B (Non-derivatized)splash10-054o-9000000000-2c1489cf6d4c005a89aeSpectrum
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - CI-B (Non-derivatized)splash10-000i-9000000000-82853202ddc92c8709aeSpectrum
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - EI-B (Non-derivatized)splash10-0a4l-9000000000-8ab77db137ff0d1e75f0Spectrum
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - EI-B (Non-derivatized)splash10-052f-9000000000-d534432d96279fe04f73Spectrum
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - EI-B (Non-derivatized)splash10-054o-9000000000-2c1489cf6d4c005a89aeSpectrum
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - CI-B (Non-derivatized)splash10-000i-9000000000-82853202ddc92c8709aeSpectrum
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-0573-9000000000-a5e2bfa74b29082bd5a9Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-000i-9000000000-318ef636384b005bc4beSpectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-000i-9000000000-78a07733b829adaafb09Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-0006-9000000000-0c842d507eb6ba1f9733Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-000i-9000000000-c44d91f3b273433a3944Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-000i-9000000000-72fa4d8dca736350f1a6Spectrum
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-000i-9000000000-05281e623da690ce94a4Spectrum
MSMass Spectrum (Electron Ionization)splash10-054o-9000000000-3f28cfcd32d6c9e1da29Spectrum
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableSpectrum
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Membrane
Biospecimen Locations
  • Breath
  • Feces
  • Saliva
Tissue LocationsNot Available
Pathways
Normal Concentrations
BiospecimenStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BreathDetected but not Quantified Adult (>18 years old)Both
Normal
details
FecesDetected but not Quantified Adult (>18 years old)Both
Normal
details
FecesDetected but not Quantified Adult (>18 years old)Both
Normal
details
FecesDetected but not Quantified Adult (>18 years old)Both
Normal
details
SalivaDetected but not Quantified Adult (>18 years old)Not SpecifiedNormal details
Abnormal Concentrations
BiospecimenStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
FecesDetected but not Quantified Adult (>18 years old)Both
Ulcerative colitis
details
FecesDetected but not Quantified Adult (>18 years old)Both
Crohn's disease
details
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease References
Ulcerative colitis
  1. De Preter V, Machiels K, Joossens M, Arijs I, Matthys C, Vermeire S, Rutgeerts P, Verbeke K: Faecal metabolite profiling identifies medium-chain fatty acids as discriminating compounds in IBD. Gut. 2015 Mar;64(3):447-58. doi: 10.1136/gutjnl-2013-306423. Epub 2014 May 8. [PubMed:24811995 ]
Crohn's disease
  1. De Preter V, Machiels K, Joossens M, Arijs I, Matthys C, Vermeire S, Rutgeerts P, Verbeke K: Faecal metabolite profiling identifies medium-chain fatty acids as discriminating compounds in IBD. Gut. 2015 Mar;64(3):447-58. doi: 10.1136/gutjnl-2013-306423. Epub 2014 May 8. [PubMed:24811995 ]
Associated OMIM IDs
DrugBank IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB000765
KNApSAcK IDC00049006
Chemspider ID7767
KEGG Compound IDC11271
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkHexane
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem Compound8058
PDB IDHEX
ChEBI ID29021
Food Biomarker OntologyNot Available
VMH IDNot Available
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General References
  1. Rathi A, Srivastava AK, Shirwaikar A, Singh Rawat AK, Mehrotra S: Hepatoprotective potential of Fumaria indica Pugsley whole plant extracts, fractions and an isolated alkaloid protopine. Phytomedicine. 2008 Jun;15(6-7):470-7. doi: 10.1016/j.phymed.2007.11.010. Epub 2008 Mar 4. [PubMed:18164606 ]
  2. Wiart C, Hannah A, Yusof M, Hamimah H, Sulaiman M: Growth inhibition of foodborne and nosocomial pathogens by aqueous fraction of bearded Argostemma (Argostemma involucratum Hemsl., Rubiaceae). J Herb Pharmacother. 2005;5(3):97-102. [PubMed:16520301 ]
  3. Freitas CS, Baggio CH, Dos Santos AC, Mayer B, Twardowschy A, Luiz AP, Marcon R, Soldi C, Pizzolatti MG, Dos Santos EP, Marques MC, Santos AR: Antinociceptive properties of the hydroalcoholic extract, fractions and compounds obtained from the aerial parts of Baccharis illinita DC in mice. Basic Clin Pharmacol Toxicol. 2009 Apr;104(4):285-92. doi: 10.1111/j.1742-7843.2008.00367.x. Epub 2009 Mar 5. [PubMed:19281601 ]
  4. Villena C, Vivas JM, Villar AM: Suppression of croton oil-induced rabbit corneal edema by sideritis javalambrensis. J Ethnopharmacol. 2000 Jul;71(1-2):301-5. [PubMed:10904177 ]
  5. Kunle O, Okogun J, Egamana E, Emojevwe E, Shok M: Antimicrobial activity of various extracts and carvacrol from Lippia multiflora leaf extract. Phytomedicine. 2003 Jan;10(1):59-61. [PubMed:12622465 ]
  6. (). Yannai, Shmuel. (2004) Dictionary of food compounds with CD-ROM: Additives, flavors, and ingredients. Boca Raton: Chapman & Hall/CRC.. .

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in serine-type endopeptidase activity
Specific function:
Has activity against the synthetic substrates Boc-Phe- Ser-Arg-Mec, Boc-Leu-Thr-Arg-Mec, Boc-Gln-Ala-Arg-Mec and Boc-Val- Pro-Arg-Mec. The single-chain form is more active than the two- chain form against all of these substrates
Gene Name:
PRSS1
Uniprot ID:
P07477
Molecular weight:
26557.9
References
  1. Overington JP, Al-Lazikani B, Hopkins AL: How many drug targets are there? Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Dec;5(12):993-6. [PubMed:17139284 ]
  2. Imming P, Sinning C, Meyer A: Drugs, their targets and the nature and number of drug targets. Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Oct;5(10):821-34. [PubMed:17016423 ]
  3. Berman HM, Westbrook J, Feng Z, Gilliland G, Bhat TN, Weissig H, Shindyalov IN, Bourne PE: The Protein Data Bank. Nucleic Acids Res. 2000 Jan 1;28(1):235-42. [PubMed:10592235 ]
General function:
Involved in glycolipid transporter activity
Specific function:
Accelerates the intermembrane transfer of various glycolipids. Catalyzes the transfer of various glycosphingolipids between membranes but does not catalyze the transfer of phospholipids. May be involved in the intracellular translocation of glucosylceramides
Gene Name:
GLTP
Uniprot ID:
Q9NZD2
Molecular weight:
23849.6
References
  1. Overington JP, Al-Lazikani B, Hopkins AL: How many drug targets are there? Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Dec;5(12):993-6. [PubMed:17139284 ]
  2. Imming P, Sinning C, Meyer A: Drugs, their targets and the nature and number of drug targets. Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Oct;5(10):821-34. [PubMed:17016423 ]